Geoffroy 1997 : Geoffroy, E., Art. ,,al-Suyfiti“, in: The Encyclopaedia of Islam. New Edition. Vol. IX: San-Sze. Leiden 1997, Sp. 913a—916a. Gilliot 2001 : Gilliot, Cl.‚ Art. „Yäküt al-Rümi“, in: The Encyclopaedia of Islam. New Edition.

Author: Stephan Conermann

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 9783847101116

Category: History

Page: 446

View: 565

Wer sich mit der gut 250 Jahre andauernden Mamlukenzeit in Ägypten und Syrien (1250-1517) zu beschäftigen beginnt, kann recht schnell zumindest ein Charakteristikum dieser Zeit benennen: die ganz ungewöhnliche Polarisierung der Gesellschaft. Eine vornehmlich arabische Bevölkerung wurde beherrscht von einer durchweg turkstämmigen Elite freigelassener Militärsklaven, die sich durch ein sich selbst auferlegtes Gebot ständig zu regenerieren versuchte. Mamluk werden konnte nur ein außerhalb des islamischen Herrschaftsbereiches als Nichtmuslim frei geborener, dann verskl ...
Categories: History

D r al isl m d r al arb

D  r al isl  m   d  r al    arb

Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. IX, San-Sze. Leiden: Brill, 1998. Khadduri, Majid, ed. The Islamic Law of Nations: Shaybānī's Siyar. Translated with an Introduction, Notes and Appendices. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1966.


Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004331037

Category: Law

Page: 460

View: 271

This volume provides the first collection of studies devoted to the binomial dār al-islām / dār al-ḥarb, offering new perspectives on this underexplored issue through the analysis of a wide range of contexts and sources, from medieval to modern times.
Categories: Law

The Geography of Serbia

The Geography of Serbia

In: Bosworth CE, van Donzel E, Heinrichs WP, Lecomte G (eds) The encyclopaedia of Islam: new edition, vol. IX. SAN-SZE, Brill/Leiden, pp 706–711 Vojvodić M (2015) Prvi balkanski rat 1912–1913: istorijski procesi i problemi u svetlosti ...

Author: Emilija Manić

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030747015

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 528

This is a comprehensive regional geography synthesis of the most important physical and human spatial processes that shaped Serbia and led to many interesting regional issues, not only to Serbia but to the Balkans and Europe. The book provides an overall view on the Serbian physical environment, its population and economy. It also highlights important regional issues such as regional disparities and depopulation, sustainable development and ecological issues and rural economy in the context of rural area development, which have been shaped by different political and historical processes. This highly illustrated book provides interesting and informative insights into Serbia and its context within the Balkans and Europe. It appeals to scientists and students as well as travelers and general readers interested in this region.
Categories: Science

The Encyclopaedia of Islam

The Encyclopaedia of Islam


Author: Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb


ISBN: UOM:39076001916605

Category: Islam

Page: 968

View: 437

The Encyclopaedia of Islam (Second Edition) sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live.
Categories: Islam

The Ottoman and Mughal Empires

The Ottoman and Mughal Empires

IX San-Sze, pp. 127–31. inalcik, Halil (1997, 1st publication 1994). An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, Vol. ... Istanbul, in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, edited by P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, ...

Author: Suraiya Faroqhi

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781788318730

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 603

For many years, Ottomanist historians have been accustomed to study the Ottoman Empire and/or its constituent regions as entities insulated from the outside world, except when it came to 'campaigns and conquests' on the one hand, and 'incorporation into the European-dominated world economy' on the other. However, now many scholars have come to accept that the Ottoman Empire was one of the - not very numerous - long-lived 'world empires' that have emerged in history. This comparative social history compares the Ottoman to another of the great world empires, that of the Mughals in the Indian subcontinent, exploring source criticism, diversities in the linguistic and religious fields as political problems, and the fates of ordinary subjects including merchants, artisans, women and slaves.
Categories: History

The Philosophy of Gemistos Plethon

The Philosophy of Gemistos Plethon

... reprinted London: Ashgate Variorum, 1975, bibliographicaladditions Chryssa Maltézou. Ziai Hossein (1997) 'al-Suhrawardï' (s.v.), in Bosworth Clifford E. et al. (eds), The Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 9: San-Sze, Leiden: Brill, pp.

Author: Vojt?ch Hladký

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317021483

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 671

George Gemistos Plethon (c. 1360-1454) was a remarkable and influential thinker, active at the time of transition between the Byzantine Middle Ages and the Italian Renaissance. His works cover literary, historical, scientific, but most notably philosophical issues. Plethon is arguably the most important of the Byzantine Platonists and the earliest representative of Platonism in the Renaissance, the movement which generally exercised a huge influence on the development of early modern thought. Thus his treatise on the differences between Plato and Aristotle triggered the Plato-Aristotle controversy of the 15th century, and his ideas impacted on Italian Renaissance thinkers such as Ficino. This book provides a new study of Gemistos’ philosophy. The first part is dedicated to the discussion of his 'public philosophy'. As an important public figure, Gemistos wrote several public speeches concerning the political situation in the Peloponnese as well as funeral orations on deceased members of the ruling Palaiologos family. They contain remarkable Platonic ideas, adjusted to the contemporary late Byzantine situation. In the second, most extensive, part of the book the Platonism of Plethon is presented in a systematic way. It is identical with the so-called philosophia perennis, that is, the rational view of the world common to various places and ages. Throughout Plethon’s writings, it is remarkably coherent in its framework, possesses quite original features, and displays the influence of ancient Middle and Neo-Platonic discussions. Plethon thus turns out to be not just a commentator on an ancient tradition, but an original Platonic thinker in his own right. In the third part the notorious question of the paganism of Gemistos is reconsidered. He is usually taken for a Platonizing polytheist who gathered around himself a kind of heterodox circle. The whole issue is examined in depth again and all the major evidence discussed, with the result that Gemistos seems rat
Categories: History

Honor Related Violence

Honor Related Violence

Encyclopaedia of Islam, IX, San-Sze. 2nd. Leiden: Brill, pp. 313– 314 (cit. on p. ... In: Joseph, S. and A. Naǧmābādī (eds.). Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures: Family, Body, Sexuality and Health. Vol. 3. Leiden: Brill, pp.

Author: Robert Ermers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351718547

Category: Psychology

Page: 344

View: 694

Honor related violence is generally associated with crimes committed by people from the Middle East and adjacent areas. Perpetrators sometimes justify their deeds saying they ‘had to’ restore their honor. Theorists have argued that men from these populations exclusively correlate honor with the behaviour of their womenfolk, which they use as a pretext to further oppress and dominate women. Due to large-scale migration, western societies have become acquainted with honor related violence and honor killings. In this book, Robert Ermers addresses a number of questions related to honor related violence, including the use of predominantly negative frames regarding the cultural and social background of non-westerners and immigrants. In many publications, including the press, crimes committed by non-western individuals are often attributed to their cultural background rather than specific contexts or circumstances, in contrast to western cases. Vague and insufficiently defined concepts such as ‘honor’ and ‘culture’ strongly contribute to this bias. Honor Related Violence deals with honor and honor related violence, their background and contexts, what honor is, and what it is not. It examines stigma in relation to honor and based upon stigma research, reliably explains, analyses, and predicts honor related violence. The book argues that people all over the world can be stigmatized, excluded and ostracized when they commit misbehavior, and therefore find themselves in a state of dishonor which can lead to honor related violence. A timely intervention into the psychology of honor related violence, this is an essential resource for students and researchers in the fields of social psychology, sociology, law, criminology and anthropology.
Categories: Psychology

The Encyclopaedia of Islam New Edition

The Encyclopaedia of Islam  New Edition


Author: Peri J. Bearman


ISBN: UOM:39015039897874

Category: Encyclopaedia of Islam


View: 738

Categories: Encyclopaedia of Islam

Index Islamicus

Index Islamicus



ISBN: UOM:39015079954114

Category: Africa, North


View: 525

Categories: Africa, North

The Ebb and Flow of the Gh rid Empire

The Ebb and Flow of the Gh  rid Empire

Geographical and historical information to the year ca AD 1050', in C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs & G. Lecomte (eds), The encyclopaedia of Islam IX: San-Sze. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 617–22. Heinz, M. & M.H. Feldman, 2007.

Author: David C. Thomas

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 9781743325421

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 861

The iconic minaret of Jām stands in a remote mountain valley in central Afghanistan, the finest surviving monument of the enigmatic 12th-century Ghūrid dynasty. The re-discovery of the minaret half a century ago prompted renewed interest in the Ghūrids, and this has intensified since their summer capital at Jām became Afghanistan’s first World Heritage site in 2002. Two seasons of archaeological fieldwork at Jām, the detailed analysis of satellite images and the innovative use of Google Earth as a cultural heritage management tool have resulted in a wealth of new information about known Ghūrid sites, and the identification of hundreds of previously undocumented archaeological sites across Afghanistan. Drawing inspiration from the Annales School and the concept of an ‘archipelagic landscape’, Thomas has used these data to re-assess the Ghūrids and generate a more nuanced understanding of this significant Early Islamic polity. In addition to complementing the événements which form the focus of the urban-based historical sources, the new archaeological data are used by Thomas to reconsider the urban characteristics of the Ghūrids’ summer capital. Throughout The Ebb and Flow of the Ghūrid Empire, Thomas uses this to explore the issues of Ghūrid identity, ideology and the sustainability of their polity.
Categories: Social Science