Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief

Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief

Including 425 signed entries in a two-volume set presented in A-to-Z format, and drawing contributors from varied academic disciplines, entries examine disaster response and relief in a manner that is authoritative yet accessible, jargon ...

Author:

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412971010

Category: Political Science

Page: 985

View: 956

Including 425 signed entries in a two-volume set presented in A-to-Z format, and drawing contributors from varied academic disciplines, entries examine disaster response and relief in a manner that is authoritative yet accessible, jargon-free, and balanced to help readers better understand issues from varied perspectives.
Categories: Political Science

Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief

Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief

mine the most effective way for the government of Canada to respond to an international disaster. Canada's greatest financial contribution to international disaster relief is channeled through United Nations (UN) agencies.

Author: K. Bradley Penuel

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781452266398

Category: Political Science

Page: 984

View: 787

Request a FREE 30-day online trial to this title at www.sagepub.com/freetrial! This encyclopedia covers response to disasters around the world, from governments to NGOs, from charities to politics, from refugees to health, and from economics to international relations, covering issues in both historical and contemporary context. The volumes include information relevant to students of sociology, national security, economics, health sciences, political science, emergency preparedness, history, agriculture, and many other subjects. The goal is to help readers appreciate the importance of the effects, responsibilities, and ethics of disaster relief, and to initiate educational discussion brought forth by the specific cultural, scientific, and topical articles contained within the work. Including 425 signed entries in a two-volume set presented in A-to-Z format, and drawing contributors from varied academic disciplines, this encyclopedia also features a preface by Thomas H. Kean and Lee H. Hamilton of the 9/11 Commission. This reference resource examines disaster response and relief in a manner that is authoritative yet accessible, jargon-free, and balanced to help readers better understand issues from varied perspectives. Key Themes - Geography - Government and International Agencies - History - Human-induced Disasters - Infrastructure - Local Response - Major Disasters (Relief Case Studies) - Medicine and Psychology - Methods and Practices - Mitigation - Natural Disasters (Overviews) - Politics and Funding - Preparedness - Recovery - Response - Science and Prediction - Sociology - U.S. Geographical Response
Categories: Political Science

Encyclopedia of Disaster Management

Encyclopedia of Disaster Management

This book presents information that is essential for improving disaster management.

Author: Alfred Scott

Publisher:

ISBN: 1632392259

Category: Nature

Page: 176

View: 305

This book presents information that is essential for improving disaster management. The book discusses the management component of the disaster continuum i.e. the nature of the risk, hazard, vulnerability, strategies, response and adaptation. The chapters comprise of research studies conducted by various international scholars. The researches concentrate on a specific location or accident. The chapters are arranged in the manner in which the phases of emergencies and disasters occur. The content reflects the diversity in the disciplines within disaster management. The challenges occur when science and social science collectively endeavor to improvise the techniques, approaches and decision-making by disaster management practitioners and the public. This book presents the growing complexity of disasters, the rescue strategies adopted and the challenges that society faces every day.
Categories: Nature

Disaster Relief Aid

Disaster Relief Aid

Natural Disaster Reduction: A Plan for the Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. New World Encyclopedia. 2017. Disaster Relief. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Disaster_relief. Last Accessed 2 Sept 2017.

Author: Bimal Kanti Paul

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319772820

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 805

Disaster Relief Aid: Changes and Challenges provides a comprehensive analysis of disaster relief efforts undertaken globally during the last several decades, and examines the changes and challenges that have emerged over time. The book evaluates the current state of disaster relief and discusses how it may be improved. The author examines salient features of disaster relief operations and provides an overview of the development of global humanitarian assistance programs. The book also explores how disaster aid is channelled from non-affected areas to affected areas. Using five major natural and man-made disasters as case studies, the book analyses the nature and extent of emergency relief efforts undertaken for each. The final chapter covers the post-disaster convergence phenomenon; outlines the major challenges of international disaster relief operation and finally, posits recommendations on how to improve future disaster relief efforts. This is an essential interdisciplinary text on disaster response for both undergraduate and graduate students as well as an invaluable resource for disaster researchers, managers, and numerous international and national non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international agencies.
Categories: Science

Encyclopedia of Crisis Management

Encyclopedia of Crisis Management

The work concludes with a comprehensive Index, which—in the electronic version—combines with the Reader′s Guide and Cross-References to provide thorough search-and-browse capabilities.

Author: K. Bradley Penuel

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506354996

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1176

View: 102

Although now a growing and respectable research field, crisis management—as a formal area of study—is relatively young, having emerged since the 1980s following a succession of such calamities as the Bhopal gas leak, Chernobyl nuclear accident, Space Shuttle Challenger loss, and Exxon Valdez oil spill. Analysis of organizational failures that caused such events helped drive the emerging field of crisis management. Simultaneously, the world has experienced a number of devastating natural disasters: Hurricane Katrina, the Japanese earthquake and tsunami, etc. From such crises, both human-induced and natural, we have learned our modern, tightly interconnected and interdependent society is simply more vulnerable to disruption than in the past. This interconnectedness is made possible in part by crisis management and increases our reliance upon it. As such, crisis management is as beneficial and crucial today as information technology has become over the last few decades. Crisis is varied and unavoidable. While the examples highlighted above were extreme, we see crisis every day within organizations, governments, businesses and the economy. A true crisis differs from a "routine" emergency, such as a water pipe bursting in the kitchen. Per one definition, "it is associated with urgent, high-stakes challenges in which the outcomes can vary widely (and are very negative at one end of the spectrum) and will depend on the actions taken by those involved." Successfully engaging, dealing with, and working through a crisis requires an understanding of options and tools for individual and joint decision making. Our Encyclopedia of Crisis Management comprehensively overviews concepts and techniques for effectively assessing, analyzing, managing, and resolving crises, whether they be organizational, business, community, or political. From general theories and concepts exploring the meaning and causes of crisis to practical strategies and techniques relevant to crises of specific types, crisis management is thoroughly explored. Features & Benefits: A collection of 385 signed entries are organized in A-to-Z fashion in 2 volumes available in both print and electronic formats. Entries conclude with Cross-References and Further Readings to guide students to in-depth resources. Selected entries feature boxed case studies, providing students with "lessons learned" in how various crises were successfully or unsuccessfully managed and why. Although organized A-to-Z, a thematic "Reader's Guide" in the front matter groups related entries by broad areas (e.g., Agencies & Organizations, Theories & Techniques, Economic Crises, etc.). Also in the front matter, a Chronology provides students with historical perspective on the development of crisis management as a discrete field of study. The work concludes with a comprehensive Index, which—in the electronic version—combines with the Reader's Guide and Cross-References to provide thorough search-and-browse capabilities. A template for an "All-Hazards Preparedness Plan" is provided the backmatter; the electronic version of this allows students to explore customized response plans for crises of various sorts. Appendices also include a Resource Guide to classic books, journals, and internet resources in the field, a Glossary, and a vetted list of crisis management-related degree programs, crisis management conferences, etc.
Categories: Business & Economics

International Disaster Response Law

International Disaster Response Law

Secur Dev 10(5):673–713 Penuel KB, Statler M (2011) Encyclopedia of disaster relief. SAGE Publications, Los Angeles Poli L (2011) La responsabilità di proteggere e il ruolo delle organizzazioni internazionali regionali.

Author: Andrea de Guttry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789067048828

Category: Law

Page: 740

View: 803

With a Foreword by Kristalina Georgieva, European Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response Over the last decades natural and man-made disasters have been increasing in terms of frequency, size, number of people affected and material damage caused. There is growing awareness of the importance of adequate national and international legal frameworks for disaster prevention, mitigation and response. The implementation of these frameworks, however, poses serious challenges. This book analyses International Disaster Response Law as developed in recent times and identifies the main existing normative gaps. The authors address the rights and duties of States in preventing and mitigating disasters, in facilitating access to their territory for humanitarian relief actors, as well as issues related to liability and compensation. Due attention is paid to European Union law governing disaster response (and to its reform in the light of the Lisbon Treaty) and to the main trends in domestic legislation. Human rights obligations are thoroughly examined and the potential relevance of international criminal law is assessed. Additional topics such as the status of relief personnel, the hindrances to the delivery of relief consignments by customs and excise administration, the use of civilian and military defence assets in emergency situations, the mechanisms and procedures available to offer financial support for recovery and rehabilitation, risk insurance, and the issue of corruption during disaster-related activities are specifically addressed. By drawing on the expertise of lawyers, political scientists, economists and humanitarian practitioners, the book promotes much-needed interdisciplinary dialog and sheds light on a largely uncharted field of research. It is therefore essential reading for academics and practitioners in international and EU law, policy makers, civil protection and humanitarian operators and for anyone interested in exploring the legal facets of the international community’s response to large-scale calamitous events. Over the last decades natural and man-made disasters have been increasing in terms of frequency, size, number of people affected and material damage caused. There is growing awareness of the importance of adequate national and international legal frameworks for disaster prevention, mitigation and response. The implementation of these frameworks, however, poses serious challenges. This book analyses International Disaster Response Law as developed in recent times and identifies the main existing normative gaps. The authors address the rights and duties of States in preventing and mitigating disasters, in facilitating access to their territory for humanitarian relief actors, as well as issues related to liability and compensation. Due attention is paid to European Union law governing disaster response (and to its reform in the light of the Lisbon Treaty) and to the main trends in domestic legislation. Human rights obligations are thoroughly examined and the potential relevance of international criminal law is assessed. Additional topics such as the status of relief personnel, the hindrances to the delivery of relief consignments by customs and excise administration, the use of civilian and military defence assets in emergency situations, the mechanisms and procedures available to offer financial support for recovery and rehabilitation, risk insurance, and the issue of corruption during disaster-related activities are specifically addressed. By drawing on the expertise of lawyers, political scientists, economists and humanitarian practitioners, the book promotes much-needed interdisciplinary dialog and sheds light on a largely uncharted field of research. It is therefore essential reading for academics and practitioners in international and EU law, policy makers, civil protection and humanitarian operators and for anyone interested in exploring the legal facets of the international community’s response to large-scale calamitous events.
Categories: Law

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards Governance

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards Governance

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards Governance is published as part of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science.

Author: Brian J. Gerber

Publisher:

ISBN: 0190640235

Category: Hazard mitigation

Page: 1719

View: 852

"Natural hazards, such as floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, typhoons, and wildfires, present significant challenges for managing risk and vulnerability at a community or national scale. As the 21st century witnesses pronounced trends of greater urbanization and a warming global climate, risk and vulnerability are continually increasing. In that context, understanding how communities, nations, and international regimes and organizations attempt to manage risk and promote resilience in the face of major disruption to the built and natural environment and social systems is essential. Defining, assessing, and understanding governance practices in the area of natural hazards is essential to address these types of challenges. This volume provides a uniquely comprehensive treatment of the range of key governance issues and how they are addressed across global regions, individual countries, and local communities"--
Categories: Hazard mitigation

Encyclopedia of Public Health

Encyclopedia of Public Health

Munich Re, Munich Pan American Health Organization (1998) Natural Disaster Mitigation in Drinking Water and Sewerage Systems. Washington, DC Pan American Health Organization (2000) Principles of Disaster Mitigation in Health Facilities.

Author: Wilhelm Kirch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402056130

Category: Medical

Page: 1611

View: 152

The Encyclopedic Reference of Public Health presents the most important definitions, principles and general perspectives of public health, written by experts of the different fields. The work includes more than 2,500 alphabetical entries. Entries comprise review-style articles, detailed essays and short definitions. Numerous figures and tables enhance understanding of this little-understood topic. Solidly structured and inclusive, this two-volume reference is an invaluable tool for clinical scientists and practitioners in academia, health care and industry, as well as students, teachers and interested laypersons.
Categories: Medical

Routledge Handbook of Human Rights and Disasters

Routledge Handbook of Human Rights and Disasters

23 S. Kroll-Smith and V.J. Gunter, 'Legislators, Interpreters and Disasters: The Importance of How as Well as What Is a ... According to M. Nthakomwa, 'Cycles of a Disaster' in K.B. Penuel and M. Statler, Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief ...

Author: Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351630009

Category: History

Page: 394

View: 222

The Routledge Handbook of Human Rights and Disasters provides the first comprehensive review of the role played by international human rights law in the prevention and management of natural and technological disasters. Each chapter is written by a leading expert and offers a state-of-the-art overview of a significant topic within the field. In addition to focussing on the role of human rights obligations in disaster preparedness and response, the volume offers a broader perspective by examining how human rights law interacts with other legal regimes and by addressing the challenges facing humanitarian organizations. Preceded by a foreword by the International Law Commission’s Special Rapporteur on the Protection of Persons in the Event of Disasters, the volume is divided into four parts: Part I: Human rights law and disasters in the framework of public international law Part II: Role and application of human rights law in disaster settings Part III: (Categories of) rights of particular significance in a disaster context Part IV: Protection of vulnerable groups in disaster settings Providing up-to-date and authoritative contributions covering the key aspects of human rights protection in disaster settings, this volume will be of great interest to scholars and students of humanitarianism, international law, EU law, disaster management and international relations, as well as to practitioners in the field of disaster management.
Categories: History

Disaster Deaths

Disaster Deaths

In Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief, edited by Penuel, B.K., and M. Statler, pp. 261–263. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. McCullough, D.G. 1968. The Johnstown Flood. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster. McPherson, M., M. M. Counahanb, ...

Author: Bimal Kanti Paul

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429511974

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 286

This book conducts a systematic inquiry into the tragic deaths caused by natural disasters at different geographic scales. It employs key disaster concepts and classification of disasters to understand the high mortality rates and the various factors associated with these deaths. Deaths are the direct and immediate impact of disaster events, which have remained a major concern for disaster managers and policy-makers all over the world. Using primary research and secondary data, this book provides a comprehensive analysis of various facets of disaster deaths such as trends, circumstances and causes, and determinants at global, regional, national, and subnational scales. It offers a holistic perspective on disaster mortality, which has been lacking for some time. The book not only fills this research gap but also suggests important policy implications for disaster managers and policy makers working in multilateral, bilateral, local, and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). These policies include effective strategies to significantly reduce the risk of deaths caused by natural disasters, which are explored through chapters written in a clear and accessible style. Drawing together the case studies on past major disasters as well as recent ones, the book provides new and critical insights into deaths precipitated by natural disasters. Suitable for both technical and nontechnical readers, the book has a broader appeal and will thus be useful for practitioners, researchers, students, as well as activists in the area of hazards and disasters who are interested in studying mortality due to extreme natural events.
Categories: Science