Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland Urban Interface WUI Fires

Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland Urban Interface  WUI  Fires

This reference work encompasses the current, accepted state of the art in the science of wildfires and wildfires that spread to communities, known as wildland-urban interface (WUI) fires. 171 author contributions include accepted knowledge ...

Author: Samuel L. Manzello

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331952089X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1195

View: 936

This reference work encompasses the current, accepted state of the art in the science of wildfires and wildfires that spread to communities, known as wildland-urban interface (WUI) fires. 171 author contributions include accepted knowledge on these topics from throughout the world, all written by the leading researchers, experts, practitioners, and academics. This encyclopedia is an invaluable reference for newcomers to the field, as well as researchers, students, developers, and professionals who are interested in exploring this dynamic area. General Sections include: Combustion Coordination System Locations Fire Whirls Firebrands and Embers Incident Management Team (IMT) Support Locations Incident Response Support Locations On-the-Incident Locations Soot and Effects on Wildland/WUI Fire Behavior Weathering Effects on Fire Retardant Wood Treatments Wildland Firefighting Locations Wildland Fuel Treatments
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Routledge Handbook of Environmental Hazards and Society

Routledge Handbook of Environmental Hazards and Society

... R. (2016) 'Wildfire survival plans in theory and practice', International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol 25, no 4, ... fire stewardship', in S. Manzello (ed) Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires.

Author: Tara K. McGee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000597608

Category: Nature

Page: 626

View: 574

This Handbook provides a state-of-the-science review of research and practice in the human dimensions of hazards field. The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Hazards and Society reviews and assesses existing knowledge and explores future research priorities in this growing field. It showcases the work of international experts, including established researchers, future stars in the field, and practitioners. Organised into four parts, all chapters have an international focus, and many include case studies from around the world. Part I explains geophysical and hydro-meteorological/climatological hazards, their impacts, and mitigation. Part II explores vulnerability, resilience, and equity. Part III explores preparedness, responses during environmental hazard events, impacts, and the recovery process. Part IV explores policy and practice, including governments, support provided during and after environmental hazard events, and provision of information. This Handbook will serve as an important resource for students, academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in the fields of environmental hazards and disaster risk reduction.
Categories: Nature

Technology Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development

Technology Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development

In: Manzello S. (eds) Encyclopedia of wildfires and wildland-urban interface (WUI) fires. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10. 1007/978-3-319-51727-8_225-1 Lakhina SJ, Lakhina A (2021) International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction: ...

Author: Pradeep Ray

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811920530

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 721

This book discusses the need for entrepreneurship for sustainable development from the perspective of Asia, the fastest growing region in the world. The world is now witnessing a spectacular rise of technology entrepreneurship, involving mobile phones, artificial intelligence, geospatial information systems and social media. On the other hand, governments all over the world, particularly those in low and medium income countries, are facing severe resource constraints in developing the livelihood and well-being of citizens. Although many non-government organizations (NGOs) have worked on various development projects in a number of social sectors such as health, education, disabilities, poverty alleviation and environment, there is still substantial scope for technological innovation, including more efficient, effective and user-friendly solutions in different parts of the world. This book is organized into 2 parts and consists of 17 chapters. The first part explores education and well-being, and the second part discusses the climate, environment and disaster management.
Categories: Science

Wildland Fire Smoke in the United States

Wildland Fire Smoke in the United States

Fort Collins: U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station Keane RE (2019) Natural fuels. In Manzello SL (ed) Encyclopedia of wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) fires. Springer International Publishing, Cham Kilzer FJ, ...

Author: David L. Peterson

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030870454

Category: Nature

Page: 346

View: 333

This open access book synthesizes current information on wildland fire smoke in the United States, providing a scientific foundation for addressing the production of smoke from wildland fires. This will be increasingly critical as smoke exposure and degraded air quality are expected to increase in extent and severity in a warmer climate. Accurate smoke information is a foundation for helping individuals and communities to effectively mitigate potential smoke impacts from wildfires and prescribed fires. The book documents our current understanding of smoke science for (1) primary physical, chemical, and biological issues related to wildfire and prescribed fire, (2) key social issues, including human health and economic impacts, and (3) current and anticipated management and regulatory issues. Each chapter provides a summary of priorities for future research that provide a roadmap for developing scientific information that can improve smoke and fire management over the next decade.
Categories: Nature

Ecology of Fire Dependent Ecosystems

Ecology of Fire Dependent Ecosystems

In: Manzello, S. L. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires. Cham: Springer, 1–7. (p. 43) Sharples, J. J. et al. 2010. Foehn-Like Winds and Elevated Fire Danger Conditions in Southeastern Australia.

Author: Devan Allen McGranahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429944932

Category: Nature

Page: 266

View: 205

Ecology of Fire-Dependent Ecosystems is brimming with intriguing ecological stories of how life has evolved with and diversified within the varied fire regimes that are experienced on earth. Moreover, the book places itself as a communication between students, fire scientists, and fire fighters, and each of these groups will find some familiar ground, and some challenging aspects in this text: something which ultimately will help to bring us closer together and enrich our different approaches to understanding and managing our changing planet. -- Sally Archibald, Professor, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Most textbooks are as dry as kindling and about as much fun to sink your teeth into. This is not that kind of textbook. Devan Allen McGranahan and Carissa L. Wonkka have taken a complex topic and somehow managed to synthesize it into a comprehensive, yet digestible form. This is a book you can read cover to cover – I know, I did it. As a result, I took an enlightening journey through the history and fundamentals of fire and its role in the natural and human world, ending with a thoughtful review of the evolving relationship between humans and wildland fire. -- Chris Helzer, Nebraska Director of Science, The Nature Conservancy, and author of The Prairie Ecologist blog Ecology of Fire-Dependent Ecosystems: Wildland Fire Science, Policy, and Management is intended for use in upper-level courses in fire ecology and wildland fire management and as a reference for researchers, managers, and other professionals involved with wildland fire science, practice, and policy. The book helps guide students and scientists to design and conduct robust wildland fire research projects and critically interpret and apply fire science in any management, education, or policy situation. It emphasizes variability in wildland fire as an ecological regime and provides tools for students, researchers, and managers to assess and connect fire environment and fire behaviour to fire effects. Fire has not only shaped social and ecological communities but pushed ecosystems beyond previous boundaries, yet understanding the nature and effects of fire as an ecological disturbance has been slow, hampered by the complexity of the dynamic interactions between vegetation and climate and the fear of the destruction fire can bring. This book will help those who study, manage, and use wildland fire to develop new answers and novel solutions, based on an understanding of how fire functions in natural and social environments. It reviews literature, synthesizes concepts, and identifies research gaps and policy needs. The text also explores the interaction of fire and human culture, demonstrating how fire policy can be made adaptable to cultural and socio-ecological objectives.
Categories: Nature

Fire Science

Fire Science

Forest Ecology and Management, 271, 81–90. Hoffman, C. M., Collins, B., & Battaglia, M. (2018). Wildland fuel treatments. In: Manzello, SL, ed. Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires.

Author: Francisco Castro Rego

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030698157

Category: Nature

Page: 644

View: 838

This textbook provides students and academics with a conceptual understanding of fire behavior and fire effects on people and ecosystems to support effective integrated fire management. Through case studies, interactive spreadsheets programmed with equations and graphics, and clear explanations, the book provides undergraduate, graduate, and professional readers with a straightforward learning path. The authors draw from years of experience in successfully teaching fundamental concepts and applications, synthesizing cutting-edge science, and applying lessons learned from fire practitioners. We discuss fire as part of environmental and human health. Our process-based, comprehensive, and quantitative approach encompasses combustion and heat transfer, and fire effects on people, plants, soils, and animals in forest, grassland, and woodland ecosystems from around the Earth. Case studies and examples link fundamental concepts to local, landscape, and global fire implications, including social-ecological systems. Globally, fire science and integrated fire management have made major strides in the last few decades. Society faces numerous fire-related challenges, including the increasing occurrence of large fires that threaten people and property, smoke that poses a health hazard, and lengthening fire seasons worldwide. Fires are useful to suppress fires, conserve wildlife and habitat, enhance livestock grazing, manage fuels, and in ecological restoration. Understanding fire science is critical to forecasting the implication of global change for fires and their effects. Increasing the positive effects of fire (fuels reduction, enhanced habitat for many plants and animals, ecosystem services increased) while reducing the negative impacts of fires (loss of human lives, smoke and carbon emissions that threaten health, etc.) is part of making fires good servants rather than bad masters.
Categories: Nature

Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology

Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, eighth ed. Wiley, New York. Blunck, D., 2018. Soot and effects on wildland/WUI fire behavior. In: Manzello, S.L. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires.

Author: Edward A. Johnson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128188149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 562

View: 785

Disturbance ecology continues to be an active area of research, having undergone advances in many areas in recent years. One emerging direction is the increased coupling of physical and ecological processes, in which disturbances are increasingly traced back to mechanisms that cause the disturbances themselves, such as earth surface processes, mesoscale, and larger meteorological processes, and the ecological effects of interest are increasingly physiological. Plant Disturbance Ecology, 2nd Edition encourages movement away from the informal, conceptual approach traditionally used in defining natural disturbances and clearly presents how scientists can use a multitude of approaches in plant disturbance ecology. This edition includes nine revised chapters from the first edition, as well new, more comprehensive chapters on fire disturbance and beaver disturbance. Edited by leading experts in the field, Plant Disturbance Ecology, 2nd Edition is an essential resource for scientists interested in understanding plant disturbance and ecological processes. Advances understanding of natural disturbances by combining geophysical and ecological processes Provides a framework for collaboration between geophysical scientists and ecologists studying natural disturbances Includes fully updated research with 5 new chapters and revision of 11 chapters from the first edition
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Wildland Fire

Wildland Fire

Fire Safe. J. 3, 107–121. doi: 10.1016/0379-7112(81)90037-0 Conflict of Interest Statement: The authors declare that the ... “Surface to Crown Transition,” in Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires, ed.

Author: Michael John Gollner

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889639663

Category:

Page: 208

View: 876

Categories:

Forest Fire

Forest Fire

Impact of anthropogenic climate change on wildfire across western US forests. ... Fire ecology of Pacific Northwest forests. ... In: Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires, Publisher: Springer Nature.

Author: Bhupender Gupta

Publisher: Studera Press

ISBN: 9788195397839

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 431

The book on ‘Forest Fire: Characteristics and Management’ embodies seven chapters providing an updated comprehensive information on history, causes & types, characteristics & behaviour, effects of fire on ecosystem dynamics i.e., plant, community, ecosystem, wildlife and soils, damaging & beneficial effects, prediction & management and, prevention & control of forest fires. In each chapter the readers will find complete information aptly backed by authentic data, examples and illustrations. Chapter eight is dedicated to bibliography. This book will be useful to students and researchers as a part of their curriculum and for forest managers/officials and planners as an important guide for managing forest fires.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Lecture Notes in Data Engineering Computational Intelligence and Decision Making

Lecture Notes in Data Engineering  Computational Intelligence  and Decision Making

Morvan, D.: Validation of wildfire spread models. In: Manzello, S., et al. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires, pp. 1031– 1037. Springer, Cham (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52090-259 15.

Author:

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031162039

Category: Computational intelligence

Page: 734

View: 547

This book contains of 39 scientific papers which include the results of research regarding the current directions in the fields of data mining, machine learning and decision-making. This book is devoted to current problems of artificial and computational intelligence including decision-making systems. Collecting, analysis and processing information are the current directions of modern computer science. Development of new modern information and computer technologies for data analysis and processing in various fields of data mining and machine learning create the conditions for increasing effectiveness of the information processing by both the decrease of time and the increase of accuracy of the data processing. The papers are divided in terms of their topic into three sections. The first section "Analysis and Modeling of Hybrid Systems and Processes" contains of 11 papers, and the second section "Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Decision-Making Systems" contains of 11 ones too. There are 17 papers in the third section "Data Engineering, Computational Intelligence and Inductive Modeling". The book is focused to scientists and developers in the fields of data mining, machine learning and decision-making systems.
Categories: Computational intelligence