Engineering the Human

Engineering the Human

The chapters in this volume treat not only those aspects that most immediately come to mind when one thinks of ‘human enhancement’, such as genetic engineering, cloning, artificial implants and artificial intelligence etc.

Author: Bert Jaap Koops

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642350962

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 568

The volume is collection of articles treating the topic of human improvement/enhancement from a variety of perspectives – philosophical, literary, medical, genetic, sociological, legal etc. The chapters in this volume treat not only those aspects that most immediately come to mind when one thinks of ‘human enhancement’, such as genetic engineering, cloning, artificial implants and artificial intelligence etc. Somewhat less obvious aspects include evolutionary perspectives in connection with the prolongation of the human lifespan, plastic surgery since its beginnings, and questions such as whether the distinction between ‘natural’ and ‘artificial’ can really be drawn at all and how it has been conceived across the ages, or what the legal implications are of recent developments and techniques. Many papers make links to the representation of these developments in popular culture, from Jules Verne through Aldous Huxley to the movie Gattaca, address the hopes and fears that come with them as well as the question how realistic these are. While all chapters are written by scientists at the international top of their respective fields, all are accessible to a non-specialist audience and eminently readable. We believe that they represent a state-of-the art overview of questions that are of interest to a large audience. The book thus targets a non-specialist audience with an interest in philosophical, sociological, scientific and legal issues involved in both traditional and recent matters concerning the desire of mankind to improve itself, the human body, the human mind and the human condition. It is unique in that it brings together all these aspects within a coherent and cohesive collection.
Categories: Science

Human Rights and Human Nature

Human Rights and Human Nature

Concerning 'Humans' and 'Human' rights. Human enhancement from the perspective of fundamental rights. In Engineering the human. Human enhancement between fiction and fascination, ed. B.-J. Koops, C.H. Lüthi, A. Nelis, C. Sieburgh, ...

Author: Marion Albers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401786720

Category: Law

Page: 274

View: 498

This book explores both the possibilities and limits of arguments from human nature in the context of human rights. Can the concept of human nature provide a basis for understanding fundamental rights? Is it plausible to justify the claim to universal validity of human rights by reference to human nature? Or does the idea of human rights in its modern, post-1945 manifestation go, in essence, beyond human nature? The essays in this volume introduce naturalistic positions and their concomitant critiques. They address the role that human nature both actually does and potentially may play in forming a foundation for and acting as an exemplification of fundamental rights. Beyond that, they give attention to the challenges caused by Life Sciences. Human nature itself is subject to transformation and transgression in an unprecedented manner. The essays reflect on issues such as reproduction, species manipulation, corporeal autonomy and enhancement. Contributors are jurists, philosophers and political scientists from Germany, Switzerland, Turkey, Poland and Japan.
Categories: Law

The Digital Transformation of Healthcare

The Digital Transformation of Healthcare

An emerging interface between life science and nanotechnology: present status and prospects of reproductive healthcare aided by nano-biotechnology. ... Engineering the Human. Human Enhancement Between Fiction and Fascination.

Author: Marek Ćwiklicki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000514964

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 121

Health 4.0 is a term that has derived from the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0), as it pertains to the healthcare industry. This book offers a novel, concise, but at the same time, broad picture of the challenges that the technological revolution has created for the healthcare system. It offers a comprehensive view of health sector actors’ interaction with the emerging new technology, which is disrupting the status quo in health service delivery. It explains how these technological developments impact both society and healthcare governance. Further, the book addresses issues related to key healthcare system stakeholders: the state, patients, medical professionals, and non-governmental organizations. It also examines areas of healthcare system adaptiveness and draws its conclusions by analysing recent health policy changes in different countries across the Americas, Europe, and Asia. The authors offer an innovative approach to the subject by identifying the critical determinants of successful implementation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution’s outcomes in practice, on both a macro- and microlevel. The macrolevel analysis is focused on essential factors of healthcare system adaptiveness for Health 4.0, while the microlevel relates to patients’ expectations with a particular emphasis on senior citizens. The book will appeal to academics, researchers, and students, across a wide range of disciplines, such as health economics, health sciences, public policy, public administration, political science, public governance, and sociology. It will also find an audience among healthcare professionals and health and social policymakers due to its recommendations for implementing Industry 4.0 into a healthcare system.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Vampire

The Vampire

... of Pennsylvania Press, 1999) Lipka, Jennifer, 'Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness as a Gothic Novel', Conradiana, ... Engineering the Human: Human Enhancement Between Fiction and Fascination (Springer-Verlag: Berlin and Heidelberg, ...

Author: Nick Groom

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300240818

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 325

View: 896

An authoritative new history of the vampire, two hundred years after it first appeared on the literary scene Published to mark the bicentenary of John Polidori’s publication of The Vampyre, Nick Groom’s detailed new account illuminates the complex history of the iconic creature. The vampire first came to public prominence in the early eighteenth century, when Enlightenment science collided with Eastern European folklore and apparently verified outbreaks of vampirism, capturing the attention of medical researchers, political commentators, social theorists, theologians, and philosophers. Groom accordingly traces the vampire from its role as a monster embodying humankind’s fears, to that of an unlikely hero for the marginalized and excluded in the twenty-first century. Drawing on literary and artistic representations, as well as medical, forensic, empirical, and sociopolitical perspectives, this rich and eerie history presents the vampire as a strikingly complex being that has been used to express the traumas and contradictions of the human condition.
Categories: Literary Criticism

World Organization of Systems and Cybernetics 18 Congress WOSC2021

World Organization of Systems and Cybernetics 18  Congress WOSC2021

Georgetown University Press, Georgetown, TX Koops BJ, Lüthy CH, Nelis A, Sieburgh C, Jansen JPM, Schmid MS (eds) (2013) Engineering the human: human enhancement between fiction and fascination. Springer Science & Business Media Legge G, ...

Author: Igor Perko

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031081958

Category: Cybernetics

Page: 273

View: 909

Important world institutions, such as the United Nations (UN), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Energy Agency (IEA), and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), have publicly recognizing the highly interconnected nature of our world and therefore the relevance of systemic thinking and cybernetics as leading knowledge foundations to deal with the complexity of economic, social, and environmental issues. This recognition was the driving force of the Internet discussions held by participants to the World Organisation of Systems and Cybernetics 18th Congress, which last September 27 to 29(WOSC 2021). More than ever we needed to debate and develop current ontological, epistemological, and methodological approaches to the understanding of the future of humanity. WOSC organized this event in collaboration with the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Scientists of this Academy together with scientists from all over the world made contributions to improving communications beyond particular nation states and regions toward the clarification of global issues like governance, health, education, technology, art, and others. Our aim in WOSC 2021 was bringing together scientists and researchers to collaborative debates at all levels from local communities to global societies. At the end of the Congress, scientists were invited to submit contributions to this Springer Nature book, along the following four themes: firstly, philosophical and methodological foundations for the development of the systems approach and cybernetics; secondly, the cybernetics of society, ecology and governance; thirdly, digital technologies and physical realities merging into a hybrid reality , and fourthly, the transdisciplinarity of systems sciences and cybernetics applied to the further development of knowledge areas, such as education, embodiment of social policies, and the arts. About 25 contributions were accepted for publication in this book. We see this as one of WOSCs important contribution to the scientific community around the world.
Categories: Cybernetics

Human Dignity in Context

Human Dignity in Context

Human Enhancement from the Perspective of Fundamental Rights' in BJ Koops, CH Lüthi, A Nelis, C Sieburgh, JPM Jansen and MS Schmid (eds), Engineering the Human. Human Enhancement Between Fiction and Fascination (Berlin/Heidelberg, ...

Author: Dieter Grimm

Publisher: Nomos Verlag

ISBN: 9783845264585

Category: Law

Page: 637

View: 128

Der fünfte Band in der Reihe "Recht im Kontext" gibt eine kontextbezogene Analyse der Menschenwürde und ihrer rechtlichen und politischen Implikationen. Der Band ist das Ergebnis zweier Konferenzen am Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin (Institute for Advanced Study, Berlin), die einen Diskussionsrahmen geschaffen und eine Debatte zwischen Wissenschaftlern aus mehreren Ländern und verschiedenen Disziplinen über das Konzept der Menschenwürde angeregt haben. Die Beiträge in dem Band analysieren und bewerten die Menschenwürdekonzeption in juristischer Hinsicht und in akademischer Reflexion neu. Als kontextuelles Unterfangen nimmt der Band eine genuin rechtswissenschaftliche Perspektive ein und verbindet aktuelle Debatten der deutschen, europäischen und US-amerikanischen Rechtswissenschaft mit den Diskussionen aus anderen Disziplinen und aus anderen Regionen der Welt.
Categories: Law

Human Rights and Technological Change

Human Rights and Technological Change

»Concerning ›Humans‹ and ›Human‹ Rights. Human Enhancement from the Perspective of Fundamental Rights,« in Engineering the Human. Human Enhancement Between Fiction and Fascination, edited by Bert-Jaap Koops et al.

Author: Michael Homberg

Publisher: Wallstein Verlag

ISBN: 9783835348424

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 907

Über das Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Menschenrechten und modernen Technologien für die Zeit seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Werkzeug der Unterdrückung oder Vehikel der Emanzipation? Moderne Technologien sind zu einem wichtigen Thema der Menschenrechtspolitik geworden. Überwachungstechnik, militärische Drohnen und digitale Datenanalysen stellen die internationale Menschenrechtsbewegung vor neue Herausforderungen. Gleichzeitig eröffnen diese Techniken auch neue Chancen, Menschenrechtsverletzungen zu dokumentieren, anzuprangern und ein zivilgesellschaftliches Engagement zu fördern. In diesem Band wird diese ambivalente Beziehung in historischer Perspektive analysiert. Gezeigt wird, wie die Verbreitung moderner Technologien die Menschenrechtspolitik herausforderte und unterstützte. Hervorgehoben werden dabei vier Schlüsselbereiche: 1. Entwicklungspolitik, allen voran bei Infrastrukturen und technischen Großprojekten, 2. Bevölkerungspolitik und demographisches Wissen, 3. Medien- und Kommunikationstechnologien und 4. die gesellschaftlichen Auswirkungen der Computerisierung. Indem diese Debatten für die Zeit nach 1945 nachgezeichnet werden, erhalten aktuelle Diskussionen über die Herausforderungen neuer technologischer Entwicklungen eine historische Dimension. Der Band erscheint vollständig in englischer Sprache. _____ The volume analyses the ambivalent relationship between human rights and modern technologies since 1945. Tools of suppression or agents of emancipation? Modern technologies have become a major subject of human rights policy. Surveillance technology, the military use of drones, and the possibilities of Big Data analysis pose new challenges for the international human rights movement. At the same time, these techniques offer new ways to document and denounce violations of human rights and to promote mass mobilization. The volume analyses this ambivalent relationship between human rights and technological change in a historical perspective. Showing how the spread of modern technologies both challenged and served human rights policies, the volume focuses on four key areas of technological change: 1) development politics, infrastructures and large technical systems, 2) population politics and demographical knowledge, 3) media cultures and communication technologies, and 4) the societal impact of computerization. By sketching these debates since 1945, the volume adds a historical perspective to current debates about the political and ethical challenges of new technological developments. The volume is published entirely in English.
Categories: Political Science

We Other Utopians

We  Other Utopians

Enhancement und Genetik. Freiburg/Mün en: Karl Alber. Koops BJ, Lüthy C, Nelis A, Sieburgh C, Jansen JPM and S mid MS (2013) Engineering the Human: Human Enhancement Between Fiction and Fascination. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag ...

Author: Eva Šlesingerová

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000483406

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 866

We, Other Utopians is the first book to analyze the topics of genome editing/recombinant DNA on the basis of ethnographic research in the post-communist context. The book focuses on the topics of human DNA editing and genome repair on two levels. First, inspired by texts analyzing the concept of life and the body in general, it conceptually and analytically works with various approaches to engineered life and embodiments from the perspective of anthropology, sociology, and science and technology studies. Second, it presents an analysis of artificial life, and biotechnological embodiments on concrete technologies – genome editing, recombinant DNA, and biological computing. The book explores the theme of genome editing based on ethnographic research conducted at a biochemical laboratory in the Czech Republic. The fieldwork was carried out from 2017 to 2019, mainly in a lab focusing on DNA damages and genomic risk of complex diseases or genetic vulnerabilities like breast cancer, infertility, and ageing. Recombinant DNA is understood here as the exchange of DNA strands to produce and design new nucleotide sequence arrangements to heal or enhance human bodies and health in the future. The book analyzes various economies of hope, hype, expectations, politics, and poetics of false promises and better or worse predictions from the point of view of sociology, anthropology, and science and technology studies.
Categories: Social Science

Psychoanalysis of Technoscience

Psychoanalysis of Technoscience

J., Schmid, M. (Eds.) Engineering the human: human enhancement between fiction and fascination. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer, 71-82. Nietzsche F. (1980) Sämtliche Werke (Kritische Studienausgabe; eds. G. Colli & M. Montinari).

Author: Hub Zwart

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643910509


Page: 200

View: 465

This book presents a psychoanalysis of technoscience. Basic concepts and methods developed by Freud, Jung, Bachelard and Lacan are applied to case histories (palaeoanthropology, classical conditioning, virology). Rather than by disinterested curiosity, technoscience is driven by desire, resistance and the will to control. Moreover, psychoanalysis focusses on primal scenes (Dubois' quest for the missing link, Pavlov's discovery of the conditioned reflex) and opts for triangulation: comparing technoscience to "different scenes" provided by novels, so that Dubois's work is compared to missing link novels by Verne and London and Pavlov's experiments with Skinner's Walden Two, while virology is studied through the lens of viral fiction.

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 1

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes  Volume 1

C.E. Powell, G.G. Qiao, Polymeric CO2/N2 gas separation membranes for the capture of carbon dioxide from power plant ... J.P.M. Jansen, M.S. Schmid (Eds.), Engineering the Human: Human Enhancement between Fiction and Fascination. p.

Author: Visakh P. M.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118831748

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 215

This book is intended to serve as a "one-stop" reference resource for important research accomplishments in the area of nanostructured polymer membranes and their processing and characterizations. It will be a very valuable reference source for university and college faculties, professionals, post-doctoral research fellows, senior graduate students, and researchers from R&D laboratories working in the area of polymer nanobased membranes. The various chapters are contributed by prominent researchers from industry, academia and government/private research laboratories across the globe and comprise an up-to-date record on the major findings and observations in the field.
Categories: Technology & Engineering