Enhancing the Power of the Internet

Enhancing the Power of the Internet

Many technologies can be used in support of e-commerce, highlighting the fact that it is more than just an Internetbased phenomenon. Electronic commerce includes key technologies and procedures including: streamlining processes, ...

Author: Masoud Nikravesh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540452188

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 361

This book presents reports from the forefront of soft computing in the Internet industry and covers important topics in the field such as search engines, fuzzy query, decision analysis and support systems as well as e-business and e-commerce.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Enhancing Participation and Governance in Water Resources Management

Enhancing Participation and Governance in Water Resources Management

In the current study, 39.5 percent disagree or strongly disagree that the Internet can give people more political power. When asked, ''by using the Internet people like you will PROMOTING ON-LINE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION 93.

Author: Libor Jansky

Publisher: United Nations University Press

ISBN: 9789280811209

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 222

View: 654

The United Nations estimates that more than 2 billion people in over 40 countries are negatively affected by water shortages. Increasing demand for water has been identified as one of four major factors that will threaten human and ecological health over the next generation. As public health, development, economy and nature suffer, ensuring access to clean water is rising towards the top of government agendas. Water resources management is the aggregate of policies and activities used to provide clean water to meet human needs across sectors and jurisdictions and to sustain the water-related ecological systems upon which we depend. Knowledge that is crucial for water management is distributed across governments, non-governmental organizations and the water users themselves. In most circumstances, water management aims to address the interests of and integrate usage across hydrologically meaningful units, such as watersheds. Some management aspects, however, such as transboundary flows across multiple basins and inter-basin water transfers via channels or virtual water, may necessitate a broader geographical scope. Public participation aims actively to increase attention to and inclusion of the interests of those who are usually marginalized, e.g. politically disenfranchised minorities or poor people indirectly affected by water management. In this book, the authors identify successful mechanisms, approaches and practices for promoting public involvement in water resources management, including both conventional approaches and those based on information technology.
Categories: Business & Economics

Strategic information systems management for environmental sustainability enhancing firm competitiveness with Green IS

Strategic information systems management for environmental sustainability   enhancing firm competitiveness with Green IS

However, the electrical energy which is necessary to power these systems entails substantial CO2 impacts ... Although recent internet streaming and cloud services as well as social media platforms demand for continuously increasing data ...

Author: Löser, Fabian

Publisher: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin

ISBN: 9783798327696

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 396

During the last three decades, information and communication technologies have fundamentally changed the way we work, live and communicate. The ubiquity of internet services, which become increasingly interactive and complex, together with enhanced connectivity, facilitated by innovative mobile devices, induces an ever-rising demand for computing, storage and data transmission capacities. Today, information systems (IS) constitute the backbone of the globalized economy and are indispensable for modern business and production processes. At the same time, environmental sustainability has evolved as the most pressing societal challenge of the 21st century, in particular due to the looming threats of climate change. By virtue of their global influence and reach, business companies significantly contribute to the creation of environmental problems, but owing to their organizational knowledge, capabilities and resources, they also have the capacity and ability to play a key role in shaping the path towards a more sustainable development. The companies leading the way have noticed that corporate sustainability is not necessarily a burden that negatively impacts their bottom line. If strategically managed, environmental product and process innovations can decrease operational costs, enhance corporate reputation, and differentiate from competitors. With regard to environmental sustainability, IS play a contradictory role: on the one hand, the manufacturing, operation and disposal of information technology (IT) infrastructure are responsible for serious environmental impacts: from the mining of conflict minerals to carbon dioxide emissions that equal those of the airline industry to enormous amounts of toxic e-waste. On the other hand, IS are perceived as key enablers of a "green" economy: environmental management systems and the reengineering of business processes can substantially reduce the environmental impacts of business organizations, while technological innovations provide opportunities to decrease the ecological footprint of end-user products and services. Many organizations have started to implement first environmental measures to decrease IT energy consumption and to reduce operational costs, mostly in an unstructured and uncoordinated manner though. Although Green IS practices feature a considerable potential to increase corporate environmentalism while creating promising business opportunities, the adoption of enterprise-wide cross-functional initiatives aimed at implementing Green IS has been rather slow. Economic uncertainties regarding the long-term effects of Green IS adoption and the lack of appropriate management frameworks have been identified as main inhibitors of an encompassing implementation of Green IS initiatives throughout the enterprise. In this context, this thesis addresses relevant research gaps, contributes to theory development in the evolving Green IS research discipline, develops practice-oriented management frameworks, and emphasizes the importance of following a strategic approach to leverage the competitive potential of Green IS. This cumulative thesis comprises an introduction that includes a literature review and a pre-study, four theory-based conceptual research articles, and two empirical studies, one of them building on qualitative, exploratory case study research whereas the other relies on quantitative data which has been analyzed with structural equation modeling. This thesis targets four specific research goals to advance theory-building in Green IS research and to promote the adoption of Green IS in practice. First, this thesis clarifies and defines the central terms and key concepts Green IT, Green IS, Green IS strategy, and Green IS practices drawing on a transdisciplinary research approach. Second, the most important challenges and inhibitors of Green IS adoption are identified and characterized. In particular, the lack of management frameworks, which encourage a holistic implementation that follows a strategic rationale, the complexity of strategic Green IS alignment, the multi-dimensional performance impacts of cross-functional initiatives and, above all, the uncertainty relating to the business case of Green IS practices, are identified as the most pressing challenges. Third, current actions of business firms to address these challenges are examined. Building on exploratory case study research, distinctive Green IS strategies are identified in managerial practice. Most notably, the empirical insights from quantitative survey research suggest a positive relationship between Green IS adoption and firm competitiveness, thus decreasing the economic uncertainty which inhibits the implementation of far-reaching environmental initiatives. Fourth, practice-oriented management frameworks are developed. The fine-grained Green IS strategy concept advises the formulation of strategies addressing the corporate, competitive, and functional management level. The proposed typology of four Green IS strategies illustrates distinct strategic options, from which executives can choose under consideration of their competitive targets and the firm-specific context. To allow for consistency of Green IS strategies, the presented alignment framework facilitates coherence with economic and environmental corporate goals. Furthermore, the actors, roles and responsibilities relevant to the alignment process are described. In addition, a management framework for the holistic adoption of Green IS, which specifies decisive management areas and distinguishes between three degrees of environmental impacts, is presented along with a comprehensive catalogue of Green IS implementation measures. As a consequence, this research offers both empirical insights and conceptual models to advance the adoption of Green IS initiatives, thus meeting the challenges of climate change and turning corporate sustainability into a business opportunity. Informationssysteme (IS) zeigen in Bezug auf ökologische Nachhaltigkeit gegensätzliche Eigenschaften. Einerseits verursachen die Herstellung, der Betrieb sowie die Entsorgung von Informationstechnologie (IT) – Infrastrukturen schwerwiegende negative Umweltauswirkungen: Vom Abbau von Konfliktmineralien über Kohlendioxidemissionen bis hin zu beträchtlichen Mengen giftigen Elektroschrotts. Andererseits werden IS als Schlüsseltechnologien für eine nachhaltige Wirtschaft gesehen. Umweltmanagementsysteme und die Umgestaltung von Geschäftsprozessen können den ökologischen Fußabdruck von Organisationen bedeutend verringern. Zudem eröffnen technologische Innovationen neuartige Möglichkeiten, die Umweltauswirkungen von Produkten und Dienstleistungen über den gesamten Lebenszyklus hinweg zu senken. Zahlreiche Organisationen haben damit begonnen, einzelne Green-IT-Maßnahmen zu implementieren um den Energieverbrauch und operative Kosten zu senken. Allerdings verfolgen die meisten Unternehmen hierbei keinen strukturierten oder strategischen Ansatz. Obwohl Green-IS-Initiativen beachtliche Potentiale zur Verbesserung der ökologischen Nachhaltigkeit von Organisationen bieten und gleichzeitig vielversprechende wirtschaftliche Chancen eröffnen, schreitet die Umsetzung von bereichsübergreifenden Green-IS-Maßnahmen in Unternehmen nur langsam voran. Ökonomische Unsicherheiten in Bezug auf die Rentabilität derartiger Maßnahmen sowie der Mangel an adäquaten Management-Frameworks werden in diesem Zusammenhang als zentrale Hinderungsgründe für eine strategische und ganzheitliche Umsetzung von Green-IS-Initiativen identifiziert. Diese Dissertation adressiert diese Hinderungsgründe, schafft Schlüsselkonzepte für den neuen Green-IS-Forschungszweig, entwickelt praxisorientierte Management-Frameworks und hebt die Bedeutung eines strategischen Ansatzes bei der Implementierung von Green IS hervor. Diese Forschungsarbeit offeriert empirische Einblicke wie auch konzeptionelle Modelle um die Umsetzung ganzheitlicher Green-IS-Initiativen in Organisationen voranzutreiben. Unternehmen haben somit die Chance, den Herausforderungen des Klimawandels verantwortungsvoll zu begegnen und gleichzeitig durch eine nachhaltige Unternehmensführung Wettbewerbsvorteile zu generieren.
Categories: Business & Economics

Managing Web Usage in the Workplace

Managing Web Usage in the Workplace

The goal of the firms was to use the communication and productive enhancing power of the Internet while minimizing the legal , financial , and operational risks of the Web . They wanted to allow employees the greatest amount of freedom ...

Author: Murugan Anandarajan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1931777721

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 700

"Covering the impact of domestic and international Internet abuse on individuals, groups, organizations, and societies, this research-based book focuses on the phenomenon of Internet abuse and its consequences for an increasingly technology-driven world. Online shopping, Internet gambling, telecommuting, and e-business practices are discussed with emphases on workplace behaviors and abuses. Web management techniques and legal risks are addressed to provide solutions and policing strategies."
Categories: Business & Economics

The Sociology of Healthcare

The Sociology of Healthcare

The Internet and Control The role of the Internet in enhancing these respondents' power and control over their disease and decision making processes were prominent themes within the interviews. One respondent talked about this in ...

Author: Sarah Earle

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781137266545

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 589

A comprehensive collection of classic and contemporary readings in the sociology of health. The Sociology of Healthcare will stimulate debate, reflexive practice and critical thinking in applied sociology and is aimed at the teaching and learning needs of both lecturers and students.
Categories: Social Science

Enhancing Art Culture and Design With Technological Integration

Enhancing Art  Culture  and Design With Technological Integration

... class with technical skills would increase in power and that access to power would be through education. ... However, the threat to implement differential treatment is again questioning the democratic nature of the Internet.

Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522550242

Category: Art

Page: 301

View: 382

As technology becomes an important part of human-computer interaction, improving the various conceptual models and understanding of technological interfaces in design becomes essential. Enhancing Art, Culture, and Design With Technological Integration provides emerging research on the methods and techniques of technology to advance and improve design and art. While highlighting topics such as augmented reality, culture industry, and product development, this publication explores the applications of technology in online creation and learning. This book is an important resource for academics, graphic designers, computer engineers, practitioners, students, and researchers seeking current research on observations in technological advancement for culture and society.
Categories: Art

Business Strategies and Approaches for Effective Engineering Management

Business Strategies and Approaches for Effective Engineering Management

In light of recent discussions of the Internet touting “virtual community” and a capacity to enhance citizen power in democracies, a more rigorous understanding of community, suggest that relationships forged with the aid of electronic ...

Author: Saeed, Saqib

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466636590

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 369

View: 406

Successful engineering projects require a clear vision and long term strategy. Therefore, effective business initiatives have been applied to the engineering environment in order to enhance its management perspectives. Business Strategies and Approaches for Effective Engineering Management brings together the latest methodologies, principles, practices, and tools for engineering management. By providing theoretical analysis and practical applications, this book is a useful reference for industry experts, researchers, and academicians regarding progressive strategies for successful management.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Cultures in Bioethics

Cultures in Bioethics

... and social service agencies in remote rural areas.39 The Internet's increasing power of promulgating health information, communication, and advice could become a great means to promote health literacy and competence.

Author: Hans-Martin Sass

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643907554

Category: Philosophy

Page: 253

View: 605

Biotopes and Bioethics are highly complex and adaptable systems of Bios. Individual bios is terminal, but the stream of Bios goes on. Basic properties of Bios such as communication and cooperation, competence and competition, contemplation and calculation, compassion and cultivation come in different shades of light and dark in individuals and species, in history and ecology. Hans-Martin Sass discusses the territories of Bios and Bioethics, based on his involvement in decades of consulting in academia, business and politics. Special attention is given to the vision and role of Bioethics in research and training, in religious and cultural traditions, and in the survival, happiness, and health of corporate, social and political bodies. Hans-Martin Sass is Senior Research Scholar Emeritus at Georgetown University, Washington DC, and Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Ruhr University, Bochum. (Series: Practical Ethics - Studies / Ethik in der Praxis - Studien, Vol. 40) [Subject: Bioethics]
Categories: Philosophy

Foreign Operations Export Financing and Related Programs Appropriations for 2006

Foreign Operations  Export Financing  and Related Programs Appropriations for 2006

... national Internet gateways in 12 countries , grown a robust industry of private Internet services providers and cybercafé operators in 25 countries , and helped thousands of institutions learn to harness the power of the Internet ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs

Publisher:

ISBN: SRLF:AA0013335088

Category: Exports

Page:

View: 131

Categories: Exports

Enhancing Cooperation in Defence Against Terrorism

Enhancing Cooperation in Defence Against Terrorism

It is just plain embarrassing that al-Qaeda is better at communicating its message on the Internet than America.9 Spending more money and putting more effort into 'soft power' will not assure a more effective “public diplomacy” in the ...

Author: IOS Press

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614991038

Category: Political Science

Page: 164

View: 414

Terrorism continues to evolve; altered sources of funding, changes in national governments and the ever increasing importance of the internet mean that international cooperation in the development and implementation of strategies to counteract terrorist activity remain an important priority worldwide. This book contains articles arising from the presentations by eleven experts from five countries, delivered at the NATO Centre of Excellence – Defence against Terrorism (COE-DAT) advanced training course (ATC) entitled Enhancing Cooperation in Defence against Terrorism, held in Astana, Kazakhstan, in September 2010. The aim of this ATC was to stimulate discussion and facilitate interoperability between these five countries and NATO in the fight against terrorism.The book opens with an overview of the landscape in which terrorism currently exists, and a reminder that a new approach is needed in the fight against terrorism to replace the Cold War model we have become accustomed to. The remaining articles cover a wide range of issues: countering the ideology of terrorism; legal aspects of combating terrorism and responding to terrorist use of the internet; the links between terrorism and organised crime; energy security; weapons of mass destruction; international humanitarian law; suicide terrorism; the role of the media in terrorism and counterterrorism; and dilemmas in counterterrorism strategy. In addition to the presentations from the ATC, the book includes two articles by Brigitte Nacos of Columbia University: The Importance of Strategic Communication and Public Diplomacy in Combating Terrorism, and Terrorism Media and Censorship.
Categories: Political Science