The Age of the Enlightened Despot 1160 1789

The Age of the Enlightened Despot  1160 1789

The period which thus closes with the outbreak of the French Revolution may be called the Age of the Enlightened THE ENLIGHT- Despot . This theory of government had indeed been heard of in earlier ages , but at no time had it so many ...

Author: Arthur Henry Johnson

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015065857453

Category: Europe

Page: 230

View: 959

Categories: Europe

Taking Care of Youth and the Generations

Taking Care of Youth and the Generations

We are, however, no longer in an age of despots, benevolent or oth- erwise, but of industrial democracies, as Henry Guaino has recently re- ... (WEK) In Kant's world, this exceptional human being was called an enlight- ened despot.

Author: Bernard Stiegler

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804762724

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 698

The book presents a powerful reminder of adults' responsibility for the development of long-term attention (and thus of maturity) in children, particularly in the face of the techniques of attention-destruction practiced by the programming industries.
Categories: Philosophy

Russia and the Soviet Union

Russia and the Soviet Union

Through self-education and by character and inclination, Catherine the Great was indeed an “enlight- ened despot,” comparable to other European monarchs accorded that designation in the eighteenth century. She believed in natural law, ...

Author: John M. Thompson

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 9781459614291

Category:

Page: 744

View: 434

This lucid account of Russian and Soviet history presents major trends and events from ancient Kievan Rus' to Vladimir Putin's presidency of the twenty-first century. Now thoroughly revised and updated, Russia and the Soviet Union addresses controversial topics, including the impact of the Mongol conquest, the paradoxes of Peter the Great, the ''inevitability'' of the 1917 Revolution, the Stalinist terror, and the Gorbachev reform effort. The sixth edition includes a new chapter on Vladimir Putin, additional treatment of social and foreign policy issues, and an updated chapter on post-Soviet Russia and the Yeltsin era. Distinguished by its brevity and amply supplemented with useful maps, illustrations, photos, and suggested readings, this essential text provides balanced coverage of all periods of Russian history and incorporates economic, social, and cultural developments as well as politics and foreign policy.
Categories:

The Secretary A Journey with Hillary Clinton from Beirut to the Heart of American Power

The Secretary  A Journey with Hillary Clinton from Beirut to the Heart of American Power

Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, a friend of the United States and an enlight— ened despot. Later that year, still seething with anger at American interference in their country, students and militants took over the US. embassy in Tehran and kept ...

Author: Kim Ghattas

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780805098334

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 830

The first inside account to be published about Hillary Clinton's time as secretary of state, anchored by Ghattas's own perspective and her quest to understand America's place in the world In November 2008, Hillary Clinton agreed to work for her former rival. As President Barack Obama's secretary of state, she set out to repair America's image around the world—and her own. For the following four years, BBC foreign correspondent Kim Ghattas had unparalleled access to Clinton and her entourage, and she weaves a fast-paced, gripping account of life on the road with Clinton in The Secretary. With the perspective of one who is both an insider and an outsider, Ghattas draws on extensive interviews with Clinton, administration officials, and players in Washington as well as overseas, to paint an intimate and candid portrait of one of the most powerful global politicians. Filled with fresh insights, The Secretary provides a captivating analysis of Clinton's brand of diplomacy and the Obama administration's efforts to redefine American power in the twenty-first century. Populated with a cast of real-life characters, The Secretary tells the story of Clinton's transformation from popular but polarizing politician to America's envoy to the world in compelling detail and with all the tension of high stakes diplomacy. From her evolving relationship with President Obama to the drama of WikiLeaks and the turmoil of the Arab Spring, we see Clinton cheerfully boarding her plane at 3 a.m. after no sleep, reading the riot act to the Chinese, and going through her diplomatic checklist before signing on to war in Libya—all the while trying to restore American leadership in a rapidly changing world. Viewed through Ghattas's vantage point as a half-Dutch, half-Lebanese citizen who grew up in the crossfire of the Lebanese civil war, The Secretary is also the author's own journey as she seeks to answer the questions that haunted her childhood. How powerful is America really? And, if it is in decline, who or what will replace it and what will it mean for America and the world?
Categories: Political Science

The American Technological Challenge

The American Technological Challenge

Britain is considered by such eminent authors as Paul Johnson, Niall Ferguson and the above mentioned David Landes as at worst an enlight- ened despot. They seem to argue that its colonies were a hindrance rather ...

Author: Jan Vijg

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 9780875868851

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 610

The American Technological Challenge - Stagnation and Decline in the 21st Centuryrefutes the myth that we live in the most innovative of times. Inventions themselves are only one of the factors that determine the technological fate of a society. Sometimes, inventions are adopted, and eagerly; sometimes not. The history of technological progress, and the historical and societal factors that impel or restrain the adoption of inventions, are explored in the book. New, life-changing inventions have become rare and in spite of ample vocal support of innovation, an increasingly complacent society has lost its taste for risk and often actively resists change. Far from being unique, technology slowdowns are recurrent events in history, occurring in civilizations that have reached the zenith of their success. They are the inevitable fate of an increasingly regulated, successful society. Most people would characterize the dawn of the 21st century as the age of technological progress par excellence. If you are one of them, then, think again. While our parents, grandparents and great-grandparents witnessed life-changing inventions every decade, very little major new technology has seen the light of day over the last half century. We find ourselves in the midst of a technology slowdown! This book is about the causes and consequences of technology slowdowns, which are not unique but recurrent events in human history. They occur not in times of upheaval, when violent interstate conflicts are the order of the day. Such periods foster innovation and allow major, breakthrough inventions to be adopted quickly. Instead, innovation seriously stalls in times that are peaceful, when governments reign supreme and citizens are encapsulated by layers of benign regulation to protect them against all possible harm. We find ourselves in the best of times. The long period of bloody combat that characterized so much of the 20th century has finally ended. Violent conflicts between states are minimal and conditions for almost everyone on the planet are on an upswing, with poverty on the decline and life expectancy and literacy increasing. Responsible government and industry leaders have begun to refrain from risky bets on exciting new exploits and the time of grand projects, such as the Eisenhower Interstate System, the Moon Landing Program or the development of the internet is behind us. Instead, we have to make do with incremental improvements of existing technology, catch-up programs in developing countries and social programs. The consequences are stalling wealth generation and an end to the dramatic changes society has undergone since the industrial revolution now more than 200 years ago.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Bells in Their Silence

The Bells in Their Silence

Doubtless the poor in Weimar had their faces ground from time to time, for all that Karl August was what one calls an enlight- ened despot. Nevertheless their suffering was not unique or even especially noticeable; it was not, ...

Author: Michael Gorra

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400826018

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 816

Nobody writes travelogues about Germany. The country spurs many anxious volumes of investigative reporting--books that worry away at the "German problem," World War II, the legacy of the Holocaust, the Wall, reunification, and the connections between them. But not travel books, not the free-ranging and impressionistic works of literary nonfiction we associate with V. S. Naipaul and Bruce Chatwin. What is it about Germany and the travel book that puts them seemingly at odds? With one foot in the library and one on the street, Michael Gorra offers both an answer to this question and his own traveler's tale of Germany. Gorra uses Goethe's account of his Italian journey as a model for testing the traveler's response to Germany today, and he subjects the shopping arcades of contemporary German cities to the terms of Benjamin's Arcades project. He reads post-Wende Berlin through the novels of Theodor Fontane, examines the role of figurative language, and enlists W. G. Sebald as a guide to the place of fragments and digressions in travel writing. Replete with the flaneur's chance discoveries--and rich in the delights of the enduring and the ephemeral, of architecture and flood--The Bells in Their Silence offers that rare traveler's tale of Germany while testing the very limits of the travel narrative as a literary form.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Reflections on the Christian Life

Reflections on the Christian Life

While the Jews were in captivity in Babylon, far from their beloved home, their captors were conquered in turn by the Persians, and the Persian emperor Cyrus, an enlight- ened despot, gave the Jews permission to return to Palestine and ...

Author: Anthony M. Esolen

Publisher: Sophia Institute Press

ISBN: 9781933184852

Category: Religion

Page: 161

View: 876

In our hearts, we know that every event in our lives is providential and that each of us plays a critical role in the unfolding of the story God has written. We believe that God's will is anchored deep within our soul, and so too is the desire to know it and to live it. In these pages, acclaimed Catholic author Anthony Esolen claims that the story of your life has already been written and can be discovered by considering the life and person of Jesus. Only in God does the world possess meaning, and therefore only in relation to God are our lives genuine stories. Here, Esolen offers a brilliant reflection in ways that only he can upon what it means for any of us, and for all of us together, to dwell in a world of stories. And he shows how we can take events in the life of Christ as the touchstone for all that happens to us on our journey from time to eternity. Indeed, this book will finally awaken in you the unshakable confidence that despite even the tragic stories of this life, the good things you've known and loved are not gone forever: all that is lost will be found; all will be restored; all will be perfected. Truly, there will be a new heaven and a new earth (Rev 21:1). Like the star that led the Magi to Jesus, the wisdom in these pages will lead you to Christ. It will instill in you hope that increases every step of your way.
Categories: Religion

Material Change

Material Change

... an enlight- ened despot, also tried to gain control of the churches in his realm. Freedom of religion was not abolished, but it was restricted in various ways.3 The king took control of the Dutch Reformed Church and tried to do the ...

Author: Jan De Maeyer

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9789462702820

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 280

The long nineteenth century (c.1780–c.1920) in Western Europe saw an unprecedented rise in the production and possession of material goods. The material culture diversified and led to a rich variety of expressions. Dovetailing with a process of confessionalisation that manifested itself quite simultaneously, material religion witnessed its heyday in this period; from church buildings to small devotional objects. The present volume analyses how various types of reform (state, societal, and ecclesiastical) that were part of the process of modernisation affected the material devotional culture within Protestantism, Anglicanism, and Roman Catholicism. Although the contributions in this book start from a comparative European perspective, the case studies mostly focus on individual countries in North-West Europe, namely Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. The concept of ‘material religion’ is approached in a very inclusive way. The volume discusses, amongst others, parish infrastructures and religious buildings that are part of land and cityscapes, but also looks into interior design and decorations of chapels, churches, monasteries, cemeteries, and educational, charitable, and health institutions. It comprises the fine arts of religious painting and sculpture, the applied arts, and iconographic designs. As far as private material culture is concerned, this volume examines and presents objects related to private devotion at home, including a great variety of popular devotional and everyday life objects, such as booklets, cards, photographs, and posters.
Categories: Religion

Enlightenment and Revolution

Enlightenment and Revolution

The yoke of their despots had first to be shaken ofi: by another despot, no matter who, so long as that new despot was less ferocious and slightly more enlight— ened than the Ottomans. Such a qualitative change in degrees of despotism ...

Author: Paschalis M. Kitromilides

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674726413

Category: History

Page: 471

View: 796

Greece sits at the center of a geopolitical storm that threatens the stability of the European Union. To comprehend how this small country precipitated such an outsized crisis, it is necessary to understand how Greece developed into a nation in the first place. Enlightenment and Revolution identifies the ideological traditions that shaped a religious community of Greek-speaking people into a modern nation-state--albeit one in which antiliberal forces have exacted a high price. Paschalis Kitromilides takes in the vast sweep of the Greek Enlightenment in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, assessing developments such as the translation of modern authors into Greek; the scientific revolution; the rediscovery of the civilization of classical Greece; and a powerful countermovement. He shows how Greek thinkers such as Voulgaris and Korais converged with currents of the European Enlightenment, and demonstrates how the Enlightenment's confrontation with Church-sanctioned ideologies shaped present-day Greece. When the nation-state emerged from a decade-long revolutionary struggle against the Ottoman Empire in the early nineteenth century, the dream of a free Greek polity was soon overshadowed by a romanticized nationalist and authoritarian vision. The failure to create a modern liberal state at that decisive moment is at the root of Greece's recent troubles.
Categories: History