Environmental Archaeology Meaning and Purpose

Environmental Archaeology  Meaning and Purpose

approached through ecological theory,and warned againsta definition of environmental archaeology asa setof techniques. Butzer's influence on British publications in environmental archaeology has continuedintothe 1990's.

Author: Umberto Albarella

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401596527

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 258

Despite the fact that the human life of the past cannot be understood without taking into account its ecological relationships, environmental studies are often marginalized in archaeology. This is the first book that, by discussing the meaning and purpose we give to the expression `environmental archaeology', investigates the reasons for such a problem. The book is written in an accessible manner and is of interest to all students who want to understand the essence of archaeology beyond the boundary of the individual subdisciplines.
Categories: History

Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology

Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology

Chapter 8 Climate Change and Archaeology : The Holocene History of El Niño on the Coast of Peru C. Fred T. Andrus , Daniel H. Sandweiss , and Elizabeth J. Reitz Environmental archaeologists locate their research at the dynamic ...

Author: Elizabeth Reitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387713964

Category: History

Page: 492

View: 989

This book highlights studies addressing significant anthropological issues in the Americas from the perspective of environmental archaeology. The book uses case studies to resolve questions related to human behavior in the past rather than to demonstrate the application of methods. Each chapter is an original or revised work by an internationally-recognized scientist. This second edition is based on the 1996 book of the same title. The editors have invited back a number of contributors from the first edition to revise and update their chapter. New studies are included in order to cover recent developments in the field or additional pertinent topics.
Categories: History

Environmental Archaeology

Environmental Archaeology

For one thing why are we called environmental archaeologists and not simply archaeologists? We feel that this actually has its roots to the very distant past of archaeology whose ghost is still to be seen on the names of many ...

Author: Evangelia Pişkin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319750828

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 731

This book aims to thoroughly discuss new directions of thinking in the arena of environmental archaeology and test them by presenting new practical applications. Recent theoretical and epistemological advancement in the field of archaeology calls for a re-definition of the subdiscipline of environmental archaeology and its position within the practise of archaeology. New technological and methodological discoveries in hard sciences and computer applications opened fresh ways for interdisciplinary collaborations thus introducing new branches and specialisations that need now to be accommodated and integrated within the previous status-quo. This edited volume will take the challenge and engage with contemporary international discussions about the role of the discipline within the general framework of archaeology. By drawing upon these debates, the contributors to this volume will rethink what environmental archaeology is and what kind of input the investigation of this kind of materiality has to the reconstruction of human history and sociality.
Categories: Social Science

Environmental Archaeology

Environmental Archaeology

archaeology. 1. Plant exploitative activity Ecological effects (selected examples) Socio-economic Time trends ... This introductory chapter presents a detailed discussion of the conceptual framework of environmental archaeology.

Author: Chris Turney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781444119268

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 718

Environmental Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Approaches outlines and assesses the various methods used to reconstruct and explain the past interaction between people and their environment. Emphasising the importance of a highly scientific approach to the subject, the book combines geoarchaeological, bioarchaeological (archaeobotany and zooarchaeology) and geochronological information and examines how these various aspects of archaeology may be used to enhance our knowledge and understanding of past human environments. Drawing from both the practical experiences of the authors and cutting-edge research, Environmental Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Approaches is a valuable contribution to the subject. It will be essential reading for students and professionals in archaeology, geography and anthropology.
Categories: Science

Environmental Archaeology

Environmental Archaeology

14) summarizes contributions made by environmental archaeologists. As increasingly sophisticated studies of biological materials are developed, environmental archaeology becomes less accessible to the broader archaeological community.

Author: Elizabeth Reitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461433392

Category: Social Science

Page: 516

View: 648

One of the most significant developments in archaeology in recent years is the emergence of its environmental branch: the study of humans’ interactions with their natural surroundings over long periods and of organic remains instead of the artifacts and household items generally associated with sites. With the current attention paid to human responsibility for environmental change, this innovative field is recognized by scientists, conservation and heritage managers and policymakers worldwide. In this context comes Environmental Archaeology by Elizabeth Reitz and Myra Shackley, updating the seminal 1981 text Environmental Archaeology by Myra Shackley. Rigorously detailed yet concise and accessible, this volume surveys the complex and technical field of environmental archaeology for researchers interested in the causes, consequences and potential future impact of environmental change and archaeology. Its coverage acknowledges the multiple disciplines involved in the field, expanding the possibilities for using environmental data from archaeological sites in enriching related disciplines and improving communication among them. Introductory chapters explain the processes involved in the formation of sites, introduce research designs and field methods and walk the reader through biological classifications before focusing on the various levels of biotic and abiotic materials found at sites, including: Sediments and soils. Viruses, bacteria, archaea, protists and fungi. Bryophytes and vascular plants. Wood, charcoal, stems, leaves and roots. Spores, pollen and other microbotanical remains. Arthropods, molluscs, echinoderms and vertebrates. Stable isotopes, elements and biomolecules. The updated Environmental Archaeology is a major addition to the resource library of archaeologists, environmentalists, historians, researchers, policymakers—anyone involved in studying, managing or preserving historical sites. The updated Environmental Archaeology is a major addition to the resource library of archaeologists, environmentalists, historians, researchers, policymakers—anyone involved in studying, managing, or preserving historical sites.
Categories: Social Science

Experimentation and Reconstruction in Environmental Archaeology

Experimentation and Reconstruction in Environmental Archaeology

W.E. Boyd Abstract Environmental archaeology does not yet stand as a separate discipline in Australian archaeological studies. However, much Australian archaeology is intrinsically environmental in nature, since the role of environment ...

Author: David Robinson

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781785707926

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 546

Eighteen papers and six abstracts from the ninth symposium of the Association of Environmental Archaeology held at Roskilde, Denmark, in 1988.
Categories: Social Science

Environmental Archaeology and the Social Order

Environmental Archaeology and the Social Order

This original and controversial volume sets a new agenda for the study and understanding of environmental archaeology. Instead of seeing human communities as mapping their activities onto the environment and using it in a cost-effective ...

Author: John G. Evans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134409952

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 360

Presenting a wide variety of case studies, ranging from the early Palaeolithic to Post-modernity, and from Europe to the Andes, West and East Africa, and the USA, Environmental Archaeology and the Social Order deals with both the theory and method of environmental archaeology. Including significant sections on Neanderthals, Palaeolithic mobiliary art and the origins of farming, as well as transhumance, climate as social construct, field survey and the place of documents in environmental research, Professor Evans interprets his findings in social constructionist terms, creating an important argument against the use of traditional materialist and processualist paradigms. This original and controversial volume sets a new agenda for the study and understanding of environmental archaeology, and will prove an informative and useful purchase.
Categories: Social Science

Issues in Environmental Archaeology

Issues in Environmental Archaeology

References Addyman, P.V. 1982 The Archaeologist's desiderata. In A.R.Hall and H.K.Kenward (eds) Environmental Archaeology in the Urban Context, 1-5. London: Council for British Archaeology. Addyman, P.V. 1989 The Archaeology of public ...

Author: Nicholas Balaam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315425870

Category: Social Science

Page: 96

View: 294

Collection of original research articles by European scholars assessing the state of environmental archaeology and its relationship to the field; along with discussions on how to present environmental issues in prehistory to the public.
Categories: Social Science

Environmental Archaeology in Ireland

Environmental Archaeology in Ireland

Until relatively recently the two courses offered by the Department were the only undergraduate coursesspecifically describedas covering environmental archaeology availableto students basedin Ireland. These courseshave been taught ...

Author: Eileen M. Murphy

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781782974789

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 647

This edited volume of 16 papers provides an introduction to the techniques and methodologies, approaches and potential of environmental archaeology within Ireland. Each of the 16 invited contributions focuses on a particular aspect of environmental archaeology and include such specialist areas as radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, palaeoentomology, human osteoarchaeology, palynology and geoarchaeology, thereby providing a comprehensive overview of environmental archaeology within an Irish context. The inclusion of pertinent case studies within each chapter will heighten awareness of the profusion of high standard environmental archaeological research that is currently being undertaken on Irish material. The book will provide a key text for students and practitioners of archaeology, archaeological science and palaeoecology.
Categories: Social Science

Environment Archaeology and Landscape Papers in honour of Professor Martin Bell

Environment  Archaeology and Landscape  Papers in honour of Professor Martin Bell

The co-ordination of environmental and archaeological projects. In N. Balaam & J. Rackham (eds) Issues in environmental archaeology: perspectives on its archaeological and public role: 21–34. London; Institute of British Archaeology.

Author: Catherine Barnett

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781803270852

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 416

Dedicated to Martin Bell (University of Reading), this book outlines how wetland and inland environments can be related and investigated using multi-method approaches. Papers fall under three themes: coastal and intertidal archaeology; mobility and human-environment relationships; heritage resource management, nature conservation and rewilding.
Categories: Social Science