Equality in Water and Sanitation Services

Equality in Water and Sanitation Services

This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services.

Author: Oliver Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315471525

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 833

There is growing acceptance that the progress delivered under the Millennium Development Goal target for drinking water and sanitation has been inequitable. As a result, the progressive reduction of inequalities is now an explicit focus of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets, adopted in 2015, for universal access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). This shift in focus has implications for the way in which the next generation of WASH policies and programmes will be conceived, designed, financed and monitored. This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services. Four key areas are addressed: background to the human right to water and development goals; dimensions of inequality; case studies in delivering water and sanitation equitably; and monitoring progress in reducing inequality.
Categories: Business & Economics

Gender Equality Results Case Study

Gender Equality Results Case Study

The Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project sought to provide basic services of water supply, sanitation, and garbage collection and disposal in four cities in Madhya Pradesh, India.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9789292549749

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 297

The Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project sought to provide basic services of water supply, sanitation, and garbage collection and disposal in four cities in Madhya Pradesh, India. Over 5.6 million people benefited from improved water supply, while half a million people benefited from an improved wastewater management system and 4.7 million people benefited from an improved solid waste management system. These changes positively impacted the lives of the local community, in particular women and girls, who are primarily responsible for water management.
Categories: Social Science

The Relevance of Hygiene to Health in Developing Countries

The Relevance of Hygiene to Health in Developing Countries

This book provides the reader with an analysis of hygiene behaviors and practices and provides evidence-based examples in a number of developing countries.

Author: Natasha Potgieter

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781789858037

Category: Developing countries

Page: 118

View: 299

There are 17 comprehensive and detailed Sustainable Development Goals, which are all interlinked. Although access to water, sanitation, and hygiene is a human right, billions of people in developing countries are still faced with daily challenges accessing even the most basic of services, specifically the poor and vulnerable in communities. Hygiene is an important aspect for women/girls to access the economic, educational, and social opportunities they deserve. Proper hygiene removes disease as a barrier for equality, economic growth, and more. The role of hygiene in water, sanitation, and infections must be addressed from both scientific and social perspectives. This book provides the reader with an analysis of hygiene behaviors and practices and provides evidence-based examples in a number of developing countries.
Categories: Developing countries

Strengthening the Human Right to Sanitation as an Instrument for Inclusive Development

Strengthening the Human Right to Sanitation as an Instrument for Inclusive Development

Based on the findings, the book argues that the focus in the literature on the formal recognition of the HRS in national legal systems is insufficient for tackling the main drivers of poor sanitation services.

Author: Pedi Chiemena Obani

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429865978

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 668

Over a third of the current 7.3 billion people worldwide are burdened with poor sanitation services. The resulting social, relational and ecological exclusion make the realisation of the human right to sanitation (HRS) a critical concern development concern. However, the literature has evolved in a largely compartmentalised manner, focusing on the formal recognition of the HRS in domestic legal systems, without sufficiently addressing the drivers of poor sanitation services. This research expounds on the impact of the HRS on human wellbeing and the environment within the context of a developing country like Nigeria as a case study. The findings show that contrary to the focus in the literature, the drivers of poor sanitation services are not confined to legal factors, such as the formal recognition of the HRS within domestic legal systems. Rather, the drivers include social, economic and environmental limitations to improved sanitation services. Based on the findings, the book argues that the focus in the literature on the formal recognition of the HRS in national legal systems is insufficient for tackling the main drivers of poor sanitation services. It is therefore necessary to reformulate the HRS discourse using complementary governance instruments that advance social, relational and ecological inclusion.
Categories: Science

UN Millennium Development Library Health Dignity and Development

UN Millennium Development Library  Health Dignity and Development

The UN Millennium Project was commissioned by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to develop a practical plan of action to meet the Millennium Development Goals.

Author: UN Millennium Project

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781136550416

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 816

The Millennium Development Goals, adopted at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000, are the world's targets for dramatically reducing extreme poverty in its many dimensions by 2015income poverty, hunger, disease, exclusion, lack of infrastructure and shelterwhile promoting gender equality, education, health and environmental sustainability. These bold goals can be met in all parts of the world if nations follow through on their commitments to work together to meet them. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals offers the prospect of a more secure, just, and prosperous world for all. The UN Millennium Project was commissioned by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to develop a practical plan of action to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As an independent advisory body directed by Professor Jeffrey D. Sachs, the UN Millennium Project submitted its recommendations to the UN Secretary General in January 2005. The core of the UN Millennium Project's work has been carried out by 10 thematic Task Forces comprising more than 250 experts from around the world, including scientists, development practitioners, parliamentarians, policymakers, and representatives from civil society, UN agencies, the World Bank, the IMF, and the private sector. In this report the UN Millennium Project Task Force on Water and Sanitation outlines the bold yet practical actions that are needed to increase access to water and sanitation. The report underscores the need to focus on the global sanitation crisis, which contributes to the death of 3900 children each day, improve domestic water supply, and invest inintegrateddevelopment and management of water resources, all of which arenecessary for countries to reduce poverty and hunger, improvehealth, advance gender equalityand ensure environmental sustainability. Implementing the recommendations of this report will allow all countries to halve the proportion of people without access to safe water and sanitation by 2015.
Categories: Business & Economics

Progress of the World s Women 2015 2016

Progress of the World s Women 2015 2016

Concrete steps to advance towards substantive equality in water and sanitation include: Extend water and sanitation services to underserved areas, ...

Author: United Nations Women

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN: 9789210575096

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 544

This UN Women’s flagship report shows that, all too often, women’s economic and social rights are held back, because they are forced to fit into a ‘man’s world’. But, it is possible to move beyond the status quo, to picture a world where economies are built with women’s rights at their heart. It is being published as the international community comes together to define a transformative post-2015 development agenda, and coincides with the 20th anniversary commemoration of the landmark Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China which set out a comprehensive agenda to advance gender equality. This publication brings together human rights and economic policymaking, and provides the key elements for a far-reaching new policy agenda that can transform economies and make women’s rights a reality. Through solid in-depth analysis and data, this evidence-based report provides key recommendations on moving towards an economy that truly works for women, for the benefit of all.
Categories: Political Science

Manual on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Practitioners

Manual on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Practitioners

Equality. and. non-discrimination. Water and sanitation services must be provided without any form of discrimination. Water and sanitation service providers ...

Author: Robert Bos

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 9781780407432

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 947

The Manual highlights the human rights principles and criteria in relation to drinking water and sanitation. It explains the international legal obligations in terms of operational policies and practice that will support the progressive realisation of universal access. The Manual introduces a human rights perspective that will add value to informed decision making in the daily routine of operators, managers and regulators. It also encourages its readership to engage actively in national dialogues where the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation are translated into national and local policies, laws and regulations. Creating such an enabling environment is, in fact, only the first step in the process towards progressive realisation. Allocation of roles and responsibilities is the next step, in an updated institutional and operational set up that helps apply a human rights lens to the process of reviewing and revising the essential functions of operators, service providers and regulators.
Categories: Science

Global Water Funding

Global Water Funding

Cumming, O. & Slaymaker, T. (2018) Equality in Water and Sanitation Services, Routledge, Abingdon, UK. Danilenko, A., et al. (2014) The IBNET Water Supply ...

Author: David Lloyd Owen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030494544

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 576

Is safe and sustainable water and sanitation for all an unaffordable pipedream? This book surveys the worldwide development of water and sewage services and the challenges in meeting Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6) along with climate change, population growth and urbanisation. It explores the reasons why current SDG6 progress is failing, including weak policy implementation, staff shortages and inadequate funding, as well as the limited impact of aid funding. The author contends that despite a series of innovations, debt finance remains too small to address needs of developing economies. Therefore, instead of advocating new funding, this book proposes addressing the funding gap through technological innovation and more efficient management and procurement through a series of examples that have challenged traditional assumptions. After four decades of good intentions, SDG6 is making a difference in monitoring shortfalls for the first time, allowing for more effective responses. This book outlines the role of innovation in hardware development, procurement and installation, and discusses how network management and operations can most effectively address funding gaps. The potential for savings is considerable, if effectively replicated. New approaches are driving forward affordable resilience, including nature-based solutions such as upstream habitat enhancement to retain water and improve downstream water quality; the circular economy, including water, nutrient, energy and heat recovery from wastewater; and demand management. This book will be of great value to scholars, policy makers and practitioners interested in the global finance of sustainable water and sanitation.
Categories: Business & Economics

Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific

Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific

Figures 5.8 and 5.9 show the percentage of the rural and urban populations with access to improved sanitation facilities and water ...

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821396261

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 139

Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific examines the relationship between gender equality and development and outlines an agenda for public action to promote more effective and inclusive development in East Asian and Pacific countries.
Categories: Business & Economics

Japan Fund for Public Policy Training

Japan Fund for Public Policy Training

Gender Equality Outcome: Reduced time burdens for women and girls (collecting water and health care) due to demand-driven water supply and sanitation ...

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9789292543051

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 118

The Japan Fund for Public Policy Training was established in March 2004 as a trust fund to enhance developing member countries' capacity building for public policy management, focusing on regional economies in transition. Since its inception, the Government of Japan has contributed more than $22 million. The country director of the Asian Development Bank's Viet Nam Resident Mission acts as the program manager of the fund. The Public Policy Training Program's training facility in Ha Noi continues to operate efficiently with the establishment of strict administrative procedures and systems for the effective implementation of the technical assistance program.
Categories: Business & Economics

Taking Stock of Progress Towards Gender Equality in the Water Domain

Taking Stock of Progress Towards Gender Equality in the Water Domain

Infections can spread between patients and caregivers when there are poor or no hygiene facilities. Contaminated water in neonatal care units has been ...

Author: UNESCO World Water Assessment Programme

Publisher: UNESCO Publishing

ISBN: 9789231004537

Category: Political Science

Page: 34

View: 458

Categories: Political Science

The Other Side of the Security Coin

The Other Side of the Security Coin

The presence of peace is more than the absence of conflict.

Author: Nicholas Farnham

Publisher: The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies

ISBN: 9789492102539

Category:

Page: 27

View: 203

The presence of peace is more than the absence of conflict. Analyses and evaluations of the state of the international security environment often focus solely on the most concerning developments and tend to fall back on various conflict-centric metrics when providing assessments of a given security landscape. This chapter, entitled “The Other Side of the Security Coin” investigates a number of positive socioeconomic trends occurring on a global level and how they can contribute to sustainable peace in the future. Improving citizens’ access to socioeconomic opportunities and livelihood-enhancing goods and services is a key factor in increasing the stake that citizens hold in the state of peace in their communities. Fitting within global trends such as the rise of the platform economy and social media, the role of technological and developmental processes improving individual empowerment will become more important for security and defense organizations in the near future. As to how we can leverage the dramatic changes ongoing throughout the world to better suit our security objectives remains yet to be seen. This study provides a brief overview of these trends and identifies the options for security and defense organizations to remain on top of them. This study is part of the 2016-2017 HCSS StratMon.
Categories:

In the Public Interest

In the Public Interest

This report shows that building public services in developing countries is at the heart of making poverty history.

Author: Bethan Emmett

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 0855985690

Category: Medical

Page: 122

View: 819

This report shows that building public services in developing countries is at the heart of making poverty history.
Categories: Medical

Nanotechnology and the Challenges of Equity Equality and Development

Nanotechnology and the Challenges of Equity  Equality and Development

Additionally, many children miss school because neither their homes nor schools have adequate drinking water or sanitation facilities and hundreds of ...

Author: Susan E. Cozzens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048196159

Category: Social Science

Page: 458

View: 408

Nanotechnology is enabling applications in materials, microelectronics, health, and agriculture, which are projected to create the next big shift in production, comparable to the industrial revolution. Such major shifts always co-evolve with social relationships. This book focuses on how nanotechnologies might affect equity/equality in global society. Nanotechnologies are likely to open gaps by gender, ethnicity, race, and ability status, as well as between developed and developing countries, unless steps are taken now to create a different outcome. Organizations need to change their practices, and cultural ideas must be broadened if currently disadvantaged groups are to have a more equal position in nano-society rather than a more disadvantaged one. Economic structures are likely to shift in the nano-revolution, requiring policymakers and participatory processes to invent new institutions for social welfare, better suited to the new economic order than those of the past.
Categories: Social Science

Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics

Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics

Water, Sanitation and Disease Control Sandy Cairncross, Sir Richard Feachem ... Sarni and David Grant Equality in Water and Sanitation Services Edited by ...

Author: Sandy Cairncross

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134665860

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 366

View: 637

This fully updated third edition of the classic text, widely cited as the most important and useful book for health engineering and disease prevention, describes infectious diseases in tropical and developing countries, and the effective measures that may be used against them. The infections described include the diarrhoeal diseases, the common gut worms, Guinea worm, schistosomiasis, malaria, Bancroftian filariasis and other mosquito-borne infections. The environmental interventions that receive most attention are domestic water supplies and improved excreta disposal. Appropriate technology for these interventions, and also their impact on infectious diseases, are documented in detail. This third edition includes new sections on arsenic in groundwater supplies and arsenic removal technologies, and new material in most chapters, including water supplies in developing countries and surface water drainage.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Prioritising Water Sanitation and Hygiene in Ebola Recovery

Prioritising Water  Sanitation and Hygiene in Ebola Recovery

The recovery process needs to radically strengthen public health services, and WASH must be a crucial part of that. This clearly requires a focus on WASH in health centres.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:920929328

Category: Sanitation, Rural

Page: 6

View: 639

Key messages: The benefits of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are clear and well understood; improved WASH has direct impacts on health, education, dignity and gender equality, and therefore has impacts on long-term development and prosperity. Yet the reality is that the Ebola-affected countries have some of the worst WASH coverage in the world. And this has had fatal impacts: poor WASH has limited infection prevention and control and exacerbated the impact and reach of the Ebola outbreak. The recovery process needs to radically strengthen public health services, and WASH must be a crucial part of that. This clearly requires a focus on WASH in health centres. WASH improvements are also needed in schools, slums and more broadly in communities. Improvements must go beyond WASH hardware into clear plans for effective community-led engagement, involvement them in managing services and so ensuring sustainability. Communities must be equipped to hold WASH providers accountable for service provision.
Categories: Sanitation, Rural

Flood Risk Management

Flood Risk Management

... Mapedza Water Stewardship and Business Value Creating Abundance from Scarcity William Sarni and David Grant Equality in Water and Sanitation Services ...

Author: Edmund C. Penning-Rowsell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351009997

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 210

View: 264

Our changing climate and more extreme weather events have dramatically increased the number and severity of floods across the world. Demonstrating the diversity of global flood risk management (FRM), this volume covers a range of topics including planning and policy, risk governance and communication, forecasting and warning, and economics. Through short case studies, the range of international examples from North America, Europe, Asia and Africa provide analysis of FRM efforts, processes and issues from human, governance and policy implementation perspectives. Written by an international set of authors, this collection of chapters and case studies will allow the reader to see how floods and flood risk management is experienced in different regions of the world. The way in which institutions manage flood risk is discussed, introducing the notions of realities and social constructions when it comes to risk management. The book will be of great interest to students and professionals of flood, coastal, river and natural hazard management, as well as risk analysis and insurance, demonstrating multiple academic frameworks of analysis and their utility and drawbacks when applied to real-life FRM contexts.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Water and Sanitation Services

Water and Sanitation Services

supplyand sanitation services, butalso integratesthe collection,treatment ... I examine thechallenges facing thepursuitof equality anduniversalization of ...

Author: Jose Esteban Castro

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136548802

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 191

Substantially reducing the number of human beings who lack access to clean water and safe sanitation is one of the key Millennium Development Goals. This book argues and demonstrates that this can only be achieved by a better integration of the technical and social science approaches in the search for improved organization and delivery of these essential services. It presents a historical analysis of the development of water and sanitation services in both developed and developing countries, which provides valuable lessons for overcoming the obstacles facing the universalization of these services. Among the key lessons emerging from the historical analysis are the organizational and institutional diversity characterizing the development of water and sanitation internationally, and the central role played by the public sector, particularly local authorities, in such development. It also explores the historical role played by cooperatives and other non-profit institutions in reaching rural and peri-urban areas, as well as the emergence of new forms of organization and provision, particularly in poor countries, where aid and development agencies have been promoting the self-organization of water systems by local communities. The book provides a critical exploration of these different institutional options, including the interaction between the public and private sectors, and the irreplaceable role of public funding as a condition for success. The book is divided into two parts: the first reviews theoretical and conceptual issues such as the political economy of water services, financing, the interfaces between water and sanitation services and public health, and the systemic conditions that influence the provision of these services, including the diversity of organizational and institutional options characterizing the governance and management of water and sanitation services. The second section presents a number of country or regional case studies, each one chosen to highlight a particular problem, approach or strategy. These case studies are drawn from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe, covering a wide range of socio-economic and political contexts. The book will be of great interest to advanced students, researchers, professionals and NGOs in many disciplines, including public policy and planning, environmental sciences, environmental sociology, history of technology, civil and environmental engineering, public health and development studies.
Categories: Business & Economics