This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services.
Author: Oliver Cumming
Category: Business & Economics
There is growing acceptance that the progress delivered under the Millennium Development Goal target for drinking water and sanitation has been inequitable. As a result, the progressive reduction of inequalities is now an explicit focus of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets, adopted in 2015, for universal access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). This shift in focus has implications for the way in which the next generation of WASH policies and programmes will be conceived, designed, financed and monitored. This book provides an authoritative textbook for students, as well as a point of reference for policy-makers and practitioners interested in reducing inequalities in access to WASH services. Four key areas are addressed: background to the human right to water and development goals; dimensions of inequality; case studies in delivering water and sanitation equitably; and monitoring progress in reducing inequality.
Equality. and. non-discrimination. Water and sanitation services must be
provided without any form of discrimination. Water and sanitation service
providers therefore must ensure that they do not put in place, or continue, systems that might ...
Author: Robert Bos
Publisher: IWA Publishing
The Manual highlights the human rights principles and criteria in relation to drinking water and sanitation. It explains the international legal obligations in terms of operational policies and practice that will support the progressive realisation of universal access. The Manual introduces a human rights perspective that will add value to informed decision making in the daily routine of operators, managers and regulators. It also encourages its readership to engage actively in national dialogues where the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation are translated into national and local policies, laws and regulations. Creating such an enabling environment is, in fact, only the first step in the process towards progressive realisation. Allocation of roles and responsibilities is the next step, in an updated institutional and operational set up that helps apply a human rights lens to the process of reviewing and revising the essential functions of operators, service providers and regulators.
Author: Asian Development BankPublish On: 2013-10-01
Water. Supply. and. Sanitation. A. Country. and. Sector. Level. Outcome. and.
Indicators50. Gender Equality Outcome: ... for women and girls in community facilities and schools – Community-based and household water and sanitation services ...
Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
Category: Business & Economics
The Japan Fund for Public Policy Training was established in March 2004 as a trust fund to enhance developing member countries' capacity building for public policy management, focusing on regional economies in transition. Since its inception, the Government of Japan has contributed more than $22 million. The country director of the Asian Development Bank's Viet Nam Resident Mission acts as the program manager of the fund. The Public Policy Training Program's training facility in Ha Noi continues to operate efficiently with the establishment of strict administrative procedures and systems for the effective implementation of the technical assistance program.
these services in the context of the Brazilian tradition embodied in the concept of
basic sanitation, especially in relation to the ... I examine the challenges facing
the pursuit of equality and universalization of services, focusing on how systemic
Author: Jose Esteban Castro
Category: Business & Economics
Substantially reducing the number of human beings who lack access to clean water and safe sanitation is one of the key Millennium Development Goals. This book argues and demonstrates that this can only be achieved by a better integration of the technical and social science approaches in the search for improved organization and delivery of these essential services. It presents a historical analysis of the development of water and sanitation services in both developed and developing countries, which provides valuable lessons for overcoming the obstacles facing the universalization of these services. Among the key lessons emerging from the historical analysis are the organizational and institutional diversity characterizing the development of water and sanitation internationally, and the central role played by the public sector, particularly local authorities, in such development. It also explores the historical role played by cooperatives and other non-profit institutions in reaching rural and peri-urban areas, as well as the emergence of new forms of organization and provision, particularly in poor countries, where aid and development agencies have been promoting the self-organization of water systems by local communities. The book provides a critical exploration of these different institutional options, including the interaction between the public and private sectors, and the irreplaceable role of public funding as a condition for success. The book is divided into two parts: the first reviews theoretical and conceptual issues such as the political economy of water services, financing, the interfaces between water and sanitation services and public health, and the systemic conditions that influence the provision of these services, including the diversity of organizational and institutional options characterizing the governance and management of water and sanitation services. The second section presents a number of country or regional case studies, each one chosen to highlight a particular problem, approach or strategy. These case studies are drawn from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe, covering a wide range of socio-economic and political contexts. The book will be of great interest to advanced students, researchers, professionals and NGOs in many disciplines, including public policy and planning, environmental sciences, environmental sociology, history of technology, civil and environmental engineering, public health and development studies.
The SDGs cover social and economic development issues including poverty,
hunger, health, education, global warming, gender equality, water, sanitation,
energy, urbanization, environment and social justice. The Sustainable
Author: Simon James Dadson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
Provides an in-depth look at science, policy and management in the water sector across the globe Sustainable water management is an increasingly complex challenge and policy priority facing global society. This book examines how governments, municipalities, corporations, and individuals find sustainable water management pathways across competing priorities of water for ecosystems, food, energy, economic growth and human consumption. It looks at the current politics and economics behind the management of our freshwater ecosystems and infrastructure and offers insightful essays that help stimulate more intense and informed debate about the subject and its need for local and international cooperation. This book celebrates the 15-year anniversary of Oxford University’s MSc course in Water Science, Policy and Management. Edited and written by some of the leading minds in the field, writing alongside alumni from the course, Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge offers in-depth chapters in three parts: Science; Policy; and Management. Topics cover: hydroclimatic extremes and climate change; the past, present, and future of groundwater resources; water quality modelling, monitoring, and management; and challenges for freshwater ecosystems. The book presents critical views on the monitoring and modelling of hydrological processes; the rural water policy in Africa and Asia; the political economy of wastewater in Europe; drought policy management and water allocation. It also examines the financing of water infrastructure; the value of wastewater; water resource planning; sustainable urban water supply and the human right to water. Features perspectives from some of the world’s leading experts on water policy and management Identifies and addresses current and future water sector challenges Charts water policy trends across a rapidly evolving set of challenges in a variety of global areas Covers the reallocation of water; policy process of risk management; the future of the world’s water under global environmental change; and more Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge is an essential book for policy makers and government agencies involved in water management, and for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying water science, governance, and policy.
Pure water and sanitation services results in different water related diseases
which increase children absenteeism from school. 3 Promote gender equality
and empow- er women Potable water access helps empower women directly and
Ethiopia has the lowest access to potable water supply in Africa despite its abundant water resource. In the Edja Woreda of Guraghe Zone, the average distance travelled to collect water is 46 minutes. The financial sustainability of the drinking water sector in the Woreda remains an issue for all stakeholders: the providers, the users, government agencies and donors. There is no clear guidance for water activities at Woreda level. Thus, there are no clearly specified roles and responsibilities. Therefore, the general objective of the study is to identify the challenges and prospects of potable water management in the Edja Woreda.
As mentioned above , in the area of sanitation , there is an unquestionable
intersection between women's empowerment and the water services .
Inadequate access to basic sanitation facilities , in concert with poor hygiene
An evolving environment Water and sanitation is a key sector where much effort
is needed: with over a billion people without access to drinking ... to increase
spending on water by 20% and Japan and Korea by over 40% to 2030 to
maintain current services.2 To meet these tremendous needs ... Water quality
and access have important externalities affecting health, gender equality and the
Publisher: OECD Publishing
Provides a coherent catalogue of policy directions, including appropriate allocation of roles, risks and responsibilities, framework conditions and contractual arrangements necessary to make the best of private sector participation in water infrastructure.
Author: Malawi. Ministry of Water Development. Water and Sanitation ProgrammePublish On: 2003
Water and Sanitation Programme ... To ensure availability of quality spare parts
for both preventive and routine maintenance of the facilities ; To increase level of
awareness on the importance of gender equality in water and sanitation projects
Author: Malawi. Ministry of Water Development. Water and Sanitation Programme
Water. and. Sanitation. for. the. Urban. Poor. Richard. Franceys. Regulation is
how the incentive to ensure service ... Water supply and sanitation also implicitly
contribute to Goals 1 (eradicating extreme poverty), 3 (promoting gender equality
Author: Richard Franceys
Category: Business & Economics
First Published in 2008. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Development Assistance CommitteePublish On: 2002
Ensuring quality and sustainability of water and sanitation facilities : Why gender equality matters * • Women's needs in relation to water are magnified when they
relate to small - scale activities ( gardening , small - scale livestock production ...
Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Development Assistance Committee
The evidence Access to basic services such as education , health , water and sanitation Access to basic services , such as education , health , water , sanitation
and a range of livelihood support services are essential for the achievement of
Author: United Nations
Publisher: United Nations Publications
Category: Political Science
This publication presents the key debates that took place during the 2010 High-level Segment of the Economic and Social Council, at which ECOSOC organized its second biennial Development Cooperation Forum. The discussions also focused on the theme of the 2010 Annual Ministerial Review, "Implementing the internationally agreed goals and commitments in regard to gender equality and the empowerment of women"--Publisher's description.
Ensuring quality and sustainability of water and sanitation facilities : Why gender equality matters * rvices to the poor " sewerless " sanitation oved pit " latrines ,
pou Such facilities require pecialists . The need to ewer systems may be rred by ...
Contribution of water supply and sanitation to the Millennium Development Goals
. ... Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4 . Reduce ... at school -
for example , a study in the Nokali district of Pakistan showed that installing water
and separate sanitation facilities for girls increased their attendance by 15 % .
Author: Yongxin Xu
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Business & Economics
A presentation of research investigations and pointers towards achieving sustainable groundwater supplies in challenging local community environments across the African continent, including situation sketch, implementation practice, and various case studies.
... on education, health care, and other areas important to poverty reduction, such
as water supply and sanitation. ... Uganda's program seeks to protect and
enhance public expenditures for basic social services, including water supply,
9.3 To generate within the territories , systems for collecting basic information
regarding hydrographic basins- ... 9.6 To guarantee the provision of services ,
drinking water and sanitation in particular , to the neediest communities and ...
Multi sectoral collaboration in education has never been more important than
now when education systems are confronted by the ... gender sensitive , effective
and efficient and provide school - based health and nutrition services , safe water and sanitation ; an ethos that fosters equality , respect for human rights and the
participation of all children ; instructional programmes that promote relevant life
Author: Commonwealth Secretariat
Publisher: Nexus Strategic Partnerships Ltd.
Category: Social Science
Commonwealth Education Partnership 2007 is an essential overview of the development of education systems in the Commonwealth, focusing on international collaborations and on the partnerships in member countries between government, NGOs and the private sector in education. Focuses in this edition: increasing access and the right to quality education; supporting teachers for quality education; resourcing; and education for the good of all. Published for the Commonwealth Secretariat by Nexus Partnerships.
The importance of involving both women and men in the management of water and sanitation has been recognized at the ... para 25(a), governments agreed to:
“ . . . support capacity-building for water and sanitation infrastructure and services
... the same timeframe as the Water for Life Decade, include 2015 targets on
gender equality and empowerment of women, as well as on safe water and sanitation.
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Social Science
The United Nations has proclaimed the 21st century to be the century of water. In this volume, Water and Women in Past, Present and Future, scholars analyze the gendered political economy of water resource allocations and importantly, offer recommendations for viable, women-friendly solutions to address scarcity and distribution, among other issues. Contributors also explore feminist analyses of the aesthetic dimension of water and the feminine, since water is often associated with women, shown in cross-cultural examples of mythology, symbols and legends. Intersecting the fields of hydro-politics and aesthetics, this book should be of interest to policy analysts, activists, and academics.
Author: Global Environment FacilityPublish On: 2012-11-15
Country Background and Vulnerabilities The report: Solomon Islands Water, Sanitation, and Climate Outlook describes ... sanitation than any other variable,
including health, education, gender equality, and access to modern energy services.
Author: Canadian International Development AgencyPublish On: 1999
CIDA overarching policy and programming priorities Links with gender equality
Examples of results that contribute to the ... over decision - making by women in
the design , management and maintenance of water and sanitation services .
Author: Canadian International Development Agency
Publisher: Hull, Quebec : Canadian International Development Agency
Recognizing that gender is an important social division marked by inequality, the Canadian International Development Agency's gender equality policy was revised in 1995 to emphasize the importance of gender equity and women's empowerment. This policy update builds on concepts long supported by the Agency and highlights a number of areas where Agency thinking has evolved. It includes a vision of gender equality for the 21st century, a rationale for the agency's gender equality policy, an outline of the goal and objectives of the policy, and description of the principles on which the policy is based. A table outlines the links between the Agency's policy of poverty reduction, its program priorities, and gender equality. Other sections of the update describe gender analysis as a tool in understanding and promoting gender equality, strategies and activities to support the achievement of gender equality, performance assessment of policy objectives, and practices to promote gender equality.