Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice

Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice

Assessment of error and uncertainty is a vital component of both natural and social science. This edited volume presents case studies of research practices across a wide spectrum of scientific fields.

Author: Marcel Boumans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317319481

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 221

Assessment of error and uncertainty is a vital component of both natural and social science. This edited volume presents case studies of research practices across a wide spectrum of scientific fields. It compares methodologies and presents the ingredients needed for an overarching framework applicable to all.
Categories: History

Scientists Expertise as Performance

Scientists  Expertise as Performance

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNOSCIENCE Series Editor: Alfred Nordmann TITLES IN THIS SERIES 1 Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon and Arthur C. Petersen (eds) 2 Experiments in Practice Astrid Schwarz ...

Author: Joris Vandendriessche

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317317227

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 967

The essays in this collection explore our reliance on experts within a historical context and across a wide range of fields, including agriculture, engineering, health sciences and labour management. Contributors argue that experts were highly aware of their audiences and used performance to gain both scientific and popular support.
Categories: Philosophy

Philosophy Computing and Information Science

Philosophy  Computing and Information Science

History and Philosophy of Technoscience Series Editor: Alfred Nordmann Titles in this Series 1 Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon and Arthur C. Petersen (eds) 2 Experiments in Practice Astrid Schwarz ...

Author: Ruth Hagengruber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317317562

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 212

Over the last four decades computers and the internet have become an intrinsic part of all our lives, but this speed of development has left related philosophical enquiry behind. Featuring the work of computer scientists and philosophers, these essays provide an overview of an exciting new area of philosophy that is still taking shape.
Categories: Science

The Mysterious Science of the Sea 1775 1943

The Mysterious Science of the Sea  1775   1943

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNOSCIENCE Series Editor: Alfred Nordmann TITLES IN THIS SERIES 1 Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon and Arthur C. Petersen (eds) 2 Experiments in Practice Astrid Schwarz ...

Author: Natascha Adamowsky

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317317197

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 220

The depths of the oceans are the last example of terra incognita on earth. Adamowsky presents a study of the sea, arguing that – contrary to popular belief – post-Enlightenment discourse on the sea was still subject to mystery and wonder, and not wholly rationalized by science.
Categories: Science

Research Objects in their Technological Setting

Research Objects in their Technological Setting

History and Philosophy of Technoscience Series Editor: Alfred Nordmann Titles in this Series 1 Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon and Arthur C. Petersen (eds) 2 Experiments in Practice Astrid Schwarz ...

Author: Bernadette Bensaude Vincent

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351966382

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 100

What kind of stuff is the world made of? What is the nature or substance of things? These are ontological questions, and they are usually answered with respect to the objects of science. The objects of technoscience tell a different story that concerns the power, promise and potential of things – not what they are but what they can be. Seventeen scholars from history and philosophy of science, epistemology, social anthropology, cultural studies and ethics each explore a research object in its technological setting, ranging from carbon to cardboard, from arctic ice cores to nuclear waste, from wetlands to GMO seeds, from fuel cells to the great Pacific garbage patch. Together they offer fascinating stories and novel analytic concepts, all the while opening up a space for reflecting on the specific character of technoscientific objects. With their promise of sustainable innovation and a technologically transformed future, these objects are highly charged with values and design expectations. By clarifying their mode of existence, we are learning to come to terms more generally with the furniture of the technoscientific world – where, for example, the 'dead matter' of classical physics is becoming the 'smart material' of emerging and converging technologies.
Categories: Science

Standardization in Measurement

Standardization in Measurement

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNOSCIENCE Series Editor: Alfred Nordmann TITLES IN THIS SERIES 1 Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon and Arthur C. Petersen (eds) 2 Experiments in Practice Astrid Schwarz ...

Author: Oliver Schlaudt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317316688

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 296

The application of standard measurement is a cornerstone of modern science. In this collection of essays, standardization of procedure, units of measurement and the epistemology of standardization are addressed by specialists from sociology, history and the philosophy of science.
Categories: Science

Spaceship Earth in the Environmental Age 1960 1990

Spaceship Earth in the Environmental Age  1960   1990

History and Philosophy of Technoscience Series Editor: Alfred Nordmann Titles in this Series 1 Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon and Arthur C. Petersen (eds) 2 Experiments in Practice Astrid Schwarz ...

Author: Sabine Höhler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317317531

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 241

The idea of the earth as a vessel in space came of age in an era shaped by space travel and the Cold War. Höhler’s study brings together technology, science and ecology to explore the way this latter-day ark was invoked by politicians, environmentalists, cultural historians, writers of science fiction and many others across three decades.
Categories: Science

Reasoning in Measurement

Reasoning in Measurement

History and Philosophy of Technoscience Series Editor: Alfred Nordmann Titles in this series 1 10 11 Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon and Arthur C. Petersen (eds) 2 Experiments in Practice Astrid ...

Author: Nicola Mößner

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351966443

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 427

This collection offers a new understanding of the epistemology of measurement. The interdisciplinary volume explores how measurements are produced, for example, in astronomy and seismology, in studies of human sexuality and ecology, in brain imaging and intelligence testing. It considers photography as a measurement technology and Henry David Thoreau's poetic measures as closing the gap between mind and world. By focusing on measurements as the hard-won results of conceptual as well as technical operations, the authors of the book no longer presuppose that measurement is always and exclusively a means of representing some feature of a target object or entity. Measurement also provides knowledge about the degree to which things have been standardized or harmonized – it is an indicator of how closely human practices are attuned to each other and the world.
Categories: Science

Experiments in Practice

Experiments in Practice

History and Philosophy of Technoscience Series Editor: Alfred Nordmann Titles in this Series 1 Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon and Arthur C. Petersen (eds) Forthcoming Titles Philosophy, ...

Author: Astrid Schwarz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317317920

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 734

Traditionally experimentation has been understood as an activity performed within the laboratory, but in the twenty-first century this view is being challenged. Schwarz uses ecological and environmental case studies to show how scientific experiments can transcend the laboratory.
Categories: Science

Consensus on Peirce s Concept of Habit

Consensus on Peirce   s Concept of Habit

In Error and uncertainty in scientific practice, of history and philosophy of technoscience, ed. M. Boumans, G. Hon, and A.C. Petersen, 1–13. London: Pickering and Chatto Publishers. Carroll, Lewis (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson).

Author: Donna E. West

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319459202

Category: Philosophy

Page: 434

View: 365

This book constitutes the first treatment of C. S. Peirce’s unique concept of habit. Habit animated the pragmatists of the 19th and early 20th centuries, who picked up the baton from classical scholars, principally Aristotle. Most prominent among the pragmatists thereafter is Charles Sanders Peirce. In our vernacular, habit connotes a pattern of conduct. Nonetheless, Peirce’s concept transcends application to mere regularity or to human conduct; it extends into natural and social phenomena, making cohesive inner and outer worlds. Chapters in this anthology define and amplify Peircean habit; as such, they highlight the dialectic between doubt and belief. Doubt destabilizes habit, leaving open the possibility for new beliefs in the form of habit-change; and without habit-change, the regularity would fall short of habit – conforming to automatic/mechanistic systems. This treatment of habit showcases how, through human agency, innovative regularities of behavior and thought advance the process of making the unconscious conscious. The latter materializes when affordances (invariant habits of physical phenomena) form the basis for modifications in action schemas and modes of reasoning. Further, the book charts how indexical signs in language and action are pivotal in establishing attentional patterns; and how these habits accommodate novel orientations within event templates. It is intended for those interested in Peirce’s metaphysic or semiotic, including both senior scholars and students of philosophy and religion, psychology, sociology and anthropology, as well as mathematics, and the natural sciences.
Categories: Philosophy