Implicit Meanings

Implicit Meanings

Mary Douglas shows how anthropology can make a central contribution to knowledge and understanding across disciplines, and in everyday life.

Author: Professor Mary Douglas

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415205530

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 228

'No more sparkling and suggestive work of social science is likely to appear in the near future. This book provides a splendid answer as to why anthropology goes on mattering and also to why no surgery can separate it from sociology '-The Economist from the reviews of the first edition This new edition of a classic work provides an excellent introduction to the thought of anthropologist Mary Douglas. First published to great acclaim in 1975, Mary Douglas has now revised the text to include additional chapters and a new introduction. Implicit Meanings includes writings on the key themes which are associated with Mary Douglas's work and which have had a major influence on anthropological thought, such as: *food *pollution *risk *animals *myth. Among the new pieces inluded in this edition are: The Lele of the Kasai * Techniques of Socrcery Control in Central Africa * The Lele Revisited * Obituary of Godfrey Lienhardt * The Depolitzation of Risk * Rightness of Categories
Categories: Social Science

Essays in Anthropology

Essays in Anthropology

Should we look to humanity's cultural achievements and the form of its social life?In this intriguing and provocative collection of essays, philosopher Robert Spaemann reacts against what he calls "scientistic" anthropology and ventures to ...

Author: Robert Spaemann

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781606088951

Category: Philosophy

Page: 120

View: 954

The question of the nature of humanity is one of the most complex of all philosophical and theological inquiries. Where might one look to find a decent answer to this question? Should we turn to an investigation of genetics and DNA for such answers? Should we look to the history of humanity's adaption and evolution? Should we look to humanity's cultural achievements and the form of its social life?In this intriguing and provocative collection of essays, philosopher Robert Spaemann reacts against what he calls "scientistic" anthropology and ventures to take up afresh the quaestio de homine, "the question of man." Spaemann contends that when it comes to the nagging question of what we truly are as human beings, understanding our chemical make-up or evolutionary past simply cannot give us the full picture. Instead, without doing away with the findings of modern evolutionary science, Spaemann offers successive treatments of human nature, human evolution, and human dignity, which paint a full and compelling picture of the meaning of human life. Crucial to any anthropology, he demonstrates, is our future as well as our past. And our relationship to God as well as to our next-door neighbor. All of these themes coalesce in a vital contribution to the question of what it means to be human.
Categories: Philosophy

Reproducing the Future

Reproducing the Future

These essays, written at the time when the Bill for Human Fertilization and Embryology Act (1990) was going through Parliament, touch on the British debate (on in vitro fertilization, gamete donation and maternal surrogacy) from an ...

Author: Marilyn Strathern

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719036747

Category: Anthropology

Page: 200

View: 897

These essays, written at the time when the Bill for Human Fertilization and Embryology Act (1990) was going through Parliament, touch on the British debate (on in vitro fertilization, gamete donation and maternal surrogacy) from an anthropological perspective. The implications of the medical developments that lay behind the Act are world-wide and these new procreative possibilities formulate new possibilities for thinking about kinship. The essays are informed by recent re-thinking of models of kinship in Melanesia.
Categories: Anthropology

Implicit Meanings

Implicit Meanings

This new edition of a classic work provides an indispensable introduction to the thought of Mary Douglas.

Author: Mary Douglas

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415065615

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 158

This new edition of a classic work provides an indispensable introduction to the thought of Mary Douglas. First published to great acclaim in 1975, this second edition of Implicit Meanings includes a new introduction with Mary Douglas's reflections on how her ideas have been taken up and how her own thinking has developed over the last forty years. Implicit Meanings includes writing on the key themes which are associated with Mary Douglas's work and which have had a major influence on anthropological thought. Essays on animals, food, pollution, risk, joking, sorcery and myth derive from initial fieldwork experiences in Africa. In different ways, the essays probe beneath the surface meanings and seek to expose the implicit understandings which tend to be taken as unchallengeable. Mary Douglas has shown that anthropology can make a central contribution to debates in many academic disciplines, and can also illuminate everyday life. Book jacket.
Categories: Social Science

A Passion for Difference

A Passion for Difference

In this new book Henrietta Moore examines the nature and limitations of the theoretical languages used by anthropologists and others to write about sex, gender and sexuality.

Author: Henrietta L. Moore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745668055

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 943

In this new book Henrietta Moore examines the nature and limitations of the theoretical languages used by anthropologists and others to write about sex, gender and sexuality. Moore begins by discussing recent feminist debates on the body and the notion of the non-universal human subject. She then considers why anthropologists have contributed relatively little to these debates, and suggests that this has much to do with the history of anthropological thought with regard to the conceptualization of "persons" and "selves" cross-culturally. Moore develops a specific anthropological approach to feminist post-structuralist and psychoanalytic theory. In subsequent chapters Moore pursues a series of related themes including the links between gender, identity and violence; questions of gender and identity in the context of intra-household resource allocation; the construction of domestic space and its relationship to bodily practices and the internationalization of relations of difference; and the links between the gender of the anthropologist and the writing of anthropology. This volume demonstrates anthropology's contribution to current debates in feminist theory.
Categories: Social Science

Essays on the Anthropology of Reason

Essays on the Anthropology of Reason

This collection of essays explains and encourages new reflection on Paul Rabinow's pioneering project to anthropologize the West.

Author: Paul Rabinow

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400851799

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 539

This collection of essays explains and encourages new reflection on Paul Rabinow's pioneering project to anthropologize the West. His goal is to exoticize the Western constitution of reality, emphasize those domains most taken for granted as universal, and show how their claims to truth are linked to particular social practices, hence becoming effective social forces. He has recently begun to focus on the core of Western rationality, in particular the practices of molecular biology as they apply to our understanding of human nature. This book moves in new directions by posing questions about how scientific practice can be understood in terms of ethics as well as in terms of power. The topics include how French socialist urban planning in the 1930s engineered the transition from city planning to life planning; how the discursive and nondiscursive practices of the Human Genome Project and biotechnology have refigured life, labor, and language; and how a debate over patenting cell lines and over the dignity of life required secular courts to invoke medieval notions of the sacred. Building on an ethnographic study of the invention of the polymerase chain reaction--which enables the rapid production of specific sequences of DNA in millions of copies Rabinow, in the final essay, reflects in dialogue with biochemist Tom White on the place of science in modernity, on science as a vocation, and on the differences between the human and natural sciences.
Categories: Social Science

Ethnographic Feminisms

Ethnographic Feminisms

This book is written by anthropologists who are currently engaged in research on gender.

Author: Sally Cole

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773581326

Category: Social Science

Page: 313

View: 150

This book is written by anthropologists who are currently engaged in research on gender. The editors argue for the development of an ethnography-based feminism that both pays heed to what women in specific circumstances identify as their concerns and recognizes the contradictions inherent in the goals of feminist anthropology. The essays consider a range of "awkward" issues, including feminism in international contexts, the invisibility of women's working lives, and the problems of voice and ethnographic representation. Referring to a variety of ethnographic contexts, and working from diverse perspectives, the contributors examine the multiple dilemmas and conflicts of gender and power.
Categories: Social Science

The Art of Anthropology

The Art of Anthropology

The essays vividly demonstrate Gell's theoretical and empirical interests and his distinctive contribution to several key areas of current anthropological enquiry.

Author: Alfred Gell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000321043

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 355

The Art of Anthropology collects together the most influential of Gell's writings, which span the past two decades, with a new introductory chapter written by Gell. The essays vividly demonstrate Gell's theoretical and empirical interests and his distinctive contribution to several key areas of current anthropological enquiry. A central theme of the essays is Gel's highly original exploration of diagrammatic imagery as the site where social relations and cognitive processes converge and crystallise. Gell tracks this imagery across studies of tribal market transactions, dance forms, the iconicity of language and his most recent and groundbreaking analyses of artworks.Written with Gell's characteristic fluidity and grace and generously illustrated with Gell's original drawings and diagrams, the book will interest art historians, sociologists and geographers no less than anthropologists, challenging, as it does, established ideas about exchange, representation, aesthetics, cognition and spatial and temporal processes.
Categories: Social Science

Essays in Anthropology

Essays in Anthropology

Author: James Philip Mills

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015011916247

Category: Anthropology

Page: 268

View: 496

Categories: Anthropology

Essays in Anthropology

Essays in Anthropology

Author: Robert Harry Lowie

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105020001850

Category: Anthropology

Page: 433

View: 727

Categories: Anthropology

Essays in the History of Linguistic Anthropology

Essays in the History of Linguistic Anthropology

Anthropology and linguistics, as historically developing disciplines, have had partly separate roots and traditions.

Author: Dell H. Hymes

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027286468

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 406

View: 140

Anthropology and linguistics, as historically developing disciplines, have had partly separate roots and traditions. In particular settings and in general, the two disciplines have partly shared, partly differed in the nature of their materials, their favorite types of problem the personalities of their dominant figures, their relations with other disciplines and intellectual current. The two disciplines have also varied in their interrelation with each other and the society about them. Institutional arrangements have reflected the varying degrees of kinship, kithship, and separation. Such relationships themselves form a topic that is central to a history of linguistic anthropology yet marginal to a self-contained history of linguistics or anthropology as either would be conceived by most authors. There exists not only a subject matter for a history of linguistic anthropology, but also a definite need.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Sounding the Limits of Life

Sounding the Limits of Life

What is life? What is water? What is sound? In Sounding the Limits of Life, anthropologist Stefan Helmreich investigates how contemporary scientists—biologists, oceanographers, and audio engineers—are redefining these crucial concepts.

Author: Stefan Helmreich

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691164816

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 414

What is life? What is water? What is sound? In Sounding the Limits of Life, anthropologist Stefan Helmreich investigates how contemporary scientists—biologists, oceanographers, and audio engineers—are redefining these crucial concepts. Life, water, and sound are phenomena at once empirical and abstract, material and formal, scientific and social. In the age of synthetic biology, rising sea levels, and new technologies of listening, these phenomena stretch toward their conceptual snapping points, breaching the boundaries between the natural, cultural, and virtual. Through examinations of the computational life sciences, marine biology, astrobiology, acoustics, and more, Helmreich follows scientists to the limits of these categories. Along the way, he offers critical accounts of such other-than-human entities as digital life forms, microbes, coral reefs, whales, seawater, extraterrestrials, tsunamis, seashells, and bionic cochlea. He develops a new notion of "sounding"—as investigating, fathoming, listening—to describe the form of inquiry appropriate for tracking meanings and practices of the biological, aquatic, and sonic in a time of global change and climate crisis. Sounding the Limits of Life shows that life, water, and sound no longer mean what they once did, and that what count as their essential natures are under dynamic revision.
Categories: Social Science

North American Indian Anthropology

North American Indian Anthropology

"These essays explore the blending of structural and historical approaches to American Indian anthropology that characterizes the perspective developed by the late Fred Eggan and his students at the University of Chicago.

Author: Raymond J. DeMallie

Publisher: VNR AG

ISBN: 0806126140

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 147

"These essays explore the blending of structural and historical approaches to American Indian anthropology that characterizes the perspective developed by the late Fred Eggan and his students at the University of Chicago. They include studies of kinship and social organization, politics, religion, law, ethnicity, and art. Many reflect Eggan's method of controlled comparison, a tool for reconstructing social and cultural change over time." "Together these essays make substantial descriptive contributions to American Indian anthropology, presenting contemporary interpretations of diverse groups from the Hudson Bay Inuit in the north to the Highland Maya of Chiapas in the south. The collection will serve as an introduction to Native American social and cultural anthropology for readers interested in the dynamics of Indian social life."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Categories: Social Science

Anthropology with an Attitude

Anthropology with an Attitude

This book collects published and unpublished work over the last dozen years by one of today_s most distinguished and provocative anthropologists.

Author: Johannes Fabian

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804741433

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 128

This book collects published and unpublished work over the last dozen years by one of today’s most distinguished and provocative anthropologists. Johannes Fabian is widely known outside of his discipline because his work so often overcomes traditional scholarly boundaries to bring fresh insight to central topics in philosophy, history, and cultural studies. The first part of the book addresses questions of current critical concern: Does it still make sense to search for objectivity in ethnography? What do we gain when we invoke "context” in our interpretations? How does literacy change the work of the ethnographer, and what are the boundaries between ethnology and history? This part ends with a plea for recuperating negativity in our thinking about culture. The second part extends the work of critique into the past by examining the beginning of modern ethnography in the exploration of Central Africa during the late nineteenth century: the justification of a scientific attitude, the collecting of ethnographic objects, the presentation of knowledge in narration, and the role of recognition--given or denied--in encounters with Africans. A final essay examines how the Congolese have returned the "imperial gaze” of Belgium by the work of critical memory in popular history. The ten chapters are framed by two meditations on the relevance of theory and the irrelevance of the millennium.
Categories: Social Science

Western Apache Language and Culture

Western Apache Language and Culture

In these seven essays, Keith Basso defines some of the central concerns of linguistic anthropology through the close study of Western Apache, showing how intricacies of language-place names, metaphor, uses of silence-help a people define ...

Author: Keith H. Basso

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816513236

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 237

Examines the importance of symbol in the Western Apache language, explaining how such elements as place names, metaphor, and the use of silence define Apache culture.
Categories: Social Science

Romantic Motives

Romantic Motives

Tracking the Romantic strains in the the writings of Rousseau, Herder, Cushing, Sapir, Benedict, Redfield, Mead, Lévi-Strauss, and others, these essays show Romanticism as a permanent and recurrent tendency within the anthropological ...

Author: George W. Stocking

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299123635

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 121

Romantic Motives explores a topic that has been underemphasized in the historiography of anthropology. Tracking the Romantic strains in the the writings of Rousseau, Herder, Cushing, Sapir, Benedict, Redfield, Mead, Lévi-Strauss, and others, these essays show Romanticism as a permanent and recurrent tendency within the anthropological tradition.
Categories: Social Science