Ethical Issues in Aviation

Ethical Issues in Aviation

Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on current concerns and trends, to reflect the changes that have occurred in this deregulated era. The book provides the reader with an overview of the major themes in civil aviation ethics.

Author: Elizabeth Hoppe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317141525

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 314

View: 474

Applied ethics has been gaining wide attention in a variety of curriculums, and there is growing awareness of the need for ethical training in general. Well-publicized ethical problems such as the Challenger disaster, the Ford Pinto case and the collapse of corporations such as Enron have highlighted the need to rethink the role of ethics in the workplace. The concept of applied ethics originated in medicine with a groundbreaking book published in 1979. Business ethics books began to appear in the 1980s, with engineering ethics following in the 1990s. This volume now opens up a new area of applied ethics, comprehensively addressing the ethical issues confronting the civil aviation industry. Aviation is unique in two major ways: firstly it has a long history of government regulations, and secondly its primary focus is the safety of its passengers and crew. For decades commercial aviation was viewed in the same manner as public utilities, and thus it was highly regulated by the government. Since the Deregulation Act of 1978, aviation has been viewed as any other business while other experts continue to believe that the sudden switch to deregulation has caused problems, especially since many airlines were unprepared for the change. Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on current concerns and trends, to reflect the changes that have occurred in this deregulated era. The book provides the reader with an overview of the major themes in civil aviation ethics. It begins with theoretical frameworks, followed by sections on the business side of aviation, employee responsibility, diversity in aviation, ground issues regarding airports, air traffic control and security, as well as health and the environment. The contributors to the volume include both academics doing research in the field as well as professionals who provide accounts of the ethical situations that arise in the workplace.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Ethical Issues in Aviation

Ethical Issues in Aviation

ETHICAL. ISSUES. IN. AVIATION. The aviation industry is unique in two major ways: firstly, it has a long history of government involvement dating back to the early days of aviation; and secondly, its primary concern is the safety of its ...

Author: Elizabeth A. Hoppe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429791994

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 943

The aviation industry is unique in two major ways: firstly, it has a long history of government involvement dating back to the early days of aviation; and secondly, its primary concern is the safety of its passengers and crew. These features highlight the importance of ethical decision-making at all levels of the industry. However, well-publicized problems such as the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 highlight the need for ethics to take a more prominent role in the field. Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on both past and current topics in aviation, providing the reader with an overview of the major themes in aviation ethics that cover a broad range of subjects. Contributors include academics who do research in the field as well as professionals who provide first-hand accounts of the ethical situations that arise in the aviation industry. This second edition has been thoroughly revised throughout to bring it up to date, and features several new chapters that cover recent events and topics. This book enhances student learning by providing faculty, students, and those interested in aviation with discussion of the most pressing ethical issues that continue to impact the industry.
Categories: Business & Economics

The DC 10 Case

The DC 10 Case

Designed as a textbook for courses in ethics, this book provides the material needed to understand the accidents in which more that 700 people were killed -- accidents that many believe were the result of unethical actions and inactions by ...

Author: John H. Fielder

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791410870

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 477

Designed as a textbook for courses in ethics, this book provides the material needed to understand the accidents in which more that 700 people were killed -- accidents that many believe were the result of unethical actions and inactions by individuals, organizations, and government agencies. An introduction to ethical analysis and discussions of the ethical responsibilities involved are also provided. The case study offers material for a sustained inquiry into every level of ethical responsibility reflecting the rich ethical complexity of actual events. The DC-10 Case presents these issues through a collection of original and published articles, excerpts from official accident reports, congressional hearings, and other writing on the DC-10. The authors allow the readers to examine the ethical issues of airline safety as they actually occur, taking account of the circumstances in which they arise.
Categories: Social Science

Safety Ethics

Safety Ethics

This book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems.

Author: Manoj S. Patankar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: UOM:39015060613315

Category: Transportation

Page: 228

View: 755

This book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems. The core issues are illustrated by cases drawn from aviation, healthcare and environmental & occupational health.
Categories: Transportation

Ethical issues regarding the charging of overweight people on airplanes The pay by weight policy

Ethical issues regarding the charging of overweight people on airplanes  The  pay by weight  policy

Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Health - Public Health, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: Debates over ethical issues do not seem to end anytime soon.

Author: Patrick Kimuyu

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668615793

Category: Medical

Page: 9

View: 956

Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Medicine - Public Health, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: Debates over ethical issues do not seem to end anytime soon. Over the past half century, ethical issues have been emerging in the global society, especially the industrialized world. For instance, the debate over the decriminalization of abortion and euthanasia has lingered around for quite too long without a consensus decision. On the other hand, the issue of gay marriages that emerge in 1970s remained surrounded by immense controversy until a few months ago when the US Supreme Court brought the issue to rest through upholding gay rights. Surprisingly, the termination of gay marriages debate did not seem to change the course of ethical phenomena among the global society. Recently, a new ethical issue emerged: the pay-as-you-weigh policy. This policy requires obese people to pay extra charge in the airlines. In retrospect, obesity is considered as an ethical issue and it has emerged to be a controversial subject. It is an ethical issue because it causes adverse consequences to obese individuals, as well as, the society. However, these factors do not seem to be part of the justification for the introduction of pay-as-you-weigh pricing in the aviation industry. Instead, the core argument by airline administrators and economists is that flying obese people increases fuel costs; thus, the so-called "fat-taxes" will address the issue of financial costs. Contrary to this perspective held within the aviation industry, environmentalists view obesity as an issue that has environmental cost. The increased fuel consumption by airplanes is believed to exacerbate climate change, primarily global warming due to increased greenhouse gas emissions. From these perspectives, it is apparent that obesity is a controversial issue. Therefore, this research will provide a comprehensive overview of the ethical issue of charging overweight people on airlines.
Categories: Medical

Safety Ethics

Safety Ethics

However, this book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems.

Author: Manoj S. Patankar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000083002

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 246

View: 832

Much of the previous literature in the field of safety focuses on either the technical equipment issues or the human performance factors that contribute to the active failures in safety-critical systems. However, this book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems. The book provides a concise introduction to the ethical foundations and follows up with case studies from aviation, healthcare, and environmental and occupational health.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Pilot Selection

Pilot Selection

Aviation and aerospace medicine and psychology cover a broad multidisciplinary field. ... These issues very much lie at the heart of the deep challenge of properly utilizing a good ethical framework especially within high-pressure, ...

Author: Robert Bor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429959899

Category: Transportation

Page: 430

View: 235

This comprehensive book describes in practical terms - underpinned by research - how recruitment, selection, and psychological assessment can be conducted amongst pilots. The chapters emphasize evidence-based and ethical selection methods for different pilot groups. It includes chapters written by experts in the field and also covers related areas, such as air traffic controllers and astronauts. The book is written for airline managers, senior pilots responsible for recruitment and training, human resources specialists, human factors and safety specialists, occupational health doctors, psychologists, AMEs, practitioners or academics involved in pilot selection. Robert Bor, DPhil CPsychol CSci FBPsS HonFRAeS UKCP Reg EuroPsy, is a Registered and Chartered Clinical Counselling and Health Psychologist, Registered Aviation Psychologist and Co-Director of the Centre for Aviation Psychology. Carina Eriksen, MSc DipPsych CPsychol FBPsS BABCP, is an HCPC Registered and BPS Chartered Consultant Counselling Psychologist and Registered Aviation Psychologist. Todd P. Hubbard, B.A., M.S. Aeronautical Sciences, Ed.D. Applied Educational Studies in Aviation, Lt. Col. USAF (ret.), is the Clarence E. Page Professor of Human Factors research, University of Oklahoma. Ray King, Psy,D., J.D. is a licensed clinical psychologist, recently retired from the U.S. Air Force, currently with the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
Categories: Transportation

Advances in Human Aspects of Aviation

Advances in Human Aspects of Aviation

These issues are relevant for general aviation, commercial, and military pilots — in environments where metabolic demands increase and ... In the case of airline pilots, it is a safety issue, an ethical issue, and a business issue that ...

Author: Steven J. Landry

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439871164

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 658

View: 266

Since the very earliest years of aviation, it was clear that human factors were critical to the success and safety of the system. As aviation has matured, the system has become extremely complex. Bringing together the most recent human factors work in the aviation domain, Advances in Human Aspects of Aviation covers the design of aircrafts for the comfort and well being of the passenger. The book discusses strategies and guidelines for maximizing comfort, the design of aircrafts including cockpit design, and the training and work schedules for flight attendants and pilots. It is becoming increasingly important to view problems not as isolated issues that can be extracted from the system environment, but as embedded issues that can only be understood as a part of an overall system. In keeping with a system that is vast in its scope and reach, the chapters in this book cover a wide range of topics, including: Interface and operations issues from the perspectives of pilots and air traffic controllers, respectively. Specific human performance issues, studied from within the context of the air transportation system Issues related to automation and the delineation of function between automation and human within the current and future system The U.S. air traffic modernization effort, called NextGen Diverse modeling perspectives and methods Safety and ethics as driving factors for change Cognition and work overload Empirical research and evaluation of the air transportation domain As air traffic modernization efforts begin to vastly increase the capacity of the system, the issues facing engineers, scientists, and other practitioners of human factors are becoming more challenging and more critical. Reflecting road themes and trends in this field, the book documents the latest research in this area.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Aviation in the Digital Age

Aviation in the Digital Age

Ethical issues would also abound such as who a computer system would save in a crisis—the aircraft and the technical crew or the passengers on board. Before discussing ethical issues, it is relevant to note that there is a contentious ...

Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030482183

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 411

All of the topics discussed in this book – from sovereignty to cybercrime, and from drones to the identification of passengers & privacy – are profoundly affected by algorithms; so are air traffic services and aeronautical communications. All of these aviation-related aspects are addressed in a 75-year-old treaty called the Chicago Convention and its Annexes, which, as this book argues, needs to be reviewed with a focus on its relevance and applicability in connection with Moore’s Law, which posits that transistors in computer microchips double in speed, power and performance every two years, while the cost of computers is halved during the same period. Firstly, in terms of traditional territorial sovereignty, we have arrived at a point where there is a concept of data sovereignty and ownership that raises issues of privacy. Data transmission becomes ambivalent in terms of territorial sovereignty, and the Westphalian model may not be the perfect answer. Whether it be the manufacture of airplanes, the transfer of data on individuals, or the transmission of aeronautical and telecommunications information – all have to be carried out in accordance with the same fundamental principle: duty of care. Against the backdrop of the relevant provisions of the Chicago Convention and its Annexes, the detailed analysis presented here covers key areas such as: megatrends; AI and international law in the digital age; blockchain and aviation; drones; aviation and telecommunications; aviation and the Internet; cybersecurity; and digital identification of passengers & privacy. In turn, the book suggests how we can best manage this transition.
Categories: Law

Aviation Safety A Balanced Industry Approach

Aviation Safety  A Balanced Industry Approach

This chapter contains information regarding the perspective of safety as an economic and ethical issue. ... Rather, this chapter will discuss some of the basics of ethics and their application to safety in aviation organizations.

Author: Michael Ferguson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781133709619

Category: Transportation

Page: 432

View: 284

AVIATION SAFETY: A BALANCED INDUSTRY APPROACH,focuses on various aspects of safety pertinent to the aviation industry. Featuring issues on contemporary aviation safety, flight safety programs, regulatory organizations, ground operations safety, gap analysis, ethics, and safety management systems, the book provides a theoretical background to safety issues, while making a significant connection to how the information can be directly applied to the aviation industry. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Categories: Transportation

Cases on Modern Computer Systems in Aviation

Cases on Modern Computer Systems in Aviation

Ethical Issues with Use of Drone Aircraft. IEEE Explore, 56, 1–4. Winer, B. (1996). GPS Receiver Laboratory RFI Tests. Proceedings of the Institute of Navigation National Technical Meeting. Wintemitz, L., Moreau, M., Boegner, G., ...

Author: Shmelova, Tetiana

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522575894

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 529

Because trainees need to learn about the underlying technologies to use automation safely and efficiently, the development of automated aviation systems training is a growing challenge. Task analysis has been singled out as the basis of the training, but it can be more time-consuming than traditional development techniques. Cases on Modern Computer Systems in Aviation is an essential reference source that covers new information technology use in aviation systems to streamline the cybersecurity, decision-making, planning, and design processes within the aviation industry. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as computer systems in aviation, artificial intelligence, software-defined networking (SDN), air navigation systems, decision support systems (DSS), and more, this publication is ideally designed for aviation specialists and industry professionals, technicians, practitioners, researchers, and academicians seeking current research on modern modeling approaches to streamline management in aviation.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals

Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals

In a non–health care setting, Congress failed to cooperate and resolve funding issues for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) before taking its summer recess in 2011, leaving 74,000 people out of work and costing the nation nearly ...

Author: George D. Pozgar

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9781449647759

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 559

View: 622

Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals, Third Edition provides the reader with a clear understanding of the law and ethics as it relates to health care dilemmas. The practical application of ethics in the health care setting is accomplished by interspersing the thoughts of great minds through Quotes and the real world of Newspaper Articles, patient experiences through People Stories, provider and organizational experiences through Reality Checks, and Legal Case Studie.
Categories: Business & Economics

Green Aviation

Green Aviation

Issues related to biofuels for aviation are largely to do with feasibility of production, ethical issues, and GHG balance issues for some agro-production methods, as well as technological difficulties associated with usage in gas ...

Author: Ramesh Agarwal

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118866504

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 850

Green Aviation is the first authoritative overview of both engineering and operational measures to mitigate the environmental impact of aviation. It addresses the current status of measures to reduce the environmental impact of air travel. The chapters cover such items as: Engineering and technology-related subjects (aerodynamics, engines, fuels, structures, etc.), Operations (air traffic management and infrastructure) Policy and regulatory aspects regarding atmospheric and noise pollution. With contributions from leading experts, this volume is intended to be a valuable addition, and useful resource, for aerospace manufacturers and suppliers, governmental and industrial aerospace research establishments, airline and aviation industries, university engineering and science departments, and industry analysts, consultants, and researchers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

General Aviation Security

General Aviation Security

Aircraft, Hangars, Fixed-Base Operations, Flight Schools, and Airports Ph.D, Daniel J. Benny ... ETHICAL ISSUES In order to conduct the research on the general aviation airports that are operated independent of each other, no permission ...

Author: Ph.D, Daniel J. Benny

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466510883

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 960

After 9/11, the initial focus from the U.S. government, media, and the public was on security at commercial airports and aboard commercial airlines. Soon, investigation revealed the hijackers had trained at flight schools operating out of general aviation airports, leading to a huge outcry by the media and within the government to mandate security
Categories: Business & Economics

Ernsting s Aviation Medicine 4E

Ernsting s Aviation Medicine  4E

Operational. aviation. psychiatry. Ethical issues and the pragmatic demands of operational imperatives particularly complicate psychiatric issues in wartime, where the occupational perspective can become paramount.

Author: David Gradwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781444113365

Category: Medical

Page: 800

View: 587

Ernsting's Aviation Medicine applies current understanding in medicine, physiology and the behavioural sciences to the stresses faced by both civil and military aircrew on a daily basis. The fourth edition of this established textbook has been revised and updated by a multi-disciplinary team of experienced contributors, and includes new chapters on aeromedical evacuation, commercial passenger fitness to fly, transport aircraft and passenger safety cosmic radiation, and naval air operations. It remains the recommended textbook for those studying for the Diploma in Aviation Medicine of the Faculty of Occupational Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians, recognized worldwide as a standard in the field, and for similar overseas qualifications. This is an essential text for all civil or military aviation medicine practitioners, both when preparing for professional examinations and in daily practice, and for those in the many disciplines of the behavioural and life sciences that include some study of aviation, its physiology and related issues. It is also recommended reading for those with a wider interest in the medical problems of professional or recreational flying, air transport and the aviation industry.
Categories: Medical

Towards a Weight Priced Aviation

Towards a Weight Priced Aviation

The commercial aviation industry is playing in a tough market: while demand for flights by emerging markets, fuel costs are skyrocketing.

Author: Aurian de Maupeou d' Ableiges

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:731396299

Category:

Page:

View: 220

The commercial aviation industry is playing in a tough market: while demand for flights by emerging markets, fuel costs are skyrocketing. This evolution implies a paradox: how to reduce satisfy a growing mass demand while fuel and offsetting costs are set to increase? An interesting range of measures against global warming has been taken in most industries: on the one hand, changes in behavior and way of life, and on the other hand, technical changes. When it comes to commercial aviation, no revolutionary technical changes are to be implemented before one or two decades. Efforts are consequently transferred to changes in behavior, which means changes in consumers' behavior. This master thesis takes the issue from an intentionally provocative point of view: if fuel consumption is linked to weight, can "human" weight be reduced? This entails two main issues: deterring heavy people to fly, and encouraging travelers to fly light.
Categories:

Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems

Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems

Airborne sensors and unmanned aircraft systems can pose particular challenges for intelligence oversight. ... The University of North Dakota (UND) developed a process for considering privacy and other ethical issues related to flying ...

Author: Nancy J. Cooke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118965887

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 987

Highlights the human components of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems, their interactions with the technology and each other, and the implications of human capabilities and limitations for the larger system Considers human factors issues associated with RPAS, but within the context of a very large system of people, other vehicles, policy, safety concerns, and varying applications Chapters have been contributed by world class experts in HSI and those with operational RPAS experience Considers unintended consequences associated with taking a more myopic view of this system Examines implications for practice, policy, and research Considers both civil and military aspects of RPAS
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Absent Aviators

Absent Aviators

Gender Issues in Aviation Dr Albert J. Mills, Dr Donna Bridges, Dr Jane Neal-Smith ... small number of civilian pilots expressed ethical and/or moral issues pertaining to military flying careers ('I just, I have a problem with your job ...

Author: Dr Albert J. Mills

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781472433404

Category: Transportation

Page: 388

View: 619

The objective of this book is to present a number of related chapters on the subject of gender issues in the workplace of the aviation industry. More specifically, the chapters address the continuing shortfall in the number of women pilots in both civilian and military aviation. Considerable research has been carried out on gender issues in the workplace and, for example, women represent about 10% of employees in engineering. This example is often used to show that the consequences of gender discrimination are embedded and difficult to overcome in masculine-dominated occupations. However, women represent only 5-6% of the profession of pilot. Clearly there are many factors which mitigate women seeking to become pilots. The chapters within this volume raise both theoretical and practical issues, endeavouring to address the imbalance of women pilots in this occupation. Absent Aviators consolidates a diverse range of issues from a number of authors from Australia, Austria, the United States, Canada, South Africa and the United Kingdom. Each of the chapters is research-based and aims to present a broad picture of gender issues in aviation, gendered workplaces and sociology, underpinned by sound theoretical perspectives and methodologies. One chapter additionally raises issues on the historical exclusion of race from an airline. The book will prove to be a valuable contribution to the debates on women in masculine-oriented occupations and a practical guide for the aviation industry to help overcome the looming shortfall of pilots. It is also hoped it will directly encourage young women to identify and overcome the barriers to becoming a civilian or military pilot.
Categories: Transportation

Corporate Sustainability and Responsibility in Tourism

Corporate Sustainability and Responsibility in Tourism

We considered the total externality of the issue and the element—one of the three—it generates a+ means this group is ... 10.2 Environmental, Economic, Social and Ethical Issues Even though the current contribution of aviation to CO2 ...

Author: Dagmar Lund-Durlacher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030156244

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 382

View: 898

This book offers essential insights into how the world's second largest industry, tourism, is responding to challenges involved in expanding the corporate social responsibility (CSR) concept to corporate sustainability and responsibility, referred to as CSR 2.0. It analyzes the typical setup of tourism with various types of commercial agents: corporations, small and medium sized enterprises, public-private partnerships, social enterprises and local cooperatives. In addition, the book examines a broad range of voluntary initiatives, the effectiveness of these efforts, and how contextual and wider policy features shape these relationships. The book is divided into three parts, the first of which elaborates on strategic drivers and rationales for CSR. In turn, the second part introduces readers to design approaches for CSR programs and envisaged impacts, while part three focuses on implementation, certification, reporting, and possible outcomes. Each part offers a mixture of theoretical perspectives, synthesis analyses and case studies. The respective chapters tackle a broad spectrum of tourism sub-sectors, e.g. the cruise industry, aviation, gastronomy, nature-based tourism, and urban destinations.
Categories: Business & Economics

Risk Assessment and Management in Pervasive Computing Operational Legal Ethical and Financial Perspectives

Risk Assessment and Management in Pervasive Computing  Operational  Legal  Ethical  and Financial Perspectives

... passenger profiling, and associated vulnerabilities, and provides consideration for legislation requirements in the perspective of aviation. Section V Cultural and Social Implications Chapter XIV Ethical Issues and Pervasive ...

Author: Godara, Varuna

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781605662213

Category: Computers

Page: 412

View: 860

Provides extensive information about pervasive computing and its implications from various perspectives so that current and future pervasive service providers can make responsible decisions about where, when and how to use this technology.
Categories: Computers