Ethical Issues in Aviation

Ethical Issues in Aviation

Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on current concerns and trends, to reflect the changes that have occurred in this deregulated era. The book provides the reader with an overview of the major themes in civil aviation ethics.

Author: Elizabeth Hoppe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317141525

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 314

View: 447

Applied ethics has been gaining wide attention in a variety of curriculums, and there is growing awareness of the need for ethical training in general. Well-publicized ethical problems such as the Challenger disaster, the Ford Pinto case and the collapse of corporations such as Enron have highlighted the need to rethink the role of ethics in the workplace. The concept of applied ethics originated in medicine with a groundbreaking book published in 1979. Business ethics books began to appear in the 1980s, with engineering ethics following in the 1990s. This volume now opens up a new area of applied ethics, comprehensively addressing the ethical issues confronting the civil aviation industry. Aviation is unique in two major ways: firstly it has a long history of government regulations, and secondly its primary focus is the safety of its passengers and crew. For decades commercial aviation was viewed in the same manner as public utilities, and thus it was highly regulated by the government. Since the Deregulation Act of 1978, aviation has been viewed as any other business while other experts continue to believe that the sudden switch to deregulation has caused problems, especially since many airlines were unprepared for the change. Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on current concerns and trends, to reflect the changes that have occurred in this deregulated era. The book provides the reader with an overview of the major themes in civil aviation ethics. It begins with theoretical frameworks, followed by sections on the business side of aviation, employee responsibility, diversity in aviation, ground issues regarding airports, air traffic control and security, as well as health and the environment. The contributors to the volume include both academics doing research in the field as well as professionals who provide accounts of the ethical situations that arise in the workplace.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Ethical Issues in Aviation

Ethical Issues in Aviation

ETHICAL. ISSUES. IN. AVIATION. The aviation industry is unique in two major ways: firstly, it has a long history of government involvement dating back to ...

Author: Elizabeth A. Hoppe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429791994

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 130

The aviation industry is unique in two major ways: firstly, it has a long history of government involvement dating back to the early days of aviation; and secondly, its primary concern is the safety of its passengers and crew. These features highlight the importance of ethical decision-making at all levels of the industry. However, well-publicized problems such as the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 highlight the need for ethics to take a more prominent role in the field. Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on both past and current topics in aviation, providing the reader with an overview of the major themes in aviation ethics that cover a broad range of subjects. Contributors include academics who do research in the field as well as professionals who provide first-hand accounts of the ethical situations that arise in the aviation industry. This second edition has been thoroughly revised throughout to bring it up to date, and features several new chapters that cover recent events and topics. This book enhances student learning by providing faculty, students, and those interested in aviation with discussion of the most pressing ethical issues that continue to impact the industry.
Categories: Business & Economics

Safety Ethics

Safety Ethics

This book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems.

Author: Manoj S. Patankar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: UOM:39015060613315

Category: Transportation

Page: 228

View: 260

This book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems. The core issues are illustrated by cases drawn from aviation, healthcare and environmental & occupational health.
Categories: Transportation

The DC 10 Case

The DC 10 Case

Designed as a textbook for courses in ethics, this book provides the material needed to understand the accidents in which more that 700 people were killed -- accidents that many believe were the result of unethical actions and inactions by ...

Author: John H. Fielder

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791410870

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 326

Designed as a textbook for courses in ethics, this book provides the material needed to understand the accidents in which more that 700 people were killed -- accidents that many believe were the result of unethical actions and inactions by individuals, organizations, and government agencies. An introduction to ethical analysis and discussions of the ethical responsibilities involved are also provided. The case study offers material for a sustained inquiry into every level of ethical responsibility reflecting the rich ethical complexity of actual events. The DC-10 Case presents these issues through a collection of original and published articles, excerpts from official accident reports, congressional hearings, and other writing on the DC-10. The authors allow the readers to examine the ethical issues of airline safety as they actually occur, taking account of the circumstances in which they arise.
Categories: Social Science

Ethical issues regarding the charging of overweight people on airplanes The pay by weight policy

Ethical issues regarding the charging of overweight people on airplanes  The  pay by weight  policy

Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Health - Public Health, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: Debates over ethical issues do not seem to end anytime soon.

Author: Patrick Kimuyu

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668615793

Category: Medical

Page: 9

View: 280

Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Medicine - Public Health, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: Debates over ethical issues do not seem to end anytime soon. Over the past half century, ethical issues have been emerging in the global society, especially the industrialized world. For instance, the debate over the decriminalization of abortion and euthanasia has lingered around for quite too long without a consensus decision. On the other hand, the issue of gay marriages that emerge in 1970s remained surrounded by immense controversy until a few months ago when the US Supreme Court brought the issue to rest through upholding gay rights. Surprisingly, the termination of gay marriages debate did not seem to change the course of ethical phenomena among the global society. Recently, a new ethical issue emerged: the pay-as-you-weigh policy. This policy requires obese people to pay extra charge in the airlines. In retrospect, obesity is considered as an ethical issue and it has emerged to be a controversial subject. It is an ethical issue because it causes adverse consequences to obese individuals, as well as, the society. However, these factors do not seem to be part of the justification for the introduction of pay-as-you-weigh pricing in the aviation industry. Instead, the core argument by airline administrators and economists is that flying obese people increases fuel costs; thus, the so-called "fat-taxes" will address the issue of financial costs. Contrary to this perspective held within the aviation industry, environmentalists view obesity as an issue that has environmental cost. The increased fuel consumption by airplanes is believed to exacerbate climate change, primarily global warming due to increased greenhouse gas emissions. From these perspectives, it is apparent that obesity is a controversial issue. Therefore, this research will provide a comprehensive overview of the ethical issue of charging overweight people on airlines.
Categories: Medical

Safety Ethics

Safety Ethics

However, this book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems.

Author: Manoj S. Patankar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000083002

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 246

View: 229

Much of the previous literature in the field of safety focuses on either the technical equipment issues or the human performance factors that contribute to the active failures in safety-critical systems. However, this book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems. The book provides a concise introduction to the ethical foundations and follows up with case studies from aviation, healthcare, and environmental and occupational health.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

General Aviation Security

General Aviation Security

Aircraft, Hangars, Fixed-Base Operations, Flight Schools, and Airports Ph.D, ... ETHICAL ISSUES In order to conduct the research on the general aviation ...

Author: Ph.D, Daniel J. Benny

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466578890

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 347

View: 302

After 9/11, the initial focus from the U.S. government, media, and the public was on security at commercial airports and aboard commercial airlines. Soon, investigation revealed the hijackers had trained at flight schools operating out of general aviation airports, leading to a huge outcry by the media and within the government to mandate security
Categories: Business & Economics

Ernsting s Aviation Medicine 4E

Ernsting s Aviation Medicine  4E

It is, however, prudent to address issues where patient safety is potentially ... Some problems arise due to cultural differences that raise ethical issues.

Author: David Gradwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781444113365

Category: Medical

Page: 800

View: 858

Ernsting's Aviation Medicine applies current understanding in medicine, physiology and the behavioural sciences to the stresses faced by both civil and military aircrew on a daily basis. The fourth edition of this established textbook has been revised and updated by a multi-disciplinary team of experienced contributors, and includes new chapters on aeromedical evacuation, commercial passenger fitness to fly, transport aircraft and passenger safety cosmic radiation, and naval air operations. It remains the recommended textbook for those studying for the Diploma in Aviation Medicine of the Faculty of Occupational Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians, recognized worldwide as a standard in the field, and for similar overseas qualifications. This is an essential text for all civil or military aviation medicine practitioners, both when preparing for professional examinations and in daily practice, and for those in the many disciplines of the behavioural and life sciences that include some study of aviation, its physiology and related issues. It is also recommended reading for those with a wider interest in the medical problems of professional or recreational flying, air transport and the aviation industry.
Categories: Medical

United States Army Aviation Digest

United States Army Aviation Digest

While it protecting the mother and unbom thetic flight training ... mode . netic radiation exposure in aviation knowledge and ethical / legal conThe fetus ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435051001907

Category: Aeronautics

Page:

View: 392

Categories: Aeronautics

Clipped Wings

Clipped Wings

6.12 ETHICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. 'Ethical'. aviation. Detractors could argue that 'ethical' aviation is an oxymoron. Advanced nations are purchasing ...

Author: Deborah Ancell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317165033

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 428

View: 226

Within the developed world, airlines have responded to the advice of advocates for corporate social and environmental responsibility (CSER) to use the intertwined dimensions of economics, society and environment to guide their business activities. However, disingenuously, the advocates and regulators frequently pay insufficient attention to the economics which are critical to airlines’ sustainability and profits. This omission pushes airlines into the unprofitable domain of CSERplus. The author identifies alleged market inefficiencies and failures, examines CSERplus impacts on international competition and assesses the unintended consequences of the regulations. She also provides innovative ideas for future-proofing airlines. Clipped Wings is a treatise for business professionals featuring academic research as well as industry anecdotes. It is written for airlines (including their owners, employees, passengers and suppliers), airports, trade associations, policy makers, educators, students, consultants, CSERplus specialists and anyone who is concerned about the future of competitive airlines.
Categories: Business & Economics

Aviation in the Digital Age

Aviation in the Digital Age

Legal and Regulatory Aspects Ruwantissa Abeyratne ... 12 2 International Aviation and Megatrends ...................... 13 2.1 Introduction .

Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030482183

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 915

All of the topics discussed in this book – from sovereignty to cybercrime, and from drones to the identification of passengers & privacy – are profoundly affected by algorithms; so are air traffic services and aeronautical communications. All of these aviation-related aspects are addressed in a 75-year-old treaty called the Chicago Convention and its Annexes, which, as this book argues, needs to be reviewed with a focus on its relevance and applicability in connection with Moore’s Law, which posits that transistors in computer microchips double in speed, power and performance every two years, while the cost of computers is halved during the same period. Firstly, in terms of traditional territorial sovereignty, we have arrived at a point where there is a concept of data sovereignty and ownership that raises issues of privacy. Data transmission becomes ambivalent in terms of territorial sovereignty, and the Westphalian model may not be the perfect answer. Whether it be the manufacture of airplanes, the transfer of data on individuals, or the transmission of aeronautical and telecommunications information – all have to be carried out in accordance with the same fundamental principle: duty of care. Against the backdrop of the relevant provisions of the Chicago Convention and its Annexes, the detailed analysis presented here covers key areas such as: megatrends; AI and international law in the digital age; blockchain and aviation; drones; aviation and telecommunications; aviation and the Internet; cybersecurity; and digital identification of passengers & privacy. In turn, the book suggests how we can best manage this transition.
Categories: Law

Towards a Weight Priced Aviation

Towards a Weight Priced Aviation

The commercial aviation industry is playing in a tough market: while demand for flights by emerging markets, fuel costs are skyrocketing.

Author: Aurian de Maupeou d' Ableiges

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:731396299

Category:

Page:

View: 361

The commercial aviation industry is playing in a tough market: while demand for flights by emerging markets, fuel costs are skyrocketing. This evolution implies a paradox: how to reduce satisfy a growing mass demand while fuel and offsetting costs are set to increase? An interesting range of measures against global warming has been taken in most industries: on the one hand, changes in behavior and way of life, and on the other hand, technical changes. When it comes to commercial aviation, no revolutionary technical changes are to be implemented before one or two decades. Efforts are consequently transferred to changes in behavior, which means changes in consumers' behavior. This master thesis takes the issue from an intentionally provocative point of view: if fuel consumption is linked to weight, can "human" weight be reduced? This entails two main issues: deterring heavy people to fly, and encouraging travelers to fly light.
Categories:

Initiatives

Initiatives

Participants aviation should better collaborate , explored the ethical issue of sexual communicate with , and support each bias and the cultural ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015077220997

Category: Deans (Education)

Page:

View: 269

Categories: Deans (Education)

Medical Ethics in the Contemporary Era

Medical Ethics in the Contemporary Era

And consequently these individuals fight their cases in Ombudsmen office ... These vital ethical issues in Aviation medicine / psychiatry need urgent ...

Author:

Publisher: Royal Publishing Company

ISBN: CHI:44343317

Category: Medical ethics

Page: 289

View: 563

Categories: Medical ethics

Megatrends and Air Transport

Megatrends and Air Transport

This book discusses megatrends and subsequently applies them to the air transport industry from a legal, ethical and economic perspective.

Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319611242

Category: Law

Page: 253

View: 781

This book discusses megatrends and subsequently applies them to the air transport industry from a legal, ethical and economic perspective. Starting with a detailed discussion on what these megatrends are, the book provides an essential overview of megatrends and air transport, including analytical discussions on how megatrends could affect basic issues such as nationalism and sovereignty, market access in air transport, and commercial space transport. It also delves into the rights of the airline passenger as affected by megatrends. Further, the book analyses a broad range of topics, including: the digital transformation of air transport; technology and air transport; robotic pilots and their legal ramifications; the human-robot interface and the law with focus on the pilot; cognitive computing; and issues of empowerment and connectivity. It discusses in detail United Nations initiatives and initiatives of the International Civil Aviation Organization, considering aspects such as: the new world order; e-trends and air transport; apps that make air travel easier; and apps designed to help the aviation authorities. Further topics include artificial intelligence and air transport and related technical, ethical and economic issues, as well as a legal inquiry into manufacturer’s defects; design defects; and liability for failure to warn of defects. Questions are posed and answers provided on the effects of artificial intelligence and legal issues stemming from its use in air transport. Two major discussions follow on millennials and air transport, and on the Internet of everything as related to air transport. The conclusion ties in megatrends with air transport and offers the industry a way forward for adapting to these trends.
Categories: Law

A Philosophy of Technology

A Philosophy of Technology

The running example in the book is aviation, where aeroplanes are examples of technical artefacts and the world aviation system is an example of a sociotechnical system.

Author: Pieter E. Vermaas

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 9781608455980

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 126

View: 539

In A Philosophy of Technology: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical Systems, technology is analysed from a series of different perspectives. The analysis starts by focussing on the most tangible products of technology, called technical artefacts, and then builds step-wise towards considering those artefacts within their context of use, and ultimately as embedded in encompassing sociotechnical systems that also include humans as operators and social rules like legislation. Philosophical characterisations are given of technical artefacts, their context of use and of sociotechnical systems. Analyses are presented of how technical artefacts are designed in engineering and what types of technological knowledge is involved in engineering. And the issue is considered how engineers and others can or cannot influence the development of technology. These characterisations are complemented by ethical analyses of the moral status of technical artefacts and the possibilities and impossibilities for engineers to influence this status when designing artefacts and the sociotechnical systems in which artefacts are embedded. The running example in the book is aviation, where aeroplanes are examples of technical artefacts and the world aviation system is an example of a sociotechnical system. Issues related to the design of quiet aeroplane engines and the causes of aviation accidents are analysed for illustrating the moral status of designing, and the role of engineers therein. Table of Contents: Technical Artefacts / Technical Designing / Ethics and Designing / Technological Knowledge / Sociotechnical Systems / The Role of Social Factors in Technological Development / Ethics and Unintended Consequences of Technology
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Into Space

Into Space

This leads to two ethical implications for space technology and ethics pertaining to human spaceflight: • Duty to report safety concerns—One of the ...

Author: Thais Russomano

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781789232202

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 729

Our anatomy and physiology have been completely shaped by Earth's gravity. All body systems function in synergy with this unseen force. Yet, as we journey further and longer into space, our bodies must conform to a new reality, wherein gravity is absent or reduced, cosmic radiation threatens and our social and familial connections become distant. Into Space: A Journey of How Humans Adapt and Live in Microgravity gives an overview of some of the physiological, anatomical and cellular changes that occur in space and their effects on different body systems, such as the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal, and touches on cultural and psychosocial aspects of leaving behind family and the safety of Earth. It further addresses the complexity of manned space flights, showing how interdisciplinary this subject is and discussing the challenges that space physiologists, physicians and scientists must face as humans seek to conquer the final frontier.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies

Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies

Research has shown that the drug improves the performance of helicopter pilots in flight simulators (Caldwell et al., 2000). Moreno reports on a modafinil ...

Author: Thompson, Steven John

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466660113

Category: Computers

Page: 327

View: 191

With rapid advancements in human enhancement technologies, society struggles with many issues, such as definition, effects, participation, regulation, and control. Current and future initiatives in these technologies may not be in the participants’ best interests; therefore, it is imperative for research on humanitarian considerations to be available to those affiliated with this field. Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies compiles prestigious research and provides a well-rounded composite of the field’s role in emerging technologies. Addressing both present and future concerns, this publication serves as a valuable reference work for researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners involved in computer science and the humanities, as well as many engaged in a humanities approach to metasystems, new artificial life, and robotics.
Categories: Computers

Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research Commissioned papers

Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research  Commissioned papers

Min . of Civil Aviation Min . of Defense Min . of Education Min . of Finance Min . of Fisheries Min . of Foreign Affairs Min . of Forestry Min ...

Author: United States. National Bioethics Advisory Commission

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556032005027

Category: Bioethics

Page:

View: 116

Categories: Bioethics

Litigation in Aviation

Litigation in Aviation

Ethical considerations In Aviation Law Introduction As is true in any field of practice ethical considerations arise constantly in the practice of Aviation ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105044605116

Category: Aeronautics, Commercial

Page:

View: 731

Categories: Aeronautics, Commercial