The Science of False Memory

The Science of False Memory

The implication for the potential accuracy of patients' memory reports is straightforward: These characteristics would be expected to heighten vulnerability to false memories, whether they be spontaneous by-products of the search for ...

Author: C. J. Brainerd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198035047

Category: Psychology

Page: 578

View: 470

Findings from research on false memory have major implications for a number of fields central to human welfare, such as medicine and law. Although many important conclusions have been reached after a decade or so of intensive research, the majority of them are not well known outside the immediate field. To make this research accessible to a much wider audience, The Science of False Memory has been written to require little or no background knowledge of the theory and techniques used in memory research. Brainerd and Reyna introduce the volume by considering the progenitors to the modern science of false memory, and noting the remarkable degree to which core themes of contemporary research were anticipated by historical figure such as Binet, Piaget, and Bartlett. They continue with an account of the varied methods that have been used to study false memory both inside and outside of the laboratory. The first part of the volume focuses on the basic science of false memory, revolving around three topics: old and new theoretical ideas that have been used to explain false memory and make predictions about it; research findings and predictions about false memory in normal adults; and research findings and predictions about age-related changes in false memory between early childhood and adulthood. Throughout Part I, Brainerd and Reyna emphasize how current opponent-processes conceptions of false memory act as a unifying influence by integrating predictions and data across disparate forms of false memory. The second part focuses on the applied science of false memory, revolving around four topics: the falsifiability of witnesses and suspects memories of crimes, including false confessions by suspects; the falsifiability of eyewitness identifications of suspects; false-memory reports in investigative interviews of child victims and witnesses, particularly in connection with sexual-abuse crimes; false memory in psychotherapy, including recovered memories of childhood abuse, multiple-personality disorders, and recovered memories of previous lives. Although Part II is concerned with applied research, Brainerd and Reyna continue to emphasize the unifying influence of opponent-processes conceptions of false memory. The third part focuses on emerging trends, revolving around three expanding areas of false-memory research: mathematical models, aging effects, and cognitive neuroscience. False Memory will be an invaluable resource for professional researchers, practitioners, and students in the many fields for which false-memory research has implications, including child-protective services, clinical psychology, law, criminal justice, elementary and secondary education, general medicine, journalism, and psychiatry.
Categories: Psychology

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of False Memories

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of False Memories

VARIETIES OF FALSE MEMORY Michael D. Kopelman King's College , University of London , UK False memories have been described in many different contexts , but their characteristics and underlying mechanisms have seldom been compared or ...

Author: Daniel L. Schacter

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0863776930

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 532

People sometimes remember events that never happened. These illusory or false memories have important practical implications in various aspects of everyday life, and also have significant theoretical implications for cognitive and neuropsychological models of memory. Cognitive psychologists and neuropsychologists have long been aware of false recognition, confabulation, and related kinds of memory distortions, but during the past several years research on these topics has increased rapidly. In recognition of this emerging domain of interest, this special issue of Cognitive Neuropsychologyis devoted to the cognitive neuropsychology of false memories. Edited by Daniel L. Schacter, the special issue features experimental and theoretical contributions from leading cognitive psychologists, neuropsychologists, and neurologists that explore such issues as false recognition after frontal lobe damage, the nature of confabulation, amnesia and false memories, physiological correlates of memory illusions, memory distortions in normal and abnormal aging, and computational models of true and false memories. gical correlates of memory illusions, memory distortions in normal and abnormal aging, and computational models of true and false memories.
Categories: Psychology

False memory Creation in Children and Adults

False memory Creation in Children and Adults

of these scientists contributed a chapter to this volume, and are joined by other prominent memory researchers who have taken ... They propose that three processes are involved in the creation of false childhood memories: plausibility ...

Author: David F. Bjorklund

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135671679

Category: Psychology

Page: 264

View: 173

As one of the most hotly debated topics of the past decade, false memory has attracted the interest of researchers and practitioners in many of psychology's subdisciplines. Real-world issues surrounding the credibility of memories (particularly memories of traumatic events, such as sexual abuse) reported by both children and adults have been at the center of this debate. Were the adults actually retrieving repressed memories under the careful direction of psychotherapists, or were the memories being "created" by repeated suggestion? Were children telling investigators about events that actually happened, or were the interviewing techniques used to get at unpleasant experiences serving to implant memories that eventually became their own? There is evidence in the psychological research literature to support both sides, and the potential impact on individuals, families, and society as a whole has been profound. This book is an attempt to cut through the undergrowth and get at the truth of the "recovered memory/false-memory creation" puzzle. The contributors review seminal work from their own research programs and provide theory and critical evaluation of existing research that is necessary to translate theory into practice. The book will be of great value to basic and applied memory researchers, clinical and social psychologists, and other professionals working within the helping and legal professions.
Categories: Psychology

False Memory

False Memory

Poetry. FALSE MEMORY is a major political poem, written through the events of the 1990s, representing the damaged world that we know in all its violence and inequality.

Author: Tony Lopez

Publisher: Geoffrey Young

ISBN: 0935724699

Category: Poetry

Page: 36

View: 295

Poetry. FALSE MEMORY is a major political poem, written through the events of the 1990s, representing the damaged world that we know in all its violence and inequality. Focusing on public language rather than private experience, FALSE MEMORY is a hilarious collage of all the specialized jargons and advertised slogans that situate us in the postmodern world.
Categories: Poetry

Concise Learning and Memory

Concise Learning and Memory

People will also describe their false memories in some detail, attributing them to locations in the study list (Read, 1996) and to a particular speaker (Payne et al., 1996). They are also willing to estimate how frequently they ...

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080877869

Category: Psychology

Page: 888

View: 316

The study of learning and memory is a central topic in neuroscience and psychology. Many of the basic research findings are directly applicable in the treatment of diseases and aging phenomena, and have found their way into educational theory and praxis. Concise Learning and Memory represents the best 30 chapters from Learning and Memory: A comprehensive reference (Academic Press March 2008), the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, selected by one of the most respective scientists in the field, John H. Byrne. This concise version provides a truly authoritative collection of overview articles representing fundamental reviews of our knowledge of this central cognitive function of animal brains. It will be an affordable and accessible reference for scientists and students in all areas of neuroscience and psychology. There is no other single-volume reference with such authority and comprehensive coverage and depth currently available. * Represents an authoritative selection of the fundamental chapters from the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, Learning and Memory - A comprehensive reference (Academic Press Mar 2008) * Representing outstanding scholarship, each chapter is written by a leader in the field and an expert in the topic area * All topics represent the most up to date research * Full color throughout, heavily illustrated * Priced to provide an affordable reference to individuals and workgroups
Categories: Psychology

False Memory

False Memory

What readers are saying about False Memory: 'False Memory is an intense plot painted with achingly real characters' 'With this book the 'master of our darkest dreams' takes a fuller, more (in)human dimension.

Author: Dean Koontz

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781472202765

Category: Fiction

Page: 608

View: 115

Imagine being scared of your own shadow... False Memory is a chilling thriller of shadows, darkness and the mind. Perfect for fans of Stephen King and Richard Laymon. 'Koontz redefines suspense' - The Times Martie Rhodes, a happily married, successful video games designer, takes an agoraphobic friend to therapy sessions twice a week. Each trip is a grim ordeal, but the experience has brought the two friends even closer together. Then, one morning, Martie experiences a brief, irrational but disquieting fear of... her shadow. When autophobia - one of the rarest and most intriguing phobias known to psychology - is diagnosed, suddenly, radically, her life changes, and her future looks dark. Martie's husband, Dusty, loves her profoundly, and is desperate to understand the cause of her autophobia. But as he comes closer to the terrible truth, Dusty himself starts showing signs of a psychological disorder even more frightening than that afflicting Martie... What readers are saying about False Memory: 'False Memory is an intense plot painted with achingly real characters' 'With this book the 'master of our darkest dreams' takes a fuller, more (in)human dimension. False Memory is a literary jewel' 'The best book I've ever read'
Categories: Fiction

Lifespan Development of Human Memory

Lifespan Development of Human Memory

Children's and adults ' spontaneous false memories for sentences : Long - term persistence and mere - testing effects . Child Development . Brainerd , C. J. , & Poole , D. A. ( 1997 ) . Long - term survival of children's false memories ...

Author: Peter Graf (PhD.)

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026207236X

Category: Psychology

Page: 299

View: 297

An original approach to memory development that views memory as a continuous process of growth and loss over the human lifespan rather than as a series of separate periods. Until recently, the vast majority of memory research used only university students and other young adults as subjects. Although such research successfully introduced new methodologies and theoretical concepts, it created a bias in our understanding of the lifespan development of memory. This book signals a departure from young-adult-centered research. It views the lifespan development of memory as a continuous process of growth and loss, where each phase of development raises unique questions favoring distinct research methods and theoretical approaches. Drawing on a broad range of investigative strategies, the book lays the foundation for a comprehensive understanding of the lifespan development of human memory. Topics include the childhood and adulthood development of working memory, episodic and autobiographical memory, and prospective memory, as well as the breakdown of memory functions in Alzheimer's disease. Of particular interest is the rich diversity of approaches, methods, and theories. The book takes an interdisciplinary perspective, drawing on work from psychology, psychiatry, gerontology, and biochemistry.
Categories: Psychology

Popular Myths about Memory

Popular Myths about Memory

implant false memories of a traumatic event, such as childhood sexual abuse. Nonetheless, plausibility is a malleable phenomenon (Mazzoni et al., 2001), and in today's society, CSA is, regrettably, far from implausible.

Author: Brian H. Bornstein

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739192191

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 978

In Popular Myths about Memory, Brian H. Bornstein confronts popular myths about memory with scientific evidence on memory permanence, recovered memory and repression, amnesia, eyewitness memory, superior memory, and other topics. This book is recommended for scholars interested in psychology, media and film studies, communication studies, and sociology.
Categories: Psychology

Handbook of Metamemory and Memory

Handbook of Metamemory and Memory

(Mazzoni, Lombardo, Malvagia, & Loftus, 1999) or via solving anagrams (Bernstein, Whittlesea, & Loftus, 2002), did not examine whether these procedures had created false memories. Instead, they only asked participants whether they ...

Author: John Dunlosky

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780805862140

Category: Psychology

Page: 487

View: 120

This Handbook examines the interplay between metamemory and memory. Each contributor discusses cutting-edge theory and research that, in some way, showcases the symbiotic relationship between metamemory and memory. Together, these chapters support a central thesis, which is that a complete understanding of either metamemory or memory is not possible without understanding their mutual influence. The inspiration for this volume was the life and research of Thomas O. Nelson, whose pioneering and influential research in the fields of metamemory and memory consistently highlighted their integrated nature.
Categories: Psychology

Memory

Memory

Although most of the participants never generated false memories of being lost in the mall, 25% did. Six of the 24 participants “remembered” partial or complete details of the neverexperienced event. Hyman, Husband, and Billings (1995) ...

Author: Bennett L. Schwartz

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506388854

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 833

The fully updated Third Edition of Bennett L. Schwartz’s Memory: Foundations and Applications engages students in an exploration of how memory works in everyday life through unique applications in areas such as education, job-related memory, investigations, and courtrooms. Throughout the book, integrated coverage of cognitive psychology and neuroscience connects theory and research to the areas in the brain where memory processes occur. Four overarching themes that create a framework for the text include: the active nature of learning and remembering; memory's status as a biological process; the multiple components of memory systems; and how memory principles can improve our individual ability to learn and remember. Featuring substantive changes that bring the book completely up to date, the Third Edition offers students an array of high-interest examples for augmenting their own memory abilities and appreciation of memory science.
Categories: Psychology