thickets of scrambling ferns such as Gleichenella pectinata (syn. ... The field of fern ecology has advanced from simple observation of fern habitat characteristics to long-term studies of their complex roles in nutrient cycling and ...
Author: Klaus Mehltreter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Ferns are an integral part of the world's flora, appreciated for their beauty as ornamentals, problematic as invaders and endangered by human interference. They often dominate forest understories but also colonize open areas, invade waterways and survive in nutrient-poor wastelands and eroded pastures. Presented here is the first comprehensive summary of fern ecology, with worldwide examples from Siberia to the islands of Hawaii. Topics include a brief history of the ecological study of ferns, a global survey of fern biogeography, fern population dynamics, the role of ferns in ecosystem nutrient cycles, their adaptations to xeric environments and future directions in fern ecology. Fully illustrated concepts and processes provide a framework for future research and utilization of ferns for graduate students and professionals in ecology, conservation and land management.
In: Mehltreter K, Walker LR, Sharpe JM (eds) Fern ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 1–21 Simán SE, Povey AC, Ward TH, Margison GP, Sheffield E (2000) Fern spore extracts can damage DNA.
Author: Helena Fernández
Ferns, collectively, represent an ancient species of vascular plant which has a direct connection to the beginning of life on Earth. Today they are valued for their ornamental appeal, environmental benefit or as sources of health benefiting metabolites. Current pteridology, the study of fern, encompasses a wide range of research activities including, but not limited to, plant physiology, stress tolerance, genetics and genomics. The goal of this book is to compile the most relevant research done with ferns during the last decade. It is organized into four parts: I, Biology and Biotechnology; II, Evolution and Conservation; III, Metabolism and Genetic Resources, and IV, Environment. Each section reveals the utilization of ferns as a tool to explore challenges unique to plant development and adaptation. This project represents our collective effort to raise the awareness of ferns as a model system to study higher plant functions. Among the distinctive features of our proposed book are: (i) a wide range of topics with contributing researchers from all around the world, and (ii) recent advances of theoretic and applied knowledge with implications to crop species of economic value.
In Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem ofEcuador: Ecological Studies, eds. ... M. Sharpe, pp. 323—359. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mehltreter, K., Walker, L.R., 86 Sharpe,J.M. (eds.) (2010). Fern Ecology. 268 - References.
Author: Lawrence R. Walker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Despite their often dangerous and unpredictable nature, landslides provide fascinating templates for studying how soil organisms, plants and animals respond to such destruction. The emerging field of landslide ecology helps us understand these responses, aiding slope stabilisation and restoration and contributing to the progress made in geological approaches to landslide prediction and mitigation. Summarising the growing body of literature on the ecological consequences of landslides, this book provides a framework for the promotion of ecological tools in predicting, stabilising, and restoring biodiversity to landslide scars at both local and landscape scales. It explores nutrient cycling; soil development; and how soil organisms disperse, colonise and interact in what is often an inhospitable environment. Recognising the role that these processes play in providing solutions to the problem of unstable slopes, the authors present ecological approaches as useful, economical and resilient supplements to landslide management.
Blade tapers sharply at both tip and base ; this feature reminds one that “ New Yorkers burn the candle at both ends ” —a popular way of remembering this fern . ECOLOGY : Common in sunny spots of mixed woodlands and drier edges of ...
Author: Boughton Cobb
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
A new edition of the classic guide to ferns adds one hundred new color photographs and updates some text, but the core of the guide is lovingly presented anew. Original. 15,000 first printing.
They are as distantly related to the ferns as they are to seed plants. ... Fern Ecology in Michigan As with plant species generally, fern and lycophyte diversity increases as latitude decreases (Greenland has 30 species, Michigan 108, ...
Author: Daniel D Palmer
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
The most comprehensive guide to Michigan's ferns and related plants
Cambridge : Institute of Terrestrial Ecology , pp . 60-69 . Page , C. N. ( 1967 ) Sporelings of Equisetum arvense in the wild . British Fern Gazette , 9 , 335-338 . Page , C. N. ( 1972a ) An assessment of inter - specific relationships ...
Author: David L. Hawksworth
Publisher: CRC Press
Periodic comprehensive overviews of the status of the diverse organisms that make up wildlife are essential to determining trends, threats and future prospects. Just over 25 years ago, leading authorities on different kinds of wildlife came together to prepare an assessment of their status of a wide range of organisms in Great Britain and Ireland in The Changing Flora and Fauna of Britain, also edited by Professor David L. Hawksworth CBE. Now, in The Changing Wildlife of Great Britain and Ireland, he has gathered together some of the original and also new contributors to review changes since that time and look to the future. Contributions range from viruses, diatoms, fungi, lichens, mites and nematodes; through butterflies, dragonflies, flies and slugs; to flowering plants, ferns, mammals, birds and fish. The state of knowledge in different groups is assessed, and the effectiveness of statutory and other measures taken to safeguard wildlife considered. The picture is far from bleak, ameliorating sulphur dioxide levels have benefited sensitive lichens and mosses in a dramatic way, water quality improvement has been beneficial, there have been few certain extinctions and rediscoveries of species thought to have been lost. Biodiversity Action Plans have also benefited targeted species, but habitat restoration and management for some is not always good for others. But there are worrying trends in declining populations, with an increasing number being regarded as threatened or endangered, especially in agricultural areas, and where woodland management has changed, particular threats from introduced species, and concern over the effects of climate change. Some of the smaller organisms remain poorly known, a situation unlikely to change as expertise in many is scant or being lost. This stock-check and look to the future will be a key source book to conservationists, naturalists, and professional biologists for many years to come.
Allelopathic inhibition of other species by fern leachate has been indicated in some studies ( Gleissman and Muller ... and the high rates measured in fern thickets are indicative of an ecosystem that has abundant organic matter but is ...
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Principles and Practices in Plant Ecology: Allelochemical Interactions provides insights and details recent progress about allelochemical research from the ecosystem standpoint. Research on chemical ecology of allelochemicals in the last three decades has established this field as a mature science that interrelates the research of biologists, weed and crop scientists, agronomists, natural product chemists, microbiologists, ecologists, soil scientists, and plant physiologists and pathologists. This book demonstrates how the influence of allelochemicals on the various components of an ecosystem-including soil microbial ecology, soil nutrients, and physical, chemical, and biological soil factors-may affect growth, distribution, and survival of plant species. Internationally renowned exper†s discuss how a better understanding of allelochemical phenomena can lead to true sustainable agriculture.
Grime, J.P. (1997) Biodiversity and ecosystem function: the debate deepens. Science, 277, 1260-1261. Helm, D. (2015) Natural Capital: Valuing the Planet. Yale University Press. Kessler, M. (2010) Biogeography of ferns. In Fern Ecology ...
Author: Andrew Lack
Publisher: Garland Science
Plant Ecology & Conservation is an introduction to the world of plant ecology. It includes the main areas of current research including ideas about plant populations, nutrition and plant community ecology and has a particular emphasis on the interactions of plants with animals, fungi and microorganisms whose important is being increasingly demonstrated. With the world’s environmental problems having such a high profile, the book focusses on the human impact on the world’s plant species. Conservation of the terrestrial world starts with plants as they form the basis of all ecosystems on land. We can only understand how best to conserve the world’s biodiversity with an understanding of the central role of plant ecology. This theme runs throughout with numerous examples of the disruption of ecosystems by human activity emphasising the connection between plant ecology and conservation. Key Features: Boxes present case studies, important statistics and interesting asides Full-colour photos depict key species and habitats and superb line drawings illustrate many concepts Important data are presented in Tables and Figures throughout Each chapter has Key Concepts and review questions to test a reader’s grasp of the content Key References and Further Reading are given for each chapter to point the reader towards the most important and influential literature Jargon is kept to a minimum and a full Glossary of all technical terms is presented The book is aimed primarily at undergraduate and graduate students in any aspect of ecology or plant science. It should also appeal to anyone interested in how plants function and are concerned about what is needed for the conservation of the world’s ecosystems.
Experimental aspects of fern ecology. In: Dyer AF, ed. The Experimental Biology of Ferns. London: Academic Press, 551–589. Page CN. 1986. The strategies of bracken as a permanent ecological opportunist. In: Smith RT, Taylor JA, eds.
Author: Alan R. Hemsley
Coupled with biomechanical data, organic geochemistry and cladistic analyses utilizing abundant genetic data, scientific studies are revealing new facets of how plants have evolved over time. This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment. The Evolution of Plant Physiology also encompasses physiology in its broadest sense to include biochemistry, histology, mechanics, development, growth, reproduction and with an emphasis on the interplay between physiology, development and plant evolution. Contributions from leading neo- and palaeo-botanists from the Linnean Society Focus on how evolution shaped photosynthesis, respiration, reproduction and metabolism. Coverage of the effects of specific evolutionary forces -- variations in water and nutrient availability, grazing pressure, and other environmental variables
A study of the ecology of aspleniums in limestone grykes . Fern Gazette , 14 , 245-54 . Potter , D. M. & Pitman , R. M. ( 1994 ) . The extraction and characterisation of the carcinogens from Bracken and the effect of composting .
Author: C. N. Page
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A user-friendly, illustrated field-guide to the ferns, clubmosses, quillworts and horsetails native to Britain.