Fish Ecophysiology

Fish Ecophysiology

Successful maintenance of populations in challenging environments requires responsive adjustments in physiology. Fish Ecophysiology describes how the physiology of fishes is affected by and regulated in response to environmental changes ...

Author: J.C. Rankin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401123044

Category: Science

Page: 421

View: 821

Among the fishes. a remarkably wide range of biological adaptations to diverse habitats has evolved. As well as living in the conventional habitats of lakes. ponds, rivers, rock pools and the open sea, fish have solved the problems of life in deserts. in the deep sea. in the cold antarctic. and in warm waters of high alkalinity or of low oxygen. Along with these adaptations, we find the most impressive specialisations of morphology, physiology and behaviour. For example we can marvel at the high-speed swimming of the marlins. sailfish and warm-blooded tunas, air-breathing in catfish and lungfish. parental care in the mouth-brooding cichlids and viviparity in many sharks and toothcarps. Moreover, fish are of considerable importance to the survival of the human species in the form of nutritious. delicious and diverse food. Rational exploi management of our global stocks of fishes must rely upon a detailed tation and and precise insight of their biology. The Chapman [.,. Hall Fish and Fisheries series aims to present timely volumes reviewing important aspects of fish biology. Most volumes will be of interest to research workers in biology. zoology. ecology and physiology but an additional aim is for the books to be accessible to a wide spectrum of non-specialist readers ranging from undergraduates and postgraduates to those with an interest in industrial and commercial aspects of IIsh and t1sheries.
Categories: Science

Fish Physiology Euryhaline Fishes

Fish Physiology  Euryhaline Fishes

Dependence of fishery species on salt marshes – the role of food and refuge. Estuaries 7,460–468. Boeuf, G. (1993). Salmonid smolting: a pre-adaptation to the oceanic environment. In Fish Ecophysiology (eds.

Author: Stephen D. McCormick

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123972323

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 594

View: 412

The need for ion and water homeostasis is common to all life. For fish, ion and water homeostasis is an especially important challenge because they live in direct contact with water and because of the large variation in the salt content of natural waters (varying by over 5 orders of magnitude). Most fish are stenohaline and are unable to move between freshwater and seawater. Remarkably, some fishes are capable of life in both freshwater and seawater. These euryhaline fishes constitute an estimated 3 to 5% of all fish species. Euryhaline fishes represent some of the most iconic and interesting of all fish species, from salmon and sturgeon that make epic migrations to intertidal mudskippers that contend with daily salinity changes. With the advent of global climate change and increasing sea levels, understanding the environmental physiology of euryhaline species is critical for environmental management and any mitigative measures. This volume will provide the first integrative review of euryhalinity in fish. There is no other book that focuses on fish that have the capacity to move between freshwater and seawater. The different challenges of salt and water balance in different habitats have led to different physiological controls and regulation, which heretofore has not been reviewed in a single volume. Collects and synthesizes the literature covering the state of knowledge of the physiology of euryhaline fish Provides the foundational information needed for researchers from a variety of fields, including fish physiology, conservation and evolutionary biology, genomics, ecology, ecotoxicology, and comparative physiology All authors are the leading researchers and emerging leaders in their fields
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Fish Physiology Muscle Development and Growth

Fish Physiology  Muscle Development and Growth

J. Fish Biol. 48, 1223—1230. Greenlee, A. R., Dodson, M. V., Yablonka-Reuveni, Z., Kersten, C. A., and Cloud, Y. G. (1995a). In vitro differentiation of ... In “Fish Ecophysiology” (Rankin, J. C., and Jensen, F. B., eds.), pp. 45—71.

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080918730

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 357

With the advent of zebrafish as a model system, the development and growth of muscle in fish has become an ever more important process. This volume, in the continuing Fish Physiology series, focuses attention on muscle from the genetics of muscle development to application of muscle growth patterns to aquacultural production.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Fish Physiology Sensory Systems Neuroscience

Fish Physiology  Sensory Systems Neuroscience

In ''Fish Ecophysiology'' (Rankin, J. C., and Jensen, F. B., Eds.), pp. 180–206. Chapman & Hall, London. Fritsche, R., Axelsson, M., Franklin, C. E., Grigg, G. G., Holmgren, S., and Nilsson, S. (1993). Respiratory and cardiovascular ...

Author: Toshiaki J. Hara

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080469614

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 343

Fish sensory systems have been extensively studied not only because of a wide general interest in the behavioral and sensory physiology of this group, but also because fishes are well suited as biological models for studies of sensory systems. Fish Physiology: Sensory Systems Neuroscience describes how fish are able to perceive their physical and biological surroundings, and highlights some of the exciting developments in molecular biology of fish sensory systems. Volume 25 in the Fish Physiology series offers the only updated thorough examination of fish sensory systems at the molecular, cellular and systems levels. Offers a comprehensive account of the present state of science in this rapidly expanding and developing field New physiological techniques presented to enable examining responses at the cellular and system levels Discusses fish sensory systems and how they have adapted to the physiological challenges presented by an aquatic environment
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Water Pollution and Fish Physiology

Water Pollution and Fish Physiology

Houlihan, D. F., Biochemical correlates of growth rate in fish, in, Fish Ecophysiology, Rankin, J. C. and Jensen, F. B., Eds., Chapman and Hall, London, 1993, chap. 2. Howard, T. E., Swimming performance of juvenile coho salmon ...

Author: Alan G. Heath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351404983

Category: Science

Page: 451

View: 562

This book provides a concise synthesis of how toxic chemical pollutants affect physiological processes in teleost fish. This Second Edition of the well-received Water Pollution and Fish Physiology has been completely updated, and chapters have been added on immunology and acid toxicity. The emphasis, as in the first edition, is on understanding mechanisms of sublethal effects on fish and their responses to these environmental stressors. The first chapter covers the basic principles involved in understanding how fish respond, in general, to environmental alterations. Each subsequent chapter is devoted to a particular organ system or physiological function and begins with a short overview of normal physiology of that system/function. This is followed by a review of how various toxic chemicals may alter normal conditions in fish. Chapters covering environmental hypoxia, behavior, cellular enzymes, and acid toxicity are also included. The book closes with a discussion on the practical application of physiological and biochemical measurements of fish in water pollution control in research and regulatory settings.
Categories: Science

Fish Physiology The Physiology of Polar Fishes

Fish Physiology  The Physiology of Polar Fishes

Comparative physiology of Antarctic fishes . In " Advances in Marine Biology " ( Blaxter , J. H. S. , and Southward , A. J. , Eds . ) , Vol . 24 , pp . 321-388 . Academic Press , London . Macdonald . J. A. , and Wells , R. M. G. ( 1991 ) ...

Author: Anthony P. Farrell

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0123504465

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 569

Devoted to fishes of high latitudes (Arctic and Antarctic). This book includes themes such as: the uniqueness of the physiology of fishes that live in cold polar environments, an analysis of physiological patterns exemplified by fishes that live poles apart, and how fishes differ from fishes living in more temperate and tropical habitats.
Categories: Science

Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish

Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish

In: Rankin, J.C., Jensen, F.B. (Eds.), Fish Ecophysiology. Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 180–206. Galis, F., Barel, C.P.N., 1980. Comparative functional morphology of the gills of African lacustrine cichlidae (Pisces, Teleostei), ...

Author: Bernardo Baldisserotto

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128158739

Category: Nature

Page: 358

View: 912

Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish is the all-inclusive guide to fish species prevalent in the neotropical realm. It provides the most updated systematics, classification, anatomical, behavioral, genetic, and functioning systems information on freshwater neotropical fish species. This book begins by analyzing the differences in phylogeny, anatomy, and behaviour of neotropical fish. Systems such as cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, digestive, reproductive, muscular, and endocrine are described in detail. This book also looks at the effects of stress on fish immune systems, and how color and pigmentation play into physiology and species differentiation. Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish is a must-have for fish biologists and zoologists. Students in zoology, ichthyology, and fish farming will also find this book useful for its coverage of some of the world’s rarest and least-known fish species. Features chapters written by top neotropical fish researchers and specialists Discusses environmental effects on neotropical fishes, including climate change and pollution Details the phylogenetic occurrence of electroreceptors and electric organs in fish
Categories: Nature

Fish Osmoregulation

Fish Osmoregulation

In: Fish Physiology, W.S. Hoar and D.J. Randall (eds.). ... Environmental perturbations of oxygen transport in teleost fishes: Causes, consequences and compensations. In: Fish Ecophysiology, J.C. Rankin and F.B. Jensen (eds.).

Author: Bernardo Baldisserotto

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429526602

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 305

Fish lives in environments with a wide variety of chemical characteristics (fresh, brackish and seawater, acidic, alkaline, soft and hard waters). From an osmoregulatory point of view, fish have developed several mechanisms to live in these different environments. Fish osmoregulation has always attracted considerable attention and in the last years several studies have increased our knowledge of this physiological process. In this book several specialists have analyzed and reviewed the new data published regarding fish osmoregulation. The chapters present an integrative synthesis of the different aspects of this field focusing on osmoregulation in specific environments or situations, function of osmoregulatory organs, general mechanisms and endocrine control. In addition, interactions of osmoregulatory mechanisms with the immune system, diet and metabolism were also reviewed. New emerging techniques to study osmoregulation has also been analysed.
Categories: Science

Elements of Physical Oceanography

Elements of Physical Oceanography

The earliest known jawless fish (Agnathans) date from the Cambrian period 500–600 million years ago. ... Squalus; Herbivores hagfishes, Fish Ecophysiology Introduction Biotic and Abiotic Factors in Distribution of Marine Fish.

Author: John H. Steele

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123757241

Category: Science

Page: 647

View: 143

Elements of Physical Oceanography is a derivative of the Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2nd Edition and serves as an important reference on current physical oceanography knowledge and expertise in one convenient and accessible source. Its selection of articles—all written by experts in their field—focuses on ocean physics, air-sea transfers, waves, mixing, ice, and the processes of transfer of properties such as heat, salinity, momentum and dissolved gases, within and into the ocean. Elements of Physical Oceanography serves as an ideal reference for topical research. References related articles in physical oceanography to facilitate further research Richly illustrated with figures and tables that aid in understanding key concepts Includes an introductory overview and then explores each topic in detail, making it useful to experts and graduate-level researchers Topical arrangement makes it the perfect desk reference
Categories: Science

Air Breathing Fishes

Air Breathing Fishes

The Vertebrate Gas Transport Cascade—Adaptations to Environment and Mode of Life. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 12–22. Bridges, C.R. 1993b. Ecophysiology of intertidal fish. In: Rankin, J.C. and Jensen, F.B. (eds.) Fish Ecophysiology.

Author: Jeffrey B. Graham

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080525490

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 964

Air Breathing Fishes: Evolution, Diversity, and Adaptation is unique in its coverage of the evolution of air-breathing, incongruously because it focuses exclusively on fish. This important and fascinating book, containing nine chapters that present the life history, ecology, and physiology of many air-breathing fishes, provides an exceptional overview of air-breathing biology. Each chapter provides a historical background, details the present status of knowledge in the field, and defines the questions needing attention in future research. Thoroughly referenced, containing more than 1,000 citations, and well documented with figures and tables, Air-Breathing Fishes is comprehensive in its coverage and will certainly have wide appeal. Researchers in vertebrate biology, paleontology, ichthyology, vertebrate evolution, natural history, comparative physiology, anatomy and many other fields will find something new and intriguing in Air-Breathing Fishes. Offers a complete overview of an important and immensely interesting area of research Provides a perspective of air-breathing fish that spans 300 million years of vertebrate evolution Contains numerous illustrations as well as comprehensive charts Provides a synoptic treatment of all the known air-breathing species with important data on their morphological and physiological adaptations
Categories: Science