We shall find out that every problem is cos-benefit defined and every solution is cost-benefit defined in the space of neuro-decision-choice actions relative to goals, objective and visions of cognitive agents.
Author: Kofi Kissi Dompere
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book is concerned with the development of the understanding of the relational structures of information, knowledge, decision–choice processes of problems and solutions in the theory and practice regarding diversity and unity principles of knowing, science, non-science, and information–knowledge systems through dualistic-polar conditions of variety existence and nonexistence. It is a continuation of the sequence of my epistemic works on the theories on fuzzy rationality, info-statics, info-dynamics, entropy, and their relational connectivity to information, language, knowing, knowledge, cognitive practices relative to variety identification–problem–solution dualities, variety transformation–problem–solution dualities, and variety certainty–uncertainty principle in all areas of knowing and human actions regarding general social transformations. It is also an economic–theoretic approach in understanding the diversity and unity of knowing and science through neuro-decision–choice actions over the space of problem–solution dualities and polarities. The problem–solution dualities are argued to connect all areas of knowing including science and non-science, social science, and non-social-science into unity with diversities under neuro-decision–choice actions to support human existence and nonexistence over the space of static–dynamic dualities. The concepts of diversity and unity are defined and explicated to connect to the tactics and strategies of decision–choice actions over the space of problem–solution dualities. The concepts of problem and solution are defined and explicated not in the space of absoluteness but rather in the space of relativity based on real cost–benefit conditions which are shown to be connected to the general parent–offspring infinite process, where every solution generates new problem(s) which then generates a search for new solutions within the space of minimum–maximum dualities in the decision–choice space under the principle of non-satiation over the space of preference–non-preference dualities with analytical tools drawn from the fuzzy paradigm of thought which connects the conditions of the principle of opposites to the conditions of neuro-decision–choice actions in the zone of variety identifications and transformations. The Monograph would be useful to all areas of Research, Learning and Teaching at Advanced Stages of Knowing and Knowledge Production.
Author: Victor A. GalaktionovPublish On: 2012-12-06
the solution u(x, t) at time t > 0 is also bounded and an interface or free boundary appears to separate the regions ... (ii) Convergence result for general solutions: for every solution u(x, t) of problem (7.1) with boundary data A > 0 ...
Author: Victor A. Galaktionov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
* Introduces a state-of-the-art method for the study of the asymptotic behavior of solutions to evolution partial differential equations. * Written by established mathematicians at the forefront of their field, this blend of delicate analysis and broad application is ideal for a course or seminar in asymptotic analysis and nonlinear PDEs. * Well-organized text with detailed index and bibliography, suitable as a course text or reference volume.
Bad Solutions are the starting point of the TRIZ contradiction problem- solving process which is designed to keep the good in solutions but deal with anything bad. TRIZ Thinking for example suggests that all harm should be regarded as ...
Author: Karen Gadd
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
TRIZ is a brilliant toolkit for nurturing engineering creativity and innovation. This accessible, colourful and practical guide has been developed from problem-solving workshops run by Oxford Creativity, one of the world's top TRIZ training organizations started by Gadd in 1998. Gadd has successfully introduced TRIZ to many major organisations such as Airbus, Sellafield Sites, Saint-Gobain, DCA, Doosan Babcock, Kraft, Qinetiq, Trelleborg, Rolls Royce and BAE Systems, working on diverse major projects including next generation submarines, chocolate packaging, nuclear clean-up, sustainability and cost reduction. Engineering companies are increasingly recognising and acting upon the need to encourage successful, practical and systematic innovation at every stage of the engineering process including product development and design. TRIZ enables greater clarity of thought and taps into the creativity innate in all of us, transforming random, ineffective brainstorming into targeted, audited, creative sessions focussed on the problem at hand and unlocking the engineers' knowledge and genius to identify all the relevant solutions. For good design engineers and technical directors across all industries, as well as students of engineering, entrepreneurship and innovation, TRIZ for Engineers will help unlock and realise the potential of TRIZ. The individual tools are straightforward, the problem-solving process is systematic and repeatable, and the results will speak for themselves. This highly innovative book: Satisfies the need for concise, clearly presented information together with practical advice on TRIZ and problem solving algorithms Employs explanatory techniques, processes and examples that have been used to train thousands of engineers to use TRIZ successfully Contains real, relevant and recent case studies from major blue chip companies Is illustrated throughout with specially commissioned full-colour cartoons that illustrate the various concepts and techniques and bring the theory to life Turns good engineers into great engineers.
This tool ensures that the solutions to the problems are mutually compatible and it is possible to track how the solutions interact. 1. Identify problems that have interactions. 2. Draw a matrix with the problem names on each axis. 3.
Author: Elina Kallas
Publisher: InVigeo, LLC
Category: Business & Economics
CB Insights study suggests that 42% of startups fail because they do not identify the right need, in other words: there is no need for the startup or product in the first place. The issue here is the lack of tools used to generate the ideas and validate those. Bottom line, this issue is about a structured approach to idea generation and problem-solving. Do you know that most people engaged in collective problem solving spend a lot of their valuable time in meetings, discussing ideas, which they think eventually do not add value to product or startup? Harvard Business Review survey suggests that 71% of managers feel that meetings do not help accomplish much, as they do not have specific templates and exercises to guide specific outcomes with engagement from participants. THE SOLUTION BOOK is going to help you in experimenting with ideas effectively by providing you steps on how to create a framework for coming up with new ideas and products, considering a variety of views, develop teamwork and collaboration keeping you better focused on your results and outcomes. The solution book consists of 101 easy to follow techniques on problem-solving and ideation. Startup, innovation and venture failures are expensive and justified only by lack of tools and data for analysis. The book caters to all stages in your lifecycle as a creative thinker and problem solver with tools to optimize your resources, go beyond conventional solutions and experiment with divergent (out of the box) thinking thanks to Elina Kallas, a researcher on entrepreneurship education with European Commission and in entrepreneurship at Harvard University, and Vidyangi Patil, an interdisciplinary professional of Biomedical Engineering with an extensive startup and research experience.
Then (i) For every two solutions of the problem (5.42)–(5.43), the following estimation is satisfied: |x(t,0, x0)-y(1,0, y0)|<e"|xo-yo II V(T +c(t)), 0<tk <t c(tk) = ce. (ii) There exists M > 0 such that, for every solution y of the ...
Author: John R. Graef
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Differential equations with impulses arise as models of many evolving processes that are subject to abrupt changes, such as shocks, harvesting, and natural disasters. These phenomena involve short-term perturbations from continuous and smooth dynamics, whose duration is negligible in comparison with the duration of an entire evolution. In models involving such perturbations, it is natural to assume these perturbations act instantaneously or in the form of impulses. As a consequence, impulsive differential equations have been developed in modeling impulsive problems in physics, population dynamics, ecology, biotechnology, industrial robotics, pharmacokinetics, optimal control, and so forth. There are also many different studies in biology and medicine for which impulsive differential equations provide good models. During the last 10 years, the authors have been responsible for extensive contributions to the literature on impulsive differential inclusions via fixed point methods. This book is motivated by that research as the authors endeavor to bring under one cover much of those results along with results by other researchers either affecting or affected by the authors' work. The questions of existence and stability of solutions for different classes of initial value problems for impulsive differential equations and inclusions with fixed and variable moments are considered in detail. Attention is also given to boundary value problems. In addition, since differential equations can be viewed as special cases of differential inclusions, significant attention is also given to relative questions concerning differential equations. This monograph addresses a variety of side issues that arise from its simpler beginnings as well.
Subjects typically getstuck when they gettothe special problem, failing to seethe obvious solution because of their ... For RATproblems one must find a single word (thesolution) thatis strongly relatedto each of threetest words that are ...
Author: Carolyn N. Hedley
This volume explores higher level, critical, and creative thinking, as well as reflective decision making and problem solving -- what teachers should emphasize when teaching literacy across the curriculum. Focusing on how to encourage learners to become independent thinking, learning, and communicating participants in home, school, and community environments, this book is concerned with integrated learning in a curriculum of inclusion. It emphasizes how to provide a curriculum for students where they are socially interactive, personally reflective, and academically informed. Contributors are authorities on such topics as cognition and learning, classroom climates, knowledge bases of the curriculum, the use of technology, strategic reading and learning, imagery and analogy as a source of creative thinking, the nature of motivation, the affective domain in learning, cognitive apprenticeships, conceptual development across the disciplines, thinking through the use of literature, the impact of the media on thinking, the nature of the new classroom, developing the ability to read words, the bilingual, multicultural learner, crosscultural literacy, and reaching the special learner. The applications of higher level thought to classroom contexts and materials are provided, so that experienced teacher educators, and psychologists are able to implement some of the abstractions that are frequently dealt with in texts on cognition. Theoretical constructs are grounded in educational experience, giving the volume a practical dimension. Finally, appropriate concerns regarding the new media, hypertext, bilingualism, and multiculturalism as they reflect variation in cognitive experience within the contexts of learning are presented.
Every numbered problem is included , and as many marks are given for every solution as the problem has moves . In the case of problems with more than four moves , the full solution must be given ; key - moves only are necessary for the ...
Author: Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental PollutionPublish On: 2007
Each attempt at creating a solution changes your understanding of the problem. 2. Wicked problems have no stopping rule. Since you can't define the problem, it's difficult to tell when it's resolved. The problem-solving process ends ...
Author: Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution
Publisher: The Stationery Office
More than half the world's population lives in urban areas with the growth of super-cities of tens of millions of inhabitants, and although cities only encompass two per cent of the world's land surface, they are responsible for consuming over 75 per cent of the planet's resources and produce 75 per cent of the world's waste. In the UK, over 80 per cent of the population already lives in urban areas, and the country is going through a new phase of urban expansion and regeneration that will affect the way we live for decades to come. This study, the Commission's 26th report, focuses on the environmental impacts of towns and cities, and considers the relationship between the urban environment and human health and wellbeing. The report finds that although there are many opportunities and attractions in urban living, there are also many environmental problems including contributing to greenhouse gas emissions, excess water consumption, traffic congestion and poor housing conditions. The report highlights the need for an over-arching urban environment policy to deliver environmental sustainability by co-ordinating the provision of key services and to create the institutional and social environment which encourages the uptake of existing technology to improve urban environmental performance. It calls for a new 'environmental contract' be established to forge partnerships between local and central government and the private and voluntary sectors, with high-level urban environmental targets that government regards as essential, while devolving to local authorities the responsibility for defining and prioritising action on environmental problems of local concern.
There was a waiting list a mile long every year, because he offered the one question everybody needed to know in order ... “And neither did Dad; he was trying to make a point, and that point was this: no ONE question can answer all of ...
Author: Jonathan McGuinness
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
From Struggling with what he should do to a curious and articulate consultant! Through the story of Seán O’Brien, Question of Fire gives you the steering wheel to better direct your life. His insights will help you have the power to contextualise your situation and direct it’s outcome. Absorbing the advice given to him through his mentors, will allow you to ignite the questions of fire in your toolbox. Imagine the world you want to live in and build it using the insights and revelations of Seán O’Brien. From Struggling with what he should do to a curious and articulate consultant, Seán leads a life of mistakes blocks and revelations leading to successes. Sean’s story and his new understanding of questions and how they can be used gives you more influence in your own life. Questions of Fire are the key questions that we have to ask to shape our lives, coming from a man who has been through the mill.
Knowing the fact that the optimal solution *s is a feasible solution of the problem, from above proposition, the following proposition is concluded. Proposition 6.3. The IWD algorithm finds the optimal solution *s of any given problem ...
Author: Wellington Santos
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
This book presents several recent advances on Evolutionary Computation, specially evolution-based optimization methods and hybrid algorithms for several applications, from optimization and learning to pattern recognition and bioinformatics. This book also presents new algorithms based on several analogies and metafores, where one of them is based on philosophy, specifically on the philosophy of praxis and dialectics. In this book it is also presented interesting applications on bioinformatics, specially the use of particle swarms to discover gene expression patterns in DNA microarrays. Therefore, this book features representative work on the field of evolutionary computation and applied sciences. The intended audience is graduate, undergraduate, researchers, and anyone who wishes to become familiar with the latest research work on this field.