Fossil and Recent Biofilms

Fossil and Recent Biofilms

Chapter 1 BIOFILM, BIODICTYON, BIOMAT MICROBIALITES, OOLITES, STROMATOLITES GEOPHYSIOLOGY, GLOBAL MECHANISM, PARAHISTOLOGY Wolfgang E. ... INTRODUCTION This article is conceived as an introduction to “Fossil and Recent Biofilms”.

Author: W.E. Krumbein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401701938

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 410

MICROBIAL BIOFILMS: PROTECTIVE NICHES IN ANCIENT AND MODERN GEOMICROBIOLOGY J. W. Costerton and Paul Stoodley Center for Biofilm Engineering Montana State University As this book is published based on discussions of a conference that was held in 2001, it may be useful to provide an update on the most recent revelations about biofilms, so that this excellent exposition of the contribution of microbial biofilms to geological processes may be placed in a modem context. The importance of the contribution of microbial biofilms to global processes is only now being appreciated as it is revealed that all terrestrial surfaces are teeming with microbial life in the form of biofilm communities. These communities live on soil particles, in rock fissures, marine and river sediments and at the very extremes of terrestrial habitats from inside Antarctic ice to the walls of deep sea hydrothermal vents. The contribution of these biofilm communities generally went unrecognized because it was the water that was where microbiologists looked for life, not the surfaces, although, evidence of the early association of microbes with surfaces was in fact present in the fossil record (Rasmussen, 2000; Reysenbach, and Cady, 2001). It is also revealing that biofilm formation is found in prokaryotes from the most deeply rooted branches of the phylogenetic tree in both the Archaea and Bacteria kingdoms, the Korarchaeota and Aquificales respectively (Jahnke et al. 2001; Reysenbach et al. 2000).
Categories: Science

Fossil and Recent Biofilms

Fossil and Recent Biofilms

Methods of study, examples of Precambrian biofilms of an early Earth as well as the most recent examples of desert rock biofilms are treated in this integrative book on biofilms, microbial mats and stromatolites.

Author: W.E. Krumbein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402015976

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 716

This textbook on biofilms combines knowledge on sub-aquatic and sub-aerial biofilms and their products (stromatolites, oolites, ore, petroleum and gas deposits). It describes how formation and degradation of minerals and rocks is achieved through biofilm formation on and in sediments, soils and rocks. Methods of study, examples of Precambrian biofilms of an early Earth as well as the most recent examples of desert rock biofilms are treated in this integrative book on biofilms, microbial mats and stromatolites.
Categories: Science

Formation and Control of Biofilm in Various Environments

Formation and Control of Biofilm in Various Environments

In Fossil and recent biofilms (pp. 103–118). Dordrecht: Springer. 9. Seilacher, A. (2008). Biomats, biofilms, and bioglue as preservational agents for arthropod trackways. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 270, 252–257.

Author: Hideyuki Kanematsu

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811522406

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 993

This book provides excellent techniques for detecting and evaluating biofilms: sticky films on materials that are formed by bacterial activity and produce a range of industrial and medical problems such as corrosion, sanitary problems, and infections. Accordingly, it is essential to control biofilms and to establish appropriate countermeasures, from both industrial and medical viewpoints. This book offers valuable, detailed information on these countermeasures. It also discusses the fundamentals of biofilms, relates various substrates to biofilms, and presents a variety of biofilm reactors. However, the most important feature of this book (unlike others on the market) is its clear focus on addressing the practical aspects from an engineering viewpoint. Therefore, it offers an excellent practical guide for engineers and researchers in various fields, and can also be used as a great academic textbook.
Categories: Science

Microbial Mats

Microbial Mats

If the recent age data are true, then all the reported Ediacaran fossils by De (2003, 2006) from the Sirbu shale actually belong to microbial mat related structures. 4. ... Fossil and Recent Biofilms: A Natural History of Life on Earth.

Author: Joseph Seckbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048137992

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 789

This book provides information about microbial mats, from early fossils to modern mats located in marine and terrestrial environments. Microbial mats – layered biofilms containing different types of cells – are most complex systems in which representatives of various groups of organisms are found together. Among them are cyanobacteria and eukaryotic phototrophs, aerobic heterotrophic and chemoautotrophic bacteria, protozoa, anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria, and other types of microorganisms. These mats are perfect models for biogeochemical processes, such as the cycles of chemical elements, in which a variety of microorganisms cooperate and interact in complex ways. They are often found under extreme conditions and their study contributes to our understanding of extremophilic life. Moreover, microbial mats are models for Precambrian stromatolites; the study of modern microbial mats may provide information on the processes that may have occurred on Earth when prokaryotic life began to spread.
Categories: Science

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

J. Chandra, P.K. Mukherjee, M.A. Ghannoum, Fungal biofilms in the clinical lab setting, Current Fungal Infection Reports 4 ... Protozoans and Biofilms, in: W.E. Krumbein, D.M. Paterson, G.A. Zavarzin (Eds.), Fossil and Recent Biofilms, ...

Author: Christian Larroche

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444636744

Category: Science

Page: 850

View: 515

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Bioprocesses, Bioreactors and Controls provides extensive coverage of new developments, state-of-the-art technologies, and potential future trends, reviewing industrial biotechnology and bioengineering practices that facilitate and enhance the transition of processes from lab to plant scale, which is becoming increasingly important as such transitions continue to grow in frequency. Focusing on industrial bioprocesses, bioreactors for bioprocesses, and controls for bioprocesses, this title reviews industrial practice to identify bottlenecks and propose solutions, highlighting that the optimal control of a bioprocess involves not only maximization of product yield, but also taking into account parameters such as quality assurance and environmental aspects. Describes industrial bioprocesses based on the reaction media Lists the type of bioreactors used for a specific bioprocess/application Outlines the principles of control systems in various bioprocesses
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Astrobiology Future Perspectives

Astrobiology  Future Perspectives

Microfossils and possible microfossils from the Early Archean Onverwacht Group, Barberton Mountain Land, ... Archean biofilms preserved in the 3.2-3.6 Ga Swaziland Supergroup, South Africa. In Fossil and Recent Biofilms (ed.

Author: P. Ehrenfreund

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402023057

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 980

Astrobiology, a new exciting interdisciplinary research field, seeks to unravel the origin and evolution of life wherever it might exist in the Universe. The current view of the origin of life on Earth is that it is strongly connected to the origin and evolution of our planet and, indeed, of the Universe as a whole. We are fortunate to be living in an era where centuries of speculation about the two ancient and fundamental problems: the origin of life and its prevalence in the Universe are being replaced by experimental science. The subject of Astrobiology can be approached from many different perspectives. This book is focused on abiogenic organic matter from the viewpoint of astronomy and planetary science and considers its potential relevance to the origins of life on Earth and elsewhere. Guided by the review papers in this book, the concluding chapter aims to identify key questions to motivate future research and stimulate astrobiological applications of current and future research facilities and space missions. Today’s rich array of new spacecraft, telescopes and dedicated scientists promises a steady flow of discoveries and insights that will ultimately lead us to the answers we seek.
Categories: Science

From Fossils to Astrobiology

From Fossils to Astrobiology

Venkatachala, B.S., Shukla, M, Bansal, R. and Acharyya, S.K.(1990) Upper Proterozoic microfossils from the Infra ... Westall, F. and Walsh, M.M. (2003) Fossil biofilms and the search for life on Mars. ... Fossil and Recent Biofilms.

Author: Joseph Seckbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402088377

Category: Science

Page: 546

View: 603

From Fossils to Astrobiology reviews developments in paleontology and geobiology that relate to the rapidly-developing field of Astrobiology, the study of life in the Universe. Many traditional areas of scientific study, including astronomy, chemistry and planetary science, contribute to Astrobiology, but the study of the record of life on planet Earth is critical in guiding investigations in the rest of the cosmos. In this varied book, expert scientists from 15 countries present peer-reviewed, stimulating reviews of paleontological and astrobiological studies. The overviews of established and emerging techniques for studying modern and ancient microorganisms on Earth and beyond, will be valuable guides to evaluating biosignatures which could be found in the extraterrestrial surface or subsurface within the Solar System and beyond. This volume also provides discussion on the controversial reports of "nanobacteria" in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. It is a unique volume among Astrobiology monographs in focusing on fossil evidence from the geological record and will be valuable to students and researchers alike.
Categories: Science

Application of Biofilms in Applied Microbiology

Application of Biofilms in Applied Microbiology

Over the last few decades, several biofilm-based wastewater treatment technologies were established. Biofilm-creating microbes have shown a significant part in the ... In Fossil and Recent Biofilms. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 161À179.

Author: Maulin P. Shah

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780323905251

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 914

Application of Biofilms in Applied Microbiology gives a complete overview on the structure, physiology and application of biofilms produced by microbes, along with their potential application in biotechnology. Sections cover new technologies for biofilm study, physiology of microorganisms in biofilms, bacterial biofilms, biofilm development, and fungal biofilms, summarizing various technologies available for biofilm study. Subsequent chapters describe biofilm developments with Bacillus subtillis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas putida, along with several chapters on the study of microbial biofilm and their advantages and disadvantages in the area of environmental biotechnology. The book closes with a chapter on the rapid development of new sequencing technologies and the use of metagenomics, thus revealing the great diversity of microbial life and enabling the emergence of a new perspective on population dynamics. Summarizes various technologies available for biofilm study Describes the physiological study of bacteria, fungi and algae present in biofilms Provides the potential parameters on biofilm development Gives insights on the ability to construct and maintain a structured multicellular bacterial community that critically depends on the production of extracellular matrix components Reveals the rapid development of new sequencing technologies and the use of metagenomics, the great diversity of microbial life, and the emergence of a new perspective on population dynamics
Categories: Science

The Biofilm Primer

The Biofilm Primer

Chest 100:1090–1095 Krumbein WE, Paterson DM, Zavarzin GA (2003) Fossil and Recent Biofilms: A Natural History of Life on Earth. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Kudo H, Cheng K-J, Costerton JW (1987) Interactions between Treponema ...

Author: J. William Costerton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540680222

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 336

This book details the widely accepted hypothesis that the majority of bacteria in virtually all ecosystems grow in matrix-enclosed biofilms. The author, who first proposed this biofilm hypothesis, uses direct evidence from microscopy and from molecular techniques, arguing cogently for moving beyond conventional culture methods that dominated microbiology in the last century. Bacteria grow predominantly in biofilms in natural, engineered, and pathogenic ecosystems; this book provides a solid basis for the understanding of bacterial processes in environmental, industrial, agricultural, dental and medical microbiology. Using a unique "ecological" perspective, the author explores the commensal and pathogenic colonization of human organ systems.
Categories: Science

Fossil Fungi

Fossil Fungi

Biofilm, biodictyon, biomat microbialites, oolites, stromatolites, geophysiology, global mechanism, parahistology. In W.E. Krumbein, D.M. Paterson, and G.A. Zavarzin (Eds), Fossil and Recent Biofilms: A Natural History of Life on Earth, ...

Author: Thomas N Taylor

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123877543

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 842

Fungi are ubiquitous in the world and responsible for driving the evolution and governing the sustainability of ecosystems now and in the past. Fossil Fungi is the first encyclopedic book devoted exclusively to fossil fungi and their activities through geologic time. The book begins with the historical context of research on fossil fungi (paleomycology), followed by how fungi are formed and studied as fossils, and their age. The next six chapters focus on the major lineages of fungi, arranging them in phylogenetic order and placing the fossils within a systematic framework. For each fossil the age and provenance are provided. Each chapter provides a detailed introduction to the living members of the group and a discussion of the fossils that are believed to belong in this group. The extensive bibliography (~ 2700 entries) includes papers on both extant and fossil fungi. Additional chapters include lichens, fungal spores, and the interactions of fungi with plants, animals, and the geosphere. The final chapter includes a discussion of fossil bacteria and other organisms that are fungal-like in appearance, and known from the fossil record. The book includes more than 475 illustrations, almost all in color, of fossil fungi, line drawings, and portraits of people, as well as a glossary of more than 700 mycological and paleontological terms that will be useful to both biologists and geoscientists. First book devoted to the whole spectrum of the fossil record of fungi, ranging from Proterozoic fossils to the role of fungi in rock weathering Detailed discussion of how fossil fungi are preserved and studied Extensive bibliography with more than 2000 entries Where possible, fungal fossils are placed in a modern systematic context Each chapter within the systematic treatment of fungal lineages introduced with an easy-to-understand presentation of the main characters that define extant members Extensive glossary of more than 700 entries that define both biological, geological, and mycological terminology
Categories: Science