Philosophy of Existence

Philosophy of Existence

In this short book Jaspers provides a corrective for the popular view of existentialism as a pessimistic, irrationalist philosophy.

Author: Karl Jaspers

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812200861

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 593

Philosophy of Existence was first presented to the public as a series of lectures invited by The German Academy of Frankfurt. In preparing these lectures Jaspers, whom the Nazis had already dismissed from his professorship at Heidelberg, knew that he was speaking in Germany for the last time. Jaspers used the occasion to offer an account of the cultural and intellectual situation from which existentialism emerged as well as a summary of his own philosophy. The book serves three purposes today: it brings the many strands of the existential movement into focus; it provides an overview of Jaspers's own philosophical position; and it demonstrates by example that philosophy need not be irrational, antiscientific, journalistic, or homiletic in order to be existential and engagé. In this short book Jaspers provides a corrective for the popular view of existentialism as a pessimistic, irrationalist philosophy. He maintains that it is, rather part of mainstream of Western philosophy—the form that philosophy has taken in our day.
Categories: Philosophy

Freedom and Karl Jaspers s Philosophy

Freedom and Karl Jaspers s Philosophy

Selected works by Jaspers: p. 219-221. Bibliography: p. 223-227. Includes index.

Author: Elisabeth Young-Bruehl

Publisher:

ISBN: 0300026293

Category: Philosophy

Page: 233

View: 765

As a founding father of Existentialism, Karl Jaspers has been seen as a twentieth-century successor to Nietzsche and Kierkegaard; as an exponent of reason, he has been seen as an heir of Kant. But studies tracing influences upon his thought or placing him in the context of Existentialism have not dealt with Jaspers's concern with the political realm and how we think in it and about it. In this study Elisabeth Young-Bruehl explicates Jaspers's practical philosophizing, his search for ways in which we can orient ourselves toward our world and its political questions.
Categories: Philosophy

The Risks of Freedom

The Risks of Freedom

Author: Samuel Edward Lindley

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:73223036

Category:

Page: 614

View: 539

Categories:

Philosophy and the World

Philosophy and the World

Discusses the purpose of philosophy, the doctor-patient relationship, immorality, religion, and the role of the philosopher

Author: Karl Jaspers

Publisher: Gateway Books

ISBN: MINN:31951P00081085S

Category: Philosophie

Page: 314

View: 608

Discusses the purpose of philosophy, the doctor-patient relationship, immorality, religion, and the role of the philosopher
Categories: Philosophie

The Question of German Guilt

The Question of German Guilt

Jaspers, a life-long liberal, attempted in this book to discuss rationally a problem that had thus far evoked only heat and fury.

Author: Karl Jaspers

Publisher: Fordham Univ Press

ISBN: 9780823220632

Category: Philosophy

Page: 117

View: 231

Shortly after the Nazi government fell, a philosophy professor at Heidelberg University lectured on a subject that burned the consciousness and conscience of thinking Germans. “Are the German people guilty?” These lectures by Karl Jaspers, an outstanding European philosopher, attracted wide attention among German intellectuals and students; they seemed to offer a path to sanity and morality in a disordered world. Jaspers, a life-long liberal, attempted in this book to discuss rationally a problem that had thus far evoked only heat and fury. Neither an evasive apology nor a wholesome condemnation, his book distinguished between types of guilt and degrees of responsibility. He listed four categories of guilt: criminal guilt (the commitment of overt acts), political guilt (the degree of political acquiescence in the Nazi regime), moral guilt (a matter of private judgment among one’s friends), and metaphysical guilt (a universally shared responsibility of those who chose to remain alive rather than die in protest against Nazi atrocities). Karl Jaspers (1883–1969) took his degree in medicine but soon became interested in psychiatry. He is the author of a standard work of psychopathology, as well as special studies on Strindberg, Van Gogh and Nietsche. After World War I he became Professor of Philosophy at Heidelberg, where he achieved fame as a brilliant teacher and an early exponent of existentialism. He was among the first to acquaint German readers with the works of Kierkegaard. Jaspers had to resign from his post in 1935. From the total isolation into which the Hitler regime forced him, Jaspers returned in 1945 to a position of central intellectual leadership of the younger liberal elements of Germany. In his first lecture in 1945, he forcefully reminded his audience of the fate of the German Jews. Jaspers’s unblemished record as an anti-Nazi, as well as his sentient mind, have made him a rallying point center for those of his compatriots who wish to reconstruct a free and democratic Germany.
Categories: Philosophy

Way to Wisdom

Way to Wisdom

In a new foreword to this edition, Richard M. Owsley provides a brief overview of Jaspers’ life and achievement.

Author: Karl Jaspers

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300163576

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 947

“An eloquent expression of a great hope that philosophy may again become an activity really relevant not only to the perennial problems of life and death but to the unusual configurations of such problems in our time.”—Julian N. Hartt, Yale Review “Original, sincere, cultivated, and stimulating.”—Philosophy One of the founders of existentialism, the eminent philosopher Karl Jaspers here presents for the general reader an introduction to philosophy. In doing so, he also offers a lucid summary of his own philosophical thought. In Jaspers’ view, the source of philosophy is to be found “in wonder, in doubt, in a sense of forsakenness,” and the philosophical quest is a process of continual change and self-discovery. In a new foreword to this edition, Richard M. Owsley provides a brief overview of Jaspers’ life and achievement.
Categories: Philosophy