From Cast Lead to Protective Edge

From Cast Lead to Protective Edge

This report describes how the Israel Defense Force fought an adaptive hybrid adversary in a dense urban setting under intense public scrutiny during its wars in Gaza and draws lessons from the Israeli experience for the U.S. Army and the ...

Author: Raphael S. Cohen

Publisher:

ISBN: 0833097873

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 291

This report describes how the Israel Defense Force fought an adaptive hybrid adversary in a dense urban setting under intense public scrutiny during its wars in Gaza and draws lessons from the Israeli experience for the U.S. Army and the joint force.
Categories: History

Gaza

Gaza

It is a monument to Gaza's martyrs and a scorching accusation against their tormentors"--Provided by publisher. "This is the voice I listen for, when I want to learn the deepest reality about Jews, Zionists, Israelis, and Palestinians.

Author: Norman Finkelstein

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520318335

Category: History

Page: 438

View: 175

"Gaza is among the most densely populated places in the world. Two-thirds of its inhabitants are refugees, and more than half the population is under eighteen years of age. Since Israel occupied Gaza in 1967, it has systematically de-developed the economy. After Hamas won democratic elections in 2006, Israel intensified its blockade of Gaza, and after Hamas consolidated its control of the territory in 2007, Israel tightened its illegal siege another notch. In the meantime, Israel has launched no less than eight military operations against Gaza--culminating in Operation Cast Lead in 2008-9 and Operation Protective Edge in 2014--that left behind over three million tons of rubble. Recent UN reports predict that Gaza will be unlivable by 2020. Norman G. Finkelstein presents a meticulously researched and devastating inquest into Israel's actions of the last decade. He argues that although Israel justified its blockade and violent assaults in the name of self-defense, in fact these actions were cynical exercises of brutal power against an essentially defenseless civilian population. Based on hundreds of human rights reports, the book scrutinizes multifarious violations of international law Israel committed both during its operations and in the course of its decade-long siege of Gaza. It is a monument to Gaza's martyrs and a scorching accusation against their tormentors"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: History

Deterring Terrorism

Deterring Terrorism

Cohen et al., From Cast Lead to Protective Edge, p. 44; Yaakov Lappin, “Dealing with Hamas Human Shield Tactics,” The Jerusalem Post, November 20, 2012. Anshel Pfeffer, “War by All Means – How the IDF Fights in 2012,” Haaretz, ...

Author: Elli Lieberman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351999656

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 745

This book examines the question of how to deter a non-state terrorist actor. Can terrorism be deterred? This book argues that current research is unable to find strong cases of deterrence success, because it uses a flawed research design which does not capture the longitudinal dynamics of the process. So far, the focus of inquiry has been on the tactical elements of a state’s counterterrorism strategy, instead of the non-state actor’s grand strategies. By studying the campaigns of Hezbollah, the Palestinians, the Irish Republican Army, Chechens, the Kurdistan Workers' Party, and Al-Qaeda/Taliban and ISIS over time, we can see that deterrence strategies that target the cost-benefit calculus of terrorist organizations lead to wars of attrition – which is the non-state organization’s strategy for victory. To escape the attrition trap, the state must undermine the attrition strategy of terrorist organizations by using offensive campaigns that become critical educational moments. The case studies presented here uncover an evolutionary process of learning, leading to strategic deterrence successes. Some terrorist organizations abandoned the use of force altogether, while others abandoned their aspirational goals or resorted to lower levels of violence. These findings should enable policymakers to transition from the failed policy that sought to defeat the Taliban and al-Qaeda in the unending war in Afghanistan to a policy that successfully applies deterrence. This book will be of much interest to students of deterrence theory, terrorism studies, war and conflict studies, and security studies.
Categories: Political Science

A Tale of Two Narratives

A Tale of Two Narratives

281 Similarly to Operation Case Lead, Operation Protective Edge, which lasted from July 8 to August 26, claimed a disproportionate amount of Palestinian lives and bore extensive damage on Gazan infrastructure. On the Israeli side, ...

Author: Grace Wermenbol

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108840286

Category: History

Page: 411

View: 944

Explores the transmission - and perpetuation - of conflict narratives in Israeli-Jewish and Palestinian society since the signing of the Oslo Accords.
Categories: History

Terror Tunnels

Terror Tunnels

Dershowitz wrote this book to warn the world that unless Hamas’s strategy of building terror tunnels and firing rockets from behind human shields is denounced and stopped—by the international community, the media, the academy, and good ...

Author: Alan Dershowitz

Publisher: Rosetta Books

ISBN: 9780795344282

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 394

The New York Times–bestselling author “has focused his internationally recognized expertise and clarity of vision on . . . this evolving terrorist tactic” (Benjamin Netanyahu). At a time when Israel is under persistent attack—on the battlefield, by international organizations, and in the court of public opinion—Alan Dershowitz presents a powerful case for Israel’s just war against terrorism. In the spirit of his international bestseller, The Case for Israel, Dershowitz shows why Israel’s struggle against Hamas is a fight not only to protect its own citizens, but for all democracies. The nation-state of the Jewish people is providing a model for all who are threatened by terrorist groups—such as ISIS, al-Qaeda, and Boko Haram. Having himself been in one of the Hamas terror tunnels, Dershowitz explains why Israel had no choice but to send in ground troops to protect its civilians against Hamas death squads. Dershowitz wrote this book to warn the world that unless Hamas’s strategy of building terror tunnels and firing rockets from behind human shields is denounced and stopped—by the international community, the media, the academy, and good people of all religions, ethnicities, and nationalities—it will be coming soon “to a theater near you.” Covering all the hot-button issues—from the BDS movement, to the rise of anti-Semitism, to the charge of war crimes, to the prospects of peace—Terror Tunnels: The Case for Israel’s Just War Against Hamas is a must-read for all who care about Israel, peace in the Mideast, human rights, and fairness.
Categories: Political Science

The Responsibility to Protect Twenty Years On

The Responsibility to Protect Twenty Years On

... namely Operation Cast Lead and Operation Protective Edge, in relation to R2P. For both operations, serious human rights violations amounting to mass atrocity crimes were reported by independent UN bodies. Nevertheless, due to the ...

Author: Pinar Gözen Ercan

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030907310

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 534

This book focuses on measures pertaining to the three-pillar implementation strategy of R2P and examines how and to what extent the three pillars have been practised. Rich in its geographical scope, this edited book provides a critical analysis of R2P practice over the last two decades by focusing on representative cases from different regions. Analysing not only recent and/or underexplored cases but also widely studied cases from a fresh and alternative perspective, it sheds light on the depth and scope of the norm as well as the variety of actors involved and how they impact R2P practice. Diverging from most accounts, this edited book does not approach the cases as a ‘success’ or ‘failure’ of R2P. By studying the background to the conflicts and making assessments on a pillar-by-pillar basis, each chapter addresses the root causes, traces the process of implementation, investigates the actions of the actors involved, identifies elements of success and failure and finally questions the sustainability of the protection provided to date. Meanwhile, the conceptual chapters complement the case analyses through an overall evaluation of R2P’s first two decades and the progress achieved so far with the aim to draw lessons for future implementations of R2P.
Categories: Political Science

The Wrong Story

The Wrong Story

... more than a thousand in the cases of Cast Lead and Protective Edge, and faces an extremely small number of its own civilian casualties. Yet a cross-section of media outlets replace that story with one about “Israel defending itself.

Author: Greg Shupak

Publisher: OR Books

ISBN: 9781682191293

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 541

The Wrong Story lays bare the flaws in the way large media organizations present the Palestine–Israel issue. It points out major fallacies in the fundamental conceptions that underpin their coverage, namely that Palestinians and Israelis are both victims to comparable extents and are equally responsible for the failure to find a solution; that the problem is “extremists,” often religiously-motivated ones, who need to be sidelined in favour of “moderates”; and that Israel’s uses of force are typically justifiable acts of self-defense. Weaving together the existing literature with new insights, Shupak offers an up-to-date and tightly focused guide that exposes the distorted way these issues are presented and why each is misguided.
Categories: Political Science

Containment in the Middle East

Containment in the Middle East

Raphael S. Cohen, David E. Johnson, David E. Thaler, Brenna Allen, Elizabeth M. Bartels, James Cahill, and Shira Efron, From Cast Lead to Protective Edge Lessons from Israel's Wars in Gaza (Santa Monica ca: rand, ...

Author: Ehud Eilam

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9781640122529

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 183

National security affairs analystEhud Eilam examines the strategy of containment in the Middle East as it is currently pursued. For the United States, containment is a way to avoid war with Iran and thwart its nuclear weapons program. For Israel it has been a way to prevent a confrontation with the Palestinians in both the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. In other cases containment is meant to weaken a foe without starting a war, as Israel did by bombing shipments of weapons to Hezbollah. Containment was also part of the war in Syria—because the West lacked the ability to overthrow Bashar al-Assad, though it cost the civilian population there dearly. Egypt has been trying to contain both its enormous economic hardships and ISIS, primarily in the Sinai Peninsula. Ultimately Eilam provides important and timely insights into the Middle East’s perennially fluid and volatile political environment. His insights and analyses will be of interest not least in the corridors of power both here and abroad.
Categories: Political Science

Israeli Paratroopers 1954 2016

Israeli Paratroopers 1954   2016

For some paratroopers, their experiences during Protective Edge reinforced the need to attend to basic skills like the immediate application of ... had started to reappear during Cast Lead and was evident during Protective Edge – as ...

Author: David Campbell

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472827708

Category: History

Page: 65

View: 359

From the creation of the first volunteer paratroop unit shortly after the birth of Israel and of the Israeli Defense Force, this arm of service has been recognized as elite. They have also been the first choice for daring special missions, and it is mainly from their ranks that Israel's Special Forces units have been recruited. A unique aspect of the Israeli military is the cross-posting of officers from the airborne, armoured and other units, to ensure that all unit commanders share their aggressive qualities and thorough understanding of the capabilities of all arms. In this way the influence of the paratroop arm has been out of proportion to its size. This fully illustrated study is a complete history of Israeli paratroopers from its creation to the present day, including relevant developments in their role and organization, as well as their achievements and setbacks in conflicts such as the Six Days War and Yom Kippur War.
Categories: History

The Use of Force in International Law

The Use of Force in International Law

55 Israeli Military Operations Against Gaza: Operation Cast Lead (2008–09), Operation Pillar of Defence (2012), and Operation Protective Edge (2014) Christian Henderson I. Facts and Context Between 2008 and 2014 Israel launched three ...

Author: Tom Ruys

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191087189

Category: Law

Page: 750

View: 798

The international law on the use of force is one of the oldest branches of international law. It is an area twinned with the emergence of international law as a concept in itself, and which sees law and politics collide. The number of armed conflicts is equal only to the number of methodological approaches used to describe them. Many violent encounters are well known. The Kosovo Crisis in 1999 and the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 spring easily to the minds of most scholars and academics, and gain extensive coverage in this text. Other conflicts, including the Belgian operation in Stanleyville, and the Ethiopian Intervention in Somalia, are often overlooked to our peril. Ruys and Corten's expert-written text compares over sixty different instances of the use of cross border force since the adoption of the UN Charter in 1945, from all out warfare to hostile encounters between individual units, targeted killings, and hostage rescue operations, to ask a complex question. How much authority does the power of precedent really have in the law of the use of force?
Categories: Law