From Turbulence to Climate

From Turbulence to Climate

This volume covers aspects of numerical modeling of the atmosphere and climate from the microscales of turbulence to the very large scales associated with climate and climatic change.

Author: Martin Beniston

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642587870

Category: Science

Page: 329

View: 328

This volume covers aspects of numerical modeling of the atmosphere and climate from the microscales of turbulence to the very large scales associated with climate and climatic change. Each of the three major spatio-temporal scales of the atmosphere, namely, the microscale, the mesoscale, and the macroscale is addressed through a hierarchy of models. Results of model simulations are illustrated throughout the text, with many of these examples based on the author's original research work. For each type of model discussed here, the theoretical background, including governing equation sets, simplifying assumptions, and advantages and limits of the models, is provided. The topic of coupled, or nested, modeling systems as a promising approach to air pllution embedded in regional atmospheric flows, as well as to the regional atmospheric response to global climate forcings, is also addressed. An attempt is made throughout the book to highlight the highly interdisciplinary nature of atmospheric modeling, particularly in those sections dealing with climatic change issues.
Categories: Science

On the Arctic Boundary Layer

On the Arctic Boundary Layer

Author: Thorsten Mauritsen

Publisher:

ISBN: 9171553738

Category: Atmospheric turbulence

Page: 62

View: 943

Categories: Atmospheric turbulence

Turbulence

Turbulence

But their worst enemy, according to Turbulence, is fear of complexity. Paul Carter argues that publicly-funded research cultures and their sponsers contribute to this problem when they treat complexity as a threat to communication.

Author: Paul Carter

Publisher:

ISBN: 1922186791

Category:

Page:

View: 960

Categories:

Turbulence and Predictability in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and Climate Dynamics

Turbulence and Predictability in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and Climate Dynamics

In this summary we will briefly examine some of the mounting evidence that this «
Jovistrophic » turbulent regime ( to contrast with Charney ' s geostrophic regime )
is indeed manifest in the dynamics of Jupiter ' s upper troposphere . 4 .

Author: Michael Ghil

Publisher: North Holland

ISBN: UVA:X001402599

Category: Science

Page: 449

View: 961

Categories: Science

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics

"This book collects the text of the lectures given at the Les Houches Summer School on "Fundamental aspects of turbulent flows in climate dynamics", held in August 2017.

Author: Freddy Bouchet

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198855217

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 212

"This book collects the text of the lectures given at the Les Houches Summer School on "Fundamental aspects of turbulent flows in climate dynamics", held in August 2017. Leading scientists in the fields of climate dynamics, atmosphere and ocean dynamics, geophysical fluid dynamics, physics and non-linear sciences present their views on this fast growing and interdisciplinary field of research, by venturing upon fundamental problems of atmospheric convection, clouds, large scale circulation, and predictability. Climate is controlled by turbulent flows. Turbulent motions are responsible for the bulk of the transport of energy, momentum, and water vapor in the atmosphere, which determine the distribution of temperature, winds, and precipitation on Earth. Clouds, weather systems, and boundary layers in the oceans and atmosphere are manifestations of turbulence in the climate system. Because turbulence remains as the great unsolved problem of classical physics, we do not have a complete physical theory of climate. The aim of this summer school was to survey what is known about how turbulent flows control climate, what role they may play in climate change, and to outline where progress in this important area can be expected, given today's computational and observational capabilities. This book reviews the state-of-the-art developments in this field and provides an essential background to future studies. All chapters are written from a pedagogical perspective, making the book accessible to masters and PhD students and all researchers wishing to enter this field. It is complemented by online video of several lectures and seminars recorded during the summer school"
Categories: Business & Economics

The Weather and Climate

The Weather and Climate

A new method of modeling the atmosphere, synthesizing data analysis techniques and multifractal statistics, for atmospheric researchers and graduate students.

Author: Shaun Lovejoy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107018983

Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 678

Advances in nonlinear dynamics, especially modern multifractal cascade models, allow us to investigate the weather and climate at unprecedented levels of accuracy. Using new stochastic modelling and data analysis techniques, this book provides an overview of the nonclassical, multifractal statistics. By generalizing the classical turbulence laws, emergent higher-level laws of atmospheric dynamics are obtained and are empirically validated over time-scales of seconds to decades and length-scales of millimetres to the size of the planet. In generalizing the notion of scale, atmospheric complexity is reduced to a manageable scale-invariant hierarchy of processes, thus providing a new perspective for modelling and understanding the atmosphere. This synthesis of state-of-the-art data and nonlinear dynamics is systematically compared with other analyses and global circulation model outputs. This is an important resource for atmospheric science researchers new to multifractal theory and is also valuable for graduate students in atmospheric dynamics and physics, meteorology, oceanography and climatology.
Categories: Science

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Reviews of books ( listed by author of book ) Alpaslan , M. Necdet , see
Harmancioglu , N. B. , 926 Arya , S. P. , Air Pollution Meteorology and Dispersion
, 310 Beniston , M. , From Turbulence to Climate : Numerical Investigations of the
 ...

Author: American Meteorological Society

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSB:31205022938482

Category: Meteorology

Page:

View: 903

List of members in v. 1, 8.
Categories: Meteorology

Evaluating Turbulent Transfer Aerodynamically Within the Microclimate of a Cornfield

Evaluating Turbulent Transfer Aerodynamically Within the Microclimate of a Cornfield

The structure of turbulent shear flow . Cambridge Univ . Press , Cambridge . 315
p . Uchijima , Z . ( 1962a ) . Studies on the micro - climate within the plant
communities ( 1 ) : On the turbulent transfer coefficient within plant layer . ( In
Japanese ...

Author: James Louis Wright

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924002836215

Category: Meteorology, Agricultural

Page: 174

View: 579

Categories: Meteorology, Agricultural

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change Set

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change  Set

Giorgi , F , Shields Brodeur , C , and Bates , G T ( 1994 ) Regional Climate
Change Scenarios Over the United States ... Energy Balance see Energy
Balance Climate Models ( Volume 1 ) Beniston , M ( 1998 ) From Turbulence to
Climate ...

Author: Ted Munn

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: UOM:39015054246221

Category: Reference

Page: 3440

View: 927

THE DEFINITIVE RESOURCE The Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change is the first major reference work in this multi-disciplinary field, and presents... * Outstanding authorship and high quality editing * Comprehensive coverage with over 3,800 pages in 5 volumes * Over 500 articles, 100 biographies, 150 definitions and 100 acronyms * Extensive bibliographies with up-to-date references ABOUT THE ENCYCLOPEDIA The Wiley Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change has been published to meet the need for a comprehensive integrated reference in this burgeoning field. It consists of five volumes of inter-related material: Volume 1: The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Volume 2: The Earth System: Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Volume 3: Causes and Consequences of Global Environmental Change Volume 4: Responding to Global Environmental Change Volume 5: Social and Economic Dimensions of Global Environmental Change * Each volume contains articles of between 1,000 and 10,000 words on major topics * Articles contain an abstract written for the non-specialist, followed by the main text which provides greater detail for the specialist * Biographies of distinguished environmental scientists discuss their contributions to a better understanding of global environmental change * Definitions of international terms and descriptions of acronyms of international and regional programs and agencies provide a quick reference source for the environmental scientist and student * Presents a thematic approach and includes theory, empirical studies and applications emphasising the inter-relationship between various disciplines and systems
Categories: Reference

Proceedings Fifth International Conference on Urban Climate

Proceedings  Fifth International Conference on Urban Climate

INTRODUCTION The experimental data on turbulent heat and momentum fluxes
are of great importance for development and improvement of nowcasting and
forecasting models of urban climate and pollution dispersion . Existing methods
for ...

Author: Kazimierz Kłysik

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105121527076

Category: Bioclimatology

Page: 490

View: 217

Categories: Bioclimatology

The Climate of the Layer of Air Near the Ground

The Climate of the Layer of Air Near the Ground

The Processes of Heating: Fluctuations in Temperature We have spoken above
of the phenomonon of turbulent mixing and of the slight value of the Austausch
coefficient in the lowest layer of air. The next topic for discussion is the causes of
 ...

Author: Rudolf Geiger

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3855463

Category: Boundary layer (Meteorology)

Page: 154

View: 113

Categories: Boundary layer (Meteorology)

The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa

The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa

... atmosphere . diffuse radiation scattered or reflected shortwave radiation
reaching the earth's surface . diffusion the exchange of fluid elements between
regions in space by apparently random molecular or turbulent motion . diffusivity
the rate ...

Author: Peter Daughtrey Tyson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UCSD:31822028754281

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 859

The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa, the second edition of The Atmosphere and Weather of Southern Africa, further consolidates and expands Tyson and Preston-Whyte's in-depth textbook on the meteorology of southern Africa. It offers an introduction to the structure of the atmosphere, anddetailed, well-illustrated discussions on the physics of meteorology, measurement, weather systems, ocean-atmosphere interactions, pollution, climactic change, and forecasting. With a new emphasis on the growing field of climatology, this book is especially pertinent to environmental studies in andon the developing countries of southern Africa, and the relationship of the subcontinent to global weather and climatic changes.
Categories: Science

The Atmospheric Boundary Layer

The Atmospheric Boundary Layer

The book is a moderately advanced text dealing with the physics and dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer.

Author: J. R. Garratt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521467454

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 588

The book is a moderately advanced text dealing with the physics and dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer.
Categories: Mathematics

Weather and Climate in Africa

Weather and Climate in Africa

1000 2 Strong turbulence Very gusty 500 Turbulence in the boundary layer 20 °
25 ° 30 ° C Metres Shallow boundary layer 1500 Temperature 1000 Temperature
inversion 500 Weak turbulence 25 ° 15 ° 20 ° 5.14 Turbulence and its effect on ...

Author: Colin Buckle

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: UOM:39015040666490

Category: Africa

Page: 312

View: 573

This is the first comprehensive introduction to the meteorology and climatology of Africa.
Categories: Africa

East Asia and Western Pacific Meteorology and Climate

East Asia and Western Pacific Meteorology and Climate

The wave and turbulence extract energy from me an flow fields and mean
temperature fields . On the other hand , wave and turbulence modify the mean
field . The interaction between wave and turbulence is also a common
phenomenon in ...

Author: P. Sham

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: UCSD:31822005129002

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 530

Categories: Science

Weather and Climate

Weather and Climate

What Causes Air Turbulence ? Most people who have flown in an airplane have
experienced the nerve - rattling ups and downs caused by air turbulence . The
strong updrafts , downdrafts , and eddies that create air turbulence form when the
 ...

Author: Time-Life Books

Publisher: Time Life Education

ISBN: 0809496836

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 151

View: 329

Questions and answers describe the forces involved in the world's weather and climate.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Advances in Turbulence 7

Advances in Turbulence 7

The record has a bimodal distribution , with shifts between a cold glacial climate
and warmer interstadials . Figure 2 ( d ) ... A hypothesis is that it is a result of the
turbulent nature of the flow which manifests itself on these very long timescales .

Author: Uriel Frisch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: STANFORD:36105023056927

Category: Science

Page: 613

View: 421

This volume contains an overview of the state of turbulence research with some bias towards work done in Europe. It represents an almost complete collection of the invited and contributed papers delivered at the Seventh European Turbulence Conference, sponsored by EUROMECH and ERCOFTAC and organized by the Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur. High-Reynolds number experiments combined with techniques of imaging, non-intrusive probing, processing and simulation provide high-quality data which put significant constraints on possible theories. For the first time, it has been shown, for a class of passive scalar problems, why dimensional analysis sometimes gives the wrong answers and how anomalous intermittency corrections can be calculated from first principles. The volume is thus geared towards specialists in the area of flow turbulence who could not attend the conference as well as anybody interested in this rapidly-moving field.
Categories: Science

Clima 2000 Indoor climate

Clima 2000  Indoor climate

It is obvious that there is a substantial variability in the turbulence intensity . At
head level the turbulence intensity varied around 20 - 55 % which is slightly
lower than Thorshauge found and lower than in the draught experiments of
Fanger and ...

Author: P. O. Fanger

Publisher:

ISBN: 8788854035

Category: Air conditioning

Page: 508

View: 589

Categories: Air conditioning

Berichte Zur Polarforschung

Berichte Zur Polarforschung

The theme of this thesis is the question : In which way have different
parameterization schemes of turbulent fluxes in the atmospheric boundary layer
an effect on simulations with a regional climate model of the Arctic ? For that
purpose the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015049342945

Category: Natural history

Page:

View: 150

Categories: Natural history