Geographic Citizen Science Design

Geographic Citizen Science Design

The fact that citizen science activities attract people of different ages, backgrounds and interests has its own design challenges. These include the need to design interfaces which help to attract and retain volunteers; to design ...

Author: Artemis Skarlatidou

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 9781787356122

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 587

Little did Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin and other ‘gentlemen scientists’ know, when they were making their scientific discoveries, that some centuries later they would inspire a new field of scientific practice and innovation, called citizen science. The current growth and availability of citizen science projects and relevant applications to support citizen involvement is massive; every citizen has an opportunity to become a scientist and contribute to a scientific discipline, without having any professional qualifications. With geographic interfaces being the common approach to support collection, analysis and dissemination of data contributed by participants, ‘geographic citizen science’ is being approached from different angles. Geographic Citizen Science Design takes an anthropological and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) stance to provide the theoretical and methodological foundations to support the design, development and evaluation of citizen science projects and their user-friendly applications. Through a careful selection of case studies in the urban and non-urban contexts of the Global North and South, the chapters provide insights into the design and interaction barriers, as well as on the lessons learned from the engagement of a diverse set of participants; for example, literate and non-literate people with a range of technical skills, and with different cultural backgrounds. Looking at the field through the lenses of specific case studies, the book captures the current state of the art in research and development of geographic citizen science and provides critical insight to inform technological innovation and future research in this area.
Categories: Science

Sense Feel Design

Sense  Feel  Design

Geographic Citizen Science Design: No one Left Behind. UCL Press, London (2021) 28. Pejovic, V., Skarlatidou, A.: Understanding interaction design challenges in mobile extreme citizen science. Int. J. Hum. - Comput. Interact.

Author: Carmelo Ardito

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030983888

Category: Computers

Page: 524

View: 927

This book contains a series of revised papers selected from 7 workshops organized by 18th IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, INTERACT 2021, which was held in September 2021 in Bari, Italy. The 15 papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 30 submissions. They show the design of interactive technologies addressing one or more United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals, to deal with evolving contexts of use in today’s and future application domains and its influence on human-centered socio-technical system design and devel-opment practice, share educational resources and approaches to support the process of teaching and learning HCI Engineering (HCI-E), share educational resources and approaches to support the process of teaching and learning HCI Engineering (HCI-E), and address and discuss geopolitical issues in Human-Computer Interaction as a field of knowledge and practice.
Categories: Computers

The Science of Citizen Science

The Science of Citizen Science

Geographic citizen science in citizen–government communication and collaboration: Lessons from the ImproveMyCity application. In A. Skarlatidou & M. Haklay (Eds.), Geographic citizen science design – No one left behind.

Author: Katrin Vohland

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030582784

Category: Communication

Page: 528

View: 631

This open access book discusses how the involvement of citizens into scientific endeavors is expected to contribute to solve the big challenges of our time, such as climate change and the loss of biodiversity, growing inequalities within and between societies, and the sustainability turn. The field of citizen science has been growing in recent decades. Many different stakeholders from scientists to citizens and from policy makers to environmental organisations have been involved in its practice. In addition, many scientists also study citizen science as a research approach and as a way for science and society to interact and collaborate. This book provides a representation of the practices as well as scientific and societal outcomes in different disciplines. It reflects the contribution of citizen science to societal development, education, or innovation and provides and overview of the field of actors as well as on tools and guidelines. It serves as an introduction for anyone who wants to get involved in and learn more about the science of citizen science.
Categories: Communication

Citizen Science for Future Generations

Citizen Science for Future Generations

Effects of geographical data sampling bias on habitat models of species distributions: a case study with steppe birds in southern Portugal. Int. J. Geogr. ... Geographic Citizen Science Design: No One Left Behind. London: UCL Press.

Author: Reuven Yosef

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889745517

Category: Science

Page:

View: 385

Categories: Science

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography

Participatory and/or Collaborative Science In the majority of citizen science activities, the project goals and design remain formulated and managed by professional scientists, with volunteers performing one or more of the tasks ...

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780081022962

Category: Social Science

Page: 7242

View: 137

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Second Edition embraces diversity by design and captures the ways in which humans share places and view differences based on gender, race, nationality, location and other factors—in other words, the things that make people and places different. Questions of, for example, politics, economics, race relations and migration are introduced and discussed through a geographical lens. This updated edition will assist readers in their research by providing factual information, historical perspectives, theoretical approaches, reviews of literature, and provocative topical discussions that will stimulate creative thinking. Presents the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage on the topic of human geography Contains extensive scope and depth of coverage Emphasizes how geographers interact with, understand and contribute to problem-solving in the contemporary world Places an emphasis on how geography is relevant in a social and interdisciplinary context
Categories: Social Science

Learning Through Citizen Science

Learning Through Citizen Science

Enhancing Opportunities by Design National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, ... Haklay (2013) defines “geographical citizen science” as projects explicitly collecting location information, often as part of the meta-data ...

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309479165

Category: Education

Page: 204

View: 884

In the last twenty years, citizen science has blossomed as a way to engage a broad range of individuals in doing science. Citizen science projects focus on, but are not limited to, nonscientists participating in the processes of scientific research, with the intended goal of advancing and using scientific knowledge. A rich range of projects extend this focus in myriad directions, and the boundaries of citizen science as a field are not clearly delineated. Citizen science involves a growing community of professional practitioners, participants, and stakeholders, and a thriving collection of projects. While citizen science is often recognized for its potential to engage the public in science, it is also uniquely positioned to support and extend participants' learning in science. Contemporary understandings of science learning continue to advance. Indeed, modern theories of learning recognize that science learning is complex and multifaceted. Learning is affected by factors that are individual, social, cultural, and institutional, and learning occurs in virtually any context and at every age. Current understandings of science learning also suggest that science learning extends well beyond content knowledge in a domain to include understanding of the nature and methods of science. Learning Through Citizen Science: Enhancing Opportunities by Design discusses the potential of citizen science to support science learning and identifies promising practices and programs that exemplify the promising practices. This report also lays out a research agenda that can fill gaps in the current understanding of how citizen science can support science learning and enhance science education.
Categories: Education

Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge

Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge

Technology-mediated citizen science participation: A motivational model. In Proceedings of the AAAI International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM 2011), Barcelona, Spain, July 2011. Pain, R. (2004). Social geography: ...

Author: Daniel Sui

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400745872

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 383

The phenomenon of volunteered geographic information is part of a profound transformation in how geographic data, information, and knowledge are produced and circulated. By situating volunteered geographic information (VGI) in the context of big-data deluge and the data-intensive inquiry, the 20 chapters in this book explore both the theories and applications of crowdsourcing for geographic knowledge production with three sections focusing on 1). VGI, Public Participation, and Citizen Science; 2). Geographic Knowledge Production and Place Inference; and 3). Emerging Applications and New Challenges. This book argues that future progress in VGI research depends in large part on building strong linkages with diverse geographic scholarship. Contributors of this volume situate VGI research in geography’s core concerns with space and place, and offer several ways of addressing persistent challenges of quality assurance in VGI. This book positions VGI as part of a shift toward hybrid epistemologies, and potentially a fourth paradigm of data-intensive inquiry across the sciences. It also considers the implications of VGI and the exaflood for further time-space compression and new forms, degrees of digital inequality, the renewed importance of geography, and the role of crowdsourcing for geographic knowledge production.
Categories: Science

Design Science Research Cases

Design Science Research  Cases

The Anatomy of design theory. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 8(5), 312–335. Haklay, M. (2013). Citizen science and volunteered geographic information: Overview and typology of participation.

Author: Jan vom Brocke

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030467814

Category: Computers

Page: 319

View: 539

Design Science Research is a powerful paradigm enabling researchers to make important contributions to society and industry. Simply stated, the goal of DSR is to generate knowledge on how to find innovative solutions to important problems in the form of models, methods, constructs and instantiations. Over the past 20 years, the design science research (DSR) paradigm has developed into an established paradigm in Information Systems Research and it is of strong uptake in many other disciplines, including Management Science and Computer Science. This book provides a collection of twelve DSR cases, presented by experienced researchers in the field. It offers readers access to real-world DSR studies, together with the authors’ reflections on their research processes. These cases will support researchers who want to engage in DSR, and represent a valuable addition to existing introductions to DSR methods and processes. Readers will learn from the hands-on experiences of respected experts who have conducted extensive DSR in a range of application contexts.
Categories: Computers

Explorations in Urban Design

Explorations in Urban Design

Haklay M (2010) Geographical Citizen Science – Clash of Cultures and New Opportunities, in Proceedings of the Workshop on the Role of Volunteered Geographic Information in Advancing Science, GIScience, Zurich. Hall ET (1966) The Hidden ...

Author: Professor Matthew Carmona

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409462651

Category: Political Science

Page: 398

View: 612

This book advances an interdisciplinary and innovative approach to urban design, whilst recognising that distinctly different traditions exist within its study and practice. It informs users who are grappling with urban design research problems, but who need the inspiration to move from idea to methodological approach. Through the work of 32 urban researchers from the arts, sciences and social sciences, it demonstrates a wide range of problems and approaches and shows how the diverse range of complementary approaches can come together to provide a holistic understanding to the design of cities.
Categories: Political Science

Surviving Climate Chaos

Surviving Climate Chaos

... pages 266–281 in Geographic Citizen Science Design: No One Left Behind (edited by A. Skarlatidou and A. Haklay). UCL Press (London). Thom, R. (1975) Structural Stability and Morphogenesis. W.A. Benjamin (Reading, MA).

Author: Julian Caldecott

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108840125

Category: Nature

Page: 392

View: 790

Explains how communities and ecosystems everywhere can be strengthened to survive climate chaos.
Categories: Nature