Globalization and a High Tech Economy

Globalization and a High Tech Economy

High-technology and globalization are arguably the two most important forces driving the US economy today. This book analyzes how they interact and the implications of that interaction.

Author: Ashok Bardhan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306487439

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 782

High-technology and globalization are arguably the two most important forces driving the US economy today. This book analyzes how they interact and the implications of that interaction. The methodology applies data and statistical analysis to determine the impact of these forces over a broad spectrum of the US economy. Key topics addressed include why the US economy runs a continuing trade deficit in manufactured high-tech goods, why high-tech firms steadily lose manufacturing jobs, while creating professional jobs, and why high-tech industries rely on foreign outsourcing for much of their manufacturing.
Categories: Business & Economics

High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy

High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy

High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy is an ethnography of globalization positioned at the intersection between political economy and cultural studies.

Author: Carla Freeman

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822380290

Category: Social Science

Page: 349

View: 602

High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy is an ethnography of globalization positioned at the intersection between political economy and cultural studies. Carla Freeman’s fieldwork in Barbados grounds the processes of transnational capitalism—production, consumption, and the crafting of modern identities—in the lives of Afro-Caribbean women working in a new high-tech industry called “informatics.” It places gender at the center of transnational analysis, and local Caribbean culture and history at the center of global studies. Freeman examines the expansion of the global assembly line into the realm of computer-based work, and focuses specifically on the incorporation of young Barbadian women into these high-tech informatics jobs. As such, Caribbean women are seen as integral not simply to the workings of globalization but as helping to shape its very form. Through the enactment of “professionalism” in both appearances and labor practices, and by insisting that motherhood and work go hand in hand, they re-define the companies’ profile of “ideal” workers and create their own “pink-collar” identities. Through new modes of dress and imagemaking, the informatics workers seek to distinguish themselves from factory workers, and to achieve these new modes of consumption, they engage in a wide array of extra income earning activities. Freeman argues that for the new Barbadian pink-collar workers, the globalization of production cannot be viewed apart from the globalization of consumption. In doing so, she shows the connections between formal and informal economies, and challenges long-standing oppositions between first world consumers and third world producers, as well as white-collar and blue-collar labor. Written in a style that allows the voices of the pink-collar workers to demonstrate the simultaneous burdens and pleasures of their work, High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy will appeal to scholars and students in a wide range of disciplines, including anthropology, cultural studies, sociology, women’s studies, political economy, and Caribbean studies, as well as labor and postcolonial studies.
Categories: Social Science

Globalization and a High Tech Economy

Globalization and a High Tech Economy

High-technology and globalization are arguably the two most important forces driving the US economy today. This book analyzes how they interact and the implications of that interaction.

Author: Ashok Bardhan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1475783256

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 434

High-technology and globalization are arguably the two most important forces driving the US economy today. This book analyzes how they interact and the implications of that interaction. The methodology applies data and statistical analysis to determine the impact of these forces over a broad spectrum of the US economy. Key topics addressed include why the US economy runs a continuing trade deficit in manufactured high-tech goods, why high-tech firms steadily lose manufacturing jobs, while creating professional jobs, and why high-tech industries rely on foreign outsourcing for much of their manufacturing.
Categories: Business & Economics

High Tech Trade Wars

High Tech Trade Wars

High-Tech Trade Wars presents a multidimensional view of the globalization process, where economic changes are shaped by political struggle and cultural discourse.

Author: Sara Schoonmaker

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 9780822990512

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 812

Focusing on the conflicts between the United States and Brazilian governments over Brazil’s efforts to develop a local computer industry, High-Tech Trade Wars examines the political struggle between governments and multinational corporations in today’s global economy. Sara Schoonmaker uses the technology industry to delve into one of the key political conflicts of our time: the construction of a free trade regime determined to open markets around the world to global capital, and attempts by Latin American, African, and other governments to resist this process. The Brazilian computer case is a prime example of a nationalist effort to promote local growth of a key high-technology industry—an effort that was eventually dismantled under the pressures of what Schoonmaker views as part of a broader process of neoliberal globalization. High-Tech Trade Wars presents a multidimensional view of the globalization process, where economic changes are shaped by political struggle and cultural discourse. It includes interviews with Brazilian industrialists and state officials involved with implementing and, eventually, dismantling Brazil’s informatics policy, and discussions of grassroots-level protests organized against neoliberal globalization during the recent WTO meetings in Seattle and Davos, Switzerland.
Categories: History

Globalisation of High Technology Production

Globalisation of High Technology Production

This book analyses how high technology production has shifted from a regional to a global scale.

Author: Jeffrey Henderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134969531

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 342

This book analyses how high technology production has shifted from a regional to a global scale. Using the example of semi-conductors it illustrates the interaction of the developed industrial and developing industrialising nations. This book should be of interest to lecturers and students of international economics and international business, professionals dealing with multinationals.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Politics of High Tech Growth

The Politics of High Tech Growth

A detailed study of the software industry in Ireland, examining the policies and political institutions which made that possible.

Author: Sean O'Riain

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521830737

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 270

View: 437

A detailed study of the software industry in Ireland, examining the policies and political institutions which made that possible.
Categories: Business & Economics

Globalization of Technology

Globalization of Technology

This book on Globalization of Technology provides the essential aspects and fundamentals of Issues in Technology Transfer and Technological Capability Building such as: Techno-Economic Paradigms and Latecomer Industrialization; Knowledge ...

Author: Prasada Reddy

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848260849

Category:

Page: 334

View: 400

Globalization of Technology is a component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. This book on Globalization of Technology provides the essential aspects and fundamentals of Issues in Technology Transfer and Technological Capability Building such as: Techno-Economic Paradigms and Latecomer Industrialization; Knowledge Networks and the Internet; Technology Transfer: Vehicles, Conditions, Spillovers, and Policy Challenges; The Social Implications of Technological Development: Industrialization and Innovation as a Collective Process. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
Categories:

Technology Transfer in a Global Economy

Technology Transfer in a Global Economy

This volume offers state-of-the-art insights on the dynamics of technology transfer, emerging from the annual meeting of the Technology Transfer Society in 2011 in Augsburg, Germany.

Author: David B. Audretsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461461029

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 398

View: 275

Technology transfer—the process of sharing and disseminating knowledge, skills, scientific discoveries, production methods, and other innovations among universities, government agencies, private firms, and other institutions—is one of the major challenges of societies operating in the global economy. This volume offers state-of-the-art insights on the dynamics of technology transfer, emerging from the annual meeting of the Technology Transfer Society in 2011 in Augsburg, Germany. It showcases theoretical and empirical analyses from participants across the technology transfer spectrum, representing academic, educational, policymaking, and commercial perspectives. The volume features case studies of industries and institutions in Europe, the United States, and Australasia, explored through a variety of methodological approaches, and providing unique contributions to our understanding of how and why technology transfer is shaped and affected by different institutional settings, with implications for policy and business decision making.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Changing Economic Geography of Globalization

The Changing Economic Geography of Globalization

This impressive volume, which contains a selection of the best in contemporary scholarship, will be of interest to the international arena of academicians, policy makers and professionals in these or related fields.

Author: Giovanna Vertova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134259311

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 185

The process of globalization has had profound, often destabilizing, effects on space, at all levels (i.e. local, regional, national, international). This revealing book analyzes, both theoretically and empirically, the effects of globalization over space. It considers, through a dialogue among different paradigms, the ways in which space has become more important in the global economy. Globalization has been advocated as a way of shrinking time and space which will lead to a homogenized global market; a suggestion challenged in differing ways and with a variety of approaches by all the contributors to this volume. Leading authorities from a range of disciplines are represented amongst this impressive list of contributors, including Eric Sheppard, Bjørn Asheim, Richard Walker and Peter Swann. The chapters demonstrate persuasively the continuing, and even increasing, role of space in the global economy, and throughout, the book covers viewpoints from the fields of: international political economy economic geography regional and local economics. This impressive volume, which contains a selection of the best in contemporary scholarship, will be of interest to the international arena of academicians, policy makers and professionals in these or related fields.
Categories: Business & Economics

Israel Globalized

Israel Globalized

The paper reviews the role of globalization forces behind Israel's transformation from low tech to high tech economy.

Author: Assaf Razin

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1019492382

Category: Economic development

Page: 24

View: 262

The paper reviews the role of globalization forces behind Israel's transformation from low tech to high tech economy.
Categories: Economic development

Globalization Effects on China s Influence on Taiwan Economy

Globalization Effects on China s Influence on Taiwan Economy

Source : Investment Commission , Ministry of Economic Affairs , ROC . 1 . 24
Table 2 - 25 , Taiwan ' s investments towards China have shifted from the
traditional industry which is more labor - intensive to the high - tech industry
which is more ...

Author: Shin-Yuan Tsai

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123321742

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 313

View: 827

Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral)--University of Hannover, 2006.
Categories: Business & Economics

Israel and the World Economy

Israel and the World Economy

In this book, Assaf Razin argues that Israel offers a counterexample to this view, showing decisively positive economic effects of globalized finance, trade, and immigration.

Author: Assaf Razin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262344241

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 751

A rigorous analysis of the role played by globalization in key episodes in the development of the Israeli economy, from hyperinflation crisis to high-tech surge. Anti-globalization sentiments are rising, especially in Europe and the United States, with the increasingly integrated global economy blamed for domestic economic distress. In this book, Assaf Razin argues that Israel offers a counterexample to this view, showing decisively positive economic effects of globalized finance, trade, and immigration. He offers a rigorous analysis of the role played by globalization in key episodes in the remarkable development of the Israeli economy. His findings may hold lessons for productivity-challenged advanced economies as well as for other countries such as China currently making the transition to fully developed economies. Razin examines the wave of immigration after the collapse of the Soviet Union, as highly skilled Soviet Jews migrated to Israel and the effect on income inequality; the Great Moderation of inflation and employment in advanced economies, as Israel's inflation converged in parallel with low world inflation rates; Israel's robustness in the face of the deflation shocks of the 2008 financial crisis; and technology transmission through foreign direct investment, reinforcing Israel's high-tech sector surge. He also considers such ongoing challenges as high fertility and low labor market participation and the economic costs of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Categories: Business & Economics

Development Growth Economic Impacts of Globalization

Development   Growth  Economic Impacts of Globalization

The scientific ethics and responsibility of the works in the book belong to the authors / writers. The book compromises of 15 chapters focusing on economic growth and economic development in the era of globalisation.

Author: Farhang Morady, Hakan Kapucu, Ömer Yalçınkaya

Publisher: IJOPEC Publication

ISBN: 9781999703509

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 450

The growth paradigm or the economic growth generally been presented as a positive, limitless and good for social problems. The term was hardly touched in pre-capitalism by any academic research. With the rise of capitalism and industrial revolution it became an important tool to measure production quantitatively and qualitatively. Industrialisation also encouraged the expansion of trade and gradual breakdown of the pre-capitalist order in 18th century in Britain. The spread of market had facilitated the specialisation, encouraging division of labour. Whilst for The Classical Political Economists; Adam Smith, David Ricardo and Thomas Malthus; economic growth is self-reinforcing. Marx pointed out importance of forces and relations of production and significance of social classes within it (Marx, 1863). Smith, Ricardo and Malthus were writing at a time when capitalist development was expanding fast and growth was a central in the process. The gradual impact of the West on the rest of world became part of a wider process of change in the World Economy. European capital increased its domination of the world trade through expansionist commercial policies (Wallerstein, 1979). The economic growth encouraged commerce. The necessity to export, and other technological changes formed part of the reason for the decline of feudalism. This transition from feudalism to capitalism began in the West and soon made an impact on the rest of the World. T Farhang Morady, Hakan Kapucu, Ömer Yalçınkaya (Development & Growth: Economic Impacts of Globalization) 12 In 1932 Simon Kuznets, the US economist identified Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to measure the national output of a country within a period. It has continued to be an important indicator to measure economic growth, but it has also been under considerable criticisms. For example; GDP treats resources as income without excluding depletion or depression of the resources. Moreover, GDP has been criticised for disregarding income distribution. Despite all the criticism, GDP has been the most significant indicator of growth and development. With the Post War-II reconstruction of devastated countries and in order to kick-start the World Economy, the state in both developed and developing counties became the important agency to facilitate economic growth. The establishment of the Bretton Woods institutions, the Keynesian model of government intervention and the US implementation of “New Deal” facilitated growth. This was deliberate strategy to reconstruct and create networks of international cooperation. This was pointed out by President Truman in 1949: A program of development based on the concepts of democratic fair-dealing. All countries, including our own, will greatly benefit from a constructive program for the better use of the World's human and natural resources (Truman, 1949). This meant the reinforcement and need to distribute the 'Benefits' of capitalist form of development, more widely, against the planned economy sustained by the Soviet Union. The economist such as Joseph Schumpeter pointed to the possibility that capitalist growth, if it is sustained, could abolish poverty (Schumpeter, 1954, pp66-68). Whilst development meant rapid industrialisation, GDP became a key policy objective for the policy makers and governments around the world, not just in the Soviet Union but the Western Capitalist World, to set targets for their Growth Rate. The end of the Cold War in the 1980s, for some, meant triumph of Neoliberal Capitalism. The others talked of trade liberalization; free movement of capital and the development of information technology, facilitating the relocation of businesses across the world. (Ohmae, 1995). Friedman suggested that globalization is the Inevitable; Integration of markets, nation-states and technologies ... enabling individuals, corporations and nation-states, to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper and cheaper than ever before (Friedman, 1999). Development & Growth: Economic Impact of Globalization (Edited by: Farhang Morady, Hakan Kapucu, Ömer Yalçınkaya) 13 Francis Fukuyama (1992) suggested the new era as ‘The End of History’ through which the ‘Liberal Idea’ triumphed, leading to a new global hegemony. For Fukuyama the only route to modernity, growth and development is the Neo-liberal Democratic path under Global Capitalism. This optimism was not shared by all academics, as Globalization produced poor growth and polarization of wealth: what Collier terms the ‘Bottom one Billion’ (2008). As a result, there has been major criticism of the World Bank and the International Monetary Funds in the second half of the 1990s, especially with the Asian financial and economic crises. The response from these institutions has been vigorous. They continued to believe that liberalization, deregulation, and privatization represent the best way forward for growth and development. With 2008 world recession the World Economy has faced a new challenge. The emergence of powerful economies such as; China, India and Brazil; helped the world economy to grow, at least for now. However, the unevenness of the world economy continues to cause difficulties especially the US as they feeling the threat of their competitors such as China, Germany and even India. The victory of Donald Trump as the S President has represented an ideological shift from free trade advocator of global capitalism to a mixture of right-wing populism. Before and after the presidential election, he called for the revival of the American economy, which has been under considerable pressure since 2008 World Recession. In order to prove growth rate Trump has a huge challenge ahead, not least to deal with the competition from South East Asian economies, especially China. It remains to be seen whether the new US administration will continue with their populist rhetoric In this book, “Economic Impacts of Globalization: Growth & Development”, several academicians provide different analysis of economic growth and economic development. The scientific ethics and responsibility of the works in the book belong to the authors / writers. The book compromises of 15 chapters focusing on economic growth and economic development in the era of globalisation. By taking different angles, they demonstrate different problems and solutions.
Categories: Business & Economics

Globalized Israel

Globalized Israel

The paper reviews the crucial role which globalization forces played in Israel's transformation from low tech to high tech economy. Special emphasis is placed on foreign direct investment as a driver for the high-tech transformation.

Author: Assaf Razin

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:975272802

Category: Economic development

Page: 24

View: 896

The paper reviews the crucial role which globalization forces played in Israel’s transformation from low tech to high tech economy. Special emphasis is placed on foreign direct investment as a driver for the high-tech transformation.
Categories: Economic development

The Troubled American Economy

The Troubled American Economy

just as well as the United States ) , ( 4 ) continue to replace each high tech
process with new and improved processes with ... The Work of Nations ,
discusses at length high - tech economic development with globalization , and
formulates some ...

Author: Willard Wesley Cochrane

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951T00278570A

Category: United States

Page: 42

View: 857

Categories: United States

Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy

Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy

Elhanan Helpman is Archie Sherman Professor of InternationalEconomic Relations at Tel Aviv University.

Author: Gene M. Grossman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262570971

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 359

View: 509

Grossman and Helpman develop a unique approach in which innovation is viewed as a deliberate outgrowth of investments in industrial research by forward-looking, profit-seeking agents. Traditional growth theory emphasizes the incentives for capital accumulation rather than technological progress. Innovation is treated as an exogenous process or a by-product of investment in machinery and equipment. Grossman and Helpman develop a unique approach in which innovation is viewed as a deliberate outgrowth of investments in industrial research by forward-looking, profit-seeking agents.
Categories: Business & Economics

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy

This book contributes to the meso- and micro-economic literature on innovation and entrepreneurship in the global economy.

Author: Charlie Karlsson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781783477326

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 414

We have, in recent decades, been able to witness a veritable revolution in the world economy, known as ‘globalization’. Generally, the term is connected to the rapid increase of the free movement of goods, capital, people, ideas, information and knowledge around the globe. This book contributes to the meso- and micro-economic literature on innovation and entrepreneurship in the global economy.
Categories: Business & Economics

Four Analyses of Globalisation of Technology and Economy

Four Analyses of Globalisation of Technology and Economy

Will globalization stimulate or weaken the emergence of a genuine PanEuropean
industry and therefore a capability ... The main objective is to revitalize and
reorganize European high technology sectors in a more united way , with a view
to ...

Author: Riccardo Petrella

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000105468346

Category: Competition, International

Page: 100

View: 780

Categories: Competition, International

Taiwan in the Global Economy

Taiwan in the Global Economy

Taiwan's postwar economic development path is analyzed with a case study of its structural transformation.

Author: Peter C. Y. Chow

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275970795

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 145

Taiwan's postwar economic development path is analyzed with a case study of its structural transformation.
Categories: Business & Economics