Language Contact and Grammatical Change

Language Contact and Grammatical Change

Publisher Description

Author: Bernd Heine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521608287

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 308

View: 461

Offers an interesting insight into how language contact affects grammatical forms and structures.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Change in Contemporary English

Change in Contemporary English

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this ...

Author: Geoffrey Leech

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521867221

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 341

View: 745

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this process.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

The Rosendal Papers Þórhallur Eyþórsson. Introduction Thórhallur Eythórsson
Background This book grew out of the symposium Linguistic Theory and
Grammatical Change held at Rosendal , Norway , May 31 - June 4 , 2005 , and a
follow ...

Author: Þórhallur Eyþórsson

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027233772

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 441

View: 280

This book contains 15 revised papers originally presented at a symposium at Rosendal, Norway, under the aegis of The Centre for Advanced Study (CAS) at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The overall theme of the volume is 'internal factors in grammatical change.' The papers focus on fundamental questions in theoretically-based historical linguistics from a broad perspective. Several of the papers relate to grammaticalization in different ways, but are generally critical of 'Grammaticalization Theory'. Further papers focus on the causes of syntactic change, pinpointing both extra-syntactic (exogenous) causes and – more controversially – internally driven (endogenous) causes. The volume is rounded up by contributions on morphological change 'by itself.' A wide range of languages is covered, including Tsova-Tush (Nakh-Dagestan), Zoque, and Athapaskan languages, in addition to Indo-European languages, both the more familiar ones and some less well-studied varieties.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

The evolution of various languages from one common ancestor with their
converging , and possibly diverging , histories provides an excellent testing
ground for competing hypotheses on grammatical change . What is at stake in
controversies ...

Author: Ulrich Detges

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027248087

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 497

Recent years have seen intense debates between formal (generative) and functional linguists, particularly with respect to the relation between grammar and usage. This debate is directly relevant to diachronic linguistics, where one and the same phenomenon of language change can be explained from various theoretical perspectives. In this, a close look at the divergent and/or convergent evolution of a richly documented language family such as Romance promises to be useful. The basic problem for any approach to language change is what Eugenio Coseriu has termed the paradox of change: if synchronically, languages can be viewed as perfectly running systems, then there is no reason why they should change in the first place. And yet, as everyone knows, languages are changing constantly. In nine case studies, a number of renowned scholars of Romance linguistics address the explanation of grammatical change either within a broadly generative or a functional framework.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Variation and Change in Gallo Romance Grammar

Variation and Change in Gallo Romance Grammar

The domain of diachronic grammatical change is hardly an unploughed furrow
for French. Studies on the medieval language abound (e.g. Foulet 1919; Herman
1954; Moignet 1973; Skårup 1975; Vance 1997; Zink 1997; Buridant 2000) as do
 ...

Author: Sam Wolfe

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198840176

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 496

View: 553

This volume offers a wide-range of case studies on variation and change in the sub-family of the Romance languages that includes French and Occitan: Gallo-Romance. Both standard and non-standard Gallo-Romance data can be of enormous value to studies of morphosyntactic variation and change, yet, as the volume demonstrates, non-standard and comparative Gallo-Romance data have often been lacking in both synchronic and diachronic studies. Following an introduction that sets out the conceptual background, the volume is divided into three parts whose chapters explore a variety of topics in the domains of sentence structure, the verb complex, and word structure. The empirical foundation of the volume is exceptionally rich, drawing on standard and non-standard data from French, Occitan, Francoproven�al, Picard, Wallon, and Norman. This diversity is also reflected in the theoretical and conceptual approaches adopted, which span traditional philology, sociolinguistics, formal morphological and syntactic theory, semantics, and discourse-pragmatics. The volume will thus be an indispensable tool for researchers and students in French and (Gallo-) Romance linguistics as well as for readers interested in grammatical theory, sociolinguistics, and historical linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change

Grammatical Change

This idea precedes generative grammar, of course, going back at least to Paul (
), but in diachronic generative syntax work it remains the central idea, driving,
for example, the discussion on putative general principles of change in .

Author: Dianne Jonas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199582624

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 384

View: 680

This book advances research on grammatical change and shows the breadth and liveliness of the field. International scholars report on the nature and outcomes of all aspects of syntactic change, including grammaticalization, variation, syntactic movement, determiner-phrase syntax, pronominal systems, case systems, negation, and alignment.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

This book is a collection of 17 articles selected from the presentations at the 18th
International Conference on Historical Linguistics (6–11th August 2007) at the
Université du Québec à Montréal in the workshop 'Grammatical Changes in Indo-
 ...

Author: Vít Bubeník

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027248213

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 262

View: 303

The product of a group of scholars who have been working on new directions in Historical Linguistics, this book is focused on questions of grammatical change, and the central issue of grammaticalization in Indo-European languages. Several studies examine particular problems in specific languages, but often with implications for the IE phylum as a whole. Given the historical scope of the data (over a period of four millennia) long range grammatical changes such as the development of gender differences, strategies of definiteness, the prepositional phrase, or of the syntax of the verbal diathesis and aspect, are also treated. The shifting relevance of morphology to syntax, and syntax to morphology, a central motif of this research, has provoked lively debate in the discipline of Historical Linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change

Grammatical Change

reflected in the grammatical change literature , so that changes in the
morphological or phonological domain are not only seen as ' side - effects of
grammatical change but as playing a driving role in the change itself ( cf. Schlüter
2003 ...

Author: Rachel Hendery

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822036570166

Category: Generative grammar

Page: 201

View: 742

This volume comprises a collection of papers on the theme of grammatical change that evolved out of a workshop sponsored by the Centre for Research on Language Change (The Australian National University). The papers extend the boundaries of what has been addressed under the label of 'grammatical change' by applying theories and models of grammatical change to new evidence; by illuminating the historical relationships between grammar and other levels of linguistics; and by extending the range of languages that have been examined from the perspective of grammatical change. Languages discussed include Murriny Patha, Walpiri, Gurindji, Walmajarri, and Kayardild, Lardil, Yukulta, English, Dutch, German, Afrikaans, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovenian, Albanian, Greek, Old Church Slavonic, Tocharian, Mandarin, Cantonese, Quechua, Basque, and Tok Pisin
Categories: Generative grammar

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

The newly-emerging field of theoretically informed but simultaneously empirically based syntax is dynamic but little-represented in the literature. This volume addresses this need.

Author: Sam Featherston

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110402124

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 876

The newly-emerging field of theoretically informed but simultaneously empirically based syntax is dynamic but little-represented in the literature. This volume addresses this need. While there has previously been something of a gulf between theoretical linguists in the generative tradition and those linguists who work with quantitative data types, this gap is narrowing. In the light of the empirical revolution in the study of syntax, even people whose primary concern is grammatical theory take note of processing effects and attribute certain effects to them. Correspondingly, workers focusing on the surface evidence can relate more to the concepts of the theoreticians, because the two layers of explanation have been brought into contact. And these workers too must account for the data gathered by the theoreticians. An additional innovation is the generative analysis of historical data – this is now seen as psycholinguistic theory-relevant data like any other. These papers are thus a snapshot of some of the work currently being done in evidence-based grammar, using both experimental and historical data.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Change and Typological Variation Grammatical universals and typology

Language Change and Typological Variation  Grammatical universals and typology

444 Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism Michael
Clynel Monash University This paper uses ... Special attention is paid to changes
towards SVO word order and to grammatical rather than pragmatic word order .

Author: Edgar C. Polomé

Publisher: Study of Man

ISBN: 0941694690

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 641

View: 388

PREFACE: Grammatical AbbreviationsBibliographical Abbreviations.I. UNIVERSAL ISSUES:Paolo Ramat: On Categories and CategorizationsPieter A. M. Seuren: Topic and CommentRobert Longacre: A Footnote to Lehmann?s OV/VO Typology. II. TYPOLOGICAL ISSUES:A. CATEGORIES AND RELATIONS: Theodora Bynon: Schleicher?s Reconstruction of a Sentence?Back to Pre Pre Indo EuropeanFrancisco R. Adrados: Hacia una tipologia de las combinaciones de rasgos linguisticosHenrik Birnbaum: On the Relationship of Typology and Genealogy in Language Classification?Some Theoretical Considerations and Applications to Indo EuropeanAnthony Aristar: Typology and the Saussurean Dichotomy. B. CONSTITUENT ORDER: Subhadra Kumar Sen: On the Syntax of the Anitta TextDouglas Mitchell: Lehmann?s Use of Syntactic TypologyMichael Clyne: Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism. C. ALIGNMENT & CONTENTIVE TYPE: Bridget Drinka: Alignment in Early Proto Indo EuropeanHelena Kurzova: Syntax in the Indo European Morphosyntactic TypeGeorgij A. Klimov: On the Pre accusative Component of the Structure of the Kartvelian LanguagesKarl Horst Schmidt: On Congruence in Languages of Active TypologyLaszlo Deszo: On the Structuring of Early Indo European in Areal Typological PerspectiveBernard Comrie & Maria Polinsky: Gender in Historical Perspective?Radial Categories Meet LanguageBrigitte Bauer: Impersonal Habet constructions in Latin?At the Crossroads of Indo European InnovationCarol F. Justus: Indo European 'have??a Grammatical Etymology.
Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Grammatical Relations in Change

Grammatical Relations in Change

Towards personal subjects in English Variation in feature interpretability Elly van
Gelderen en The paper examines the well - known change from impersonal to
personal subject from the point of view of a slight person split in Old and Early ...

Author: Jan Terje Faarlund

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027230587

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 326

View: 797

The eleven selected contributions making up this volume deal with grammatical relations, their coding and behavioral properties, and the change that these properties have undergone in different languages. The focus of this collection is on the changing properties of subjects and objects, although the scope of the volume goes beyond the central problems pertaining to case marking and word order. The diachrony of syntactic and morphosyntactic phenomena are approached from different theoretical perspectives, generative grammar, valency grammar, and functionalism. The languages dealt with include Old English, Mainland Scandinavian, Icelandic, German and other Germanic languages, Latin, French and other Romance languages, Northeast Caucasian, Eskimo, and Popolocan. This book provides an opportunity to compare different theoretical approaches to similar phenomena in different languages and language families.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

Author: Þórhallur Eyþórsson

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027233772

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 441

View: 153

This book contains 15 revised papers originally presented at a symposium at Rosendal, Norway, under the aegis of The Centre for Advanced Study (CAS) at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The overall theme of the volume is 'internal factors in grammatical change.' The papers focus on fundamental questions in theoretically-based historical linguistics from a broad perspective. Several of the papers relate to grammaticalization in different ways, but are generally critical of 'Grammaticalization Theory'. Further papers focus on the causes of syntactic change, pinpointing both extra-syntactic (exogenous) causes and – more controversially – internally driven (endogenous) causes. The volume is rounded up by contributions on morphological change 'by itself.' A wide range of languages is covered, including Tsova-Tush (Nakh-Dagestan), Zoque, and Athapaskan languages, in addition to Indo-European languages, both the more familiar ones and some less well-studied varieties.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Variation and Change in Jersey English

Grammatical Variation and Change in Jersey English

As a first systematic study of Jersey English, it will analyse patterns of
morphosyntactic variation and change based on a newly ... In addition, the study
explores questions about the identity-creating potential of some grammatical
Jersey English ...

Author: Anna Rosen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270528

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 237

View: 280

Situated at the crossroads of dialectology, sociolinguistics and contact linguistics, this volume provides a first comprehensive description of the morphosyntactic inventory of the variety of English spoken on Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands. Based on a specially compiled corpus of spoken material containing both present-day sociolinguistic and archive data, it thereby reveals an intricate network of variation and change in this language-shift variety. The study adopts a cross-varietal approach for its analyses, which enables a first more systematic comparison between the Englishes spoken on Jersey, on its sister island Guernsey and beyond. In addition, it discusses the implications of identity aspects for language use in Jersey. The book will therefore be of major interest to any researcher or student working in the areas of language variation and change, language contact or dialectology and to those interested in sociolinguistic methodology and the relationships between language and identity.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Progressive Grammar of the English Tongue

A Progressive Grammar of the English Tongue

It should be distinctly understood that etymology treats of the grammatical
changes of words , and of no other kind of change . It has nothing to do with the
derivation of words : that belongs to historical etymology , in contradistinction to ...

Author: William Swinton

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B307012

Category: English language

Page: 207

View: 709

Categories: English language

New Language Lessons an Elementary Grammar and Composition

New Language Lessons   an Elementary Grammar and Composition

Any grammatical change in a part of speech is called a modification of that part of
speech : henceDEFINITION Modifications of the parts of speech are their
grammatical changes . * REFERENCE TABLE OF MODIFICATIONS . Noun .

Author: William Swinton

Publisher: J. Campbell

ISBN: HARVARD:32044102854288

Category: English language

Page: 192

View: 409

Categories: English language

Grammatical Complexity in Academic English

Grammatical Complexity in Academic English

This work establishes that academic writing is structurally compressed (rather than elaborated); that it is often not explicit in the expression of meaning; and that scientific academic writing has been the locus of some of the most ...

Author: Douglas Biber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316462409

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 319

Grammatical Complexity in Academic English uses corpus-based analyses to challenge a number of dominant stereotypes and assumptions within linguistics. Biber and Gray tackle the nature of grammatical complexity, demonstrating that embedded phrasal structures are as important as embedded dependent clauses. The authors also overturn ingrained assumptions about linguistic change, showing that grammatical change occurs in writing as well as speech. This work establishes that academic writing is structurally compressed (rather than elaborated); that it is often not explicit in the expression of meaning; and that scientific academic writing has been the locus of some of the most important grammatical changes in English over the past 200 years (rather than being conservative and resistant to change). Supported throughout with textual evidence, this work is essential reading for discourse analysts, sociolinguists, applied linguists, as well as descriptive linguists and historical linguists.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

An Initiatory Catechism of Hebrew Grammar

An Initiatory Catechism of Hebrew Grammar

In the vocables of the language it frequently occurs ; but as a grammatical
change only in the conjugation Hithpayel , when the verb begins with a sibilant .
Q . What is assimilation ? A . It is the change of one , usually the first , of two
concurring ...

Author: Peter Mercer

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101071974289

Category: Aramaic language

Page: 94

View: 509

Categories: Aramaic language

An Outline of Anglo Saxon Grammar

An Outline of Anglo Saxon Grammar

This change from 0 to d , h to g , also in other classes of verbs ) from h to w ( g ) (
< hw - gw ) and s to r , is called Grammatical Change ( S. S $ 233–234 ) . Note 1.-
Grammatical Change ( only partially preserved ) is due to an original ( proto ...

Author: James Wilson Bright

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105047703835

Category: English language

Page: 79

View: 441

Categories: English language

A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian Or South Indian Family of Languages

A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian Or South Indian Family of Languages

Ś , the soft sibilant of Sanskrit , sometimes passes through similar changes .
Generally it is represented by the corresponding ś or ch of the Dravidian
languages , but sometimes it is converted , like the harder s , into t , as in the very
ancient ...

Author: Robert Caldwell

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433081854782

Category: Dravidian languages

Page: 608

View: 576

Categories: Dravidian languages