Language Contact and Grammatical Change

Language Contact and Grammatical Change

Publisher Description

Author: Bernd Heine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521608287

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 308

View: 457

Offers an interesting insight into how language contact affects grammatical forms and structures.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change

Grammatical Change

This book advances research on grammatical change and shows the breadth and liveliness of the field.

Author: Dianne Jonas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199582624

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 384

View: 693

This book advances research on grammatical change and shows the breadth and liveliness of the field. International scholars report on the nature and outcomes of all aspects of syntactic change, including grammaticalization, variation, syntactic movement, determiner-phrase syntax, pronominal systems, case systems, negation, and alignment.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

The Rosendal Papers Þórhallur Eyþórsson. Introduction Thórhallur Eythórsson
Background This book grew out of the symposium Linguistic Theory and
Grammatical Change held at Rosendal , Norway , May 31 - June 4 , 2005 , and a
follow ...

Author: Þórhallur Eyþórsson

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027233772

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 441

View: 181

This book contains 15 revised papers originally presented at a symposium at Rosendal, Norway, under the aegis of The Centre for Advanced Study (CAS) at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The overall theme of the volume is 'internal factors in grammatical change.' The papers focus on fundamental questions in theoretically-based historical linguistics from a broad perspective. Several of the papers relate to grammaticalization in different ways, but are generally critical of 'Grammaticalization Theory'. Further papers focus on the causes of syntactic change, pinpointing both extra-syntactic (exogenous) causes and – more controversially – internally driven (endogenous) causes. The volume is rounded up by contributions on morphological change 'by itself.' A wide range of languages is covered, including Tsova-Tush (Nakh-Dagestan), Zoque, and Athapaskan languages, in addition to Indo-European languages, both the more familiar ones and some less well-studied varieties.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

The evolution of various languages from one common ancestor with their
converging, and possibly diverging, histories provides an excellent testing
ground for competing hypotheses on grammatical change. What is at stake in
controversies ...

Author: Ulrich Detges

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027248087

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 753

Recent years have seen intense debates between formal (generative) and functional linguists, particularly with respect to the relation between grammar and usage. This debate is directly relevant to diachronic linguistics, where one and the same phenomenon of language change can be explained from various theoretical perspectives. In this, a close look at the divergent and/or convergent evolution of a richly documented language family such as Romance promises to be useful. The basic problem for any approach to language change is what Eugenio Coseriu has termed the paradox of change: if synchronically, languages can be viewed as perfectly running systems, then there is no reason why they should change in the first place. And yet, as everyone knows, languages are changing constantly. In nine case studies, a number of renowned scholars of Romance linguistics address the explanation of grammatical change either within a broadly generative or a functional framework.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

This suffix also gave origin to the neuter nominative-accusative plural, formerly a
collective rather than a count plural. The semantic development is accompanied
by morphological change: in the case of the neuter nominative-accusative plural,
 ...

Author: Vít Bubeník

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027248213

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 262

View: 202

The product of a group of scholars who have been working on new directions in Historical Linguistics, this book is focused on questions of grammatical change, and the central issue of grammaticalization in Indo-European languages. Several studies examine particular problems in specific languages, but often with implications for the IE phylum as a whole. Given the historical scope of the data (over a period of four millennia) long range grammatical changes such as the development of gender differences, strategies of definiteness, the prepositional phrase, or of the syntax of the verbal diathesis and aspect, are also treated. The shifting relevance of morphology to syntax, and syntax to morphology, a central motif of this research, has provoked lively debate in the discipline of Historical Linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Change in Contemporary English

Change in Contemporary English

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this ...

Author: Geoffrey Leech

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521867221

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 341

View: 937

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this process.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Relations in Change

Grammatical Relations in Change

International Conference of Historical Linguistics in Vancouver 1999 I organized
a workshop called Grammatical Relations and Grammatical Change. This
workshop was the beginning of the collective work resulting in this book. Of the
eleven ...

Author: Jan Terje Faarlund

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027298041

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 326

View: 237

The eleven selected contributions making up this volume deal with grammatical relations, their coding and behavioral properties, and the change that these properties have undergone in different languages. The focus of this collection is on the changing properties of subjects and objects, although the scope of the volume goes beyond the central problems pertaining to case marking and word order. The diachrony of syntactic and morphosyntactic phenomena are approached from different theoretical perspectives, generative grammar, valency grammar, and functionalism. The languages dealt with include Old English, Mainland Scandinavian, Icelandic, German and other Germanic languages, Latin, French and other Romance languages, Northeast Caucasian, Eskimo, and Popolocan. This book provides an opportunity to compare different theoretical approaches to similar phenomena in different languages and language families.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Grammaticalization of Verbs Verbs as Sources of Grammatical Change

The Grammaticalization of Verbs  Verbs as Sources of Grammatical Change

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2004 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (Anglistik), language: English, abstract: The famous dictum, “grammars code best ...

Author: Melanie Bobik

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668867321

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 113

View: 844

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2004 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (Anglistik), language: English, abstract: The famous dictum, “grammars code best what speakers do most” coined by Du Bois, is a central postulate of all discourse-based approaches to grammaticalization (also known as grammaticization, grammatization). It points to the assumption that frequent repetition in discourse plays a crucial role in the development of grammatical forms, and that basicness is an inherent characteristics of most source concepts. There is only a limited number of lexical items likely to be sources for grammaticalization. Since verbs form the core element of every sentence, expressing different conditions such as states, changes and activities, they provide a rich source for grammatical targets. So how do verbs serve as a source of grammatical change? This academic paper gives answers to this question, discussing the grammaticalization of verbs, and how verbs typically evolve into prepositions, aspectual as well as quotative markers, and complementizers. Evidence is taken not only from English, but also from, i.a., Chinese, German, Spanish, French and African languages.
Categories: Literary Collections

Grammatical Variation and Change in Jersey English

Grammatical Variation and Change in Jersey English

Positioned at the intersection of dialectology, sociolinguistics and contact
linguistics, this study attempts to discern patterns of variation and change in the
insular variety of JersE. The Channel Islands present us, or so it seems, with
laboratory ...

Author: Anna Rosen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270528

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 237

View: 668

Situated at the crossroads of dialectology, sociolinguistics and contact linguistics, this volume provides a first comprehensive description of the morphosyntactic inventory of the variety of English spoken on Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands. Based on a specially compiled corpus of spoken material containing both present-day sociolinguistic and archive data, it thereby reveals an intricate network of variation and change in this language-shift variety. The study adopts a cross-varietal approach for its analyses, which enables a first more systematic comparison between the Englishes spoken on Jersey, on its sister island Guernsey and beyond. In addition, it discusses the implications of identity aspects for language use in Jersey. The book will therefore be of major interest to any researcher or student working in the areas of language variation and change, language contact or dialectology and to those interested in sociolinguistic methodology and the relationships between language and identity.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change

Grammatical Change

reflected in the grammatical change literature , so that changes in the
morphological or phonological domain are not only seen as ' side - effects of
grammatical change but as playing a driving role in the change itself ( cf. Schlüter
2003 ...

Author: Rachel Hendery

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822036570166

Category: Generative grammar

Page: 201

View: 108

This volume comprises a collection of papers on the theme of grammatical change that evolved out of a workshop sponsored by the Centre for Research on Language Change (The Australian National University). The papers extend the boundaries of what has been addressed under the label of 'grammatical change' by applying theories and models of grammatical change to new evidence; by illuminating the historical relationships between grammar and other levels of linguistics; and by extending the range of languages that have been examined from the perspective of grammatical change. Languages discussed include Murriny Patha, Walpiri, Gurindji, Walmajarri, and Kayardild, Lardil, Yukulta, English, Dutch, German, Afrikaans, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovenian, Albanian, Greek, Old Church Slavonic, Tocharian, Mandarin, Cantonese, Quechua, Basque, and Tok Pisin
Categories: Generative grammar

Advancing Socio grammatical Variation and Change

Advancing Socio grammatical Variation and Change

This groundbreaking collection showcases Jenny Cheshire’s influential work in bringing greater attention to quantitative analysis of socio-grammatical variation and builds upon her contributions with new lines of inquiry pushing ...

Author: Karen V. Beaman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000092707

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 418

View: 155

This groundbreaking collection showcases Jenny Cheshire’s influential work in bringing greater attention to quantitative analysis of socio-grammatical variation and builds upon her contributions with new lines of inquiry pushing sociolinguistic research forward. Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field, the volume is structured in six parts with a particular focus on syntactic, morpho-syntactic, and discourse-pragmatic variation and change, each section turning a lens on a different aspect of socio-grammatical variation. The first sections of the volume focus on the role of structure, its relevance for sociolinguistic production and perception and the impact of social structure on formal structure. Two sections look at the interface of variationist research with other aspects of linguistic research, including generative syntax and discourse-pragmatic features. The final sections consider the importance of integrating broader external factors in socio-grammatical variation, exploring the impact of interactional pressures in the sociolinguistic environment and the role of multi-ethnic contact varieties. Taken together, this volume demonstrates the critical role of socio-grammatical variation in our understanding of language change as a holistic process.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Word Order Change as a Source of Grammaticalisation

Word Order Change as a Source of Grammaticalisation

Preface Grammaticalisation is generally seen as the change whereby lexical
elements become grammatical elements and/or whereby grammatical elements
become even more grammatical elements (Meillet 1912, Kurylowicz 1965, ...

Author: Susann Fischer

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027288189

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 755

This book presents a new perspective on the interaction between word-order and grammaticalisation by investigating the changes that stylistic fronting and oblique subjects have undergone in Romance (Catalan, French, Spanish) as compared to Germanic (English, Icelandic). It discusses a great deal of historical comparative data showing that stylistic fronting and oblique subjects have (had) a semantic effect in the Germanic and in the Romance languages, and that they both appear in the same functional category. The loss of stylistic fronting and oblique subjects is seen as an effect of grammaticalisation, where grammaticalisation is taken to be a regular case of parameter change. In contrast to previous and recent approaches to grammaticalisation, however, the author shows that it is not the loss of morphology that triggers grammaticalisation with subsequent word-order changes, but that the word-order change sets off grammaticalisation in the functional categories, which is then followed by the loss of morphology.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Acquisition and Change

Language Acquisition and Change

3.1 The LAnguAge-LeARnIng chILd AS The LocuS of gRAmmATIcAL chAnge. T.
he variability of language use, across and within individuals, suggests that we
may be witnessing ongoing processes of lan- guage change, including changes
in ...

Author: Jurgen Meisel

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748677993

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 665

Under which circumstances does grammatical change come about? Is the child the principle agent of change as suggested by historical linguistics?This book discusses diachronic change of languages in terms of restructuring of speakers' internal grammatical knowledge. Efforts to construct a theory of diachronic change consistent with findings from psycholinguistics are scarce. Here, these questions are therefore addressed against the background of insights from research on monolingual and bilingual acquisition. Given that children are remarkably successful in reconstructing the grammars of their ambient languages, commonly held views need to be reconsidered according to which language change is primarily triggered by structural ambiguity in the input and in settings of language contact. In an innovative take on this matter, the authors argue that morphosyntactic change in core areas of grammar, especially where parameters of Universal Grammar are concerned, typically happens in settings involving second language acquisition. The children acting as agents of restructuring are either L2 learners themselves or are continuously exposed to the speech of L2 speakers of their target languages. Based on a variety of case studies, this discussion sheds new light on phenomena of change which have occupied historical linguists since the 19th century and will be welcomed by advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers in the fields of historical linguistics and language acquisition.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language and Space

Language and Space

Contact-induced. grammatical. change: A. cautionary. tale. 1. Introduction 2.
Background 3. Establishing change 4. Applying the comparative variationist
framework to the investigation of change 5. Putting contact-induced change to the
test 6.

Author: Peter Auer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110180022

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 889

View: 322

The dimensions of time and space fundamentally cause and shape the variability of all human language. To reduce investigation of this insight to manageable proportions, researchers have traditionally concentrated on the deepest dialects. But it is increasingly apparent that, although most people still speak with a distinct regional coloring, the new mobility of speakers in recently industrialized and postindustrial societies and the efflorescence of communication technologies cannot be ignored. This has given rise to a reconsideration of the relationship between geographical place and cultural space, and the fundamental link between language and a spatially bounded territory. Language and Space: An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation seeks to take full account of these developments in a comprehensive, theoretically rich way. The introductory volume examines the concept of space and linguistic approaches to it, the structure and dynamics of language spaces, and relevant research methods. A second volume offers the first thorough exploration of the interplay between linguistic investigation and cartography, and subsequent volumes uniformly document the state of research into the spatial dimension of particular language groupings. Key features: comprehensive coverage of the field in terms of theory and methods the unique volume stands alone, since it neither is a handbook of dialectology or of areal linguistics, nor a handbook on language variation alone gathers together a great number of distinguished scholars and experts in the field "
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook of Language Variation and Change

The Handbook of Language Variation and Change

1 age.grp p < 0.001 2 Y {M,O} 7 GRAMMATICAL. ... Such incremental
alternations in apparent time are consistent with the gradualness of grammatical
change and expose the ordered series of shifts of the type noted by Labov (1982:
76).

Author: J. K. Chambers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118335512

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 616

View: 349

Reflecting a multitude of developments in the study of language change and variation over the last ten years, this extensively updated second edition features a number of new chapters and remains the authoritative reference volume on a core research area in linguistics. A fully revised and expanded edition of this acclaimed reference work, which has established its reputation based on its unrivalled scope and depth of analysis in this interdisciplinary field Includes seven new chapters, while the remainder have undergone thorough revision and updating to incorporate the latest research and reflect numerous developments in the field Accessibly structured by theme, covering topics including data collection and evaluation, linguistic structure, language and time, language contact, language domains, and social differentiation Brings together an experienced, international editorial and contributor team to provides an unrivalled learning, teaching and reference tool for researchers and students in sociolinguistics
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Change and Typological Variation Grammatical universals and typology

Language Change and Typological Variation  Grammatical universals and typology

444 Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism Michael
Clynel Monash University This paper uses ... Special attention is paid to changes
towards SVO word order and to grammatical rather than pragmatic word order .

Author: Edgar C. Polomé

Publisher: Study of Man

ISBN: 0941694690

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 641

View: 490

PREFACE: Grammatical AbbreviationsBibliographical Abbreviations.I. UNIVERSAL ISSUES:Paolo Ramat: On Categories and CategorizationsPieter A. M. Seuren: Topic and CommentRobert Longacre: A Footnote to Lehmann?s OV/VO Typology. II. TYPOLOGICAL ISSUES:A. CATEGORIES AND RELATIONS: Theodora Bynon: Schleicher?s Reconstruction of a Sentence?Back to Pre Pre Indo EuropeanFrancisco R. Adrados: Hacia una tipologia de las combinaciones de rasgos linguisticosHenrik Birnbaum: On the Relationship of Typology and Genealogy in Language Classification?Some Theoretical Considerations and Applications to Indo EuropeanAnthony Aristar: Typology and the Saussurean Dichotomy. B. CONSTITUENT ORDER: Subhadra Kumar Sen: On the Syntax of the Anitta TextDouglas Mitchell: Lehmann?s Use of Syntactic TypologyMichael Clyne: Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism. C. ALIGNMENT & CONTENTIVE TYPE: Bridget Drinka: Alignment in Early Proto Indo EuropeanHelena Kurzova: Syntax in the Indo European Morphosyntactic TypeGeorgij A. Klimov: On the Pre accusative Component of the Structure of the Kartvelian LanguagesKarl Horst Schmidt: On Congruence in Languages of Active TypologyLaszlo Deszo: On the Structuring of Early Indo European in Areal Typological PerspectiveBernard Comrie & Maria Polinsky: Gender in Historical Perspective?Radial Categories Meet LanguageBrigitte Bauer: Impersonal Habet constructions in Latin?At the Crossroads of Indo European InnovationCarol F. Justus: Indo European 'have??a Grammatical Etymology.
Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

The Handbook of the History of English

The Handbook of the History of English

In this chapter I want to show how an understanding of variation can contribute to
our understanding of earlier grammars and of linguistic change, including
grammatical change. A crucial assumption here is that particular aspects of the
way ...

Author: Ans van Kemenade

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405187862

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 672

View: 569

The Handbook of the History of English is a collection of articles written by leading specialists in the field that focus on the theoretical issues behind the facts of the changing English language. organizes the theoretical issues behind the facts of the changing English language innovatively and applies recent insights to old problems surveys the history of English from the perspective of structural developments in areas such as phonology, prosody, morphology, syntax, semantics, language variation, and dialectology offers readers a comprehensive overview of the various theoretical perspectives available to the study of the history of English and sets new objectives for further research
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Constructions and Language Change

Constructions and Language Change

Viewing constructions as a locus of grammatical change can often help us
understand seemingly inexplicable synchronic structures. Here we consider a
grammatical pattern that appears at first highly unmotivated, a typological
peculiarity.

Author: Alexander Bergs

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110211757

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 271

View: 475

Studies in diachronic linguistics increasingly acknowledge that linguistic change is highly context-dependent and somehow tied to constructions as linguistic units. This is the first volume to investigate the role of constructions and the potential of constructional approaches in linguistic change. The contributions in this volume comprise both theoretical and empirical studies, all of which are accessible for a general audience. While some contributions explicitly aim at comparing and unifying concepts from both traditional grammatical theories and recent construction grammar approaches, others offer detailed case studies of exemplary problems from a constructional point of view. The papers offer a cross-linguistic perspective and deal with a number of different language families, ranging from Germanic to Austronesian.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic Change

Syntactic Change

It can only be observed through its concrete manifestations, the actual linguistic
utterances, and every grammatical description is an inductive generalization
based on those utterances. A change in the grammatical description from one
stage ...

Author: Jan T. Faarlund

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110854947

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 229

View: 649

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Historical Change in Serial Verb Constructions

Historical Change in Serial Verb Constructions

... new preposition for the concrete, local meaning, jusqu 'a, which Lehmann calls
a “secondary preposition which is gradually developing into a primary one.”
According to Lehmann, the cyclic nature of grammatical change was recognized
by ...

Author: Carol Lord

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027276858

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 273

View: 456

This work examines both historical and comparative evidence in documenting the sweep of diachronic change in the context of serial verb constructions. Using a wide range of data from languages of West Africa, Asia and the Caribbean, it demonstrates how shifts in meaning and usage result in syntactic, morphological and lexical change. The process by which verbs lose lexical semantic content and develop case-marking functions is described; it is argued that the change is directional, from verb to preposition (or postposition) to affix, along a grammaticalization continuum. This same grammaticalization process is shown to result in the development of complementizers, adverbial subordinators, conjunctions, adverbs and auxiliaries from verbs. Strong parallels across languages are found in the meanings of the verbs that become “defective” and in the functions they come to mark. The changes are documented in detail, with examples from a number of languages illustrating the effect of the changes on typology and word order, implications for the encoding of definiteness and aspect, and the relevance of notions such as discourse topic, foreground and transitivity. With respect to theoretical assumptions and terminology, the author has taken a relatively nonpartisan approach, and the discussion is accessible to students of language as well as of interest to theoreticians.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines