Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

The Rosendal Papers Þórhallur Eyþórsson. Introduction Thórhallur Eythórsson
Background This book grew out of the symposium Linguistic Theory and
Grammatical Change held at Rosendal , Norway , May 31 - June 4 , 2005 , and a
follow ...

Author: Þórhallur Eyþórsson

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027233772

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 441

View: 421

This book contains 15 revised papers originally presented at a symposium at Rosendal, Norway, under the aegis of The Centre for Advanced Study (CAS) at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The overall theme of the volume is 'internal factors in grammatical change.' The papers focus on fundamental questions in theoretically-based historical linguistics from a broad perspective. Several of the papers relate to grammaticalization in different ways, but are generally critical of 'Grammaticalization Theory'. Further papers focus on the causes of syntactic change, pinpointing both extra-syntactic (exogenous) causes and – more controversially – internally driven (endogenous) causes. The volume is rounded up by contributions on morphological change 'by itself.' A wide range of languages is covered, including Tsova-Tush (Nakh-Dagestan), Zoque, and Athapaskan languages, in addition to Indo-European languages, both the more familiar ones and some less well-studied varieties.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

The evolution of various languages from one common ancestor with their
converging , and possibly diverging , histories provides an excellent testing
ground for competing hypotheses on grammatical change . What is at stake in
controversies ...

Author: Ulrich Detges

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027248087

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 955

Recent years have seen intense debates between formal (generative) and functional linguists, particularly with respect to the relation between grammar and usage. This debate is directly relevant to diachronic linguistics, where one and the same phenomenon of language change can be explained from various theoretical perspectives. In this, a close look at the divergent and/or convergent evolution of a richly documented language family such as Romance promises to be useful. The basic problem for any approach to language change is what Eugenio Coseriu has termed the paradox of change: if synchronically, languages can be viewed as perfectly running systems, then there is no reason why they should change in the first place. And yet, as everyone knows, languages are changing constantly. In nine case studies, a number of renowned scholars of Romance linguistics address the explanation of grammatical change either within a broadly generative or a functional framework.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

This suffix also gave origin to the neuter nominative-accusative plural, formerly a
collective rather than a count plural. The semantic development is accompanied
by morphological change: in the case of the neuter nominative-accusative plural,
 ...

Author: Vít Bubeník

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027248213

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 262

View: 388

The product of a group of scholars who have been working on new directions in Historical Linguistics, this book is focused on questions of grammatical change, and the central issue of grammaticalization in Indo-European languages. Several studies examine particular problems in specific languages, but often with implications for the IE phylum as a whole. Given the historical scope of the data (over a period of four millennia) long range grammatical changes such as the development of gender differences, strategies of definiteness, the prepositional phrase, or of the syntax of the verbal diathesis and aspect, are also treated. The shifting relevance of morphology to syntax, and syntax to morphology, a central motif of this research, has provoked lively debate in the discipline of Historical Linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change

Grammatical Change

This idea precedes generative grammar, of course, going back at least to Paul (
), but in diachronic generative syntax work it remains the central idea, driving,
for example, the discussion on putative general principles of change in .

Author: Dianne Jonas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199582624

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 384

View: 946

This book advances research on grammatical change and shows the breadth and liveliness of the field. International scholars report on the nature and outcomes of all aspects of syntactic change, including grammaticalization, variation, syntactic movement, determiner-phrase syntax, pronominal systems, case systems, negation, and alignment.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Contact and Grammatical Change

Language Contact and Grammatical Change

We saw in the preceding chapter that what happens in situations of language
contact is not coincidental: there are certain grammatical changes that can be ex-
pected to happen while others are unlikely to happen. Furthermore, there are ...

Author: Bernd Heine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521608287

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 308

View: 114

Offers an interesting insight into how language contact affects grammatical forms and structures.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Relations in Change

Grammatical Relations in Change

International Conference of Historical Linguistics in Vancouver 1999 I organized
a workshop called Grammatical Relations and Grammatical Change. This
workshop was the beginning of the collective work resulting in this book. Of the
eleven ...

Author: Jan Terje Faarlund

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027298041

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 326

View: 784

The eleven selected contributions making up this volume deal with grammatical relations, their coding and behavioral properties, and the change that these properties have undergone in different languages. The focus of this collection is on the changing properties of subjects and objects, although the scope of the volume goes beyond the central problems pertaining to case marking and word order. The diachrony of syntactic and morphosyntactic phenomena are approached from different theoretical perspectives, generative grammar, valency grammar, and functionalism. The languages dealt with include Old English, Mainland Scandinavian, Icelandic, German and other Germanic languages, Latin, French and other Romance languages, Northeast Caucasian, Eskimo, and Popolocan. This book provides an opportunity to compare different theoretical approaches to similar phenomena in different languages and language families.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Variation and Change in Jersey English

Grammatical Variation and Change in Jersey English

Positioned at the intersection of dialectology, sociolinguistics and contact
linguistics, this study attempts to discern patterns of variation and change in the
insular variety of JersE. The Channel Islands present us, or so it seems, with
laboratory ...

Author: Anna Rosen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270528

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 237

View: 863

Situated at the crossroads of dialectology, sociolinguistics and contact linguistics, this volume provides a first comprehensive description of the morphosyntactic inventory of the variety of English spoken on Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands. Based on a specially compiled corpus of spoken material containing both present-day sociolinguistic and archive data, it thereby reveals an intricate network of variation and change in this language-shift variety. The study adopts a cross-varietal approach for its analyses, which enables a first more systematic comparison between the Englishes spoken on Jersey, on its sister island Guernsey and beyond. In addition, it discusses the implications of identity aspects for language use in Jersey. The book will therefore be of major interest to any researcher or student working in the areas of language variation and change, language contact or dialectology and to those interested in sociolinguistic methodology and the relationships between language and identity.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change

Grammatical Change

reflected in the grammatical change literature , so that changes in the
morphological or phonological domain are not only seen as ' side - effects of
grammatical change but as playing a driving role in the change itself ( cf. Schlüter
2003 ...

Author: Rachel Hendery

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822036570166

Category: Generative grammar

Page: 201

View: 910

This volume comprises a collection of papers on the theme of grammatical change that evolved out of a workshop sponsored by the Centre for Research on Language Change (The Australian National University). The papers extend the boundaries of what has been addressed under the label of 'grammatical change' by applying theories and models of grammatical change to new evidence; by illuminating the historical relationships between grammar and other levels of linguistics; and by extending the range of languages that have been examined from the perspective of grammatical change. Languages discussed include Murriny Patha, Walpiri, Gurindji, Walmajarri, and Kayardild, Lardil, Yukulta, English, Dutch, German, Afrikaans, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovenian, Albanian, Greek, Old Church Slavonic, Tocharian, Mandarin, Cantonese, Quechua, Basque, and Tok Pisin
Categories: Generative grammar

Change in Contemporary English

Change in Contemporary English

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this ...

Author: Geoffrey Leech

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521867221

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 341

View: 407

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this process.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Acquisition and Change

Language Acquisition and Change

If, however, we distinguish carefully – as we should do – between, on the one
hand, possible change at the level of I-grammar, affecting the internal
grammatical knowledge of native speakers of a particular language, and, on the
other, change ...

Author: Jurgen Meisel

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748677993

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 589

Under which circumstances does grammatical change come about? Is the child the principle agent of change as suggested by historical linguistics?This book discusses diachronic change of languages in terms of restructuring of speakers' internal grammatical knowledge. Efforts to construct a theory of diachronic change consistent with findings from psycholinguistics are scarce. Here, these questions are therefore addressed against the background of insights from research on monolingual and bilingual acquisition. Given that children are remarkably successful in reconstructing the grammars of their ambient languages, commonly held views need to be reconsidered according to which language change is primarily triggered by structural ambiguity in the input and in settings of language contact. In an innovative take on this matter, the authors argue that morphosyntactic change in core areas of grammar, especially where parameters of Universal Grammar are concerned, typically happens in settings involving second language acquisition. The children acting as agents of restructuring are either L2 learners themselves or are continuously exposed to the speech of L2 speakers of their target languages. Based on a variety of case studies, this discussion sheds new light on phenomena of change which have occupied historical linguists since the 19th century and will be welcomed by advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers in the fields of historical linguistics and language acquisition.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language and Space

Language and Space

Contact-induced. grammatical. change: A. cautionary. tale. 1. Introduction 2.
Background 3. Establishing change 4. Applying the comparative variationist
framework to the investigation of change 5. Putting contact-induced change to the
test 6.

Author: Peter Auer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110180022

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 889

View: 409

The dimensions of time and space fundamentally cause and shape the variability of all human language. To reduce investigation of this insight to manageable proportions, researchers have traditionally concentrated on the deepest dialects. But it is increasingly apparent that, although most people still speak with a distinct regional coloring, the new mobility of speakers in recently industrialized and postindustrial societies and the efflorescence of communication technologies cannot be ignored. This has given rise to a reconsideration of the relationship between geographical place and cultural space, and the fundamental link between language and a spatially bounded territory. Language and Space: An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation seeks to take full account of these developments in a comprehensive, theoretically rich way. The introductory volume examines the concept of space and linguistic approaches to it, the structure and dynamics of language spaces, and relevant research methods. A second volume offers the first thorough exploration of the interplay between linguistic investigation and cartography, and subsequent volumes uniformly document the state of research into the spatial dimension of particular language groupings. Key features: comprehensive coverage of the field in terms of theory and methods the unique volume stands alone, since it neither is a handbook of dialectology or of areal linguistics, nor a handbook on language variation alone gathers together a great number of distinguished scholars and experts in the field "
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook of Language Variation and Change

The Handbook of Language Variation and Change

This provides a striking confirmation that the grammar of going to has shifted from
the middle and older generations (M,O) to the ... Such incremental alternations in
apparent time are consistent with the gradualness of grammatical change and ...

Author: J. K. Chambers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118335512

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 616

View: 657

Reflecting a multitude of developments in the study of language change and variation over the last ten years, this extensively updated second edition features a number of new chapters and remains the authoritative reference volume on a core research area in linguistics. A fully revised and expanded edition of this acclaimed reference work, which has established its reputation based on its unrivalled scope and depth of analysis in this interdisciplinary field Includes seven new chapters, while the remainder have undergone thorough revision and updating to incorporate the latest research and reflect numerous developments in the field Accessibly structured by theme, covering topics including data collection and evaluation, linguistic structure, language and time, language contact, language domains, and social differentiation Brings together an experienced, international editorial and contributor team to provides an unrivalled learning, teaching and reference tool for researchers and students in sociolinguistics
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook of the History of English

The Handbook of the History of English

So I will show how it is possible to argue for an underlying identity in grammar
from an identity in rates of change ... of a particular sociolinguistic change, which
in turn clarifies the place of grammatical change in the more complex situation.

Author: Ans van Kemenade

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405187862

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 672

View: 778

The Handbook of the History of English is a collection of articles written by leading specialists in the field that focus on the theoretical issues behind the facts of the changing English language. organizes the theoretical issues behind the facts of the changing English language innovatively and applies recent insights to old problems surveys the history of English from the perspective of structural developments in areas such as phonology, prosody, morphology, syntax, semantics, language variation, and dialectology offers readers a comprehensive overview of the various theoretical perspectives available to the study of the history of English and sets new objectives for further research
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Change and Typological Variation Grammatical universals and typology

Language Change and Typological Variation  Grammatical universals and typology

444 Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism Michael
Clynel Monash University This paper uses ... Special attention is paid to changes
towards SVO word order and to grammatical rather than pragmatic word order .

Author: Edgar C. Polomé

Publisher: Study of Man

ISBN: 0941694690

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 641

View: 720

PREFACE: Grammatical AbbreviationsBibliographical Abbreviations.I. UNIVERSAL ISSUES:Paolo Ramat: On Categories and CategorizationsPieter A. M. Seuren: Topic and CommentRobert Longacre: A Footnote to Lehmann?s OV/VO Typology. II. TYPOLOGICAL ISSUES:A. CATEGORIES AND RELATIONS: Theodora Bynon: Schleicher?s Reconstruction of a Sentence?Back to Pre Pre Indo EuropeanFrancisco R. Adrados: Hacia una tipologia de las combinaciones de rasgos linguisticosHenrik Birnbaum: On the Relationship of Typology and Genealogy in Language Classification?Some Theoretical Considerations and Applications to Indo EuropeanAnthony Aristar: Typology and the Saussurean Dichotomy. B. CONSTITUENT ORDER: Subhadra Kumar Sen: On the Syntax of the Anitta TextDouglas Mitchell: Lehmann?s Use of Syntactic TypologyMichael Clyne: Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism. C. ALIGNMENT & CONTENTIVE TYPE: Bridget Drinka: Alignment in Early Proto Indo EuropeanHelena Kurzova: Syntax in the Indo European Morphosyntactic TypeGeorgij A. Klimov: On the Pre accusative Component of the Structure of the Kartvelian LanguagesKarl Horst Schmidt: On Congruence in Languages of Active TypologyLaszlo Deszo: On the Structuring of Early Indo European in Areal Typological PerspectiveBernard Comrie & Maria Polinsky: Gender in Historical Perspective?Radial Categories Meet LanguageBrigitte Bauer: Impersonal Habet constructions in Latin?At the Crossroads of Indo European InnovationCarol F. Justus: Indo European 'have??a Grammatical Etymology.
Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Constructions and Language Change

Constructions and Language Change

Viewing constructions as a locus of grammatical change can often help us
understand seemingly inexplicable synchronic structures. Here we consider a
grammatical pattern that appears at first highly unmotivated, a typological
peculiarity.

Author: Alexander Bergs

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110211757

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 271

View: 709

Studies in diachronic linguistics increasingly acknowledge that linguistic change is highly context-dependent and somehow tied to constructions as linguistic units. This is the first volume to investigate the role of constructions and the potential of constructional approaches in linguistic change. The contributions in this volume comprise both theoretical and empirical studies, all of which are accessible for a general audience. While some contributions explicitly aim at comparing and unifying concepts from both traditional grammatical theories and recent construction grammar approaches, others offer detailed case studies of exemplary problems from a constructional point of view. The papers offer a cross-linguistic perspective and deal with a number of different language families, ranging from Germanic to Austronesian.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Evolution of Grammar

The Evolution of Grammar

The evidence at hand, then, suggests that metaphor is a mechanism of semantic
change for lexical meaning and for grammatical meaning closer to the lexical end
of the scale, while inference is one of the mechanisms applicable to more ...

Author: Professor of Linguistics Joan Bybee

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226086658

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 398

View: 236

Joan Bybee and her colleagues present a new theory of the evolution of grammar that links structure and meaning in a way that directly challenges most contemporary versions of generative grammar. This study focuses on the use and meaning of grammatical markers of tense, aspect, and modality and identifies a universal set of grammatical categories. The authors demonstrate that the semantic content of these categories evolves gradually and that this process of evolution is strikingly similar across unrelated languages. Through a survey of seventy-six languages in twenty-five different phyla, the authors show that the same paths of change occur universally and that movement along these paths is in one direction only. This analysis reveals that lexical substance evolves into grammatical substance through various mechanisms of change, such as metaphorical extension and the conventionalization of implicature. Grammaticization is always accompanied by an increase in frequency of the grammatical marker, providing clear evidence that language use is a major factor in the evolution of synchronic language states. The Evolution of Grammar has important implications for the development of language and for the study of cognitive processes in general.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic Change

Syntactic Change

It can only be observed through its concrete manifestations, the actual linguistic
utterances, and every grammatical description is an inductive generalization
based on those utterances. A change in the grammatical description from one
stage ...

Author: Jan T. Faarlund

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110854947

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 229

View: 283

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Historical Change in Serial Verb Constructions

Historical Change in Serial Verb Constructions

... new preposition for the concrete, local meaning, jusqu 'a, which Lehmann calls
a “secondary preposition which is gradually developing into a primary one.”
According to Lehmann, the cyclic nature of grammatical change was recognized
by ...

Author: Carol Lord

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027276858

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 273

View: 788

This work examines both historical and comparative evidence in documenting the sweep of diachronic change in the context of serial verb constructions. Using a wide range of data from languages of West Africa, Asia and the Caribbean, it demonstrates how shifts in meaning and usage result in syntactic, morphological and lexical change. The process by which verbs lose lexical semantic content and develop case-marking functions is described; it is argued that the change is directional, from verb to preposition (or postposition) to affix, along a grammaticalization continuum. This same grammaticalization process is shown to result in the development of complementizers, adverbial subordinators, conjunctions, adverbs and auxiliaries from verbs. Strong parallels across languages are found in the meanings of the verbs that become “defective” and in the functions they come to mark. The changes are documented in detail, with examples from a number of languages illustrating the effect of the changes on typology and word order, implications for the encoding of definiteness and aspect, and the relevance of notions such as discourse topic, foreground and transitivity. With respect to theoretical assumptions and terminology, the author has taken a relatively nonpartisan approach, and the discussion is accessible to students of language as well as of interest to theoreticians.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Research Methods in Language Variation and Change

Research Methods in Language Variation and Change

grammatical. change. christian. mair. 1 Introduction1 The present chapter asserts
the continuing relevance of a methodology which has gone out of fashion with
some segments of the corpus-linguistic community: the careful and – dare we use
 ...

Author: Manfred Krug

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107004900

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 538

View: 899

Methodological know-how has become one of the key qualifications in contemporary linguistics, which has a strong empirical focus. Containing 23 chapters, each devoted to a different research method, this volume brings together the expertise and insight of a range of established practitioners. The chapters are arranged in three parts, devoted to three different stages of empirical research: data collection, analysis and evaluation. In addition to detailed step-by-step introductions and illustrative case studies focusing on variation and change in English, each chapter addresses the strengths and weaknesses of the methodology and concludes with suggestions for further reading. This systematic, state-of-the-art survey is ideal for both novice researchers and professionals interested in extending their methodological repertoires. The book also has a companion website which provides readers with further information, links, resources, demonstrations, exercises and case studies related to each chapter.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines