Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

This book contains 15 revised papers originally presented at a symposium at Rosendal, Norway, under the aegis of The Centre for Advanced Study (CAS) at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.

Author: Þórhallur Eyþórsson

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027233772

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 441

View: 582

This book contains 15 revised papers originally presented at a symposium at Rosendal, Norway, under the aegis of The Centre for Advanced Study (CAS) at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The overall theme of the volume is 'internal factors in grammatical change.' The papers focus on fundamental questions in theoretically-based historical linguistics from a broad perspective. Several of the papers relate to grammaticalization in different ways, but are generally critical of 'Grammaticalization Theory'. Further papers focus on the causes of syntactic change, pinpointing both extra-syntactic (exogenous) causes and – more controversially – internally driven (endogenous) causes. The volume is rounded up by contributions on morphological change 'by itself.' A wide range of languages is covered, including Tsova-Tush (Nakh-Dagestan), Zoque, and Athapaskan languages, in addition to Indo-European languages, both the more familiar ones and some less well-studied varieties.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

... particularly with respect to the relation between grammar and usage ... an excellent testing ground for competing hypotheses on grammatical change .

Author: Ulrich Detges

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027248087

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 251

Recent years have seen intense debates between formal (generative) and functional linguists, particularly with respect to the relation between grammar and usage. This debate is directly relevant to diachronic linguistics, where one and the same phenomenon of language change can be explained from various theoretical perspectives. In this, a close look at the divergent and/or convergent evolution of a richly documented language family such as Romance promises to be useful. The basic problem for any approach to language change is what Eugenio Coseriu has termed the paradox of change: if synchronically, languages can be viewed as perfectly running systems, then there is no reason why they should change in the first place. And yet, as everyone knows, languages are changing constantly. In nine case studies, a number of renowned scholars of Romance linguistics address the explanation of grammatical change either within a broadly generative or a functional framework.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change

Grammatical Change

The machinery of the Revised Extended Standard Theory (REST) (e.g. Chomsky ) provided several possible loci for syntactic change in the grammar.

Author: Dianne Jonas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199582624

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 384

View: 160

This book advances research on grammatical change and shows the breadth and liveliness of the field. International scholars report on the nature and outcomes of all aspects of syntactic change, including grammaticalization, variation, syntactic movement, determiner-phrase syntax, pronominal systems, case systems, negation, and alignment.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

... Montréal in the workshop 'Grammatical Changes in Indo- European Languages'. ... Changes' which we included in the Section on Tense/Aspect and Diathesis.

Author: Vít Bubeník

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027248213

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 262

View: 707

The product of a group of scholars who have been working on new directions in Historical Linguistics, this book is focused on questions of grammatical change, and the central issue of grammaticalization in Indo-European languages. Several studies examine particular problems in specific languages, but often with implications for the IE phylum as a whole. Given the historical scope of the data (over a period of four millennia) long range grammatical changes such as the development of gender differences, strategies of definiteness, the prepositional phrase, or of the syntax of the verbal diathesis and aspect, are also treated. The shifting relevance of morphology to syntax, and syntax to morphology, a central motif of this research, has provoked lively debate in the discipline of Historical Linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Contact and Grammatical Change

Language Contact and Grammatical Change

change. We saw in the preceding chapter that what happens in situations of language contact is not coincidental: there are certain grammatical changes that ...

Author: Bernd Heine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521608287

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 308

View: 470

Offers an interesting insight into how language contact affects grammatical forms and structures.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change in English World Wide

Grammatical Change in English World Wide

The study of grammatical change in AusE The corpus-based diachronic study of AusE grammar is very much in its infancy. In some studies apparent time ...

Author: Peter Collins

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027268907

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 488

View: 206

The contributions to this volume apply and extend the techniques of corpus linguistics and diachronic linguistics to the challenge of describing and explaining grammatical change in varieties of English world-wide. The book is divided into two parts, with ten chapters on ‘Inner Circle’ varieties such as Australian, Canadian, and Irish English, and eight on ‘Outer Circle’ varieties such as Philippine, Indian, and Nigerian English. Contributors examine a range of topics including the progressive aspect, modal auxiliaries, do-support, verb morphology, and quotatives, using a wide variety of corpus resources. Overarching research questions addressed include the following: Do diachronic tendencies observed in a particular variety converge with, diverge from, or run in parallel with, those in the parent variety? What are the possible causes of changes observed (e.g. English teaching traditions, Americanisation, internal changes in registers)? This book will appeal to linguists, particularly those interested in grammatical description, corpus linguistics and World Englishes.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

The Paradox of Grammatical Change. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: Benjamins, 2008, p. 31–56. Firbas, Jan: On the concept of communicative dynamism in the theory ...

Author: Sam Featherston

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110401929

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 423

The newly-emerging field of theoretically informed but simultaneously empirically based syntax is dynamic but little-represented in the literature. This volume addresses this need. While there has previously been something of a gulf between theoretical linguists in the generative tradition and those linguists who work with quantitative data types, this gap is narrowing. In the light of the empirical revolution in the study of syntax, even people whose primary concern is grammatical theory take note of processing effects and attribute certain effects to them. Correspondingly, workers focusing on the surface evidence can relate more to the concepts of the theoreticians, because the two layers of explanation have been brought into contact. And these workers too must account for the data gathered by the theoreticians. An additional innovation is the generative analysis of historical data – this is now seen as psycholinguistic theory-relevant data like any other. These papers are thus a snapshot of some of the work currently being done in evidence-based grammar, using both experimental and historical data.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change

Grammatical Change

Author: Rachel Hendery

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822036570166

Category: Generative grammar

Page: 201

View: 443

This volume comprises a collection of papers on the theme of grammatical change that evolved out of a workshop sponsored by the Centre for Research on Language Change (The Australian National University). The papers extend the boundaries of what has been addressed under the label of 'grammatical change' by applying theories and models of grammatical change to new evidence; by illuminating the historical relationships between grammar and other levels of linguistics; and by extending the range of languages that have been examined from the perspective of grammatical change. Languages discussed include Murriny Patha, Walpiri, Gurindji, Walmajarri, and Kayardild, Lardil, Yukulta, English, Dutch, German, Afrikaans, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovenian, Albanian, Greek, Old Church Slavonic, Tocharian, Mandarin, Cantonese, Quechua, Basque, and Tok Pisin
Categories: Generative grammar

Change in Contemporary English

Change in Contemporary English

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this ...

Author: Geoffrey Leech

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521867221

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 341

View: 894

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this process.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Grammaticalization of Verbs Verbs as Sources of Grammatical Change

The Grammaticalization of Verbs  Verbs as Sources of Grammatical Change

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2004 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (Anglistik), language: English, abstract: The famous dictum, “grammars code best ...

Author: Melanie Bobik

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668867321

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 113

View: 318

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2004 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (Anglistik), language: English, abstract: The famous dictum, “grammars code best what speakers do most” coined by Du Bois, is a central postulate of all discourse-based approaches to grammaticalization (also known as grammaticization, grammatization). It points to the assumption that frequent repetition in discourse plays a crucial role in the development of grammatical forms, and that basicness is an inherent characteristics of most source concepts. There is only a limited number of lexical items likely to be sources for grammaticalization. Since verbs form the core element of every sentence, expressing different conditions such as states, changes and activities, they provide a rich source for grammatical targets. So how do verbs serve as a source of grammatical change? This academic paper gives answers to this question, discussing the grammaticalization of verbs, and how verbs typically evolve into prepositions, aspectual as well as quotative markers, and complementizers. Evidence is taken not only from English, but also from, i.a., Chinese, German, Spanish, French and African languages.
Categories: Literary Collections

Grammatical Complexity in Academic English

Grammatical Complexity in Academic English

Linguistic Change in Writing Douglas Biber, Bethany Gray. have documented the recent grammatical change associated with features like the new quotative ...

Author: Douglas Biber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107009264

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 292

View: 235

Using corpus-based analyses, the book challenges widely held beliefs about grammatical complexity, academic writing, and linguistic change in written English.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Determinants of Grammatical Variation in English

Determinants of Grammatical Variation in English

Let us call this the study of grammar ( or competence ) change . In order to describe grammar change we must take account of the shape of the theory of ...

Author: Günter Rohdenburg

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110176475

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 564

View: 382

The future of English linguistics as envisaged by the editors of Topics in English Linguistics lies in empirical studies which integrate work in English linguistics into general and theoretical linguistics on the one hand, and comparative linguistics on the other. The TiEL series features volumes that present interesting new data and analyses, and above all fresh approaches that contribute to the overall aim of the series, which is to further outstanding research in English linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

The newly-emerging field of theoretically informed but simultaneously empirically based syntax is dynamic but little-represented in the literature. This volume addresses this need.

Author: Sam Featherston

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110402124

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 271

The newly-emerging field of theoretically informed but simultaneously empirically based syntax is dynamic but little-represented in the literature. This volume addresses this need. While there has previously been something of a gulf between theoretical linguists in the generative tradition and those linguists who work with quantitative data types, this gap is narrowing. In the light of the empirical revolution in the study of syntax, even people whose primary concern is grammatical theory take note of processing effects and attribute certain effects to them. Correspondingly, workers focusing on the surface evidence can relate more to the concepts of the theoreticians, because the two layers of explanation have been brought into contact. And these workers too must account for the data gathered by the theoreticians. An additional innovation is the generative analysis of historical data – this is now seen as psycholinguistic theory-relevant data like any other. These papers are thus a snapshot of some of the work currently being done in evidence-based grammar, using both experimental and historical data.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Contact and Grammatical Change

Language Contact and Grammatical Change

The book will be of great interest to all working in grammaticalization, language contact, and language change.

Author: Bernd Heine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521845742

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

View: 184

The phenomenon of language contact, and how it affects the structure of languages, has been of great interest to linguists in recent years. This pioneering new study looks at how grammatical forms and structures evolve when speakers of two languages come into contact, and offers insight into the mechanism that induces people to transfer grammatical structures from one language to another. The book will be of great interest to all working in grammaticalization, language contact, and language change.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Change in English World Wide

Grammatical Change in English World Wide

The contributions to this volume apply and extend the techniques of corpus linguistics and diachronic linguistics to the challenge of describing and explaining grammatical change in varieties of English world-wide.

Author: Peter Collins

Publisher:

ISBN: 902720375X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 488

View: 580

The contributions to this volume apply and extend the techniques of corpus linguistics and diachronic linguistics to the challenge of describing and explaining grammatical change in varieties of English world-wide. The book is divided into two parts, with ten chapters on 'Inner Circle' varieties such as Australian, Canadian, and Irish English, and eight on 'Outer Circle' varieties such as Philippine, Indian, and Nigerian English. Contributors examine a range of topics including the progressive aspect, modal auxiliaries, do-support, verb morphology, and quotatives, using a wide variety of corpus resources. Overarching research questions addressed include the following: Do diachronic tendencies observed in a particular variety converge with, diverge from, or run in parallel with, those in the parent variety? What are the possible causes of changes observed (e.g. English teaching traditions, Americanisation, internal changes in registers)? This book will appeal to linguists, particularly those interested in grammatical description, corpus linguistics and World Englishes.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Change and Typological Variation Grammatical universals and typology

Language Change and Typological Variation  Grammatical universals and typology

444 Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism Michael
Clynel Monash University This paper uses ... Special attention is paid to changes
towards SVO word order and to grammatical rather than praginatic word order .

Author: Edgar C. Polomé

Publisher: Study of Man

ISBN: 0941694690

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 641

View: 981

PREFACE: Grammatical AbbreviationsBibliographical Abbreviations.I. UNIVERSAL ISSUES:Paolo Ramat: On Categories and CategorizationsPieter A. M. Seuren: Topic and CommentRobert Longacre: A Footnote to Lehmann?s OV/VO Typology. II. TYPOLOGICAL ISSUES:A. CATEGORIES AND RELATIONS: Theodora Bynon: Schleicher?s Reconstruction of a Sentence?Back to Pre Pre Indo EuropeanFrancisco R. Adrados: Hacia una tipologia de las combinaciones de rasgos linguisticosHenrik Birnbaum: On the Relationship of Typology and Genealogy in Language Classification?Some Theoretical Considerations and Applications to Indo EuropeanAnthony Aristar: Typology and the Saussurean Dichotomy. B. CONSTITUENT ORDER: Subhadra Kumar Sen: On the Syntax of the Anitta TextDouglas Mitchell: Lehmann?s Use of Syntactic TypologyMichael Clyne: Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism. C. ALIGNMENT & CONTENTIVE TYPE: Bridget Drinka: Alignment in Early Proto Indo EuropeanHelena Kurzova: Syntax in the Indo European Morphosyntactic TypeGeorgij A. Klimov: On the Pre accusative Component of the Structure of the Kartvelian LanguagesKarl Horst Schmidt: On Congruence in Languages of Active TypologyLaszlo Deszo: On the Structuring of Early Indo European in Areal Typological PerspectiveBernard Comrie & Maria Polinsky: Gender in Historical Perspective?Radial Categories Meet LanguageBrigitte Bauer: Impersonal Habet constructions in Latin?At the Crossroads of Indo European InnovationCarol F. Justus: Indo European 'have??a Grammatical Etymology.
Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Advancing Socio grammatical Variation and Change

Advancing Socio grammatical Variation and Change

This groundbreaking collection showcases Jenny Cheshire’s influential work in bringing greater attention to quantitative analysis of socio-grammatical variation and builds upon her contributions with new lines of inquiry pushing ...

Author: Karen V. Beaman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000092707

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 418

View: 904

This groundbreaking collection showcases Jenny Cheshire’s influential work in bringing greater attention to quantitative analysis of socio-grammatical variation and builds upon her contributions with new lines of inquiry pushing sociolinguistic research forward. Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field, the volume is structured in six parts with a particular focus on syntactic, morpho-syntactic, and discourse-pragmatic variation and change, each section turning a lens on a different aspect of socio-grammatical variation. The first sections of the volume focus on the role of structure, its relevance for sociolinguistic production and perception and the impact of social structure on formal structure. Two sections look at the interface of variationist research with other aspects of linguistic research, including generative syntax and discourse-pragmatic features. The final sections consider the importance of integrating broader external factors in socio-grammatical variation, exploring the impact of interactional pressures in the sociolinguistic environment and the role of multi-ethnic contact varieties. Taken together, this volume demonstrates the critical role of socio-grammatical variation in our understanding of language change as a holistic process.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Germanic Accent Grammatical Change and the Laws of Unaccented Syllables

Germanic Accent  Grammatical Change and the Laws of Unaccented Syllables

The accepted change from movable pitch accent to fixed dynamic accent in Germanic is so substantial that it must have been multi-staged.

Author: Richard J. E. D'Alquen

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015034103823

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 242

View: 740

The accepted change from movable pitch accent to fixed dynamic accent in Germanic is so substantial that it must have been multi-staged. The author posits stages, using acoustic phonetics, Verner's Law and accent markings in Old High German. He tests his theory in all major areas of Germanic grammar. Many old problems receive more convincing solutions, even Germanic finals and Scandinavian accent 2.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Rhythmic Grammar

Rhythmic Grammar

This groundbreaking book highlights a phonological preference, the Principle of Rhythmic Alternation, as a factor in grammatical variation and change in English from the early modern period to the present.

Author: Julia Schlüter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110219265

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 404

View: 632

This groundbreaking book highlights a phonological preference, the Principle of Rhythmic Alternation, as a factor in grammatical variation and change in English from the early modern period to the present. Though frequently overlooked in earlier research, the phonetically motivated avoidance of adjacent stresses is shown to exert an influence on a wide variety of phenomena in morphology and syntax. Based on in-depth analyses of extensive electronic databases, the book presents 20 exemplary studies from different structural categories. Among them are much-debated as well as novel issues, including the double comparative worser, 'predicative only' a- adjectives, variant past participles, the placement of the degree modifier quite, the order of conjuncts in binomials, the negation of attributive adjectives and sentence adverbs, variable adverbial marking, the use or omission of the infinitive marker, and the a- prefix before - ing forms. The studies provide qualitative and quantitative evidence of the importance of rhythmic alternation in synchronic variation as well as diachronic change, without neglecting interactions with a set of competing functional tendencies. Thus, the book contributes essential aspects to the description and explanation of the phenomena considered, calling for a fundamental revision of current thinking about the interface between phonology and morphosyntax. In addition, the empirical findings are brought to bear on theoretical discussions of more general interest, yielding a critical assessment of the merits and limitations of two nonmodular linguistic theories: Optimality Theory and spreading activation models. The latter type is developed into a comprehensive conception integrating functional factors such as the Principle of Rhythmic Alternation in an overarching framework for language variation and change. The wide range of subject areas covered makes the volume essential reading and a source of inspiration for linguists with interests as diverse as the phonology-morphosyntax interface, English grammar, the history of English, functional linguistics, Optimality Theory, as well as neuro- and psycholinguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

An Old English Grammar

An Old English Grammar

4 ) Grammatical Change . 233 . By “ grammatical change ” is to be understood an
interchange of the medial surd spirants s , f , g , h , hw with the corresponding
sonant spirants , designated by z , b , d , 8 , w ( but sometimes g ) , the
interchange ...

Author: Eduard Sievers

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015011497065

Category: English language

Page: 273

View: 787

Categories: English language