Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union

Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union

In this new atmosphere of freedom, Russia’s satirical magazine Krokodil (The Crocodile) became rejuvenated. John Etty explores Soviet graphic satire through Krokodil and its political cartoons.

Author: John Etty

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781496820532

Category: Art

Page: 240

View: 441

After the death of Joseph Stalin, Soviet-era Russia experienced a flourishing artistic movement due to relaxed censorship and new economic growth. In this new atmosphere of freedom, Russia's satirical magazine Krokodil (The Crocodile) became rejuvenated. John Etty explores Soviet graphic satire through Krokodil and its political cartoons. He investigates the forms, production, consumption, and functions of Krokodil, focusing on the period from 1954 to 1964. Krokodil remained the longest-serving and most important satirical journal in the Soviet Union, unique in producing state-sanctioned graphic satirical comment on Soviet and international affairs for over seventy years. Etty's analysis of Krokodil extends and enhances our understanding of Soviet graphic satire beyond state-sponsored propaganda. For most of its life, Krokodil consisted of a sixteen-page satirical magazine comprising a range of cartoons, photographs, and verbal texts. Authored by professional and nonprofessional contributors and published by Pravda in Moscow, it produced state-sanctioned satirical comment on Soviet and international affairs from 1922 onward. Soviet citizens and scholars of the USSR recognized Krokodil as the most significant, influential source of Soviet graphic satire. Indeed, the magazine enjoyed an international reputation, and many Americans and Western Europeans, regardless of political affiliation, found the images pointed and witty. Astoundingly, the magazine outlived the USSR but until now has received little scholarly attention.
Categories: Art

Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union

Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union

... graphic satire in the Thaw. While the magazine's high-profile images less commonly visualized the everyday or “earthly” Soviet Union earlier in the period, cartoons about “becoming” Soviet were increasingly frequent after 1958.

Author: John Etty

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781496820556

Category: Art

Page: 240

View: 369

After the death of Joseph Stalin, Soviet-era Russia experienced a flourishing artistic movement due to relaxed censorship and new economic growth. In this new atmosphere of freedom, Russia's satirical magazine Krokodil (The Crocodile) became rejuvenated. John Etty explores Soviet graphic satire through Krokodil and its political cartoons. He investigates the forms, production, consumption, and functions of Krokodil, focusing on the period from 1954 to 1964. Krokodil remained the longest-serving and most important satirical journal in the Soviet Union, unique in producing state-sanctioned graphic satirical comment on Soviet and international affairs for over seventy years. Etty's analysis of Krokodil extends and enhances our understanding of Soviet graphic satire beyond state-sponsored propaganda. For most of its life, Krokodil consisted of a sixteen-page satirical magazine comprising a range of cartoons, photographs, and verbal texts. Authored by professional and nonprofessional contributors and published by Pravda in Moscow, it produced state-sanctioned satirical comment on Soviet and international affairs from 1922 onward. Soviet citizens and scholars of the USSR recognized Krokodil as the most significant, influential source of Soviet graphic satire. Indeed, the magazine enjoyed an international reputation, and many Americans and Western Europeans, regardless of political affiliation, found the images pointed and witty. Astoundingly, the magazine outlived the USSR but until now has received little scholarly attention.
Categories: Art

Russian Culture in the Age of Globalization

Russian Culture in the Age of Globalization

Her research focus is on the post-Soviet right-wing intellectual milieu, the role of the Orthodox Church in Russian ... His forthcoming book Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union: Krokodil's Political Cartoons explores the journal in ...

Author: Vlad Strukov

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317235583

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 350

This book brings together scholars from across a variety of disciplines who use different methodologies to interrogate the changing nature of Russian culture in the twenty-first century. The book considers a wide range of cultural forms that have been instrumental in globalizing Russia. These include literature, art, music, film, media, the internet, sport, urban spaces, and the Russian language. The book pays special attention to the processes by which cultural producers negotiate between Russian government and global cultural capital. It focuses on the issues of canon, identity, soft power and cultural exchange. The book provides a conceptual framework for analyzing Russia as a transnational entity and its contemporary culture in the globalized world.
Categories: Social Science

The Death of Stalin

The Death of Stalin

The graphic novel which inspired the hotly tipped and highly controversial new movie directed by Armando Iannucci, due in theatres in March, and starring a host of high profile actors, including Michael Palin, Steve Buscemi and Jason Isaacs ...

Author: Fabien Nury

Publisher: Titan Books (US, CA)

ISBN: 9781785866364

Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Page: 120

View: 595

The graphic novel which inspired the hotly tipped and highly controversial new movie directed by Armando Iannucci, due in theatres in March, and starring a host of high profile actors, including Michael Palin, Steve Buscemi and Jason Isaacs. Fear, corruption and treachery abound in this political satire set in the aftermath of Stalin's death in the Soviet Union in 1953. When the leader of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, has a stroke - the political gears begin to turn, plunging the super-state into darkness, uncertainty and near civil war. The struggle for supreme power will determine the fate of the nation and of the world. And it all really happened.
Categories: Comics & Graphic Novels

The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures

The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures

For the role of propaganda in World War II, consult Karel Berkhoff, Motherland in Danger: Soviet Propaganda during ... in the postwar USSR, and John Etty's Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union analyzes Krokodil during the Khrushchev era.

Author: Aga Skrodzka

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190885557

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 640

View: 290

Stereotypes often cast communism as a defunct, bankrupt ideology and a relic of the distant past. However, recent political movements like Europe's anti-austerity protests, the Arab Spring, and Occupy Wall Street suggest that communism is still very much relevant and may even hold the key to a new, idealized future. In The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures, contributors trace the legacies of communist ideology in visual culture, from buildings and monuments, murals and sculpture, to recycling campaigns and wall newspapers, all of which work to make communism's ideas and values material. Contributors work to resist the widespread demonization of communism, demystifying its ideals and suggesting that it has visually shaped the modern world in undeniable and complex ways. Together, contributors answer curcial questions like: What can be salvaged and reused from past communist experiments? How has communism impacted the cultures of late capitalism? And how have histories of communism left behind visual traces of potential utopias? An interdisciplinary look at the cultural currency of communism today, The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures demonstrates the value of revisiting the practices of the past to form a better vision of the future.
Categories: Performing Arts

Religion And Modernization In The Soviet Union

Religion And Modernization In The Soviet Union

According to the official rhetoric, as the Soviet Union draws closer to the ultimate communist society, ... An observation once made about political cartooning in the USA--"Graphic satire is a kind of journalistic totem pole of our ...

Author: Dennis J. Dunn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000309577

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 295

To the surprise of many students of the Soviet Union, religion has shown itself to be a force still powerful in Soviet society. In contrast, the impact of religion in developed Western societies has declined. Dr. Dunn points out that the study of this antinomy can shed light on the entire concept of "modernization" in the U.S.S.R. The study of the
Categories: History

Dream factory communism

Dream factory communism

The works by contemporary Russian artists such as Erik Bulatov, Ilya Kabakov, and Komar & Melamid mark the chasm that separates us from this art today both aesthetically and politically. Book jacket.

Author: Boris Groĭs

Publisher: Cantz

ISBN: 377571328X

Category: Art

Page: 461

View: 506

The all-encompassing mass culture we know today had its beginnings in the years between the wars, with its main avenue being the reproduction and circulation of images via media such as posters and movies. The totalitarian movement of that time succeeded in making radical use of these new opportunities for the consistent transformation of culture, even to the point of instrumentalizing traditional media such as painting and sculpture. The centrally organized Soviet mass culture of the Stalin period is an excellent example of such a highly effective propaganda machine. Starting with late realistic works by Kazimir Malevich, this book presents a macrocosm of Soviet art in the Stalin era -- still little-known in the West -- as a unified aesthetic phenomenon transcending individual media. Later works of Sots Art, which view the aesthetics of a totalitarian regime more critically, provide a running visual commentary. The works by contemporary Russian artists such as Erik Bulatov, Ilya Kabakov, and Komar & Melamid mark the chasm that separates us from this art today both aesthetically and politically. Book jacket.
Categories: Art

Imaging and Mapping Eastern Europe

Imaging and Mapping Eastern Europe

See, John Etty, Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union: Krokodil's Political Cartoons (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2019); Eryk Lipiński, Drzewo szpilkowe (Warsaw: Czytelnik, 1976). 106. The Oxford English Dictionary, ed.

Author: Katarzyna Murawska-Muthesius

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351034401

Category: Art

Page: 252

View: 896

Imaging and Mapping Eastern Europe puts images centre stage and argues for the agency of the visual in the construction of Europe’s east as a socio-political and cultural entity. This book probes into the discontinuous processes of mapping the eastern European space and imaging the eastern European body. Beginning from the Renaissance maps of Sarmatia Europea, it moves onto the images of women in ethnic dress on the pages of travellers’ reports from the Balkans, to cartoons of children bullied by dictators in the satirical press, to Cold War cartography, and it ends with photos of protesting crowds on contemporary dust jackets. Studying the eastern European ‘iconosphere’ leads to the engagement with issues central for image studies and visual culture: word and image relationship, overlaps between the codes of othering and self-fashioning, as well as interaction between the diverse modes of production specific to cartography, travel illustrations, caricature, and book cover design. This book will be of interest to scholars in art history, visual culture, and central Asian, Russian and Eastern European studies.
Categories: Art

The Journal of Belarusian Studies 2015

The Journal of Belarusian Studies 2015

The professional political caricature involving bitter satire appeared in Russia only in 1905, but since then it became extremely popular (Moskin 2000, 70); unlike the Western elite approach to caricature, in Russia and the Soviet Union ...

Author: Ostrogorski Centre

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781326508975

Category:

Page: 146

View: 198

The 2015 issue of the Journal of Belarusian Studies is almost entirely about history. It focuses on the Belarusian-Polish-Lithuanian borderland and the period stretching from the uprising of 1863 to the inter-war period of the 20th century when the territory of today's Belarus was split between the Soviet Union and Poland. Two longer articles are followed by several essays which resulted from a conference held by the Anglo-Belarusian Society and other London-based organisations at University College London in March 2014.
Categories:

The Death of Stalin

The Death of Stalin

The graphic novel that inspired the new Armando Iannucci movie which includes an all-star cast – Steve Buscemi, Simon Russell Beale, Jason Isaacs, Michael Palin, and Jeffrey Tambor.

Author: Fabien Nury

Publisher: Titan Comics

ISBN: 9781785863523

Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Page: 122

View: 385

The graphic novel that inspired the new Armando Iannucci movie which includes an all-star cast – Steve Buscemi, Simon Russell Beale, Jason Isaacs, Michael Palin, and Jeffrey Tambor. Fear, corruption and treachery abound in this political satire set in the aftermath of Stalin's death in the Soviet Union in 1953. When the leader of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, has a stroke - the political gears begin to turn, plunging the super-state into darkness, uncertainty and near civil war. The struggle for supreme power will determine the fate of the nation and of the world. And it all really happened. A darkly comic tale about the power vacuum left behind by Stalin's death. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Calibri} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Calibri; min-height: 14.0px}
Categories: Comics & Graphic Novels

Music Art and Diplomacy East West Cultural Interactions and the Cold War

Music  Art and Diplomacy  East West Cultural Interactions and the Cold War

within the context of graphic rather than fine art. ... As a result, illustration and satire in the Soviet Union retained certain features of the graphic tradition of the avant-garde throughout the 1940s and into the 1950s in a way that ...

Author: Simo Mikkonen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317091745

Category: Music

Page: 200

View: 994

Music, Art and Diplomacy shows how a vibrant field of cultural exchange between East and West was taking place during the Cold War, which contrasts with the orthodox understanding of two divided and antithetical blocs. The series of case studies on cultural exchanges, focusing on the decades following the Second World War, cover episodes involving art, classical music, theatre, dance and film. Despite the fluctuating fortunes of diplomatic relations between East and West, there was a continuous circulation of cultural producers and products. Contributors explore the interaction of arts and politics, the role of the arts in diplomacy and the part the arts played in the development of the Cold War. Art has always shunned political borders, wavering between the guidance of individual and governmental patrons, and borderless expression. While this volume provides insight into how political players tried to harness the arts to serve their own political purposes, at the same time it is clear that the arts and artists exploited the Cold War framework to reach their own individual and professional objectives. Utilizing archives available only since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the volume provides a valuable socio-cultural approach to understanding the Cold War and cultural diplomacy.
Categories: Music

Devastation and Laughter

Devastation and Laughter

26 Satirical Press in the Soviet Union Except for the few exceptions mentioned in the first part of this chapter, ... in Russia before the period of the New Economic Policy (NEP, 1921–28) that followed the Civil War.27 Graphic satire ...

Author: Annie Gérin

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781487502430

Category: Art

Page: 288

View: 741

In Devastation and Laughter, Annie G?rin explores the use of satire in the visual arts, the circus, theatre, and cinema under Lenin and Stalin. G?rin traces the rise and decline of the genre and argues that the use of satire in official Soviet art and propaganda was neither marginal nor un-theorized. The author sheds light on the theoretical texts written in the 1920s and 1930s by Anatoly Lunacharsky, the Soviet Commissar of Enlightenment, and the impact his writings had on satirists. While the Avant-Garde and Socialist Realism were necessarily forward-looking and utopian, satire afforded artists the means to examine critically past and present subjects, themes, and practice. Devastation and Laughter is the first work to bring Soviet theoretical writings on the use of satire to the attention of scholars outside of Russia. By introducing important bodies of work that have largely been overlooked in the fields of art history, film and theatre history, Annie G?rin provides a nuanced and alternative reading of early Soviet art.
Categories: Art

Soviet Life

Soviet Life

There are plans afoot to film Gogol's satire about the unscrupulous but highly ingenious ways of Chichikov . ... Two contemporary Japanese graphic artists , Kakuo Shinkai and Tadasgege One , occupy the first - floor gallery of the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435031123060

Category: Soviet Union

Page:

View: 390

Categories: Soviet Union

The State versus the People

The State versus the People

cartoon , or caricature to textual stories , songs , and poems , satire worked alongside ' serious ' texts to ... 109 J . Etty , Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union : Krokodil ' s Political Cartoons ( Jackson , 2019 ) , 12 , 47 , 55 - 6 ...

Author: Matthew Rendle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192576866

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 567

The State versus The People provides the first detailed account of the role of revolutionary justice in the early Soviet state. Law has often been dismissed by historians as either unimportant after the October Revolution amid the violence and chaos of civil war, or, in the absence of written codes and independent judges, little more than another means of violence alongside the secret police (Cheka). This is particularly true of the most revolutionary aspect of the new justice system, revolutionary tribunals—courts inspired by the French Revolution and established to target counter-revolutionary enemies. Yet the evidence put forward in this book paints a more complex picture. The Bolsheviks invested a great deal of effort and scarce resources in building an extensive system of tribunals that spread across the country and operated within the military and the transport network. At their peak, hundreds of tribunals heard hundreds of thousands of cases every year. Not all, though, ended in harsh sentences: some were dismissed through lack of evidence; others given a wide range of sentences; and others still, suspended sentences. Instances of early release and amnesty were also common. This book argues that law played a distinct and multi-faceted role for the Bolsheviks. Tribunals, in particular, stood at the intersection between law and violence, offering various advantages to the Bolsheviks by strengthening state control, providing a more effective means of educating the population about counter-revolution, and enabling a more flexible approach to punishing the state's enemies. All of this challenges traditional understandings of the early Soviet state, adding to our knowledge of the civil war and, ultimately, how the Bolsheviks held on to power.
Categories: History

Contemporary Russian Satire

Contemporary Russian Satire

Through the close analysis of seminal satirical texts written by five Russian and emigré authors in the 1970s and 1980s, Karen Ryan-Hayes demonstrates that formal and thematic parody is pervasive and that it provides additional levels of ...

Author: Karen L. Ryan-Hayes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521475155

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 496

This wide-ranging study presents an examination of the extraordinary diversity and range of satirical writing in contemporary Russian literature. Through the close analysis of seminal satirical texts written by five Russian and emigré authors in the 1970s and 1980s, Karen Ryan-Hayes demonstrates that formal and thematic parody is pervasive and that it provides additional levels of meaning in contemporary Russian satire. The author focuses on different subgenres of satire and offers practical criticism on each text.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Russian Aviation Space Flight and Visual Culture

Russian Aviation  Space Flight and Visual Culture

His interests also include flight in visual art in the Soviet period and public art and political graphic satire published on social media in twenty-first-century Russia. He was a co-organizer of the 2010 'Russian Aviation and Space: ...

Author: Vlad Strukov

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317359456

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 578

Among the many successes of the Soviet Union were inaugural space flight—ahead of the United States—and many other triumphs related to aviation. Aviators and cosmonauts enjoyed heroic status in the Soviet Union, and provided supports of the Soviet project with iconic figures which could be used to bolster the regime’s visions, self-confidence, and the image of itself as forward looking and futuristic. This book explores how the themes of aviation and space flight have been depicted in film, animation, art, architecture, and digital media. Incorporating many illustrations, the book covers a wide range of subjects, including the representations of heroes, the construction of myths, and the relationship between visual art forms and Soviet/Russian culture and society.
Categories: Social Science

Sketches from an Unquiet Country

Sketches from an Unquiet Country

Canadian Graphic Satire, 1840-1940 Dominic Hardy, Annie Gérin, Lora Senechal Carney ... for example, to Annie Gérin's work on humour in the visual arts of the Soviet Union (and, as we shall see, on the conceptual relationship of humour ...

Author: Dominic Hardy

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773554269

Category: Art

Page: 321

View: 617

Canadian readers have enjoyed their own graphic satire since colonial times and Canadian artists have thrived as they took aim at the central issues and figures of their age. Graphic satire, a combination of humorous drawing and text that usually involves caricature, is a way of taking an ethical stand about contemporary politics and society. First appearing in short-lived illustrated weeklies in Montreal, Quebec City, and Toronto in the 1840s, usually as unsigned copies of engravings from European magazines, the genre spread quickly as skilled local illustrators, engravers, painters, and sculptors joined the teams of publishers and writers who sought to shape public opinion and public policy. A detailed account of Canadian graphic satire, Sketches from an Unquiet Country looks at a century bookended by the aftermath of the 1837–38 Rebellions and Canada’s entry into the Second World War. As fully fledged artist-commentators, Canadian cartoonists were sometimes gently ironic, but they were just as often caustic and violent in the pursuit of a point of view. This volume shows a country where conflicts crop up between linguistic and religious communities, a country often resistant to social and political change for women and open to the cross-currents of anti-Semitism, xenophobia, and fascism that flared across Europe and North America in the early twentieth century. Drawing on new scholarship by researchers working in art history, material culture, and communication studies, Sketches from an Unquiet Country follows the fortunes of some of the artists and satiric themes that were prevalent in the centres of Canadian publishing.
Categories: Art

Political Satire Postmodern Reality and the Trump Presidency

Political Satire  Postmodern Reality  and the Trump Presidency

In Britain, Donald explains that wars have instigated graphic social and political satire. The polemics generated by the ... One useful comparison would be to look at the Soviet Union, where any jokes Satire as Political Performance 103.

Author: Mehnaaz Momen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781498592758

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 940

This book is an in-depth analysis of the phenomenon of the takeover of politics by entertainment. The author looks for answers in the parallel evolution of satire, the media, and politics, and how each has influenced the other and the implications of this interconnectedness for political discourse.
Categories: Political Science

The Spectacle of Difference

The Spectacle of Difference

He shows how contemporary satirists mixed the materials of high and low art to create hybrid and provocative images that dealt with a broad range of controversial issues, including alcoholism, the excesses of fashion, financial collapse, ...

Author: Mark Hallett

Publisher: Paul Mellon Ctr for Studies

ISBN: 0300077785

Category: Art

Page: 259

View: 724

He shows how contemporary satirists mixed the materials of high and low art to create hybrid and provocative images that dealt with a broad range of controversial issues, including alcoholism, the excesses of fashion, financial collapse, freemasonry, political corruption and prostitution."--Jacket.
Categories: Art

Political Censorship of the Visual Arts in Nineteenth Century Europe

Political Censorship of the Visual Arts in Nineteenth Century Europe

Carol Adlam explores these transformations in “The 'Frisky Pencil': Aesthetic Vision in Russian Graphic Satire of the Period of the ... The dissolution of the Soviet Union opened many resources and Oleg Minin's dissertation extensively ...

Author: Robert Justin Goldstein

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137316493

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 685

In this comprehensive account of censorship of the visual arts in nineteenth-century Europe, when imagery was accessible to the illiterate in ways that print was not, specialists in the history of the major European countries trace the use of censorship by the authorities to implement their fears of the visual arts, from caricature to cinema.
Categories: History