This book analyzes how today's system of international trade law and international economic relations has evolved over the last six decades.
Author: Autar Krishen Koul
This book analyzes how today's system of international trade law and international economic relations has evolved over the last six decades. Focusing on the major innovations that came with the inception of the World Trade Organization (WTO) with its various agreements in 1994, it also provides in-depth commentary on the intense debate over important matters that remain unsettled. Topics covered include the WTO dispute settlement mechanism; the General Agreement on Trade in Services (OATS); the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMS); intellectual property rights – the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); areas still covered by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1947; the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) concept; special provisions relating to agriculture and textiles; sanitary and phytosanitary measures; technical barriers to trade; pre-shipment inspection; and import licensing procedures. The book would be an excellent resource for scholars as well as practitioners working in the field of international arbitration and trade laws.
This text presents the provisions in non-technical language, seeking not to detract from their legal precision.
Author: Bhagirath Lal Das
Publisher: Zed Books
Category: Business & Economics
This detailed and intelligible guide to the intricacies of the WTO Agreements which are rewriting wholesale the rules of economic intercourse between countries is for those negotiators, trade policy officials, executives in industry and students of international economic relations and commercial diplomacy who need to understand the new multilateral framework for world trade.The author explains the provisions stand in non-technical language while taking care not to detract from their legal precision. He explains technical terms, gives examples where appropriate and links widely scattered provisions in the Agreements where they are connected in their operation. Every effort has been made to make this seminal guide useful both to those not yet acquainted with the subject as well as those still needing some clarification of certain concepts, ideas and even general provisions. The intention is to foster a more thorough understanding of the WTO Agreements, helping countries to know their rights and obligations, and industry and trade bodies the parameters within which they can now operate.
The Oxford Handbook on the World Trade Organization provides an authoritative and cutting-edge account of the World Trade Organization.
Author: Amrita Narlikar
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
The Oxford Handbook on the World Trade Organization provides an authoritative and cutting-edge account of the World Trade Organization. Its purpose is to provide a holistic understanding of what the WTO does, how it goes about fulfilling its tasks, its achievements and problems, and how it might contend with some critical challenges. The Handbook benefits from an interdisciplinary approach. The editorial team comprises a transatlantic partnership between a political scientist, a historian, and an economist. The distinguished and international team of contributors to the volume includes leading political scientists, historians, economists, lawyers, and practitioners working in the area of multilateral trade. All the chapters present original and state-of-the-art research material. They critically engage with existing academic and policy debates, and also contribute to the evolution of the field by setting the agenda for current and future WTO studies.The Handbook is aimed at research institutions, university academics, post-graduate students, and final-year undergraduates working in the areas of international organization, trade policy and negotiations, global economic governance, and economic diplomacy. As such, it should find an enthusiastic readership amongst students and scholars in History, Economics, Political Science, International Relations, Public Policy, and Law. Equally important, the book should have direct relevance for diplomats, international bureaucrats, government officials, and other policy-makers and practitioners in the area of trade and economic governance.
This handbook offers guidance on the design of trade policy reform, surveys key disciplines and the functioning of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and discusses numerous issues and options that confront developing countries in using ...
Author: Bernard M. Hoekman
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category: Business & Economics
Publisher's description: Developing countries are increasingly confronted with the need to address trade policy related issues in international agreements, most prominently the World Trade Organization (WTO). New WTO negotiations on a broad range of subjects were launched in November 2001. Determining whether and how international trade agreements can support economic development is a major challenge. Stakeholders in developing countries must be informed on the issues and understand how their interests can be pursued through international cooperation. This handbook offers guidance on the design of trade policy reform, surveys key disciplines and the functioning of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and discusses numerous issues and options that confront developing countries in using international cooperation to improve domestic policy and obtain access to export markets. Many of the issues discussed are also relevant in the context of regional integration agreements. Separate sections of the handbook summarize what constitutes sound trade policy; the major aspects of the WTO from a development perspective; policy issues in the area of merchandise trade and the liberalization of international transactions in services; protection of intellectual property rights and economic development; new regulatory subjects that are emerging in the agenda of trade talks; and enhancing participation of developing countries in the global trading system.
Noting that : “ Articles VI : 1 and XVI : 2 of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing
the World Trade Organization . . . provide that there shall be a Secretariat of the WTO and that , to the extent practicable , the Secretariat of the GATT 1947 shall ...
This Guide covers these provisions of the WTO Agreements, with detailed information on how developing countries can benefit from special rules governing such areas as: access to developed country markets in all major commodities and ...
Author: Peter Gallagher
Category: Business & Economics
Developing countries comprise a two-thirds majority of the membership of the World Trade Organization, with nearly thirty of these classed by the UN as being among the 48 least-developed countries in the world. In order to ensure the equitable participation of these countries in the benefits of the global trading system, the GATT Uruguay Round Agreements that created the WTO accorded special and differential treatment to developing countries. This Guide covers these provisions of the WTO Agreements, with detailed information on how developing countries can benefit from special rules governing such areas as: access to developed country markets in all major commodities and services, the dispute settlement process, trade policy review, foreign direct investment, environmental and labour standards, and technical assistance. The Guide also offers the reader case studies on how some developing country members of the WTO (Uganda, India, and Candocirc;te d'Ivoire) are making progress in working with the obligations and the benefits provided to them by the WTO Agreements.
Author: Nathalie Bernasconi-OsterwalderPublish On: 2012
This Guide, authored by five world leaders on international environmental and trade law at the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), is an accessible, comprehensive, one-of-a-kind compendium of environment and trade ...
Author: Nathalie Bernasconi-Osterwalder
International trade rules have significant impacts on environmental law and policy, at the domestic, regional and global levels. At the World Trade Organization (WTO), dispute settlement tribunals are increasingly called to decide on environment- and health-related questions. Can governments treat products differently based on environmental considerations? Can they block the import of highly carcinogenic asbestos-containing products or genetically modified crops? Does the WTO allow governments to protect dolphins or endangered sea turtles through the use of import restrictions on certain products? How can civil society participate in WTO dispute settlement? This Guide, authored by five world leaders on international environmental and trade law at the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), is an accessible, comprehensive, one-of-a-kind compendium of environment and trade jurisprudence under the WTO. Providing an overview for both experts and non-experts of the major themes relevant to environment and trade, it also analyses how WTO tribunals have approached these themes in concrete disputes and provides selected excerpts of the most significant cases.
Author: Commonwealth SecretariatPublish On: 1999-01-01
This edition contains updates on new developments which have taken place since 1996.
Author: Commonwealth Secretariat
Publisher: Commonwealth Secretarial
Category: Business & Economics
This publication is a sequel to the highly successful Business Guide to the Uruguay Round.It provides an overview of achievements of the Uruguay Round and the legal system established by it and explains the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO). This edition contains updates on new developments which have taken place since 1996. It also contains a new section on the six trade-related subject areas: trade and environment, trade and investment, competition policy, transparency in government and procurement, trade facilitation and electronic commerce. A thorough understanding of the World Trading System is critical to increasing the competitiveness of enterprises in Commonwealth countries. This publication will be an essential tool to the international business community and will help business leaders to better understand the implications of the WTO Agreements and how to apply the various provisions and rules to their day-to-day business decisions.Published jointly by the International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO and the Commonwealth Secretariat.
Handbook of WTO / GATT Dispute Settlement . Edited by Pierre Pescatore ,
William J. Davey & Andreas Lowenfeld . Irvington - on - Hudson , NY :
Transnational Juris Publ . , 1991 - present . This loose - leaf collection provides
Author: Organisation mondiale du commercePublish On: 2004-06-17
Working through this guide, the reader will be introduced to all elements of the dispute settlement process, from the initiation of a case through to the implementation of the decision.
Author: Organisation mondiale du commerce
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The WTO dispute settlement system plays an important role in clarifying and enforcing the legal obligations contained in the WTO Agreement. It has gained a strong practical relevance as more than 300 disputes have been brought from 1 January 1995 through October 2003. While dispute settlement is certainly not the only activity taking place within the WTO, it has become an important part of the practical reality of the Organization. WTO dispute settlement has also become an important tool in the management by WTO Members of their international economic relations at large. The objective of this handbook is to give the reader a good understanding of the practical operation of this system. Working through this guide, the reader will be introduced to all elements of the dispute settlement process, from the initiation of a case through to the implementation of the decision.
Set up in July 1975 to advise the director - general of the GATT on policy issues .
Originally composed of 18 representative country figures . Effectively moribund
since 1985 . China An original contracting party to the GATT , China " withdrew ...
Author: Phillip Evans
Research report devided into four parts. Part 1 sets the global context in which the WTO will have to operate and discusses the main factors that will influence the future of the WTO. Part 2 examines the policy agenda of the multilateral trading system. Part 3 provides a sectoral analysis of the Uruguay Round and Part 4 provides a regional analysis of the Uruguay Round.
According to the WTO, over a fifth of world trade consists of transactions in services.
Author: Nellie Munin
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
According to the WTO, over a fifth of world trade consists of transactions in services. The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) was created to extend the multilateral trading system to services, in the same way the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) provides such a system for trade in goods. Given its reach, the treaty's significance continues to grow.