Hess Hilter and Churchill

Hess  Hilter and Churchill

A startling, revelatory history of Rudolf Hess's 1941 flight to Scotland, containing new evidence of his aims, and of official British suppression of them.

Author: Peter Padfield

Publisher:

ISBN: 1848316615

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 442

View: 983

When Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess set off for Britain on a peace mission in May 1941, he launched one of the great mysteries of the Second World War. Had he really acted alone, without Hitler’s knowledge? Who were the British he had come to see? Was British intelligence involved?Award-winning historian Peter Padfield presents striking new evidence that demands the wholesale reappraisal of the episode. For, allied to a powerful argument that Hess must have had both Hitler’s backing and considerable encouragement from Britain, Padfield demonstrates that he also brought with him a draft peace treaty committing Hitler to the evacuation of occupied European countries. Made public, this would have destroyed Churchill’s campaign to bring the United States into the war. Expertly woven into a compelling narrative that touches on Lord (Victor) Rothschild and the Cambridge spy ring, possible British foreknowledge of Operation Barbarossa and the ‘final solution’, MI6’s use of Hess to prevent the bombing of London and the mysterious circumstances of his death in Spandau prison – including the previously unseen witness accounts from that day – Hess, Hitler and Churchill is among the most important history books of recent years.
Categories: World War, 1939-1945

Hess Hitler Churchill

Hess  Hitler   Churchill

A startling, revelatory history of Rudolf Hess's 1941 flight to Scotland, containing new evidence of his aims, and of official British suppression of them.

Author: Peter Padfield

Publisher: Icon Books Company

ISBN: 184831602X

Category: Germany

Page: 428

View: 179

When Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess set off for Britain on a peace mission in May 1941, he launched one of the great mysteries of the Second World War. Had he really acted alone, without Hitler's knowledge? Who were the British he had come to see? Was British intelligence involved?Award-winning historian Peter Padfield presents striking new evidence that demands the wholesale reappraisal of the episode. For, allied to a powerful argument that Hess must have had both Hitler's backing and considerable encouragement from Britain, Padfield demonstrates that he also brought with him a draft peace treaty committing Hitler to the evacuation of occupied European countries. Made public, this would have destroyed Churchill's campaign to bring the United States into the war. Expertly woven into a compelling narrative that touches on Lord (Victor) Rothschild and the Cambridge spy ring, possible British foreknowledge of Operation Barbarossa and the 'final solution', MI6's use of Hess to prevent the bombing of London and the mysterious circumstances of his death in Spandau prison - including the previously unseen witness accounts from that day - Hess, Hitler and Churchill is among the most important history books of recent years.
Categories: Germany

Night Flight to Dungavel

Night Flight to Dungavel

In Night Flight to Dungavel, award-winning historian Peter Padfield presents striking new evidence that spurs a wholesale reappraisal of the mystery: what actually happened, what role was played by Churchill and British intelligence, and ...

Author: Peter Padfield

Publisher: ForeEdge

ISBN: 9781611685718

Category: History

Page: 468

View: 309

Until now there has been no satisfactory answer to the question of why, in May of 1941, Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess flew a German fighter plane across the channel to Scotland, crashing at night in a muddy field near Dungavel House. Though Hess had been one of Hitler's closest confidantes he was immediately denounced as a traitor in Berlin. Imprisoned in England, he was questioned by British MI6 and Churchill himself. The documents he had brought with him were confiscated and have not been made public to this day. Hess was tried at Nuremburg at the war's end and imprisoned at Spandau in Berlin, one of only seven former Nazis held there. The other six were all released, but Hess lingered there alone until his death in 1987, possibly by suicide, possibly not. The official report on Hess has always been that he acted alone, but many historians question this conclusion. In Night Flight to Dungavel, award-winning historian Peter Padfield presents striking new evidence that spurs a wholesale reappraisal of the mystery: what actually happened, what role was played by Churchill and British intelligence, and what has been this episode's significance as a real turning point of the war. Expertly woven into a compelling narrative that touches on Nazi sympathizers among the British aristocracy, possible British foreknowledge of the "final solution," and the mysterious circumstances of Hess's death in Spandau prison, Night Flight to Dungavel is among the most important and gripping stories of World War Two.
Categories: History

Hess Hitler and Churchill

Hess  Hitler and Churchill

announcement he had drafted, including the statement that Hess had flown ... British people took Churchill's view of Hitler as the personification of ...

Author: Peter Padfield

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781848316188

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 675

When Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess set off for Britain on a peace mission in May 1941, he launched one of the great mysteries of the Second World War. Had he really acted alone, without Hitler’s knowledge? Who were the British he had come to see? Was British intelligence involved? Award-winning historian Peter Padfield presents striking new evidence that demands the wholesale reappraisal of the episode. For, allied to a powerful argument that Hess must have had both Hitler’s backing and considerable encouragement from Britain, Padfield demonstrates that he also brought with him a draft peace treaty committing Hitler to the evacuation of occupied European countries. Made public, this would have destroyed Churchill’s campaign to bring the United States into the war. Expertly woven into a compelling narrative that touches on Lord (Victor) Rothschild and the Cambridge spy ring, possible British foreknowledge of Operation Barbarossa and the ‘final solution’, MI6’s use of Hess to prevent the bombing of London and the mysterious circumstances of his death in Spandau prison – including the previously unseen witness accounts from that day – Hess, Hitler and Churchill is among the most important history books of recent years.
Categories: History

The Truth About Rudolf Hess

The Truth About Rudolf Hess

Rudolf Hess' flight to Britain in May 1941 stands out as one of the most intriguing and bizarre episodes of the Second World War.In The Truth About Rudolf Hess, Lord James Douglas-Hamilton explores many of the myths which still surround the ...

Author: James Douglas

Publisher: Frontline Books

ISBN: 9781473876187

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 525

Rudolf Hess' flight to Britain in May 1941 stands out as one of the most intriguing and bizarre episodes of the Second World War.In The Truth About Rudolf Hess, Lord James Douglas-Hamilton explores many of the myths which still surround the affair. He traces the developments which persuaded Hess to undertake the flight without Hitlers knowledge and shows why he chose to approach the Duke of Hamilton. In the process he throws light on the importance of Albrect Haushofer, one-time envoy to Hitler and Ribbentrop and personal advisor to Hess, who was eventually executed by the SS for his involvement in the German Resistance movement.Drawing on British War Cabinet papers and the authors unparalleled access to both the Hamilton papers and the Haushofer letters, this new and expanded edition of The Truth About Rudolf Hess takes the reader into the heart of the Third Reich, combining adventure and intrigue with a scholarly historical approach.
Categories: History

The Fuehrermaster

The Fuehrermaster

The Fuehrermaster delves deep into the mysterious Rudolf Hess peace flight of World War II. Spring, 1941.

Author: Daniel Wyatt

Publisher: Mushroom eBooks

ISBN: 9781843190530

Category: Fiction

Page:

View: 663

The Fuehrermaster delves deep into the mysterious Rudolf Hess peace flight of World War II. Spring, 1941. Britain's Prime Minister Winston Churchill is on the verge of being overthrown by an English lobby group of Nazi appeasers who plan to sign a secret pact with Nazi Fuehrer Adolf Hitler to end the war in Europe. Hitler gets wind of the overthrow. He feels that the British group are ready to cut a deal on his terms, and that only one man--his deputy Rudolf Hess--could pull it off for the Fatherland. Through secret channels, Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler--who has his own ambitions to be Fuehrer--finds out what Hess and Hitler are attempting. Across the channel, Churchill's group is ready. Young hot-shot American intelligence agent, Wesley Hollinger, on loan to the British Secret Service, uncovers Heinrich Himmler's plan to eliminate Hess and plant an imposter...
Categories: Fiction

Churchill s Deception

Churchill s Deception

A Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative journalist exposes one of World War II's darkest secrets: that Churchill tricked Hitler into invading Russia by setting up a phony peace between Germany and Britain.

Author: Louis C. Kilzer

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015032978291

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 817

A Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative journalist exposes one of World War II's darkest secrets: that Churchill tricked Hitler into invading Russia by setting up a phony peace between Germany and Britain.
Categories: History

Churchill s Secret Enemy

Churchill s Secret Enemy

Reveals evidence of a Watergate style conspiracy by British appeasers against Churchill masterminded by ex-MI5 officer and Conservative Party fixer Sir Joseph Ball, funded by murdered Bahamas Tax Exile Gold Magnate Sir Harry Oakes and ...

Author: Jonathan Pile

Publisher: Jonathan Pile

ISBN: 9781471641800

Category: Intelligence officers

Page: 413

View: 524

Reveals evidence of a Watergate style conspiracy by British appeasers against Churchill masterminded by ex-MI5 officer and Conservative Party fixer Sir Joseph Ball, funded by murdered Bahamas Tax Exile Gold Magnate Sir Harry Oakes and British Pro-Nazis. Ball's friends included Cambridge Spy Guy Burgess and James Bond Author Ian Fleming. Events culminate in the mysterious stopping of Big Ben & the arrival of Rudolf Hess in Scotland. 11 years of research reveal how close Churchill came to losing his seat in parliament ,selling his beloved Chartwell, the dirty tricks used against him and how close England came to joining the Axis.
Categories: Intelligence officers

The Double

The Double

The solo flight of deputy fuehrer Rudolph Hess into Scotland in May, 1941, was one of the more bizarre events of WW II. Was Hess acting on his own or at Hitler's behest?

Author: Jerome Tuccille

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1463793413

Category: Fiction

Page: 240

View: 159

The solo flight of deputy fuehrer Rudolph Hess into Scotland in May, 1941, was one of the more bizarre events of WW II. Was Hess acting on his own or at Hitler's behest?
Categories: Fiction

Camp Z

Camp Z

Camp Z is a locked-room mystery in which the locked room is a man’s head, and no one is certain whether the mind within it, which holds information that could help change the course of the Second World War, is sane or insane.

Author: Stephen McGinty

Publisher: HarperPerennial

ISBN: 1443406600

Category: Military interrogation

Page: 336

View: 500

On May 10, 1941, Rudolf Hess, then the deputy führer, parachuted over Renfrewshire in Scotland on a mission to meet with the Duke of Hamilton, ostensibly to broker a peace deal with the British government. After being held in the Tower of London, he was transferred to Mytchett Place near Aldershot. The house was fitted with microphones and sound recording equipment, guarded by a battalion of soldiers and code-named Camp Z. Churchill's instructions were that Hess should be strictly isolated, and that every effort should be taken to get information out of him. During the ensuing thirteen months, a psychological battle was waged between intelligence officers using the new Freudian techniques of "dynamic psychologies" and the man who had been a heartbeat away from Hitler. Stephen McGinty uses new documentation and contemporaneous reports, diaries, letters and memos to piece together a riveting account of the claustrophobia, paranoia and highstakes gamesmanship being played out in an English country house. Camp Z is a locked-room mystery in which the locked room is a man's head, and no one is certain whether the mind within it, which holds information that could help change the course of the Second World War, is sane or insane.
Categories: Military interrogation

Ten Days to Destiny

Ten Days to Destiny

Includes material on Churchill, Hitler, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph P. Kennedy, and the Duke of Windsor.

Author: John Costello

Publisher: Quill

ISBN: 0688125778

Category: Germany

Page: 600

View: 119

Includes material on Churchill, Hitler, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph P. Kennedy, and the Duke of Windsor.
Categories: Germany

The Hitler Hess Deception

The Hitler Hess Deception

This text aims to shed light on discoveries which claim to reveal the truth about Rudolph Hess' solo flight to Britain in May 1941 and explain the British government's 60-year-long silence as to what the Hess mission was all about.

Author: Martin A. Allen

Publisher: Collins

ISBN: STANFORD:36105025989927

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 324

View: 546

This text aims to shed light on discoveries which claim to reveal the truth about Rudolph Hess' solo flight to Britain in May 1941 and explain the British government's 60-year-long silence as to what the Hess mission was all about.
Categories: World War, 1939-1945

Hess the Man and His Mission

Hess  the Man and His Mission

Story of the German Deputy Fuhrer's strange flight to Scotland in May, 1941, to get Britain to end the war with Germany, and its aftermath.

Author: Joseph Bernard Hutton

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015004970342

Category:

Page: 262

View: 191

Story of the German Deputy Fuhrer's strange flight to Scotland in May, 1941, to get Britain to end the war with Germany, and its aftermath.
Categories:

The Falcon File

The Falcon File

In this startling end-of-the-war tale two high-ranking Nazi officials--Martin Bormann and Hermann Goering--are collaborating with Wesley Hollinger and the American OSS for free passage out of Germany in exchange for blueprints to advanced ...

Author: Daniel Wyatt

Publisher: Bladud Books

ISBN: 1843194708

Category: Fiction

Page: 500

View: 473

The intelligence war in Europe during WWII opens the eyes of young American intelligence officer Wesley Hollinger. He does not like what he sees... The Fuehrermaster Spring, 1941. Britain's Prime Minister Winston Churchill is on the verge of being overthrown by an English lobby group of Nazi appeasers who plan to sign a secret pact with Nazi Fuehrer Adolf Hitler to end the war in Europe. Hitler gets wind of the overthrow. He feels that the British group are ready to cut a deal on his terms, and that only one man--his deputy Rudolf Hess--could pull it off for the Fatherland. Through secret channels, Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler--who has his own ambitions to be Fuehrer--finds out what Hess and Hitler are attempting. Across the channel, Churchill's group is ready. Young hot-shot American intelligence agent, Wesley Hollinger, on loan to the British Secret Service, uncovers Heinrich Himmler's plan to eliminate Hess and plant an imposter... The Filberg Consortium It is late 1941. America has yet to enter the war. A German agent secretly lands in Great Britain with orders from Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler and financed by I.S. Filberg, the huge German industrial cartel, to identify and kill the prisoner called Rudolf Hess. Meanwhile, in London, American agent Wesley Hollinger discovers a crucial missing section to the first Hess peace papers found near the crash site in Scotland. The paperwork itemizes sensitive Wall Street loans to Nazi war factories -- deals arranged by I.S. Filberg. Hollinger doesn't know who to turn to -- his adopted England or his home country. And thousands of miles away in the Pacific a heavily-armed Japanese Task Force is heading towards Pearl Harbor... Foo Fighters It is early 1945 and Germany is losing the war. The Russians, the Americans, and the British are closing in on Berlin and Hitler's bunker. In this startling end-of-the-war tale two high-ranking Nazi officials--Martin Bormann and Hermann Goering--are collaborating with Wesley Hollinger and the American OSS for free passage out of Germany in exchange for blueprints to advanced German technology--jet fighters, rockets, missiles and early flying saucers, nicknamed "Foo Fighters." The Americans are desperate to keep the Foo Fighter blueprints from reaching Russian and British hands. Wesley Hollinger of the OSS soon realizes what World War Two is really all about--power, money, and politics.
Categories: Fiction

Occult House I

Occult House I

The novel begins on May 10, 1941 in Scotland.

Author: Robert Bennett

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1507715676

Category:

Page: 126

View: 334

The novel begins on May 10, 1941 in Scotland. Rupert Garfield, German translator for England's Military Intelligence Section 6 receives a mysterious call to ready himself for work, while on holiday with his family. Within an hour, he is rushed to a farm where Nazi German Deputy Reichsfuerher Rudolf Hess has secretly landed in a Messerschmitt flown from somewhere in Occupied Europe. Within moments, Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives requiring Garfield's language skills. After an interview, in which Churchill rejects Hess' invitation to unite against the Soviet Union, Hess hands over a letter addressed to the King Edward VIII, who abdicated from the throne to marry Wallis Simpson. Churchill directs a new clandestine secret service known as the Special Operations Executive to prepare Garfield for a trip to the Bahamas to deliver the correspondence to the former King, now the Duke of Windsor and Governour of that British Commonwealth; all in an attempt to have evidence which will detain the seemingly pro-Nazi former King as a traitor. Escaping death and peril, Rupert Garfield delivers the correspondence to surprisingly learn it is a paranormal astrological chart predicting the Duke's future. Historical fact soon mixes with fiction as Rupert Garfield crosses paths with such famed figures as Ian Fleming, Aleister Crowley, Owen Mosely, the Duke of Hamilton, Unity Mitford, Heinrich Himmler, and Reinhold Heydrich, all in an attempt to protect himself from those who want this information to remain secret. Ultimately, Garfield finds that the British Government, through its newly formed Special Operations Executive has dedicated a branch to understanding how the Nazis use the black arts in their military and political decisions, named Occult House. And as Garfield familiarizes himself with the personnel and objectives of Occult House, he is sent on a counter-espionage mission that puts his life and well-being in peril, all while his dealings with the paranormal to bring him to certain realities about his life. These realities become especially lucid as he dangerously comes close to the Schutzstaffel (SS) and its attempts at perverting the furtive occultist brotherhood known as the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn to gain the powers of sorcery, all in an effort to conquer Europe for Adolf Hitler.
Categories:

The Separation

The Separation

THE SEPARATION is the story of twin brothers, rowers in the 1936 Olympics (where they met Hess, Hitler's deputy); one joins the RAF, and captains a Wellington; he is shot down after a bombing raid on Hamburg and becomes Churchill's aide-de ...

Author: Christopher Priest

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780575114951

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 811

THE SEPARATION is the story of twin brothers, rowers in the 1936 Olympics (where they met Hess, Hitler's deputy); one joins the RAF, and captains a Wellington; he is shot down after a bombing raid on Hamburg and becomes Churchill's aide-de-camp; his twin brother, a pacifist, works with the Red Cross, rescuing bombing victims in London. But this is not a straightforward story of the Second World War: this is an alternate history: the two brothers - both called J.L. Sawyer - live their lives in alternate versions of reality. In one, the Second World War ends as we imagine it did; in the other, thanks to efforts of an eminent team of negotiators headed by Hess, the war ends in 1941. THE SEPARATION is an emotionally riveting story of how the small man can make a difference; it's a savage critique of Winston Churchill, the man credited as the saviour of Britain and the Western World, and it's a story of how one perceives and shapes the past.
Categories: Fiction

Hess

Hess

Author: David John Cawdell Irving

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556019524297

Category: Statesmen

Page: 603

View: 825

Categories: Statesmen

Occult House II

Occult House II

The novel continues after Rupert Garfield, German translator for England's Military Intelligence Section 6 receives a mysterious call to ready himself for work, while on holiday with his family.

Author: Robert Bennett

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1507727682

Category:

Page: 152

View: 469

The novel continues after Rupert Garfield, German translator for England's Military Intelligence Section 6 receives a mysterious call to ready himself for work, while on holiday with his family. Within an hour, he is rushed to a farm where Nazi German Deputy Reichsfuerher Rudolf Hess has secretly landed in a Messerschmitt flown from somewhere in Occupied Europe. Within moments, Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives requiring Garfield's language skills. After an interview, in which Churchill rejects Hess' invitation to unite against the Soviet Union, Hess hands over a letter addressed to the King Edward VIII, who abdicated from the throne to marry Wallis Simpson. Churchill directs a new clandestine secret service known as the Special Operations Executive to prepare Garfield for a trip to the Bahamas to deliver the correspondence to the former King, now the Duke of Windsor and Governour of that British Commonwealth; all in an attempt to have evidence which will detain the seemingly pro-Nazi former King as a traitor. Escaping death and peril, Rupert Garfield delivers the correspondence to surprisingly learn it is a paranormal astrological chart predicting the Duke's future. Historical fact soon mixes with fiction as Rupert Garfield crosses paths with such famed figures as Ian Fleming, Aleister Crowley, Owen Mosely, the Duke of Hamilton, Unity Mitford, Heinrich Himmler, and Reinhold Heydrich, all in an attempt to protect himself from those who want this information to remain secret. Ultimately, Garfield finds that the British Government, through its newly formed Special Operations Executive has dedicated a branch to understanding how the Nazis use the black arts in their military and political decisions, named Occult House. And as Garfield familiarizes himself with the personnel and objectives of Occult House, he is sent on a counter-espionage mission that puts his life and well-being in peril, all while his dealings with the paranormal to bring him to certain realities about his life. These realities become especially lucid as he dangerously comes close to the Schutzstaffel (SS) and its attempts at perverting the furtive occultist brotherhood known as the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn to gain the powers of sorcery, all in an effort to conquer Europe for Adolf Hitler.
Categories:

Rudolph Hess

Rudolph Hess

He was given a life sentence and entered Spandau Prison, where he committed suicide at the age of 93 on August 17, 1987. Hess had been the last surviving member of Hitler's cabinet.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:854807987

Category:

Page:

View: 350

Autographed photograph Germany Rudolf Walter Richard Hess (born April 26, 1894; died August 17, 1987), was a prominent Nazi politician who was Adolf Hitler's deputy in the Nazi Party during the 1930s and early 1940s. In May 1920, after hearing Adolf Hitler speak for the first time in at a Munich rally, Hess became completely devoted to him, and spent much of his time and effort for the next several years organizing for Hitler at the local level in Bavaria. Hess joined the fledgling Nazi Party in 1920 as one of its first members. Hess introduced Karl Haushofer (a German general, geographer and geopolitician) to Hitler in the spring of 1921, following a rally at a beerhall. This was a critical and vital development in the Nazi rise to power. Haushofer and Hitler connected immediately on a personal level. Haushofer's geopolitical theories found a strong convert in Hitler, who used this material to form the basis of his plans for the rebuilding of Germany. Hess became the third-most-powerful man in Germany, behind Hitler and Hermann Goring. In early 1933, Hitler named Hess Deputy to the Fuhrer, which meant he had the power to take merciless action against any defendant that he thought got off too lightly, especially for those found guilty of attacking the party, Hitler or the state. Hess also played a prominent part in the creation of the Nuremberg Laws in 1935. Hess had extensive dealings with senior leaders of major European nations during the 1930s. His education, family man image, high office, and calm, forthright manner all served to make him a more respectful and respectable representative on behalf of the Nazis. Compared with other Nazi leaders, Hess had a good reputation among foreign leaders. While others came into prominence within Nazi Germany, as the Deputy Fuhrer, Hess was definitely not a figurehead. He controlled who could get an audience with the Fuhrer, as well as passing and vetoing proposed bills, and managing party activities. Hitler appointed Hess as Minister Without Portfolio. Like Goebbels, Hess was privately distressed by the war with the United Kingdom because he hoped that Britain would accept Germany as an ally. He may have hoped to score a diplomatic victory by sealing a peace between the Third Reich and Britain, using the contact Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton. On 10 May 1941 at about 18:00, Hess took off from Augsburg in a Messerschmitt and landed near Floors Farm, Eaglesham. Hess identified himself as Hauptmann Alfred Horn, and said that he had an important message for the Duke of Hamilton. Shortly afterwards, Hamilton summarised their conversation in a report to Winston Churchill, dictated at RAF Turnhouse. Hamilton stated that, based on press photographs and a description of Hess given by Albrecht Haushofer, that this prisoner was indeed Hess himself. Hitler granted Hess's wife a pension but stripped Hess of all of his party and state offices, and privately ordered him shot on sight if he ever returned to Germany. Hess's flight raised suspicions with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that secret discussions were under way between Britain and Germany to attack the Soviet Union, which Churchill denied. Churchill sent Hess initially to the Tower of London, making Hess the last in the long line of prominent people to be held in the 900-year-old fortress. He remained in the Tower until 20 May 1941. He was then ultimately transferred to Maindiff Court Military Hospital, Abergavenny, Wales for treatment for insanity. he attempted suicide on October 15, 1941. Hess became a defendant at the Nuremberg Trials of the International Military Tribunal, on the insistence of the Soviet Union, despite his being in a state of almost complete forgetfulness. He was flown to Nuremberg in October 1945. In 1946, Hess was found guilty on two of four counts: crimes against peace, and conspiracy with other German leaders to commit crimes. He was found not guilty of war crimes or crimes against humanity. He was given a life sentence and entered Spandau Prison, where he committed suicide at the age of 93 on August 17, 1987. Hess had been the last surviving member of Hitler's cabinet.
Categories: