High Data Rate Transmitter Circuits

High Data Rate Transmitter Circuits

This practical guide and introduction to the design of key RF building blocks used in high data rate transmitters emphasizes CMOS circuit techniques applicable to oscillators and upconvertors.

Author: C.J. de Ranter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306487132

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 227

View: 442

This practical guide and introduction to the design of key RF building blocks used in high data rate transmitters emphasizes CMOS circuit techniques applicable to oscillators and upconvertors. The book is written in an easily accessible manner, without losing detail on the technical side.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Elements of Optical Communication and Opto Electronics

Elements of Optical Communication and Opto Electronics

High-data-rate transmitters are generally hybrid microcircuit modules or complete circuit cards. Almost all high-data-rate transmitters contain power ...

Author:

Publisher: Laxmi Publications

ISBN: 9789381159194

Category:

Page:

View: 702

Categories:

High speed Circuits for Lightwave Communications

High speed Circuits for Lightwave Communications

High speed electronic circuits are key components in lightwave communications . They often dictate the bandwidth of transmission .

Author: Keh-Chung Wang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810235364

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 281

High speed circuits are crucial for increasing the bandwidth of transmission and switching of voice/video/data over optical fiber networks. The ever-increasing demand for bit rates higher than those available due to the explosion of Internet traffic has driven engineers to develop integrated circuits of performance approaching 100 Gb/s. Commercial lightwave products using high speed circuits of 10 Gb/s and beyond are readily available.High Speed Circuits for Lightwave Communications presents the latest information on circuit design, measured results, applications, and product development. It covers electronic and opto-electronic circuits for transmission, receiving, and cross-point switching. These circuits were implemented with various state-of-the-art IC technologies, including Si BJT, GaAs MESFET, HEMT, HBT, as well as InP HEMT and HBT. The book, written by more than 50 experts, will benefit graduate students, researchers, and engineers who are interested in or work in this exciting and challenging field of optical communications.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

High Speed Circuits for Lightwave Communications

High Speed Circuits for Lightwave Communications

High speed electronic circuits are key components in lightwave communications. They often dictate the bandwidth of transmission.

Author: Keh-Chung Wang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814495899

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 373

High speed circuits are crucial for increasing the bandwidth of transmission and switching of voice/video/data over optical fiber networks. The ever-increasing demand for bit rates higher than those available due to the explosion of Internet traffic has driven engineers to develop integrated circuits of performance approaching 100 Gb/s. Commercial lightwave products using high speed circuits of 10 Gb/s and beyond are readily available. High Speed Circuits for Lightwave Communications presents the latest information on circuit design, measured results, applications, and product development. It covers electronic and opto-electronic circuits for transmission, receiving, and cross-point switching. These circuits were implemented with various state-of-the-art IC technologies, including Si BJT, GaAs MESFET, HEMT, HBT, as well as InP HEMT and HBT. The book, written by more than 50 experts, will benefit graduate students, researchers, and engineers who are interested in or work in this exciting and challenging field of optical communications. Contents:High Speed Circuits for Lightwave Communications (K Pedrotti)Si and SiGe Bipolar ICs for 10 to 40 Gb/s Optical-Fiber TDM Links (H-M Rein)Low Transimpedance-Fluctuation Design for 10-GHz Si-Bipolar Preamplifier in 10 Gb/s Optical Transmission Systems (T Masuda et al.)20–40-Gbit/s-Class GaAs MESFET Digital ICs for Future Optical Fiber Communications Systems (T Otsuji et al.)20–40 Gbit/s GaAs-HEMT Chip Set for Optical Data Receiver (Z Lao et al.)AlGaAs/GaAs HBT Circuits for Optical TDM Communications (K Runge et al.)High Speed Cross-Point Switches (C E Chang et al.)HBT ICs for OC-192 Equipment (J Sitch & R Surridge)Present Status and Future Prospects of High-Speed Lightwave IC's Based on InP (E Sano et al.)InP HBT ICs for 40 Gb/s Optical Links (M Mokhtari et al.)A Review of Recent Progress in InP-Based Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Receiver Front-Ends (R H Walden)Ultrahigh fmax AlInAs/GaInAs Transferred-Substrate Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors for Integrated Circuits Applications (B Agarwal et al.) Readership: Researchers in the field of semiconductors and high speed transmission over optic fibres. Keywords:IC;Circuit;Optical-Fiber Communications;Lightwave Communications;10Gb;40Gb;OEIC;Transceiver;Crosspoint Switch;GaAs;InP
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Design of High Speed Time Interleaved Delta Sigma D A Converters

Design of High Speed Time Interleaved Delta Sigma D A Converters

[26] A. Jerng and C. Sodini, “A wideband ∆Σ digital-RF modulator for high data rate transmitters,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 42, no. 8, pp.

Author: Ameya Bhide

Publisher: Linköping University Electronic Press

ISBN: 9789175190174

Category:

Page: 117

View: 99

Digital-to-analog (D/A) converters (or DACs) are one the fundamental building blocks of wireless transmitters. In order to support the increasing demand for highdata-ate communication, a large bandwidth is required from the DAC. With the advances in CMOS scaling, there is an increasing trend of moving a large part of the transceiver functionality to the digital domain in order to reduce the analog complexity and allow easy reconguration for multiple radio standards. ?? DACs can t very well into this trend of digital architectures as they contain a large digital signal processing component and oer two advantages over the traditionally used Nyquist DACs. Firstly, the number of DAC unit current cells is reduced which relaxes their matching and output impedance requirements and secondly, the reconstruction lter order is reduced. Achieving a large bandwidth from ?? DACs requires a very high operating frequency of many-GHz from the digital blocks due to the oversampling involved. This can be very challenging to achieve using conventional ?? DAC architectures, even in nanometer CMOS processes. Time-interleaved ?? (TIDSM) DACs have the potential of improving the bandwidth and sampling rate by relaxing the speed of the individual channels. However, they have received only some attention over the past decade and very few previous works been reported on this topic. Hence, the aim of this dissertation is to investigate architectural and circuit techniques that can further enhance the bandwidth and sampling rate of TIDSM DACs. The rst work is an 8-GS/s interleaved ?? DAC prototype IC with 200-MHz bandwidth implemented in 65-nm CMOS. The high sampling rate is achieved by a two-channel interleaved MASH 1-1 digital ?? modulator with 3-bit output, resulting in a highly digital DAC with only seven current cells. Two-channel interleaving allows the use of a single clock for both the logic and the nal multiplexing. This requires each channel to operate at half the sampling rate i.e. 4 GHz. This is enabled by a high-speed pipelined MASH structure with robust static logic. Measurement results from the prototype show that the DAC achieves 200-MHz bandwidth, –57-dBc IM3 and 26-dB SNDR, with a power consumption of 68-mW at 1-V digital and 1.2-V analog supplies. This architecture shows good potential for use in the transmitter baseband. While a good linearity is obtained from this DAC, the SNDR is found to be limited by the testing setup for sending high-speed digital data into the prototype. The performance of a two-channel interleaved ?? DAC is found to be very sensitive to the duty-cycle of the half-rate clock. The second work analyzes this eect mathematically and presents a new closed-form expression for the SNDR loss of two-channel DACs due to the duty cycle error (DCE) for a noise transfer function (NTF) of (1 — z—1)n. It is shown that a low-order FIR lter after the modulator helps to mitigate this problem. A closed-form expression for the SNDR loss in the presence of this lter is also developed. These expressions are useful for choosing a suitable modulator and lter order for an interleaved ?? DAC in the early stage of the design process. A comparison between the FIR lter and compensation techniques for DCE mitigation is also presented. The nal work is a 11 GS/s 1.1 GHz bandwidth time-interleaved DAC prototype IC in 65-nm CMOS for the 60-GHz radio baseband. The high sampling rate is again achieved by using a two-channel interleaved MASH 1-1 architecture with a 4-bit output i.e only fteen analog current cells. The single clock architecture for the logic and the multiplexing requires each channel to operate at 5.5 GHz. To enable this, a new look-ahead technique is proposed that decouples the two channels within the modulator feedback path thereby improving the speed as compared to conventional loop-unrolling. Full speed DAC testing is enabled by an on-chip 1 Kb memory whose read path also operates at 5.5 GHz. Measurement results from the prototype show that the ?? DAC achieves >53 dB SFDR, < —49 dBc IM3 and 39 dB SNDR within a 1.1 GHz bandwidth while consuming 117 mW from 1 V digital/1.2 V analog supplies. The proposed ?? DAC can satisfy the spectral mask of the 60-GHz radio IEEE 802.11ad WiGig standard with a second order reconstruction lter.
Categories:

Long Distance High Bit Rate Systems

Long Distance High Bit Rate Systems

The circuit has been assembled with a high bandwidth Buried Ridge Stripe (BRS) laser to produce an 1.3 |im hybrid transmitter module. Small and large signal ...

Author: IGIC, Inc. Staff

Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc

ISBN: 1568510608

Category:

Page: 333

View: 446

Categories:

Fiber Optic Sources and Transmitters

Fiber Optic Sources and Transmitters

However , at higher data rates , it becomes more difficult to achieve ... Figure 3 is a schematic of the transmitter circuit used to drive the LED in ...

Author: IGIC, Inc. Staff

Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc

ISBN: 1568510586

Category:

Page: 407

View: 613

Categories:

Advanced Data Converters

Advanced Data Converters

[399] A. Jerng and C. G. Sodini, “A wideband digital-RF modulator for high data rate transmitters,” IEEE International Journal of Solid State Circuits, vol.

Author: Gabriele Manganaro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139504744

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

View: 728

Need to get up to speed quickly on the latest advances in high performance data converters? Want help choosing the best architecture for your application? With everything you need to know about the key new converter architectures, this guide is for you. It presents basic principles, circuit and system design techniques and associated trade-offs, doing away with lengthy mathematical proofs and providing intuitive descriptions upfront. Everything from time-to-digital converters to comparator-based/zero-crossing ADCs is covered and each topic is introduced with a short summary of the essential basics. Practical examples describing actual chips, along with extensive comparison between architectural or circuit options, ease architecture selection and help you cut design time and engineering risk. Trade-offs, advantages and disadvantages of each option are put into perspective with a discussion of future trends, showing where this field is heading, what is driving it and what the most important unanswered questions are.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Design of Very High Frequency Multirate Switched Capacitor Circuits

Design of Very High Frequency Multirate Switched Capacitor Circuits

748 , ISBN : 1-4020 - rve CMOS INTEGRATION OF ANALOG CIRCUITS FOR HIGH DATA RATE TRANSMITTERS DeRanter and Stevaert Vol . 747 , 1 : SYSTEMATIC DESIGN Or ...

Author: Seng-Pan U

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387261214

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 227

View: 265

Design of Very High-Frequency Multirate Switched-Capacitor Circuits presents the theory and the corresponding CMOS implementation of the novel multirate sampled-data analog interpolation technique which has its great potential on very high-frequency analog frond-end filtering due to its inherent dual advantage of reducing the speed of data-converters and DSP core together with the specification relaxation of the post continuous-time filtering. This technique completely eliminates the traditional phenomenon of sampled-and-hold frequency-shaping at the lower input sampling rate. Also, in order to tackle physical IC imperfections at very high frequency, the state-of-the-art circuit design and layout techniques for high-speed Switched-Capacitor (SC) circuits are comprehensively discussed: -Optimum circuit architecture tradeoff analysis -Simple speed and power trade-off analysis of active elements -High-order filtering response accuracy with respect to capacitor-ratio mismatches -Time-interleaved effect with respect to gain and offset mismatch -Time-interleaved effect with respect to timing-skew and random jitter with non-uniformly holding -Stage noise analysis and allocation scheme -Substrate and supply noise reduction -Gain-and offset-compensation techniques -High-bandwidth low-power amplifier design and layout -Very low timing-skew multiphase generation Two tailor-made optimum design examples in CMOS are presented. The first one achieves a 3-stage 8-fold SC interpolating filter with 5.5MHz bandwidth and 108MHz output sampling rate for a NTSC/PAL CCIR 601 digital video at 3 V. Another is a 15-tap 57MHz SC FIR bandpass interpolating filter with 4-fold sampling rate increase to 320MHz and the first-time embedded frequency band up-translation for DDFS system at 2.5V. The corresponding chip prototype achieves so far the highest operating frequency, highest filter order and highest center frequency with highest dynamic range under the lowest supply voltage when compared to the previously reported high-frequency SC filters in CMOS.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Continuous Time Digital Front Ends for Multistandard Wireless Transmission

Continuous Time Digital Front Ends for Multistandard Wireless Transmission

IEEE J Solid-State Circuits 44(10):2722–2732 Fritzin J, Svensson C, Alvandpour A (2011) A +32 dBm ... digital-RF modulator for high data rate transmitters.

Author: Pieter A. J. Nuyts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319039251

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 309

View: 574

This book describes the design of fully digital multistandard transmitter front-ends which can directly drive one or more switching power amplifiers, thus eliminating all other analog components. After reviewing different architectures, the authors focus on polar architectures using pulse width modulation (PWM), which are entirely based on unclocked delay lines and other continuous-time digital hardware. As a result, readers are enabled to shift accuracy concerns from the voltage domain to the time domain, to coincide with submicron CMOS technology scaling. The authors present different architectural options and compare them, based on their effect on the signal and spectrum quality. Next, a high-level theoretical analysis of two different PWM-based architectures – baseband PWM and RF PWM – is made. On the circuit level, traditional digital components and design techniques are revisited from the point of view of continuous-time digital circuits. Important design criteria are identified and different solutions are presented, along with their advantages and disadvantages. Finally, two chips designed in nanometer CMOS technologies are described, along with measurement results for validation.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

High speed Integrated Circuit Technology

High speed Integrated Circuit Technology

Architecture for high-speed LSIs As the data rate increases, circuit ... include the serializer in the last stage of the transmitter and the deserializer in ...

Author: Mark J. W. Rodwell

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810246389

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 362

View: 131

This book reviews the state of the art of very high speed digital integrated circuits. Commercial applications are in fiber optic transmission systems operating at 10, 40, and 100 Gb/s, while the military application is ADCs and DACs for microwave radar. The book contains detailed descriptions of the design, fabrication, and performance of wideband Si/SiGe-, GaAs-, and InP-based bipolar transistors. The analysis, design, and performance of high speed CMOS, silicon bipolar, and III-V digital ICs are presented in detail, with emphasis on application in optical fiber transmission and mixed signal ICs. The underlying physics and circuit design of rapid single flux quantum (RSFQ) superconducting logic circuits are reviewed, and there is extensive coverage of recent integrated circuit results in this technology.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Plastic Optical Fiber Design Manual Handbook and Buyers Guide

Plastic Optical Fiber Design Manual   Handbook and Buyers Guide

To achieve high data rates, the recommended circuit for this product family drives the transmitter LED with fast, high-amplitude currents.

Author:

Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc

ISBN: 156851011X

Category: Plastic optical fibers

Page: 218

View: 108

Categories: Plastic optical fibers

High Speed Fiber Optic LANs

High Speed Fiber Optic LANs

This paper addresses the problem of providing high speed digital data transfer ... and 100 Mb/s data rate using a LED transmitter for avionics applications.

Author: IGIC, Inc. Staff

Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc

ISBN: 1568510578

Category: Fiber optics

Page: 409

View: 508

Categories: Fiber optics

Components of Fiber Optic Lans

Components of Fiber Optic Lans

Transmitter Bandwidth With a high-speed receiver, the transmitter bandwidth ... (Insert Figure 2) Figure 3 is a schematic of the transmitter circuit used to ...

Author: Igi

Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc

ISBN: 1568510543

Category: Fiber optics

Page: 157

View: 808

Categories: Fiber optics

Bandwidth and Efficiency Enhancement in Radio Frequency Power Amplifiers for Wireless Transmitters

Bandwidth and Efficiency Enhancement in Radio Frequency Power Amplifiers for Wireless Transmitters

A wideband delta-sigma digital-rf modulator for high data rate transmitters. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 42(8), 1710–1722.

Author: Karun Rawat

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030388669

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 390

View: 658

This book focuses on broadband power amplifier design for wireless communication. Nonlinear model embedding is described as a powerful tool for designing broadband continuous Class-J and continuous class F power amplifiers. The authors also discuss various techniques for extending bandwidth of load modulation based power amplifiers, such as Doherty power amplifier and Chireix outphasing amplifiers. The book also covers recent trends on digital as well as analog techniques to enhance bandwidth and linearity in wireless transmitters. Presents latest trends in designing broadband power amplifiers; Covers latest techniques for using nonlinear model embedding in designing power amplifiers based on waveform engineering; Describes the latest techniques for extending bandwidth of load modulation based power amplifiers such as Doherty power amplifier and Chireix outphasing amplifiers; Includes coverage of hybrid analog/digital predistortion as wideband solution for wireless transmitters; Discusses recent trends on on-chip power amplifier design with GaN /GaAs MMICs for high frequency applications.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Circuits and Applications Using Silicon Heterostructure Devices

Circuits and Applications Using Silicon Heterostructure Devices

State-of-theArt: IBM—High-Speed. Circuits. for. Data. Communications. Applications. Daniel A. Friedman and Mounir Meghelli IBM Thomas J. Watson Research ...

Author: John D. Cressler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351834759

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 933

No matter how you slice it, semiconductor devices power the communications revolution. Skeptical? Imagine for a moment that you could flip a switch and instantly remove all the integrated circuits from planet Earth. A moment’s reflection would convince you that there is not a single field of human endeavor that would not come to a grinding halt, be it commerce, agriculture, education, medicine, or entertainment. Life, as we have come to expect it, would simply cease to exist. Drawn from the comprehensive and well-reviewed Silicon Heterostructure Handbook, this volume covers SiGe circuit applications in the real world. Edited by John D. Cressler, with contributions from leading experts in the field, this book presents a broad overview of the merits of SiGe for emerging communications systems. Coverage spans new techniques for improved LNA design, RF to millimeter-wave IC design, SiGe MMICs, SiGe Millimeter-Wave ICs, and wireless building blocks using SiGe HBTs. The book provides a glimpse into the future, as envisioned by industry leaders.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Low Power Millimeter Wave Transmitters for High Data Rate Applications

Low Power Millimeter Wave Transmitters for High Data Rate Applications

2.3 Simulated performance of a ) B 25 120 single-transistor common-source PA versus its width I d c (m A), Psa t( m W ) d ( x a m G ,) 20 100 15 80 60 m B d ...

Author: Khaled Khalaf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030166533

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 109

View: 880

This book discusses low power techniques for millimeter wave transmitter IC. Considerations for the front-end design are followed by several implementation examples in the 60GHz band in CMOS down to 28nm technology. Additionally, the design and implementation details of digitally-modulated millimeter wave polar transmitters are presented.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Charge based CMOS Digital RF Transmitters

Charge based CMOS Digital RF Transmitters

... Sodini, C.G.: A wideband † digital-RF modulator for high data rate transmitters. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 42(8), 1710–1722 (2007).

Author: Pedro Emiliano Paro Filho

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319457871

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 152

View: 454

This book introduces a completely novel architecture that can relax the trade-off existing today between noise, power and area consumption in a very suitable solution for advanced wireless communication systems. Through the combination of charge-domain operation with incremental signaling, this architecture gives the best of both worlds, providing the reduced area and high portability of digital-intensive architectures with an improved out-of-band noise performance given by intrinsic noise filtering capabilities. Readers will be enabled to design higher performance radio front-ends that consume less power and area, especially with respect to the transmitter and power amplifier designs, considered by many the “battery killers” on most mobile devices.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Biomedical Circuits and Systems

Biomedical Circuits and Systems

Traditional low power RF circuit (less than 1 Mbps data rate) and optical transcutaneous transmission (higher than 100 mW power cost) are not ideal ...

Author: Eugenio Culurciello

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781304422972

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 606

Integrated circuit design for biomedical applications requires an interdisciplinary background, ranging from electrical engineering to material engineering to computer science. This book is written to help build the foundation for researchers, engineers, and students to further develop their interest and knowledge in this field. This book provides an overview of various biosensors by introducing fundamental building blocks for integrated biomedical systems. State-of-the-art projects for various applications and experience in developing these systems are explained in detail. Future design trends in this field is also discussed in this book.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

White Space Communication Technologies

White Space Communication Technologies

... and C. Fager, “High-Efficiency RF Pulsewidth Modulation of Class-E Power ... for High Data Rate Transmitters,” IEEE Journal ofSolid-State Circuits, vol.

Author: Nuno Borges Carvalho

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316061572

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

View: 200

Increase the efficient use of time-varying available spectrum with this unique book, the first to describe RF hardware design for white space applications, including both analog and digital approaches. Emerging technologies are discussed and signal processing issues are addressed, providing the background knowledge and practical tools needed to develop future radio technologies. Real-world examples are included, together with global spectrum regulations and policies, for a practical approach to developing technologies for worldwide applications. Cross analog and digital design guidelines are provided to help cut design time and cost. This holistic, system level view of transceiver design for white space technologies is ideal for practising engineers and students and researchers in academia.
Categories: Technology & Engineering