The High Status Track

The High Status Track

EMPIRICAL ISSUES To establish the analytical framework for the concerns of this collection , it is useful to see the high - status track as an educational and occupational career path that provides highly favored life chances .

Author: Paul W. Kingston

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791400107

Category: Education

Page: 261

View: 738

The essays in this groundbreaking volume significantly advance our understanding of the process by which an elite school education provides graduates with distinctly favorable life chances. The authors examine the contemporary issue and controversy in the field of education (and society) which focuses on both the advantages and disadvantages of public versus private schooling. Those interested in issues of social stratification and its impact in the educational context will find this a useful and important contribution to the literature in the field.
Categories: Education

Social Economics

Social Economics

Given complementarity between consumption and status, persons who win higher status also win greater consumption. It may be necessary to pay more for higher status, but then income would be sufficiently high so that consumption would be ...

Author: Gary S. Becker

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674261969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 706

Economists assume that people make choices based on their preferences and their budget constraints. The preferences and values of others play no role in the standard economic model. This feature has been sharply criticized by other social scientists, who believe that the choices people make are also conditioned by social and cultural forces. Economists, meanwhile, are not satisfied with standard sociological and anthropological concepts and explanations because they are not embedded in a testable, analytic framework. In this book, Gary Becker and Kevin Murphy provide such a framework by including the social environment along with standard goods and services in their utility functions. These extended utility functions provide a way of analyzing how changes in the social environment affect people's choices and behaviors. More important, they also provide a way of analyzing how the social environment itself is determined by the interactions of individuals. Using this approach, the authors are able to explain many puzzling phenomena, including patterns of drug use, how love affects marriage patterns, neighborhood segregation, the prices of fine art and other collectibles, the social side of trademarks, the rise and fall of fads and fashions, and the distribution of income and status.
Categories: Business & Economics

Brazil s Africa Strategy

Brazil   s Africa Strategy

or Venezuela toward the United States illustrates, states might opt to challenge a higher status group despite lacking any realistic possibility of successfully competing with it. This suggests that a state's selection of status-seeking ...

Author: C. Stolte

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137499578

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 347

The book analyzes Brazil's Africa engagement as a rising power's strategy to gain global recognition, linking it to Brazil's broader foreign policy objectives and shedding light on the mechanisms of Brazilian status-seeking in Africa.
Categories: Political Science

Theoretical Sociology

Theoretical Sociology

The result is that higher-status persons will experience more positive emotions like pleasure and happiness while lower-status ... The more the emotions of individuals are compatible with their status—positive emotions for higherstatus ...

Author: Jonathan H. Turner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781452203423

Category: Social Science

Page: 906

View: 273

Written by award-winning scholar Jonathan Turner, Theoretical Sociology: 1830 to the Present covers new and emerging aspects of sociological theory and examines the significant contributions of both modern and founding theorists. Nine sections present detailed analyses of key theories and paradigms, including functionalism, evolutionary theory, conflict theory, critical theory, exchange theory, interactionist theory, and structuralism. Despite the in-depth discussions of theorists and their contributions to the field, the text is concise and focused, a perfect resource for readers seeking to develop a deeper understanding of contemporary and classical sociological theory.
Categories: Social Science

Destined for Equality

Destined for Equality

High - status jobs stressed loyalty , predictability , and minimizing risks more than productivity , so pressures to lower wage costs were weak . Sex segregation of occupations became less practical in higher - status positions ...

Author: Robert Max Jackson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067405511X

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 372

Men and women remain unequal in the United States, but in this provocative book, Robert Max Jackson demonstrates that gender inequality is irrevocably crumbling. Destined for Equality, the first integrated analysis of gender inequality's modern decline, tells the story of that progressive movement toward equality over the past two centuries in America, showing that women's status has risen consistently and continuously. Jackson asserts that women's rising status has been due largely to the emergence of modern political and economic organizations, which have transformed institutional priorities concerning gender. Although individual politicians and businessmen generally believed women should remain in their traditional roles, Jackson shows that it was simply not in the interests of modern enterprise and government to foster inequality. The search for profits, votes, organizational rationality, and stability all favored a gender-neutral approach that improved women's status. The inherent gender impartiality of organizational interests won out over the prejudiced preferences of the men who ran them. As economic power migrated into large-scale organizations inherently indifferent to gender distinctions, the patriarchal model lost its social and cultural sway, and women's continual efforts to rise in the world became steadily more successful. Total gender equality will eventually prevail; the only questions remaining are what it will look like, and how and when it will arrive.
Categories: Social Science

Instructional Strategies for Middle and High School

Instructional Strategies for Middle and High School

Examples of status characteristics are race, social class, sex, reading ability, and attractiveness...high status individuals are expected to be more competent than low status individuals across a wide range of tasks that are viewed as ...

Author: Bruce E. Larson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135926755

Category: Education

Page: 344

View: 408

Extending the themes of Contemporary Psychoanalytic Foundations, The Therapeutic Situation in the 21st Century is a systematic reformulation of fundamental psychoanalytic concepts, such as transference, therapeutic action, and the uses of psychotropic drugs, in the light of recent developments in postmodernism, complexity theory, and neuroscience. Leffert offers formulations of areas not previously considered in any depth by psychoanalysts, such as power relations in the analytic couple, social matrix theory, and narrative theory informed by considerations of archaeology, genealogy, complexity, memory, and recall. He also considers new areas, such as the role of uncertainty and love in the therapeutic situation. This book is part of an ongoing effort to place psychoanalysis in the current century, and looks to outside as well as inside areas of thought to inform how we work and how we think about our work.
Categories: Education

Encyclopedia of Creativity

Encyclopedia of Creativity

Studies suggest that when a forger fools lay or expert judges into misattributing an original product to a creator whose domain-specific status characteristics are higher than those of the product's actual creator, judges evaluate the ...

Author: Mark A. Runco

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780122270765

Category: Creation (Literary, artistic, etc.)

Page: 810

View: 243

Categories: Creation (Literary, artistic, etc.)

Handbook of Police Psychology

Handbook of Police Psychology

Individual Status and Group Status The status order that evolves within an interacting dyad in which one person has high status ... In all three partnerships, the higher status officer tended to perceive him- or herself as having more ...

Author: Jack Kitaeff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429554667

Category: Psychology

Page: 652

View: 593

The Handbook of Police Psychology features contributions from over 30 leading experts on the core matters of police psychology. The collection surveys everything from the beginnings of police psychology and early influences on the profession; to pre-employment screening, assessment, and evaluation; to clinical interventions. Alongside original chapters first published in 2011, this edition features new content on deadly force encounters, officer resilience training, and police leadership enhancement. Influential figures in the field of police psychology are discussed, including America’s first full-time police psychologist, who served in the Los Angeles Police Department, and the first full-time police officer to earn a doctorate in psychology while still in uniform, who served with the New York Police Department. The Handbook of Police Psychology is an invaluable resource for police legal advisors, policy writers, and police psychologists, as well as for graduates studying police or forensic psychology.
Categories: Psychology

Power and Inequality in Interpersonal Relations

Power and Inequality in Interpersonal Relations

In seeking out higher-status, individuals on the low end of the social spectrum may face having daunting physical and emotional trauma exacted upon them by those in higher-status positions. Some of this may serve as rite-of-passage ...

Author: Eric Beasley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351497497

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 331

This book explores interpersonal situations in which weak or vulnerable people find themselves and the ways in which others help create, sustain, and eradicate such social dynamics. Vladimir Shlapentokh and Eric Beasley demonstrate that people can gain power over each other and then abuse this power because of unequal resource conditions. The authors define resources as the means necessary for satisfaction or achievement of needs or goals, such as wealth, physical strength, intellectual capacity and information, sexual attractiveness, and status. This volume is different from existing social science books on inequality and vulnerability, which address relations between people of different social positions, races, genders, ages, and places of residence confronting each other in political, economic, and cultural battles. This book focuses on people who become the victims of those whom they know personally-relatives, colleagues, neighbors. The authors argue that unequal resource distribution among members of social units is the main cause of conflict and ultimately creates situations where members of a social unit can abuse other members of the same unit.
Categories: Social Science

Mistreatment in Organizations

Mistreatment in Organizations

Specifically, our model examines the intersection between in- versus out-group membership of the target with higher- or equal-status, versus lower-status of the target relative to the perpetrators, and identifies situations where ...

Author: Pamela L. Perrewe

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781785601163

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 141

Volume 13 of Research in Occupational Stress and Well Being is focused on mistreatment in organizations. Mistreatment can be damaging to the individual as well as to the organization. This volume includes critical topics on customer mistreatment, aggression in the workplace, incivility, and workplace ostracism.
Categories: Medical