Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era

Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era

By delving into a broad range of historical periods and contexts, the book sheds new light on surveillance as a societal phenomenon, offering 10 in-depth, applied analyses that revolve around two main questions: • Who are the central ...

Author: Andreas Marklund

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000401387

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 611

Deploying empirical studies spanning from early Imperial China to the present day, 17 scholars from across the globe explore the history of surveillance with special attention to the mechanisms of power that impel the concept of surveillance in society. By delving into a broad range of historical periods and contexts, the book sheds new light on surveillance as a societal phenomenon, offering 10 in-depth, applied analyses that revolve around two main questions: • Who are the central actors in the history of surveillance? • What kinds of phenomena have been deemed eligible for surveillance, for example, information flows, political movements, border-crossing trade, interacting with foreign states, workplace relations, gender relations, andsexuality?
Categories: Social Science

The Secret Police Dossier of Herta M ller

The Secret Police Dossier of Herta M  ller

Parts of chapter 3 and chapter 4 have been previously published as “Translation and Surveillance: Flaws and Glitches” in Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era, edited by Andreas Marklund and Laura Skouvig (London: ...

Author: Valentina N. Glajar

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781640141537

Category: Authors, German

Page: 295

View: 411

""Herta Müller should share her Nobel with the Securitate." This comment by a former officer in the Romanian secret police, or Securitate, was in reaction to hearing that Müller, a German writer originally from Romania, had won the 2009 Nobel Prize for Literature. Communist Romania's infamous secret police was indeed a protagonist in Müller's work, though an undesired and dreaded one: most of her writings are deeply and explicitly anchored in Ceaușescu's Romania and her own traumatic experiences with the Securitate. Müller's file traces her surveillance from 1983 until after she emigrated to West Germany in 1987. She has written extensively in reaction to reading her file, but primarily addresses its gaps, begging the question what information the file does in fact contain"--
Categories: Authors, German

Jeremy Bentham and Australia

Jeremy Bentham and Australia

Allen, M. 'Convict Surveillance and Reform in Theory and Practice: Jeremy Bentham vs New South Wales'. In Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era: The Eyes and Ears of Power, ed. A. Marklund and L. Skouvig, 70–86.

Author: Tim Causer

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 9781787358188

Category: Philosophy

Page: 420

View: 647

Jeremy Bentham and Australia is a collection of scholarship inspired by Bentham’s writings on Australia. These writings are available for the first time in authoritative form in Panopticon versus New South Wales and other writings on Australia, a volume in The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham published by UCL Press. In the present collection, a distinguished group of authors reflect on Bentham’s Australian writings, making original contributions to existing debates and setting agendas for future ones. In the first part of the collection, the works are placed in their historical contexts, while the second part provides a critical assessment of the historical accuracy and plausibility of Bentham’s arguments against transportation from the British Isles. In the third part, attention turns to Bentham’s claim that New South Wales had been illegally founded and to the imperial and colonial constitutional ramifications of that claim. Here, authors also discuss Bentham’s work of 1831 in which he supports the establishment of a free colony on the southern coast of Australia. In the final part, authors shed light on the history of Bentham’s panopticon penitentiary scheme, his views on the punishment and reform of criminals and what role, if any, religion had to play in that regard, and discuss apparently panopticon-inspired institutions built in the Australian colonies. This collection will appeal to readers interested in Bentham’s life and thought, the history of transportation from the British Isles, and of British penal policy more generally, colonial and imperial history, Indigenous history, legal and constitutional history, and religious history.
Categories: Philosophy

Experiences of War in Europe and the Americas 1792 1815

Experiences of War in Europe and the Americas  1792   1815

... Hanna Meretoja, and Bonface Njeresa Beti Sun Yatsen, Robert Wilcox and Their Failed Revolutions, Honolulu and Canton 1895 Dynamite on the Tropic of Cancer Patrick Anderson Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era ...

Author: Mark Lawrence

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000412086

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 508

This work seeks to offer a new way of viewing the French Wars of 1792–1815. Most studies of this period offer international, political, and military analyses using the French Revolution and Napoleon as the prime mover. But this book focuses on military and civilian responses to French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, throughout the rest of Europe and the Americas. It shows how the unprecedented mobilization of this era forged a generation of soldiers and civilians sharing a common experience of suffering, bequeathing the West with a new veteran sensibility. Using a range of sources, especially memoirs, this book reveals the adventure and suffering confronting ordinary soldiers campaigning in Europe and the Americas, and the burdens imposed on civilians enduring rising and falling empires across the West. It also reveals how the wars liberated slaves, serfs, and common people through revolutions and insurgencies.
Categories: History

Children Born of War

Children Born of War

... Hanna Meretoja, and Bonface Njeresa Beti Sun Yatsen, Robert Wilcox and Their Failed Revolutions, Honolulu and Canton 1895 Dynamite on the Tropic of Cancer Patrick Anderson Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era ...

Author: Sabine Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429576256

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 147

This volume presents research from an international, interdisciplinary, and intersectoral research project in which 15 doctoral researchers explored a range of issues related to the life-course experiences of children born of war in 20th-century conflicts. Children Born of War (CBOW), children fathered by foreign soldiers and born to local mothers during and after armed conflicts, have long been neglected in the research of the social consequences of war. Based on research projects completed under the auspices of the Horizon2020-funded international and interdisciplinary research and training network CHIBOW (www.chibow.org), this book examines the psychological and social impact of war on these children. It focusses on three separate but interrelated themes: firstly, it explores methodological and ethical issues related to research with war-affected populations in general and children born of war in particular. Secondly, it presents innovative historical research focussing specifically on geopolitical areas that have hitherto been unexplored; and thirdly, it addresses, from a psychological and psychiatric perspective, the challenges faced by children born of war in post-conflict communities, including stigmatisation, discrimination, within the significant context of identity formation when faced with contested memories of volatile post-war experiences. The book offers an insight into the social consequences of war for those children associated with the ‘enemy’ by virtue of their direct biological link.
Categories: History

The Cold War the Space Race and the Law of Outer Space

The Cold War  the Space Race  and the Law of Outer Space

... Hanna Meretoja, and Bonface Njeresa Beti Sun Yatsen, Robert Wilcox and Their Failed Revolutions, Honolulu and Canton 1895 Dynamite on the Tropic of Cancer Patrick Anderson Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era ...

Author: Albert K. Lai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000410877

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 452

The Cold War, the Space Race, and the Law of Outer Space: Space for Peace tells the story of one of the United Nations’ most enduring and least known achievements: the adoption of five multilateral treaties that compose the international law of outer space. The story begins in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year, the largest ever cooperative scientific endeavor that resulted in the launch of Sputnik. Although satellites were first launched under the auspices of peaceful scientific cooperation, the potentially world-ending implications of satellites and the rockets that carried them was obvious to all. By the 1960s, the world faced the prospect of nuclear testing in outer space, the placement of weapons of mass destruction in orbit, and the militarization of the moon. This book tells the story of how the United Nations tried to seize the promise of peace through scientific cooperation and to ward off the potential for war in the Space Age through the adoption of the Outer Space Treaty, the Rescue and Return Agreement, the Liability Convention, the Registration Convention, and the Moon Agreement. Interdisciplinary in approach, the book will be of interest to scholars in law, history and other fields who are interested in the Cold War, the Space Race, and outer space law.
Categories: History

Sun Yatsen Robert Wilcox and Their Failed Revolutions Honolulu and Canton 1895

Sun Yatsen  Robert Wilcox and Their Failed Revolutions  Honolulu and Canton 1895

... Robert Wilcox and Their Failed Revolutions, Honolulu and Canton 1895 Dynamite on the Tropic of Cancer Patrick Anderson Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era The Eyes and Ears of Power Edited by Andreas Marklund ...

Author: Patrick Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000396232

Category: History

Page: 522

View: 262

Dynamite on the Tropic of Cancer is the radical, explosive retelling of the first decade of the 'Father of Modern China' Dr Sun Yatsen’s globally shaped formation as a professional revolutionist, and of the impact of the adult Sun’s revolutionary relationship with Hawaiʻi and with his varied communities of supporters there during its own most turbulent political decade, the 1890s, years in which this remote island nation transformed from native monarchy, via sovereign independent republic, to become the USA’s first overseas territory. Drawn from neglected primary sources, Dynamite reveals the hitherto untold story of the secret revolutionary alliance forged in Honolulu’s backstreets between Sun’s Xingzhonghui and the idiosyncratic italophile soldier Robert Wilcox, "Hawaiʻi’s Garibaldi" and leader of the Kanaka/Native Hawaiian counterrevolution of January 1895. This failed uprising to restore Hawaiʻi’s tragic last Queen, witnessed firsthand by Sun Yatsen, became the archetype upon which ten months later Sun would base his own first attempt at armed insurrection in China: the Canton uprising of 26 October 1895. With an epic sweep across the Pacific’s Tropic of Cancer, Dynamite is the most important study yet written on the origins of Sun Yatsen’s Chinese Revolution and its dynamic interface with Hawaiian history.
Categories: History

Engaging with Historical Traumas

Engaging with Historical Traumas

... Hanna Meretoja, and Bonface Njeresa Beti Sun Yatsen, Robert Wilcox and Their Failed Revolutions, Honolulu and Canton 1895 Dynamite on the Tropic of Cancer Patrick Anderson Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era ...

Author: Nena Močnik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000395655

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 741

This book provides case-studies of how teachers and practitioners have attempted to develop more effective ‘experiential learning’ strategies in order to better equip students for their voluntary engagements in communities, working for sustainable peace and a tolerant society free of discrimination. All chapters revolve around this central theme, testing and trying various paradigms and experimenting with different practices, in a wide range of geographical and historical arenas. They demonstrate the innovative potentials of connecting know-how from different disciplines and combining experiences from various practitioners in this field of shaping historical memory, including non-formal and formal sectors of education, non-governmental workers, professionals from memorial sites and museums, local and global activists, artists, and engaged individuals. In so doing, they address the topic of collective historical traumas in ways that go beyond conventional classroom methods. Interdisciplinary in approach, the book provides a combination of theoretical reflections and concrete pedagogical suggestions that will appeal to educators working across history, sociology, political science, peace education and civil awareness education, as well as memory activists and remembrance practitioners.
Categories: History

Labour and Economic Change in Southern Africa c 1900 2000

Labour and Economic Change in Southern Africa c 1900 2000

... Robert Wilcox and Their Failed Revolutions, Honolulu and Canton 1895 Dynamite on the Tropic of Cancer Patrick Anderson Histories of Surveillance from Antiquity to the Digital Era The Eyes and Ears of Power Edited by Andreas Marklund ...

Author: Rory Pilossof

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000394955

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 262

This book explores the social and economic development of Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi over the course of the twentieth century. These three countries have long shared and interconnected pasts. All three were drawn into the British Empire at a similar time and the formation of the ill-fated Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland formally linked these countries together for a decade in the mid-twentieth century. This formal political relationship created dynamics that resulted in yet closer economic and social links. After Federation, the economic realities of industry, transport and labour supplies meant that these three countries continued to be intricately interconnected. Yet despite these connected pasts, comparative work on the economic histories of Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe, and how these change over time, is rare. This book addresses the gap by providing the first comprehensive collection of labour and census data across the twentieth century for these three countries. The different economic models and performances of these states offer good comparison, allowing researchers to look at different models of development, and how these played out over the long-term. The book provides data on population growth and change, industrial and occupational structure, and the various shifts in what the economically active population did. It will be useful for historians, economists, development studies scholars and non-governmental organisations working on twentieth-century and contemporary southern Africa.
Categories: History

Investigating Google s Search Engine

Investigating Google   s Search Engine

Memory: Histories, Theories, Debates, edited by Susannah Radstone and Bill Schwarz, Fordham University Press, 2010, ... Christl, Wolfie, and Sarah Spiekermann Networks of Control: A Report on Corporate Surveillance, Digital Tracking, ...

Author: Rosie Graham

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350325227

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 207

View: 108

What do search engines do? And what should they do? These questions seem relatively simple but are actually urgent social and ethical issues. The influence of Google's search engine is enormous. It does not only shape how Internet users find pages on the World Wide Web, but how we think as individuals, how we collectively remember the past, and how we communicate with one another. This book explores the impact of search engines within contemporary digital culture, focusing on the social, cultural, and philosophical influence of Google. Using case studies like Google's role in the rise of fake news, instances of sexist and misogynistic Autocomplete suggestions, and search queries relating to LGBTQ+ values, it offers original evidence to intervene practically in existing debates. It also addresses other understudied aspects of Google's influence, including the profound implications of its revenue generation for wider society. In doing this, this important book helps to evaluate the real cost of search engines on an individual and global scale.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines