Genetic Variation and Its Maintenance

Genetic Variation and Its Maintenance

This volume considers the genetic variability of human populations, particularly in the tropics: its origins and maintenance, and its contribution to the phenotypic variability of complex characters.

Author: Derek F. Roberts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521332575

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 239

This volume considers the genetic variability of human populations, particularly in the tropics: its origins and maintenance, and its contribution to the phenotypic variability of complex characters. The first section deals with the ways of analysing genetic variation and provides a valuable review of relevant developments in molecular biology. The origin and maintenance of genetic diversity is considered in the second section with data presented for Pacific, African, Asian and Central American populations. The final section concerns characters in which the genetic contribution to variability is complex and shows how such characters may be used to elucidate biological problems of affinity and differentiation, of adaptation and survival. Published as part of the Decade of the Tropics research programme of the International Union of Biological Sciences, this volume will be of particular interest to human geneticists, physical and biological anthropologists.
Categories: Science

The Human Species

The Human Species

Now in full color, this biological anthropology text presents balanced coverage of the major components of the field: genetics and evolutionary theory, human biological variation, primate biology and behavior, and human evolution.

Author: John Relethford

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: 0073105759

Category: Social Science

Page: 566

View: 611

Now in full color, this biological anthropology text presents balanced coverage of the major components of the field: genetics and evolutionary theory, human biological variation, primate biology and behavior, and human evolution. The relationship between biology and culture is a major focus throughout the text, and the emphasis is on the human species within the primate order: discussions of mammals and nonhuman primates continually refer back to their potential relevance for understanding the human species. The text contains material often neglected in introductory texts, such as discussions of adaptation, human health and disease and demography, and human growth.
Categories: Social Science

How Real Is Race

How Real Is Race

This book, now in its second edition, employs an activity-oriented approach to address these questions and engage readers in unraveling—and rethinking—the contradictory messages we so often hear about race.

Author: Carol C. Mukhopadhyay

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780759122741

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 277

How real is race? What is biological fact, what is fiction, and where does culture enter? What do we mean by a “colorblind” or “postracial” society, or when we say that race is a “social construction”? If race is an invention, can we eliminate it? This book, now in its second edition, employs an activity-oriented approach to address these questions and engage readers in unraveling—and rethinking—the contradictory messages we so often hear about race. The authors systematically cover the myth of race as biology and the reality of race as a cultural invention, drawing on biocultural and cross-cultural perspectives. They then extend the discussion to hot-button issues that arise in tandem with the concept of race, such as educational inequalities; slurs and racialized labels; and interracial relationships. In so doing, they shed light on the intricate, dynamic interplay among race, culture, and biology. For an online supplement to How Real Is Race? Second Edition, click here.
Categories: Social Science

Population Structure and Human Variation

Population Structure and Human Variation

This volume is a collection of eleven studies conducted during the International Biological Programme on the biological structure of human populations.

Author: G. A. Harrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521213998

Category: Science

Page: 0

View: 219

This volume is a collection of eleven studies conducted during the International Biological Programme on the biological structure of human populations.
Categories: Science

Human Biology and Social Inequality

Human Biology and Social Inequality

This volume reviews the current evidence for the strength of such linkages and the biological and social mechanisms that underlie them.

Author: Simon S. Strickland

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521570433

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 753

Measures of biological variation have long been associated with many indices of social inequality. Data on health, nutrition, fertility, mortality, physical fitness, intellectual performance and a range of heritable biological markers show the ubiquity of such patterns across time, space and population. This volume reviews the current evidence for the strength of such linkages and the biological and social mechanisms that underlie them. A major theme is the relationship between the proximate determinants of these linkages and their longer-term significance for biologically selective social mobility. This book therefore addresses the question of how social stratification mediates processes of natural selection in human groups. Data like this pose difficult and sensitive issues for health policy and developments in this area and in eugenics are reviewed for industrialised and developing countries.
Categories: Science

Human Population Genetics

Human Population Genetics

This text combines mathematics, biology, and anthropology and is best suited for advanced undergraduate and graduate study.

Author: John H. Relethford

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470464670

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 209

Introductory guide to human population genetics and microevolutionary theory Providing an introduction to mathematical population genetics, Human Population Genetics gives basic background on the mechanisms of human microevolution. This text combines mathematics, biology, and anthropology and is best suited for advanced undergraduate and graduate study. Thorough and accessible, Human Population Genetics presents concepts and methods of population genetics specific to human population study, utilizing uncomplicated mathematics like high school algebra and basic concepts of probability to explain theories central to the field. By describing changes in the frequency of genetic variants from one generation to the next, this book hones in on the mathematical basis of evolutionary theory. Human Population Genetics includes: Helpful formulae for learning ease Graphs and analogies that make basic points and relate the evolutionary process to mathematical ideas Glossary terms marked in boldface within the book the first time they appear In-text citations that act as reference points for further research Exemplary case studies Topics such as Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, inbreeding, mutation, genetic drift, natural selection, and gene flow Human Population Genetics solidifies knowledge learned in introductory biological anthropology or biology courses and makes it applicable to genetic study. NOTE: errata for the first edition can be found at the author's website: http://employees.oneonta.edu/relethjh/HPG/errata.pdf
Categories: Science

Biological Variation in Health and Illness

Biological Variation in Health and Illness

of human biological variation, but who feel pressured to avoid the term "race" with its historical and present-day burdens. For want of a better word, race still has value in discussing differences between groups of people.

Author: Theresa Overfield

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351367936

Category: Medical

Page: 364

View: 817

Specifically for the health professional, this book contains an extensive compilation of research findings on biologic variation by race, age, and gender relating to health and illness. Completely rewritten, revised, and updated, the Second Edition includes an increased discussion of biologic variation and expanded coverage of each chapter topic. This book provides a theoretical framework for understanding the mechanisms that influence biologic variation. It presents a well-documented discussion of research data and indicates areas where knowledge is lacking. A theoretical explanation is followed by examination of surface and anatomical variations, developmental variation, biochemical and enzymatic variations, disease susceptibility differences, and influence of the external variation. Consideration of sexual variation reveals more differences between the sexes than among races. Misconceptions about racial uniformity and diversity are exposed throughout the book. Tables of specific biologic variations allow easy reference and access to the literature.
Categories: Medical

Human Biology

Human Biology

Human biology deals with understanding the extent of human biological variability, with explaining the mechanisms that create and pattern the variability, and with relating it to health, disease, and the social issues that concern all ...

Author: Sara Stinson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118108048

Category: Social Science

Page: 780

View: 655

This comprehensive introduction to the field of human biology covers all the major areas of the field: genetic variation, variation related to climate, infectious and non-infectious diseases, aging, growth, nutrition, and demography. Written by four expert authors working in close collaboration, this second edition has been thoroughly updated to provide undergraduate and graduate students with two new chapters: one on race and culture and their ties to human biology, and the other a concluding summary chapter highlighting the integration and intersection of the topics covered in the book.
Categories: Social Science

Human Biological Diversity

Human Biological Diversity

This book introduces key contemporary topics in the study of human variation and human biology and is accessible for students with no background in anthropology or biology.

Author: Daniel E. Brown

Publisher:

ISBN: 1138037524

Category: Human biology

Page: 466

View: 488

Human Biological Diversity is an introductory textbook designed to cover the key contemporary topics in the study of human variation and human biology within the field of physical anthropology. Easily accessible for students with no background in anthropology or biology, this second edition includes two new chapters, one on human variation in the skeleton and dentition and the other on tracing human population affinities. All other chapters have been fully updated to reflect advances in the field and now include pedagogical features to aid readers in their understanding. Written for an introductory level but still containing valuable information that will be of interest to students on upper-level courses, Brown's textbook should be essential reading for all students taking courses on human variation, human biology, human evolution, race, anthropology of race, and general introductions to biological/physical anthropology.
Categories: Human biology

Human Biological Diversity

Human Biological Diversity

This greater admixture will lead to greater genetic variability within populations but less variation between populations. Human population biology is an exciting field that allows us to understand ourselves as humans from a broad ...

Author: Daniel E. Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317347811

Category: Social Science

Page: 355

View: 675

This text is intended for the sophomore level course in human variation/human biology taught in anthropology departments. It may also serve as a supplementary text in introductory physical anthropology courses. In addition to covering the standard topics for the course, it features contemporary topics in human biology such as the Human Genome Project, genetic engineering, the effects of stress, obesity and pollution.
Categories: Social Science