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Author: Caterina Gouvis Roman
Publisher: Lexington Books
Have the nations of the world begun to converge with respect to drug policy? Which countries have remained apart from the international dialogue? Which have taken steps to forge new, more liberal policies stressing education, treatment, and alternative community-based intervention? Focusing specifically on cannabis, cocaine, and heroin, Illicit Drug Policies, Trafficking, and Use the World Over presents a brief history and analysis of the current laws and policies regarding illicit drugs_widely considered to be a growing international health threat_in twenty five different countries. With its wide breadth of data and analysis, this volume will be valuable for both scholars and students of this seemingly intractable social, legal, and political problem.
Costa Rica created its first drug laws in 1923, and by 1927 had established a national board to monitor narcotics. Beginning in 1927, the sale, ... Illicit Drug Policies, Trafficking, and Use the World Over. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, ...
Guided by a critical perspective and drawing on his own crosscultural research in Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, Singer analyzes drug-related developmental challenges around the world and assesses the impact of licit and illicit ...
Author: Merrill Singer
Publisher: Waveland Press
Category: Political Science
In a globalized world, people, ideas, organizations, and commoditiesincluding drugsflow rapidly from place to place and are tied together through the market, advanced communication systems, and rapid transportation technologies. Drug distribution and use both reflect and reinforce an exploitive political economy that has connected the West with developing nations since the rise of capitalism. Singers fast-moving, authoritative treatment examines the impact of legal and illegal drug distribution and use on relations among richer and poorer nations, in particular their influence on social and economic development in the Third World. Guided by a critical perspective and drawing on his own crosscultural research in Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, Singer analyzes drug-related developmental challenges around the world and assesses the impact of licit and illicit drug use, drug trafficking, the War on Drugs, and drug-related health consequences like HIV/AIDS.
Drug Policy and the Public Good is an objective analytical basis on which to build global drug policies. It presents the accumulated scientific knowledge on drug use in relation to policy development on a national and international level.
Author: Thomas Babor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Illegal psychoactive substances and illicit prescription drugs are currently used on a daily basis all over the world. Affecting public health and social welfare, illicit drug use is linked to disease, disability, and social problems. Faced with an increase in usage, national and global policymakers are turning to addiction science for guidance on how to create evidence-based drug policy. Drug Policy and the Public Good is an objective analytical basis on which to build global drug policies. It presents the accumulated scientific knowledge on drug use in relation to policy development on a national and international level. By also revealing new epidemiological data on the global dimensions of drug misuse, it questions existing regulations and highlights the growing need for evidence-based, realistic, and coordinated drug policy. A critical review of cumulative scientific evidence, Drug Policy and the Public Good discusses four areas of drug policy; primary prevention programs in schools and other settings; supply reduction programs, including legal enforcement and drug interdiction; treatment interventions and harm reduction approaches; and control of the legal market through prescription drug regimes. In addition, it analyses the current state of global drug policy, and advocates improvements in the drafting of public health policy. Drug Policy and the Public Good is a global source of information and inspiration for policymakers involved in public health and social welfare. Presenting new research on illicit and prescription drug use, it is also an essential tool for academics, and a significant contribution to the translation of addiction research into effective drug policy.
Correspondingly lucrative, but also damaging, is the business that is done with legal and illegal drugs. In this essay, I will address the effects of illicit drug trafficking on economic performance.
Author: Johannes Grunwald
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Category: Business & Economics
Seminar paper from the year 2020 in the subject Economics - Macro-economics, general, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, course: Economic Growth, language: English, abstract: Drug crime is a serious problem worldwide. The use, but also the abuse of legal and illegal psychoactive substances, is an integral part of our societies. Correspondingly lucrative, but also damaging, is the business that is done with legal and illegal drugs. In this essay, I will address the effects of illicit drug trafficking on economic performance. Since a global view would go far beyond the scope of this work, I will limit myself to the American continent, especially on Mexico's drug trafficking with the USA. Furthermore, I will mainly focus on the cocaine trade, as this drug has the greatest economic, evidence-based effects for the individual countries studied. First of all I will briefly explain the reasons why drug crime, but also drug prohibition in general, is an economic problem. In the second part of this essay, I will introduce the US demand market and the associated supply markets (Mexico and other Central and South American countries). In this context I will use the analysis of two papers (one written by Robles et al. and one written by Holst et al.) to explain to what extent the activities of drug cartels have an effect on economic growth in Mexico. Finally, I will counter-examine the findings of these two studies and formulate my own conclusion from the results obtained.
This volume is built around the idea that drug control policy largely reflects the society in which it is found.
Author: Harold H. Traver
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Category: Social Science
Drug addiction and the illegal drug trade are recognized today as major international problems. Efforts to control trafficking and coordinate enforcement policy have until now met with only limited success. Although world opinion, led by the United States, has generally favored hard-line measures, some countries, such as Denmark and the Netherlands, strenuously resist them, while others, primarily poor Asian and South American countries, remain economically dependent on the demand for illicit drugs. Drugs, Law, and the State focuses on the conflicting cultural values and historical traditions that continue to thwart combined attempts among nations to impeded the flow of drugs. This volume is built around the idea that drug control policy largely reflects the society in which it is found. The authors analyze contrasting national policies through theories that emphasize the role of ideology, legitimacy, and history. This cultural orientation opens up new areas of research not often addressed by conventional criminology. Instead of asking why some people use illegal drugs while others do not, several chapters ask why and in what societies drug use is defined as a crime. Drugs, Law, and the State is composed of three sections. The first, âDrug Control Policy and the State,â uses the examples of Denmark, Spain, and Finland to analyze drug control policy in relation to the state as a defined interest group. Part Two, âThe Political Economy of Drugs,â considers the political-economic nexus of the drug trade primarily in Asia, and surveys the role of organized crime from an international perspective. The concluding section, âFuture Directions,â examines the current status of drug control policy in the United States and provides a set of alternative proposals in the direction of decriminalization. Drugs, Law, and the State offers original thinking and practical approaches to a multidimensional world problem. It will be of interest to policymakers, political scientists, sociologists, and law enforcement officials.
This title examines one of the world's critical issues, drug trafficking.
Author: Jill Sherman
Publisher: ABDO Publishing Company
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
This title examines one of the worldÍs critical issues, drug trafficking. Readers will learn the historical background of this issue leading up to its current and future impact on society. Drug farmers, producers, smugglers, dealers, and users are discuss
This book uncovers the myths, the root causes, and the many drug-related events and delivers the urgently needed hope that much can be achieved under a new drug paradigm.
Author: Sergio Ferragut
A Silent Nightmare explores the issues surrounding illicit drugs and new drug policy options. America has struggled against illicit drugs for decades; however, drug use and abuse continue to weight heavily on the shoulders of our youth, crime associated with illicit drugs has increased dramatically, and drug traffickers and their stealth friends in the business world continue to grow richer. This book uncovers the myths, the root causes, and the many drug-related events and delivers the urgently needed hope that much can be achieved under a new drug paradigm. It is the author's intention to shed light on a new path leading towards a more rational, coherent and humane drug policy. He joins many distinguished personalities, including the late Milton Friedman, Economics Nobel Prize winner, William F. Buckley, Jr., founder of the National Review, and Walter Cronkite, award-winning journalist, who have raised their voices calling for an overhaul of the current failed drug policy.
Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: A, Stanford University, language: English, abstract: Sultanate of Oman is a country dedicated to drug trafficking control.
Author: Francis Marete
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Category: Political Science
Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: A, Stanford University, language: English, abstract: Sultanate of Oman is a country dedicated to drug trafficking control. In connection to this, the country believes that drug trafficking is an international challenge to all the societies all over the world. Therefore, it cannot be controlled in one country rather requires a collective effort nationally and internationally. Sultanate of Oman has, therefore, subscribed to the international, federal anti-drug initiative that has two major elements, including, reducing the demand for the drugs, and reducing the supply of the drugs (Craft & Howlett 2012). The biggest challenge in trying to control drug trafficking in the whole world is rising demand that is being experienced and locating the main drug traffickers, who at times are linked top officials of the government, since decisions has to be made on the best approach to be used (Nooraie 2008). This makes it even harder for the government to accomplish the primary goal of reducing the supply of illicit drugs flowing into the country. In its effort to hold the customs of the people in the country and trying to adhere to the human rights, the government of the Sultanate of Oman is unable to completely eliminate drug trafficking in the country. According to Focardi & Jonas (2008), the supporting goal that will ensure that drug trafficking is minimal is to reduce the amount of all the illicit drugs cultivated, consumed and processed in the worldwide.
By contrast, rates of other types of drug use in Africa are very low by world standards. Worldwide, eastern and southeastern Asia have ... Illicit Drug Policies, Trafficking, and Use the World Over. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2007.
Author: Robert N. Golden
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Category: Health & Fitness
Alphabetically arranged entries focus on issues relating to substance abuse, including date rape, fetal alcohol syndrome, and HIV/AIDS.