Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in Canada Volume II

Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in Canada  Volume II

For the greater part of this period, the police relied on high-risk strategies such as undercover police buyers in their attempts to penetrate the protective layer comprised of less significant players. This first line of defence proved ...

Author: Alex Chung

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030051358

Category: Social Science

Page: 341

View: 739

This book explores how the ‘new’ Asian criminal entrepreneurs in Canada, known as The Big Circle Boys (BCB), competitively dominated the Canadian heroin market in the 1990s without a formal organisation or explicit hierarchical structure. Drawing on the market resilience framework, it examines how the BCB smuggled drugs by using social capital, shared resources, and trust effectively through their ethnicity. How did they counter external security challenges and promote internal competitive cooperation? Were they able to resolve disputes peacefully by managing internal relations? These questions are answered through an analysis of their networking processes and illustrated in the structural properties and dynamics of their mono-ethnic criminal network. For the first time, the BCB players that contributed to the 2001 Canadian and Australian heroin droughts are revealed through intercepted telephone calls and court testimonies. It shows how the BCB collectively switched from heroin to ecstasy since the year 2000. The operation logistics of drug importation and local trafficking are scrutinised. This book speaks to those interested in how a collective of ethnic-Chinese career criminals succeeded and failed in the international drugs trade, particularly for scholars and students of social sciences disciplines.
Categories: Social Science

A History of Transportation in Canada Volume 2

A History of Transportation in Canada  Volume 2

For railway companies , as for armies , the offensive may be the best means of defence . The Canadian Pacific was now carrying on a war on two fronts , with American and with Canadian rivals . To broaden its front on the Pacific it ...

Author: G.P. de T. Glazebrook

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773591349

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 964

First published in 1938, Volume two deals with Canadian transportation from 1867 to the late 1930s, and includes what is regarded as one of the best short discussions of the Canadian "railway problem."
Categories: History

The Canadian Yearbook of International Law Volume II 1964 Tome II

The Canadian Yearbook of International Law Volume II 1964 Tome II

government is in actual control of the major part of the territory of the state; it has undertaken to observe ... that every such flight had to receive the permission of the Canadian government.20 The Minister of National Defence, Hon.


Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 00690058:1964::2::


Page: 368

View: 409


Canada and the Cost of World War II

Canada and the Cost of World War II

... saving democracy or our League obligations ? The sooner we face the actual reality the better . " Records of the Department of External Affairs , RG 25 , vol . 767 , file 319 , vols 1 and 2 . 2 James Eayrs , In Defence of Canada ...

Author: Robert Broughton Bryce

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773529381

Category: Canada

Page: 436

View: 649

How Canada helped Britain finance the war effort.
Categories: Canada

inXanadu Canada Volume II Prose and Poetry by Frank Bond Beaumier

inXanadu Canada Volume II  Prose and Poetry  by Frank Bond Beaumier

Football term which is used when team is ahead and coach feels that defense can hold til end of game. ... 69 In Xanadu–CanadaVol.II–Frank Bond Beaumier 235 They leave in self satisfied triumph, mission to raise ...



ISBN: 9781411692855


Page: 108

View: 755


The Computer Revolution in Canada

The Computer Revolution in Canada

(Leackie et al., Postwar Policy for Scientific Research for Defence, 31 October 1945, DND, volume 11,997, file DRBS-1-0-181, part 1) 11. In the midst of World War II, John Brebner (The North Atlantic Triangle, Columbia University Press, ...

Author: John N. Vardalas

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262264983

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 421

View: 739

The forces that shaped Canada's digital innovations in the postwar period. After World War II, other major industrialized nations responded to the technological and industrial hegemony of the United States by developing their own design and manufacturing competence in digital electronic technology. In this book John Vardalas describes the quest for such competence in Canada, exploring the significant contributions of the civilian sector but emphasizing the role of the Canadian military in shaping radical technological change. As he shows, Canada's determination to be an active participant in research and development work on advanced weapons systems, and in the testing of those weapons systems, was a cornerstone of Canadian technological development during the years 1945-1980. Vardalas presents case studies of such firms as Ferranti-Canada, Sperry Gyroscope of Canada, and Control Data of Canada. In contrast to the standard nationalist interpretation of Canadian subsidiaries of transnational corporations as passive agents, he shows them to have been remarkably innovative and explains how their aggressive programs to develop all-Canadian digital R&D and manufacturing capacities influenced technological development in the United States and in Great Britain. While underlining the unprecedented role of the military in the creation of peacetime scientific and technical skills, Vardalas also examines the role of government and university research programs, including Canada's first computerized systems for mail sorting and airline reservations. Overall, he presents a nuanced account of how national economic, political, and corporate forces influenced the content, extent, and direction of digital innovation in Canada.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

History of Strategic and Ballistic Missile Defense Volume II

History of Strategic and Ballistic Missile Defense  Volume II

Three to six hours warning of attack was an initial prerequisite to both active and passive defense response. ... radar sites in Canada, all of which were operational by December 1955.13 Twenty-two of these stations were manned by USAF ...

Author: Barry Leonard

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437921311


Page: 374

View: 494

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. This is the second of two vol. on the history of strategic air and ballistic missile defense from 1945 to 1972. It covers 1955¿1972, and is organized into five interrelated chapters. Chapter I provides a comparison of U.S. and Soviet strategies, Chapters II and III deal with U.S. strategy and Soviet strategy, while Chapters IV and V cover U.S. systems and Soviet systems. The Executive Summary has three major groupings: one, to reflect the contextual setting of decision-making, circa 1955; the second, to highlight strategic air defense policy comparisons and contrasts, 1955¿1972; and a third, to present judgments and conclusions about the results of the play of factors and perceptions which molded air defense decisions during these years. Illustrations.

Environmental Laws and Their Enforcement Volume II

Environmental Laws and Their Enforcement   Volume II

... environmental offences have been commenced in Canada, with varying levels of success. In British Columbia, five private prosecutions launched with the assistance of one civil society organization, the Sierra Legal Defence Fund, ...

Author: A. Dan Tarlock

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848262935


Page: 438

View: 205

Environmental Laws and Their Enforcement is a component of Encyclopedia of Social Sciences and Humanities in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume on Environmental Laws and Their Enforcement deals, in two volumes , with a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Sustainable Development and National Governance; History of Environmental Law; International Environmental Law; Constitutional Law; International Binding Mechanisms; Laws Governing Freshwater and Ground Water Pollution; Forestry; Biodiversity Conservation and Endangered Species Protection; International Guidelines and Principles; Compliance Models for Enforcement of Environmental Laws And Regulations; International Environmental Law; Life Support Systems: Law and Policy; The Principle of Sustainable Development in International Development Law; Environmental Pollution Regulations; Social Concerns for Environmental Exposures to Toxic Substances; Regulation of Air and Pollutants. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory Volume II

The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory  Volume II

Dynamics: The geometry of behavior: Part 1: Periodic behavior. ... Ottawa, Ontario: Defence Research and Development Canada. ... Nature, 116(2917), 138 SECTION 2 Computational and mathematical modeling References.

Author: Warren Mansell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323998413

Category: Education

Page: 446

View: 697

Given the fundamental challenges to society in this era, a radical rewrite of how we approach science and culture is necessary. This handbook applies Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) to achieve a much needed convergence across the physical, life and social sciences, the humanities and arts. In doing so it addresses challenges such as mental illness, dementia, cancer care, toxic masculinity and societal oppression. It also reveals how PCT can be applied to practical issues such as understanding healthcare service implementation and human-machine interaction, as well as deeper questions such as consciousness and imagination. This second volume of the successful interdisciplinary handbook offers rich examples of how the unifying perceptual control framework can provide a viable alternative to existing theories and methodologies for a timely paradigm shift. Examines the relationship between our perceptions, consciousness, and imagination Provides computational and mathematical models for physiological systems, such as human movement, human-machine interaction, and psychological processes such as recovery from mental health problems Presents health as control which leads to game-changing suggestions in designing interventions for health behavior, cancer support, care for dementia, and mental health services Helps readers comprehend goals of teachers and students in education from a PCT perspective to show how educative interactions could be less coercive and foster flourishing The value of PCT is demonstrated in understanding cultural memes and social challenges such as toxic masculinity
Categories: Education