Inequality and Democratic Politics in East Asia

Inequality and Democratic Politics in East Asia

Bringing together scholars of inequality, both inside and outside of Asia, this book examines how the distribution of income has affected political institutions, representation, and behaviour in Asia.

Author: Chong-Min Park

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429828324

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 251

Bringing together scholars of inequality, both inside and outside of Asia, this book examines how the distribution of income has affected political institutions, representation, and behaviour in Asia. Through detailed data analysis, the international team of contributors engages with the existing literature, arguing that the connection between inequality and political institutions is much more complex than has been suggested by previous studies from outside the region. Instead, Inequality and Democratic Politics in East Asia demonstrates that the micro-level evidence for the correlation between inequality and democracy is mixed and the impact of distributive politics is conditioned not only by institutional but also by historical and geopolitical factors. As such, this volume suggests that the median voter theorem and simplified partisan models prove to be ineffectual in accounting for distributive politics in East Asia. Analysing history, structure, and context to further understand the politics of inequality in East Asia, this book will be invaluable to students of Asian politics, as well as students of inequality, democracy, and political economy more widely.
Categories: Political Science

New Democracy and Autocratization in Asia

New Democracy and Autocratization in Asia

This book examines the quality of democracies in Asia and determines why current democracies—especially during the so-called “new normal” era following the 2008 financial crisis—have become less stable and less resilient to ...

Author: Kuyoun Chung

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000636208

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 598

This book examines the quality of democracies in Asia and determines why current democracies—especially during the so-called “new normal” era following the 2008 financial crisis—have become less stable and less resilient to increasing authoritarianism. Based on the assumption that the concept of democracy consists of three elements—procedure (participation, competition, and distribution of power); effectiveness (representation, accountability, and responsiveness); and performance (social welfare, inequality, and trust)—the contributors to this book determine which elements are responsible for diverging trajectories within the Asian democratic recession. Examining South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Vietnam, Indonesia, India, Myanmar, and China, the authors employ different research methods—quantitative, comparative, or individual case studies—to explore the conditions under which democratic rules and norms erode over time, and which type of governance is preferred by citizens in this region as an ideal type. The book puts forward the argument that a procedure-oriented concept of democracy is not sufficient for understanding the source of democratic recession and develops a new concept of “new democracy” based on procedure, effectiveness, and performance. It also demonstrates to what extent the experience changes and how the countries respond to these changes. A novel contribution on the state of democracy in Asia written by experts from the region, this book will be of interest to academics in the field of political science, especially comparative politics and international relations, regional study of East and Southeast Asia, sociology, public policy, economics, and social science methods. Also, this book will appeal to think tanks and policy-oriented researchers.
Categories: Social Science

Routledge Handbook of Democratization in East Asia

Routledge Handbook of Democratization in East Asia

This handbook provides a comprehensive analysis of the dynamics and prospects of democratization in East Asia.

Author: Tun-jen Cheng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317559252

Category: Political Science

Page: 532

View: 843

This handbook provides a comprehensive analysis of the dynamics and prospects of democratization in East Asia. A team of leading experts in the field offers discussion at both the country and regional level, including analysis of democratic attitudes and movements in China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. Evaluating all the key components of regime evolution, from citizen politics to democratic institutions, the sections covered include: • Regional Trends and Country Overviews • Institutions, Elections, and Political Parties • Democratic Citizenship • Democratic Governance • The Political Economy of Democratization Examining the challenges that East Asian emerging democracies still face today, as well as the prospects of the region's authoritarian regimes, the Routledge Handbook of Democratization in East Asia will be useful for students and scholars of East Asian Politics, Comparative Politics, and Asian Studies.
Categories: Political Science

Inequality and Democratic Politics in East Asia

Inequality and Democratic Politics in East Asia

East Asia seems to offer puzzles and questions to be solved. In linking inequality and distributive politics, much prior research builds on the median voter theorem which emphasises the redistributive preference of the median voter ...

Author: Chong-Min Park

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429828317

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 244

Bringing together scholars of inequality, both inside and outside of Asia, this book examines how the distribution of income has affected political institutions, representation, and behaviour in Asia. Through detailed data analysis, the international team of contributors engages with the existing literature, arguing that the connection between inequality and political institutions is much more complex than has been suggested by previous case studies from outside the region. Instead, this book demonstrates that the micro-level evidence for the correlation between inequality and democracy is mixed and the impact of distributive politics is conditioned not only by institutional but also historical and geopolitical factors. As such, this volume suggests that the median voter theorem and simplified partisan models prove to be ineffectual in accounting for distributive politics in East Asia. Analysing history, structure and context to further understand the politics of inequality in East Asia, this book will be invaluable to students of Asian Politics, as well as inequality, democracy and political economy more widely.
Categories: Political Science

Growth Distribution and Political Change

Growth  Distribution and Political Change

Continuing the inequality and development debate originally ushered in by Kuznets, this book extends to the possible sociopolitical disruptions of growing inequality and its ramifications for growth and development.

Author: Malcolm Falkus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349143566

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 307

View: 373

Continuing the inequality and development debate originally ushered in by Kuznets, this book extends to the possible sociopolitical disruptions of growing inequality and its ramifications for growth and development. Comparing a range of countries in Asia and beyond, the book examines the relationships between growth, distribution and politics. Theoretical and empirical studies are backed up by discussion of historical developments in this interdisciplinary study which will interest political scientists, sociologists, historians and economists.
Categories: Business & Economics

Welfare and Inequality in Marketizing East Asia

Welfare and Inequality in Marketizing East Asia

This book explores how processes of marketization have registered across East Asia’s diverse social landscape and its implications for patterns of welfare and inequality.

Author: Jonathan D. London

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137541062

Category: Political Science

Page: 435

View: 696

The world-scale expansion of markets and market relations ranks among the most transformative developments of our times. We can refer to this process by way of a generic if inelegant term – marketization. This book explores how processes of marketization have registered across East Asia’s diverse social landscape and its implications for patterns of welfare and inequality. While there has been great interest in East Asia’s economic rise, treatments of welfare and inequality in the region have been largely relegated to specialist literatures. Proceeding from a synthetic critique of political economy, this book places welfare and inequality at the center of a more encompassing comparative approach to political economy that construes countries as dynamic, globally embedded social orders defined and animated by distinctive social relational and institutional features.
Categories: Political Science

Globalization and Democracy in Southeast Asia

Globalization and Democracy in Southeast Asia

This book questions why Southeast Asian nation states are struggling to adopt full-fledged liberal democracy and attempts to better understand the relationship between globalization and models of democracy.

Author: Chantana Banpasirichote Wungaeo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137576545

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 457

This book questions why Southeast Asian nation states are struggling to adopt full-fledged liberal democracy and attempts to better understand the relationship between globalization and models of democracy. Country studies are covered mostly by native Southeast Asian scholars who analyse recent developments as well as specific concerns that have arisen from political crises, citizen uprisings, ethnic identity politics, political reforms, social justice and inequality, and the persistence of the political elite. The collection highlights factors which have impacted the different regional and national paths taken such as: the legacy of the Cold War, rapid economic development and liberalization, external economic globalization, the important role of informal politics, powerful elites, and weak but emerging middle classes. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of regional studies of Southeast Asia, Democracy, Sociology, Politics and Globalization Studies.
Categories: Political Science

Poverty Inequality and Democracy

Poverty  Inequality  and Democracy

This volume also discusses the variety of welfare-state policies that have been adopted in different regions of the world. The book’s distinguished group of contributors provides a succinct synthesis of the scholarship on this topic.

Author: Francis Fukuyama

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421405704

Category: Political Science

Page: 185

View: 706

The rise of populism in new democracies, especially in Latin America, has brought renewed urgency to the question of how liberal democracy deals with issues of poverty and inequality. Citizens who feel that democracy failed to improve their economic condition are often vulnerable to the appeal of political leaders with authoritarian tendencies. To counteract this trend, liberal democracies must establish policies that will reduce socioeconomic disparities without violating liberal principles, interfering with economic growth, or ignoring the consensus of the people. Poverty, Inequality, and Democracy addresses the complicated philosophical and moral issues surrounding the distribution of economic goods in free societies as well as the empirical relationships between democratization and trends in poverty and inequality. This volume also discusses the variety of welfare-state policies that have been adopted in different regions of the world. The book’s distinguished group of contributors provides a succinct synthesis of the scholarship on this topic. They address such broad issues as whether democracy promotes inequality, the socioeconomic factors that drive democratic failure, and the basic choices that societies must make as they decide how to deal with inequality. Chapters focus on particular regions or countries, examining how problems of poverty and inequality have been handled (or mishandled) by newer democracies in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia. Poverty, Inequality, and Democracy will prove vital reading for all students of world politics, political economy, and democracy’s global prospects. Contributors: Dan Banik, Nancy Bermeo, Dorothee Bohle, Nathan Converse, Alberto Díaz-Cayeros, Francis Fukuyama, Béla Greskovits, Stephan Haggard, Ethan B. Kapstein, Robert R. Kaufman, Taekyoon Kim, Huck-Ju Kwon, Jooha Lee, Peter Lewis, Beatriz Magaloni, Mitchell A. Orenstein, Marc F. Plattner, Charles Simkins, Alejandro Toledo, Ilcheong Yi
Categories: Political Science

East Asian Perspectives on Political Legitimacy

East Asian Perspectives on Political Legitimacy

A key exploration of political legitimacy in East Asian societies undertaken by normative political theorists and empirical political scientists.

Author: Joseph Chan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107134423

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 559

A key exploration of political legitimacy in East Asian societies undertaken by normative political theorists and empirical political scientists.
Categories: Law

Democracy Inequality and Corruption

Democracy  Inequality and Corruption

In this comparative, historical survey of three East Asian countries, Jong-sung You explores how inequality hinders democratic control of corruption.

Author: Jong-sung You

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107078406

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 977

In this comparative, historical survey of three East-Asian countries, Jong-sung You explores how inequality hinders democratic control of corruption.
Categories: Political Science