Information Systems Theory

Information Systems Theory

Assessing leading institutions, faculty, and articles in premier information systems research journals. ... A theoretical and empirical validation of IS success models in a temporal and quasivolitional technology usage context.

Author: Yogesh K. Dwivedi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441961089

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 502

View: 472

The overall mission of this book is to provide a comprehensive understanding and coverage of the various theories and models used in IS research. Specifically, it aims to focus on the following key objectives: To describe the various theories and models applicable to studying IS/IT management issues. To outline and describe, for each of the various theories and models, independent and dependent constructs, reference discipline/originating area, originating author(s), seminal articles, level of analysis (i.e. firm, individual, industry) and links with other theories. To provide a critical review/meta-analysis of IS/IT management articles that have used a particular theory/model. To discuss how a theory can be used to better understand how information systems can be effectively deployed in today’s digital world. This book contributes to our understanding of a number of theories and models. The theoretical contribution of this book is that it analyzes and synthesizes the relevant literature in order to enhance knowledge of IS theories and models from various perspectives. To cater to the information needs of a diverse spectrum of readers, this book is structured into two volumes, with each volume further broken down into two sections. The first section of Volume 1 presents detailed descriptions of a set of theories centered around the IS lifecycle, including the Success Model, Technology Acceptance Model, User Resistance Theories, and four others. The second section of Volume 1 contains strategic and economic theories, including a Resource-Based View, Theory of Slack Resources, Portfolio Theory, Discrepancy Theory Models, and eleven others. The first section of Volume 2 concerns socio-psychological theories. These include Personal Construct Theory, Psychological Ownership, Transactive Memory, Language-Action Approach, and nine others. The second section of Volume 2 deals with methodological theories, including Critical Realism, Grounded Theory, Narrative Inquiry, Work System Method, and four others. Together, these theories provide a rich tapestry of knowledge around the use of theory in IS research. Since most of these theories are from contributing disciplines, they provide a window into the world of external thought leadership.
Categories: Business & Economics

General Systems Theory

General Systems Theory

Of the many fields which benefit from information theory, we will mention only a few here. Physiology, especially interpreted in ... questions for information theory. The basic proposition here is that organisms are information systems.

Author: Lars Skyttner

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812774750

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 910

Systems theorists see common principles in the structure and operation of systems of all kinds and sizes. They promote an interdisciplinary science adapted for a universal application with a common language and area of concepts. In order to solve problems, make recommendations and predict the future, they use theories, models and concepts from the vast area of general systems theory. This approach is chosen as a means to overcome the fragmentation of knowledge and the isolation of the specialist but also to find new approaches to problems created by earlier 'solution of problems.'. This revised and updated second edition of General Systems Theory OCo Ideas and Applications includes new systems theories and a new chapter on self-organization and evolution. The book summarizes most of the fields of systems theory and its application systems science in one volume. It provides a quick and readable reference guide for future learning containing both general theories and practical applications without the use of complicated mathematics. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: The Emergence of Holistic Thinking (2,002 KB). Contents: The Theories and Why: The Emergence of Holistic Thinking; Basic Ideas of General Systems Theory; A Selection of Systems Theories; Communication and Information Theory; Some Theories of Brain and Mind; Self-Organization and Evolution; The Applications and How: Artificial Intelligence and Life; Organizational Theory and Management Cybernetics; Decision-Making and Decision Aids; Informatics; Some of the Systems Methodologies; The Future of Systems Theory. Readership: Computer specialists, architects, businessmen, decision makers of all kinds, teachers and holistic thinkers."
Categories: Science

Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge Based Systems Theory and Foundations

Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge Based Systems  Theory and Foundations

Attribute Reduction of Set-Valued Decision Information System Jun Hu(&), Siyu Huang, and Rui Shao Chongqing Key Laboratory of Computational ... Generally, the data processed by rough set theory is complete, accurate and atomic.

Author: Jesús Medina

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319914763

Category: Computers

Page: 766

View: 264

This three volume set (CCIS 853-855) constitutes the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems, IPMU 2017, held in Cádiz, Spain, in June 2018. The 193 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 383 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on advances on explainable artificial intelligence; aggregation operators, fuzzy metrics and applications; belief function theory and its applications; current techniques to model, process and describe time series; discrete models and computational intelligence; formal concept analysis and uncertainty; fuzzy implication functions; fuzzy logic and artificial intelligence problems; fuzzy mathematical analysis and applications; fuzzy methods in data mining and knowledge discovery; fuzzy transforms: theory and applications to data analysis and image processing; imprecise probabilities: foundations and applications; mathematical fuzzy logic, mathematical morphology; measures of comparison and entropies for fuzzy sets and their extensions; new trends in data aggregation; pre-aggregation functions and generalized forms of monotonicity; rough and fuzzy similarity modelling tools; soft computing for decision making in uncertainty; soft computing in information retrieval and sentiment analysis; tri-partitions and uncertainty; decision making modeling and applications; logical methods in mining knowledge from big data; metaheuristics and machine learning; optimization models for modern analytics; uncertainty in medicine; uncertainty in Video/Image Processing (UVIP).
Categories: Computers

Information Systems Research

Information Systems Research

Relevant Theory and Informed Practice Bonnie Kaplan, Duane P. Truex, David Wastell, A.Trevor Wood-Harper, Janice DeGross ... Myers, M. D. “Dialectical Hermeneutics: A Theoretical Framework for the Implementation of Information Systems,” ...

Author: Bonnie Kaplan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402080944

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 744

View: 990

Information Systems Research: Relevant Theory and Informed Practice comprises the edited proceedings of the WG8.2 conference, "Relevant Theory and Informed Practice: Looking Forward from a 20-Year Perspective on IS Research," which was sponsored by IFIP and held in Manchester, England, in July 2004. The conference attracted a record number of high-quality manuscripts, all of which were subjected to a rigorous reviewing process in which four to eight track chairs, associate editors, and reviewers thoughtfully scrutinized papers by the highly regarded as well as the newcomers. No person or idea was considered sacrosanct and no paper made it through this process unscathed. All authors were asked to revise the accepted papers, some more than once; thus, good papers got better. With only 29 percent of the papers accepted, these proceedings are significantly more selective than is typical of many conference proceedings. This volume is organized in 7 sections, with 33 full research papers providing panoramic views and reflections on the Information Systems (IS) discipline followed by papers featuring critical interpretive studies, action research, theoretical perspectives on IS research, and the methods and politics of IS development. Also included are 6 panel descriptions and a new category of "bright idea" position papers, 11 in all, wherein main points are summarized in a pithy and provocative fashion.
Categories: Business & Economics

Knowledge Management and Information Systems

Knowledge Management and Information Systems

Among the theories presented and discussed in this book is Knowledge Valley Theory (KVT), a model based on simple mathematics ... The business consequences of this new hypothesis are then viewed through the lens of Information Systems.

Author: Robert Mellor

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137285768

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 373

Knowledge Management and Information Systems Strategy for Growing Organizations examines the role that information systems play in helping SMEs use knowledge to achieve strategic organizational goals. Adopting a business perspective, it is ideal for students studying strategic information systems and knowledge management.
Categories: Business & Economics

Information Systems Strategic Management

Information Systems Strategic Management

... 188 functionalism: Burrell and Morgan 40; information systems development 42; social (systems) theory 42, 162 gatekeeper approach 89 General Motors 30, 89 general systems movement 15 generic strategies: Porter 99, 110 Getty, ...

Author: Steve Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415381864

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 231

This fully revised and updated second edition of Information Systems Strategic Management continues to provide an accessible yet critical analysis of the strategic aspects of information systems. The second edition again covers the relevant practical and theoretical material of information systems, supported by extensive case studies, student activities, and problem scenarios. The ISS issues will be fully integrated into current thinking about corporate strategy, addressing the fact that a range of emerging strategic issues are often ill addressed in IS strategy books, which also fail to differentiate between IT, the application of technology, and IS, the participative, human-centred approaches to information and knowledge management. Specific changes include Expansion and internationalisation of case studies Broader focus beyond social and critical theory New chapters on strategy and e-business, strategic management as a technical or social process, strategic implications of information security, applications portfolio, and technology management. The focus on strategic issues and the integration of IT and IS issues ensures this text is ideal for MBA students studying MIS, as well as being suitable for MSC students in IS/IT.
Categories: Business & Economics

Enterprise Business Process and Information Systems Modeling

Enterprise  Business Process and Information Systems Modeling

Our state-oriented view on business processes was influenced by the Mathematical systems theory that investigates processes in the physical world. Transferring the ideas from one domain to another quite often lead to good theories and ...

Author: Terry Halpin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642217586

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 538

View: 810

This book contains the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Business Process Modeling, Development and Support (BPMDS 2011) and the 16th International Conference on Exploring Modeling Methods for Systems Analysis and Design (EMMSAD 2011), held together with the 23rd International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering (CAiSE 2011) in London, UK, in June 2011. The 22 papers accepted for BPMDS were selected from 61 submissions and cover a wide spectrum of issues related to business processes development, modeling, and support. They are grouped into sections on BPMDS in practice, business process improvement, business process flexibility, declarative process models, variety of modeling paradigms, business process modeling and support systems development, and interoperability and mobility. The 16 papers accepted for EMMSAD were chosen from 31 submissions and focus on exploring, evaluating, and enhancing current information modeling methods and methodologies. They are grouped in sections on workflow and process modeling extensions, requirements analysis and information systems development, requirements evolution and information systems evolution, data modeling languages and business rules, conceptual modeling practice, and enterprise architecture.
Categories: Business & Economics

Information Systems for Emergency Management

Information Systems for Emergency Management

Newark, NJ. Turoff, M.;Chumer, M.; Van de Walle, B.; and Yao, X. 2004a. The design of a dynamic emergency response management information system (DERMIS). Journal ofInformation Technology Theory and Application, 5,4, 1–35.

Author: Bartel Van De Walle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317467953

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 367

This book provides the most current and comprehensive overview available today of the critical role of information systems in emergency response and preparedness. It includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners, and industry researchers, and covers all phases of disaster management - mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. 'Foundational' chapters provide a design framework and review ethical issues. 'Context' chapters describe the characteristics of individuals and organizations in which EMIS are designed and studied. 'Case Study' chapters include systems for distributed microbiology laboratory diagnostics to detect possible epidemics or bioterrorism, humanitarian MIS, and response coordination systems. 'Systems Design and Technology' chapters cover simulation, geocollaborative systems, global disaster impact analysis, and environmental risk analysis. Throughout the book, the editors and contributors give special emphasis to the importance of assessing the practical usefulness of new information systems for supporting emergency preparedness and response, rather than drawing conclusions from a theoretical understanding of the potential benefits of new technologies.
Categories: Business & Economics

Sociology and the New Systems Theory

Sociology and the New Systems Theory

Cybernetics and Sociocybernetics By the time The Social System was published (Parsons 1951) the age of information had already begun. The seeds of a new systems movement were already germinating. General systems theory and cybernetics ...

Author: Kenneth D. Bailey

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791495629

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 504

This book provides current information about the many recent contributions of social systems theory. While some sociologists feel that the systems age ended with functionalism, in reality a number of recent developments have occurred within the field. The author makes these developments accessible to sociologists and other non-systems scholars, and begins a synthesis of the burgeoning systems field and mainstream sociological theory. The analysis shows not only that important points of rapprochement exist between systems theory and sociological theory, but also that systems theory has in some cases anticipated developments needed in mainstream theory.
Categories: Social Science

Management Information Systems Managerial Perspectives 4th Edition

Management Information Systems  Managerial Perspectives  4th Edition

Burch, John G. and Gary Grudnitski, Information Systems: Theory and Practice, John Wiley & Sons Inc., Singapore, 1986. Chatterjee, B.K., 'Management Information System: A Conceptual Framework', Management Accountant, 9(8), August 1974, ...

Author: D.P. Goyal

Publisher: Vikas Publishing House

ISBN: 9789325978607

Category: Computers

Page: 525

View: 864

The 4th edition of this book has been updated to meet the new requirements of the students, professors, and practitioners. This is an enhanced version of the earlier editions. To update and enhance the coverage of the book, many chapters have been restructured, and some new content/chapters have also been added. In addition, to have better engagement and learning outcomes for the reader, certain new pedagogical features have also been added. NEW IN THIS EDITION • A new chapter on ‘Ethical and Social Issues’ • Applications using MS-Access in the upgraded Chapter 5 – Data Resource Management • Concepts on organisations in Chapter 2 – Information, Systems and Organisation Concepts • Concepts of e-Governance in chapter 7 – e-Commerce, e-Business and e-Governance • Some latest trends and concepts in Chapter 4 – IT Infrastructure • Concepts on Project Management in chapter 12 – IS development and Project Management KEY FEATURES • Some new cases have been added, and various case studies from the earlier edition have been updated • New pedagogical elements, such as Objective-type Questions, True/False Questions, Review Questions and Assignments have been added in chapters • Glossary has also been incorporated to get a quick understanding of the terms used in the book • Instructor support has been added on the web through Online Resources
Categories: Computers