International Encyclopedia of Composites

International Encyclopedia of Composites

3718 Cass Way Palo Alto , California 94306 Library of Congress Cataloging - in - Publication Data ( Revised for volumes 3 and 4 ) Encyclopedia of composites . Includes bibliographical references . Contents : v . 1.

Author: Stuart M. Lee

Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 0895737353

Category: Composite materials

Page: 548

View: 611

Includes almost all essential areas necessary to understand this group of materials in detail, and how to use them for different applications. Includes special types of composites used as engineering materials, the behavior of composite materials under different types of loading conditions, composites with special property profiles, and design aspects of composites materials.
Categories: Composite materials

International Encyclopedia of Composites Natural composites fiber modification to protective coatings for space applications

International Encyclopedia of Composites  Natural composites  fiber modification to protective coatings for space applications

I. Lee , Stuart M. TA418.9.C6E53 1989 620.1'18'03 89-24893 ISBN 0-89573-290-4 ( set ) ISBN 0-89573-733-7 ( v . 3 ) ISBN 0-89573-734-5 ( v . 4 ) British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data International encyclopedia of composites .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015029103275

Category: Composite materials

Page:

View: 885

Categories: Composite materials

Encyclopedic Handbook of Biomaterials and Bioengineering v 1 2 Materials

Encyclopedic Handbook of Biomaterials and Bioengineering  v  1 2  Materials

Hickman , G. T. , and Williams , D. J. , 3 - D knitted preforms for structural reaction injection molding ( S.R.I.M. ) ... 3 , pp . 44-54 . 89. Bigg , D. M. , Thermoplastic matrix composites , in International Encyclopedia of Composites ...

Author: Donald Lee Wise

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824795954

Category: Biomedical engineering

Page: 851

View: 192

Categories: Biomedical engineering

Introduction to Composite Materials Design Second Edition

Introduction to Composite Materials Design  Second Edition

[72] McIntosh, D., Khabashesku, V., and Barrera, E., J. Phys. Chem. C. 111(2) (2007) 1592. ... [90] Lee, S. M., editor, International Encyclopedia of Composites: Metal Matrix Composites, Aluminum, volume 3, VCH, New York, 1990.

Author: Ever J. Barbero

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439894132

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 562

View: 754

Presenting a wealth of completely revised examples and new information, Introduction to Composite Materials Design, Second Edition greatly improves on the bestselling first edition. It incorporates state-of-the-art advances in knowledge and design methods that have taken place over the last 10 years, yet maintains the distinguishing features and vital content of the original. New material in this second edition: Introduces new background topics, including design for reliability and fracture mechanics Revises and updates information on polymer matrices, modern fibers (e.g., carbon nanotubes, Basalt, Vectran) and fiber forms such as textiles/fabrics Includes new information on Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) Incorporates major advances in prediction of unidirectional-lamina properties Reworks sections on material failure, including the most advanced prediction and design methodologies, such as in situ strength and Mohr-Coulomb criterion, etc. Covers all aspects of preliminary design, relegating finite element analysis to a separate textbook Discusses methodology used to perform damage mechanics analysis of laminated composites accounting for the main damage modes: longitudinal tension, longitudinal compression, transverse tension, in-plane shear, and transverse compression Presents in-depth analysis of composites reinforced with plain, twill, and satin weaves, as well as with random fiber reinforcements Expands the analysis of thin walled beams with newly developed examples and MATLAB® code Addresses external strengthening of reinforced-concrete beams, columns, and structural members subjected to both axial and bending loads The author distributes 78 fully developed examples throughout the book to illustrate the application of presented analysis techniques and design methodology, making this textbook ideally suited for self-study. Requiring no more than senior undergraduate-level understanding of math and mechanics, it remains an invaluable tool for students in the engineering disciplines, as well as for self-studying, practicing engineers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The International Encyclopedia of Geography

The International Encyclopedia of Geography

A. Their union makes up the entire exterior, that is, AT = U o A. Definition 3 A region with holes is a regular closed (nonempty) two-dimensional point-set ... valid composite region. line, but they are allowed to touch at some points.

Author: Douglas Richardson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470659632

Category: Geography

Page: 8217

View: 834

Categories: Geography

International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors Second Edition 3 Volume Set

International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors  Second Edition   3 Volume Set

Providing Promotion FIGURE 1 The sequentional model of visualization process in Internet. ... III. Webdesign and Communication to customers Updating Cyberbranding Positioning E-advertising V. Evaluation Metacontent The web efficiency ...

Author: Informa Healthcare

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849375479

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3728

View: 152

The previous edition of the International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors made history as the first unified source of reliable information drawn from many realms of science and technology and created specifically with ergonomics professionals in mind. It was also a winner of the Best Reference Award 2002 from the Engineering Libraries Division, American Society of Engineering Education, USA, and the Outstanding Academic Title 2002 from Choice Magazine. Not content to rest on his laurels, human factors and ergonomics expert Professor Waldemar Karwowski has overhauled his standard-setting resource, incorporating coverage of tried and true methods, fundamental principles, and major paradigm shifts in philosophy, thought, and design. Demonstrating the truly interdisciplinary nature of this field, these changes make the second edition even more comprehensive, more informative, more, in a word, encyclopedic. Keeping the format popularized by the first edition, the new edition has been completely revised and updated. Divided into 13 sections and organized alphabetically within each section, the entries provide a clear and simple outline of the topics as well as precise and practical information. The book reviews applications, tools, and innovative concepts related to ergonomic research. Technical terms are defined (where possible) within entries as well as in a glossary. Students and professionals will find this format invaluable, whether they have ergonomics, engineering, computing, or psychology backgrounds. Experts and researchers will also find it an excellent source of information on areas beyond the range of their direct interests.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Vol iii

International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Vol iii

Composite legal systems were in force until more or less recently in the following states , but have been superseded . ... droit international privé d'après la doctrine et la pratique en Grèce : Rec.des Cours 20 ( 1927 V ) 1-164 , 118 .

Author: Jürgen Basedow

Publisher: Brill Archive

ISBN:

Category: Carriers

Page:

View: 878

Categories: Carriers

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 3 Wimolkiatisak, AS & Bell, JP 1989 'Interfacial shear strength and failure modes of interphase-modified ... Lee SM, 1989, International encyclopedia of composites. Volume 1, VCH publishers, New York.

Author: Nikolaos E Zafeiropoulos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780857092281

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 428

View: 676

One of the major reasons for composite failure is a breakdown of the bond between the reinforcement fibres and the matrix. When this happens, the composite loses strength and fails. By engineering the interface between the natural fibres and the matrix, the properties of the composite can be manipulated to give maximum performance. Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance looks at natural (sustainable) fibre composites and the growing trend towards their use as reinforcements in composites. Part one focuses on processing and surface treatments to engineer the interface in natural fibre composites and looks in detail at modifying cellulose fibre surfaces in the manufacture of natural fibre composites, interface tuning through matrix modification and preparation of cellulose nanocomposites. It also looks at the characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment on the interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties of natural fibre composites. Testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites is the topic of part two which discusses the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres, assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites before finishing with a look at Raman spectroscopy and x-ray scattering for assessing the interface in natural fibre composites With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance is an invaluable resource to composite manufacturers and developers, materials scientists and engineers and anyone involved in designing and formulating composites or in industries that use natural fibre composites. Examines characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment Reviews testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites including the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres Assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Advances in Braided Composite Materials

Handbook of Advances in Braided Composite Materials

R. Alagirusamy, R. Fangueiro, V. Ogale, N. Padaki, Hybrid yarns and textile preforming for thermoplastic composites, ... J.M. Yang, Processing and performance of 3-D composites, in: International Encyclopedia of Composites, vol.

Author: Jason P. Carey

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780081003770

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 757

Handbook of Advances in Braided Composite Materials: Theory, Production, Testing and Applications focuses on the fundamentals of these materials and their associated technology. It provides a one-stop resource that outlines all the significant issues about structural braiding, providing readers with the means by which to produce, test, and design braided composite material structures. It documents the latest research findings into these advanced materials and provides new ideas to encourage greater use of the technology. Introduces new modeling and testing procedures Presents up-to-date technology developments and recent research findings Provides both an Android and IPhone App to support design criteria
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites

2 . J. Delmonte in International Encyclopedia of Composites , Volume 2 , Ed . , S. M. Lee , John Wiley , London , 1990 , 335-341 . 3 . J. H. Du Bois , Plastics History , Cahners Books , USA , 1972 . 4 . J. Delmonte , Metal / Polymer ...

Author: A. K. Kulshreshtha

Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing

ISBN: 1859572499

Category: Composite materials

Page: 558

View: 793

Categories: Composite materials

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes

3. Stonier , R. , SAMPE J. 27 , 9 , 1991 . 4. Milewski , J. V. and Katz , H. S. , Handbook of Reinforcements for Plastics ... Dolowy , J. F. , Harrigan , W. C. and Bergh , M. R. v . d . , in International Encyclopedia of Composites ...

Author: Thomas W. Ebbesen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849396026

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 891

Nanomaterials are destined to become a discipline as distinct and important as polymers are in chemistry! With the realization that the structure of molecules such as C60 and C70 followed simple geometric principles, it became clear that a great variety of hollow, closed carbon structures, including nanotubes, could be made along the same principles. The modern nanotube can be thought of as the ultimate fiber formed of perfectly closed, seamless shells having unique features, such as mechanical and electronic properties that are very sensitive to its geometry and its dimensions. The nanotube has many uses:
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Free volume Characteristics of Epoxies

Free volume Characteristics of Epoxies

International Encyclopedia of Composites , Volume 2 , Stuart M. Lee , ed . , VCH Publ . , Inc. , c.1990 , pp . 101-105 . 5. Kirkegaard , P .: Positronfit Extended : A New Version of a Program for Analyzing Positron Lifetime Spectra .

Author: Jag J. Singh

Publisher:

ISBN: NASA:31769000521693

Category: Epoxy compounds

Page: 13

View: 391

Categories: Epoxy compounds

Advanced Composite Materials

Advanced Composite Materials

3. M. J. Michno , Jr. , M. Matzner and G. T. Kwiatkowski , in “ International Encyclopedia of Composites , " Stuart Lee , editor , Vol ... J. G. Fitzpatrick , “ Polyamide - imides ( PAI ) , " 128 , Engineered Materials Handbook , V. 2.

Author: Louis A. Pilato

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540575634

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 530

Advanced composite materials or high performance polymer composites are an unusual class of materials that possess a combination of high strength and modulus and are substantially superior to structural metals and alloys on an equal weight basis. The book provides an overview of the key components that are considered in the design of a composite, of surface chemistry, of analyses/testing, of structure/property relationships with emphasis on compressive strength and damage tolerance. Newly emerging tests, particularly open hole compression tests are expected to provide greater assurance of composite performance. This publication is an "up-to-date" treatment of leading edge areas of composite technology with literature reviewed until recently and includes thermoplastic prepregs/composites and major application areas.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Introduction to the Dimensional Stability of Composite Materials

Introduction to the Dimensional Stability of Composite Materials

3. F. W. Crossman and A. S. D. Wang , " Stress Field Induced by Transient Moisture Sorption in Finite - Width Composite ... 4 , " International Encyclopedia of Composites " Editor S. M. Lee , VCH Publishers , New York , ( 1991 ) . 8.

Author: Ernest G. Wolff

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 1932078223

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 421

View: 413

Comprehensive numerical presentation of dimensional instability in composites Quantitative analyses for predicting deformations in all types of composite materials Evaluation of mechanical, thermophysical, environmental stresses over time Unique aid in design of composites for specific application conditions--------------------------------------------------------------------------------This book is a comprehensive introduction to the quantitative analysis of dimensional instability in composite materials. It will aid in predicting deformations in a wide range of composite materials products and parts, under mechanical, thermophysical, and environmental stresses over time. Written by an internationally known expert on the analysis of composites, this new work brings together the best quantitative methods and currently known data for understanding how composites become unstable over time. The technical insights and information in this book offer a practical foundation for engineering composite materials with better stability and increased performance. From The Author''s Preface "Dimensional stability predictions [in composites] require knowledge of not only mechanical behavior but also thermophysical properties and the response to environmental conditions and time. This book attempts to aid in the numerical prediction of dimensional stability properties. It is necessary to quantify the behavior of composites for many reasons. Composites compete with plastics, metals, and ceramics in numerous applications, and designers must be able to justify increase in cost or complexity in terms of precisely defined performance benefits...Only a quantitative understanding of potential deformations [in composites] will lead to confidence in their use...This book combines a judicious use of experimental data, together with current theoretical models. It summarizes the scope of potential sources of instability in composites to help the engineer estimate the magnitude of possible deformations. The book also contributes to outlining methods for dealing with deformations. Experimental methods are offered and reviewed for those who (wisely) do not rely solely on existing data and theory." --------------------------------------------------------------------------------TABLE OF CONTENTS PrefaceAcknowledgments Chapter I: INTRODUCTION· What is Dimensional Stability? · Historical Notes· Magnitude: Units, Range, Engineering vs. True Strain, Dependence on Measurement Chapter II: DIMENSIONALLY STABLE MATERIALS· Introduction · Metals and Alloys · Glasses and Ceramics· Polymers· General Composites · Composite Constituents· Metal Matrix Composites· Ceramic Matrix Composites· Polymer Matrix Composites· Carbon Matrix Composites· Natural Composites· Hybrid Composites· Shape Memory Materials · Functionally Graded Materials· Nanomaterials· "In situ" Composites Chapter III: MECHANICAL EFFECTS· Introduction · Composite Notation· Micromechanics· Macromechanics of Laminates· Orthotropic Materials· Curvature · Thickness Effects· Poisson''s Ratio· Edge/End Effects· Residual Stresses· Plastic Deformation · Microyield Stress· References Chapter IV: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-TEMPERATURE· Introduction · CTE of Constituents · Micromechanics· Macromechanics· Volumetric Expansion· Resin Matrix Composites · Metal Matrix Composites· Ceramic Matrix Composites· Uniformity of CTE· Structural Forms· References Chapter V: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-MASS ABSORPTION· Introduction· Moisture Content· Moisture Distribution· Moisture Induced Strain · Coatings · CME Data Chapter VI: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-RADIATION · Introduction· Space Radiation· Radiation Effects on Micromechanical Properties· Radiation Effects on Thermophysical Properties· Nuclear Radiation · UV and Miscellaneous Radiation Chapter VII: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-TIME · Introduction · Temporal Stability · Relaxation of Residual Stresses· Physical Aging· Chemical Aging · Thermal Aging· Post Curing Chapter VIII: CREEP· Introduction· General Creep Behavior· Creep of Composite Constituents· Microstructure· Loading Conditions· Creep Mechanisms· Recovery and Relaxation· Damage Development· Prediction of Creep Strains Chapter IX: INTERNAL DAMAGE· Introduction· Thermally Induced Microcracking in FRPL· Mechanical (Stress) Cycling in PMC· Dimensional Changes due to Microcracking· Effects of Microcracking on Dimensional Stability, Effect on CTE, Thermal Cycling of PMC, Effects on Micromechanical Properties · Methods to Minimize Microcracking· Thermal Spikes· Reverse Thermal Effect· Thermal Cycling of MMC· Thermal Cycling of CMC· Microcracking and Moisture· Role of Fiber/Matrix Interface· Surface Damage Chapter X: COMBINED EFFECTS· Introduction · Thermoelasticity· Effect of Stress on Thermal Expansion· Hygrothermoelasticity · Effects of Stress on Mass Diffusivity· Stress and Moisture Effects· The Mechanosorptive Effect· Moisture Cycling· Combined Stress-Moisture-Damage Chapter XI: MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES · Introduction· General Metrology· Microyield Strength (MYS)· Thermal Expansion (CTE)· Moisture Expansion (CME)· Temporal Stability· Creep· Damage Induced Dimensional Changes· Techniques for Combined Effects· Related Techniques Chapter XII: APPLICATIONS· Introduction · Dimensionally Stable Requirements· Selected Applications: Aircraft, Antenna Structures, Automotive, Biomedical, Cryogenics, Electronics, Fabrication, Flywheels, High Temperature, Instrument Components, Large Space Structures, Metering Functions, Microwave Components, Mirrors, Optical Support Structures, Radiation Environments, Radomes, Smart Materials Technology, Spacecraft Components, Structural/Infrastructure, Wind Turbines, General Design Methodology Index
Categories: Technology & Engineering

American Society of Composites Ninth International Conference Proceedings

American Society of Composites  Ninth International Conference Proceedings

REFERENCES [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] ( 5 ) [ 6 ] Caldwell , D.L. , 1990 , “ Interfacial Analysis ” , International Encyclopedia of Composites , Vol.2 , S.M. Lee , ed . , VCH Publishers , New York , pp . 361-377 Hoecker , F. , and Karger ...

Author: Amer Society Composi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1566762200

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1316

View: 346

Categories: Technology & Engineering

Adaptive Structures Eighth Japan US Conference Proceedings

Adaptive Structures  Eighth Japan US Conference Proceedings

3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . M.F. Hibbs and W.L. Bradley , " Correlations Between Micromechanical Failure Processes and ... W.L. Bradley “ Micromechanisms of Delamination in Composite Materials ” International Encyclopedia of Composites , Vol .

Author: Golam M. Newaz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000717686

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1045

View: 563

First published in 1998. A collection of papers presented at the Proceedings of the Eighth Japan-U.S. Conference On Composite Materials, SEPTEMBER 24 to 25 , 1998. The conference is organized by Wayne State University and American Society for Composites in cooperation with U.S. Organizing Committee and the Japanese Organizing Committee. Since the Seventh Meeting in Kyoto in 1995, this meeting brings together accomplished composite researchers between the two countries to share latest developments and advances in the field. The scope of the current conference ranges over all aspects of composite materials with some emphasis on infrastructure applications of composites. Key areas in composites are covered by 110 papers with 35 presentations from Japan.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Injection Molding Handbook

Injection Molding Handbook

Dominick V. Rosato, Donald V. Rosato, Marlene G. Rosato. 26. Rosato , D. V. , " Advanced Designing ... Rosato , D. V. , " Materials Selection , Polymeric Matrix Composites ” , in International Encyclopedia of Composites , Vol . 3 , ed .

Author: Dominick V. Rosato

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792386191

Category: Science

Page: 1457

View: 263

Provides reference information concerning the injection molding operation and each of its aspects. It examines considerable technological advancements, especially those in computer methods, that have been made since the second edition was published.
Categories: Science

Advances in Braiding Technology

Advances in Braiding Technology

Complex shape 3-D braided composite preforms: structural shapes for marine and aerospace. SAMPE J. 40 (3), 7e20. ... In: Lee, S.M. (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Composites, vol. 1. VCH Publishers, New York, pp. 130e147.

Author: Yordan Kyosev

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780081004265

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 311

Braiding is the process of interlacing three or more threads or yarns in a diagonal direction to the product axis in order to obtain thicker, wider or stronger textiles or, in the case of overbraiding, in order to cover a profile. Braids are becoming the reinforcement of choice in composite manufacturing, and have found a range of technical applications in fields including medicine, candles, transport and aerospace. Building on the information provided in Prof. Kyosev’s previous book, Braiding Technology for Textiles, this important title covers advanced technologies and new developments for the manufacture, applications and modelling of braided products. Part One covers the braiding of three-dimensional profiles, and includes a detailed overview of three-dimensional braiding technologies as well as chapters devoted to specific kinds of 3D braiding. Part Two addresses specialist braiding techniques and applications, and includes chapters reviewing the use of braids for medical textiles and candles. Part Three focuses on braiding techniques for ropes and Part Four reviews braiding for composites. The final part of the book considers modelling and simulation, and covers topics including overbraiding simulation, Finite Element Method (FEM) modelling and geometrical modelling. Covers advanced braiding techniques, technical applications, and modelling and simulation of braided textiles. Focused on the needs of the textile industry by offering suitable breadth and depth of coverage of a range of braiding manufacturing technology, applications and modelling techniques in a single volume. Written by an eminent team of authors, composed of leading scientists and developers in the field who have a wealth of relevant, first-hand experience in braiding, and edited by a high-profile editor who is an expert in his field.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

International Encyclopedia of Public Health

International Encyclopedia of Public Health

Singh, R.B., Singh, V., Kulshrestha, S.K., Singh, S., Gupta, P., Kumar, R., Cornelissen, G., 2005. ... 18 (3 Suppl. 1), S159–S163. Taylor, A.L., 1996. An international regulatory strategy for global tobacco control. Yale J. Int. Law 21, ...

Author: William C Cockerham

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128037089

Category: Medical

Page: 4470

View: 466

International Encyclopedia of Public Health, Second Edition is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the major issues, challenges, methods, and approaches of global public health. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this new edition combines complementary scientific fields of inquiry, linking biomedical research with the social and life sciences to address the three major themes of public health research, disease, health processes, and disciplines. This book helps readers solve real-world problems in global and local health through a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach. Covering all dimensions of the field, from the details of specific diseases, to the organization of social insurance agencies, the articles included cover the fundamental research areas of health promotion, economics, and epidemiology, as well as specific diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and reproductive health. Additional articles on the history of public health, global issues, research priorities, and health and human rights make this work an indispensable resource for students, health researchers, and practitioners alike. Provides the most comprehensive, high-level, internationally focused reference work available on public health Presents an invaluable resource for both researchers familiar with the field and non-experts requiring easy-to-find, relevant, global information and a greater understanding of the wider issues Contains interdisciplinary coverage across all aspects of public health Incorporates biomedical and health social science issues and perspectives Includes an international focus with contributions from global domain experts, providing a complete picture of public health issues
Categories: Medical