Job Creation Job Destruction and the Real Exchange Rate

Job Creation  Job Destruction  and the Real Exchange Rate

focused almost exclusively on the effects of international factors on net employment flows.2 Gross job flows are an important aspect of ... Since the basis of simultaneous job creation and job destruction is heterogeneity across firms, ...

Author: Michael W. Klein

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822028140580

Category: Downsizing of organizations

Page: 33

View: 216

This paper contributes to an understanding of internationally generated adjustment costs by demonstrating a statistically significant and economically relevant effect of the real exchange rate on job creation and job destruction in U.S. manufacturing industries over the period 1973 to 1993. The responsiveness of these gross job flows to the real exchange rate reflects pervasive heterogeneity with respect to international conditions across firms, even within narrowly defined industries. We document this heterogeneity and show that the responsiveness of job flows to movements in the real exchange rate varies with the industry's openness to international trade. We also show an asymmetry in the responsiveness of job flows to the real exchange rate; appreciations play a significant role in job destruction, but job flows do not respond significantly to dollar depreciations.
Categories: Downsizing of organizations

Job Creation what Works

Job Creation  what Works

counter-cyclical policies impact on employment only after a considerable lag brought about by sluggish responses on the part of consumers in increasing demand for ... Any job created indirectly by expenditure 124 JOB CREATION – WHAT WORKS7.

Author: Robert Taggart

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015008012125

Category: Full employment policies

Page: 156

View: 749

Categories: Full employment policies

Job Creation and Job Destruction in the U K Manufacturing Sector

Job Creation and Job Destruction in the U K  Manufacturing Sector

The Workplace Industrial Relations Surveys In the EXSTAT/DATASTREAM dataset we do not observe employment in individual plants belonging to the same firm. If we measure job creation and job destruction at the firm level, we do not take ...

Author: Jozef Konings

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924066852967

Category: Business cycles

Page: 32

View: 949

Categories: Business cycles

Deconstructing Job Creation

Deconstructing Job Creation

By contrast , Switzerland's employment growth , which had been rapid until 1990 , has slowed considerably since then ... Piketty ( 1998 ) has argued that higher job creation in the United States than France can largely be attributed to ...

Author: Mr.Pietro Garibaldi

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781451853193

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 41

View: 954

This paper studies net employment growth across 21 OECD economies in 1980-97, focusing on experiences within the European Union. It finds that sectoral effects can only partially account for differences in job creation. By contrast, it shows that a policy package including low taxation and flexible employment protection legislation is associated with high job creation and can account for most of the observed differences. The Netherlands’ success is largely accounted for by the creation of part-time jobs for women aged 25-49 in the services sector, but in most EU countries the substitution of part-time jobs for full-time jobs is considerable.
Categories: Business & Economics

Job Creation and Job Destruction in Britain 1980 90

Job Creation and Job Destruction in Britain  1980 90

... ( iii ) " job creation and destruction are dispersed throughout the economy " - false ; we find both to be extremely concentrated , with half of all jobs created ( destroyed ) accounted for by just 4 % of plants ( 4 % ) ( Figures 2a ...

Author: David G. Blanchflower

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X002427942

Category: Employment

Page: 44

View: 867

Categories: Employment

Hearings on Job Creation Proposals

Hearings on Job Creation Proposals

Given the jurisdiction of this subcommittee , here we focus exclusively on job creation programs . Clearly any direct federal job creation program could not succeed in pulling us out of our present economic quagmire without the proper ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and Labor. Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities

Publisher:

ISBN: PURD:32754076360407

Category: Government publications

Page: 582

View: 574

Categories: Government publications

Technology Productivity and Job Creation Highlights

Technology  Productivity and Job Creation  Highlights

In lapan, many firms are making efforts to maintain long-term employment as much as possible by partly reviewing seniority ... Significant new demand for these services can give rise to job creation when entry barriers are lowered, ...

Author: OECD

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015037697854

Category: Employment (Economic theory)

Page: 260

View: 358

Categories: Employment (Economic theory)

Technological Progress Job Creation and Job Destruction

Technological Progress  Job Creation and Job Destruction

We assume that new technology can be adopted either through creative job destruction or through on- the-job implementation at a cost. We show that there is a critical level of implementation cost where the effect of growth on employment ...

Author: Dale Mortensen

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924069124166

Category: Economics

Page: 28

View: 580

Categories: Economics

Direct Federal Job Creation

Direct Federal Job Creation

Critics of direct job creation programs who believe that their poor timing and high rates of substitution preclude their use as an effective countercyclical tool often turn to federal tax reductions as a preferable means of combatting ...

Author: Clifford M. Johnson

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210016340174

Category: Full employment policies

Page: 47

View: 592

Categories: Full employment policies

Programme of Research and Actions on the Development of the Labour Market

Programme of Research and Actions on the Development of the Labour Market

Who are the people most likely to find the jobs created in the sumergida rather than the formal economy? ... Whether the aims are job generation or enterprise creation, the means are 'hardware' or 'software' and the sumergida is to be ...

Author: D. J. Storey

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89016065658

Category: Labor supply

Page:

View: 602

Categories: Labor supply