Charles Raven's biography of the seventeenth-century English naturalist John Ray is one of the great works in the history of science.
Author: Charles E. Raven
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Charles Raven's biography of the seventeenth-century English naturalist John Ray is one of the great works in the history of science. The author's command of Latin (the language in which all Ray's biological works were written) and his enthusiasm for natural history enabled him to interpret superbly to the modern reader John Ray's remarkable scientific work and to rescue Ray's reputation from undeserved neglect. Raven reveals the unique influence Ray had on the development of modern science and in particular explains sympathetically the key role of Ray's last, most popular and most influential work, The Wisdom of God, which was the forerunner of the great 'Darwinian' controversies between science and religion in the nineteenth century.
This book includes a complete translation from the Latin of the work together with the rare appendices to the Catalogue, published in 1663 and 1685, translated for the first time.
Author: John Ray
John Ray is considered the outstanding British natural historian of the 17th century. His first publication, A catalogue of plants growing around Cambridge (1660) is famous as the first British County Flora. It is a complex work, not only a botanical catalogue but also has “for the benefit of beginners” indexes of English names and of places (with lists of the rarer species of 12 areas in the county) together with chapters on the meanings of plant names and of botanical terms (hitherto untranslated). Ray’s abilities as an all-round naturalist are apparent from the numerous observations and digressions in the text. This book includes a complete translation from the Latin of the work together with the rare appendices to the Catalogue, published in 1663 and 1685, translated for the first time. The editorial commentary on the text is included in nearly 2000 footnotes which outline problems of translation, discuss the identity of some of Ray’s more problematic species, identify his cited and some of his uncited sources and detail the treatment in his later works of some of the plant variants (such as colour forms) that he regarded as species in 1660. The translation is preceded by introductory chapters which use unpublished manuscripts and recently published studies to present a new account of Ray’s time in the University of Cambridge and the possible roles of his collaborators. The work’s structure and sources are analysed, biographical portraits of the botanists cited by Ray provided together with a discussion of the problems of equating his names to modern taxa. The book ends with a vocabulary of the epithets in Ray’s Latin plant names, a gazetteer and a bibliography. As Professor Oliver Rackham comments in his foreword, other editions and commentaries on the ‘Cambridge Catalogue’ exist “but none does justice to its complexity, its discursiveness, its allusiveness, the circumstances of its writing, its vast bibliography or Ray’s other works associated with it as appendices or supplements”. Ewen and Lewis’ 1975 translation was limited to the text considered relevant to a ‘modern reader’ and excluded, for example, the chapters on technical terms and on etymology preventing a full assessment of Ray’s work. The authors both live in Cambridge and are Honorary Members of the Botanical Society of the British Isles and graduates of the University of Cambridge. Philip Oswald has a degree in Classics and Theology and Chris Preston a doctorate in Botany, thus combining John Ray’s principal interests.
The Growth of Biological Thought . MORTON , A . G . 1981 . History of Botanical
Science . MIAL , L . C . 1912 . The Early Naturalists . Their lives and Work .
OLIVER , F . W . 1913 . Makers of British Botany . PATTISSON , J . H . 1847 . John Ray .
The following notice of a recent visit to the tomb of John Ray , at Black Notley ,
will not perhaps be without interest to the readers of this volume . “ PILGRIMAGE
TO THE TOMB OF JOHN RAY , THE NATURALIST , AT BLACK NOTLEY .
Consisting of Selections from the Philosophical Letters Published by Dr. Derham,
and Original Letters of John Ray in the ... On the healths of the naturalists of Great
Britain and Ireland being drunk , coupled with the name of Mr. Kirby , the rev ...
Notes on John Ray and on John Wilkins' 'Essay Towards a Real Character and a
Philosophical Language,'” Isis, XLVIII (1957), 3–12; Charles E. Raven, John Ray, Naturalist (Cambridge, 1942), pp. 183, 192ff, 323-325. kins, Real Character, ...
Author: Barbara J. Shapiro
Publisher: University of California Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1969.
( Probably Rosa spinosissima , L . ) The next step in the history introduces us to John Ray . This remarkable man was born at Black Notley , near Braintree , in
Essex , in 1628 , and died at the same place in 1705 . He was educated at
Early Notice [ by John Ray in 1713 ] of the Pink - footed Goose ( Anser
brachyrhynchus ] in Yorkshire ( giving extracts from Ray's Syn . Meth . Av . ] . Nat .
, Aug. 1891 , p . 242 . H. A MACPHERSON . York N.E. The Chough [ Pyrrhocorax
graculus ] ...
Author: Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' SocietyPublish On: 1894
In the year 1673 John Ray published an account of a journey through the Low
Countries , which he made in the company of his friends Francis Willughby , the
ornithologist , Philip Skipton , and Nathanael Bacon ; * chiefly , he tells us , with
The Doctor when in London appears to have been on the look out for books for
his friend Dacre ; of those he mentions the first is John Ray's Observations
Topographical , etc. , published 1673 ; the next by the same author is entitled A ...
Since the time of William Turner (c 1508-1568) the figure of the parson-naturalist has been conspicuous int he English Church and in English science.
Author: Patrick Armstrong
Publisher: Gracewing Publishing
Since the time of William Turner (c 1508-1568) the figure of the parson-naturalist has been conspicuous int he English Church and in English science. Clergy have made a formidable contribution to natural history in England. Gilbert White (1720-1793), the author of The Natural History of Selborne, is perhaps the best known of this distinguished company, but other notables include John Ray (1627-1705) with whom, it has been said, "the adventure of modern science begins." The brightness of the reputation of these individuals should not blind us to that great host of other luminaries who have made English natural history what it is today. There have been botanists and ornithologists, geologists and entomologists; clerical naturalists have included specialists on mollusks, sponges, fish, orchids, seaweeds and lichens.
T Preface H E publication of Canon Raven ' s John Ray , Naturalist by the
Cambridge University Press in 1942 must I have opened the eyes of many
besides myself to the extraordinary qualities and endearing character of that
remarkable man ...
Author: Geoffrey Keynes
Category: Natural history
Entries contain physical description of the work, including a detailed description of illustrations, and a list of holding libraries. Contains facsimilies of title pages and several portraits of John Ray.
Author: Francis Buchanan White WhitePublish On: 1886
John Ray , his Life and Lisework . ” - Dr . J . S . Crichton . Sept . 17 . - " Early Life
on the Earth . " - Rev . James Thomson , M . A . Berwickshire Naturalists ' Club
Excursions :July 29 . - - Fairy Castles , Oldhamstocks . August 26 . - Weststruther .
John McVickar . -Arthur Tappan . - Dr . Callis . - Dr . Judson . - Sir Donald
Macleod .-- Henry Alford . --James Y. ... 26.1251 Jardine , Sir William , Scotch naturalist , b . about 1800 , d . 1874. ... Memoir of John Ray , or Wray , English naturalist , b .
Book Reviews JOHN Ray . By Charles E . Raven . New York : The Macmillan
Company , Cambridge : at the University Press , 1942 . xix + 502 pp . $ 7 . 00 .
What a great man was John Ray ! Born near Braintree in Essex , son of a
John Ray , or Wrav . English naturalist , b . 1628 , d 1704 . Manners and customs
of the Japaneso , in the 19th XXXIV . François Huber , Swisy naturalist , b . 1:50 ,
d . 180 . century . 708.2 ; 820.36 ; 937.5 XXXV . Ippolito , or Ilippolito Salviani ...
Ray to Edward Lhwyd , Aug. 16 , 1694 ; 270,271 . Ray to Lhwyd , March 15 ,
1697. Also , Charles E. Raven , John Ray Naturalist . His Life and Works (
Cambridge , 1942 ) , 449-451 . 19 John Ray , A Collection of English Words (
REFERENCES The naturalist invariably used the ' WILLUGHBY ' spelling . His
children and later descendants adopted the ' Willoughby ' variant used by some
earlier members of the family . 20n John Ray see C. E. Raven , John Ray ...