Charles Raven's biography of the seventeenth-century English naturalist John Ray is one of the great works in the history of science.
Author: Charles E. Raven
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Charles Raven's biography of the seventeenth-century English naturalist John Ray is one of the great works in the history of science. The author's command of Latin (the language in which all Ray's biological works were written) and his enthusiasm for natural history enabled him to interpret superbly to the modern reader John Ray's remarkable scientific work and to rescue Ray's reputation from undeserved neglect. Raven reveals the unique influence Ray had on the development of modern science and in particular explains sympathetically the key role of Ray's last, most popular and most influential work, The Wisdom of God, which was the forerunner of the great 'Darwinian' controversies between science and religion in the nineteenth century.
NOT E. [ The following notice of a recent visit to the tomb of John Ray , at Black
Notley , will not perhaps be without interest to the readers of this volume . “
PILGRIMAGE TO THE TOMB OF JOHN RAY , THE NATURALIST , AT BLACK
The Growth of Biological Thought . MORTON , A . G . 1981 . History of Botanical
Science . MIAL , L . C . 1912 . The Early Naturalists . Their lives and Work .
OLIVER , F . W . 1913 . Makers of British Botany . PATTISSON , J . H . 1847 . John Ray .
This book includes a complete translation from the Latin of the work together with the rare appendices to the Catalogue, published in 1663 and 1685, translated for the first time.
Author: John Ray
John Ray is considered the outstanding British natural historian of the 17th century. His first publication, A catalogue of plants growing around Cambridge (1660) is famous as the first British County Flora. It is a complex work, not only a botanical catalogue but also has “for the benefit of beginners” indexes of English names and of places (with lists of the rarer species of 12 areas in the county) together with chapters on the meanings of plant names and of botanical terms (hitherto untranslated). Ray’s abilities as an all-round naturalist are apparent from the numerous observations and digressions in the text. This book includes a complete translation from the Latin of the work together with the rare appendices to the Catalogue, published in 1663 and 1685, translated for the first time. The editorial commentary on the text is included in nearly 2000 footnotes which outline problems of translation, discuss the identity of some of Ray’s more problematic species, identify his cited and some of his uncited sources and detail the treatment in his later works of some of the plant variants (such as colour forms) that he regarded as species in 1660. The translation is preceded by introductory chapters which use unpublished manuscripts and recently published studies to present a new account of Ray’s time in the University of Cambridge and the possible roles of his collaborators. The work’s structure and sources are analysed, biographical portraits of the botanists cited by Ray provided together with a discussion of the problems of equating his names to modern taxa. The book ends with a vocabulary of the epithets in Ray’s Latin plant names, a gazetteer and a bibliography. As Professor Oliver Rackham comments in his foreword, other editions and commentaries on the ‘Cambridge Catalogue’ exist “but none does justice to its complexity, its discursiveness, its allusiveness, the circumstances of its writing, its vast bibliography or Ray’s other works associated with it as appendices or supplements”. Ewen and Lewis’ 1975 translation was limited to the text considered relevant to a ‘modern reader’ and excluded, for example, the chapters on technical terms and on etymology preventing a full assessment of Ray’s work. The authors both live in Cambridge and are Honorary Members of the Botanical Society of the British Isles and graduates of the University of Cambridge. Philip Oswald has a degree in Classics and Theology and Chris Preston a doctorate in Botany, thus combining John Ray’s principal interests.
Consisting of Selections from the Philosophical Letters Published by Dr. Derham,
and Original Letters of John Ray, in the ... stated his concurrence in all that had
been said respecting the great merit of Ray as a naturalist , and the excellence of
Boulger's paper on The Domestic Life of John Ray at Black Notley and Mr. E. A.
Fitch's on “ John Ray as an Entomologist " in the same volume ) . A halt was
made at “ Dewlands , " Ray's home for the twenty years preceding his death ,
John Ray : pioneer plant taxonomist There are similarities between the lives of
William Turner and John Ray who lived a century later ( 1627 – 1705 ) ( see Plate
1 ) . Both had relatively humble origins . Turner was the son of a tanner from ...
Author: Patrick Armstrong
Publisher: Gracewing Publishing
Since the time of William Turner (c 1508-1568) the figure of the parson-naturalist has been conspicuous int he English Church and in English science. Clergy have made a formidable contribution to natural history in England. Gilbert White (1720-1793), the author of The Natural History of Selborne, is perhaps the best known of this distinguished company, but other notables include John Ray (1627-1705) with whom, it has been said, "the adventure of modern science begins." The brightness of the reputation of these individuals should not blind us to that great host of other luminaries who have made English natural history what it is today. There have been botanists and ornithologists, geologists and entomologists; clerical naturalists have included specialists on mollusks, sponges, fish, orchids, seaweeds and lichens.
Raven, Charles E. John Ray, naturalist; his life and works. 2nd ed. Cambridge:
Cambridge ... Ray, John. 'An Account of the Dissection of a Porpess, ... having
therein observ'd some things omitted by Rondeletius'. Philosophical Transactions
Author: Tim Birkhead
Francis Willughby transformed the study of natural history in the mid-1600s. Using previously unexplored archives and new discoveries we show that Willughby was a polymath, a true virtuoso, who made original contributions to many different fields of endeavor.
T Preface H E publication of Canon Raven ' s John Ray , Naturalist by the
Cambridge University Press in 1942 must I have opened the eyes of many
besides myself to the extraordinary qualities and endearing character of that
remarkable man ...
Author: Geoffrey Keynes
Category: Natural history
Entries contain physical description of the work, including a detailed description of illustrations, and a list of holding libraries. Contains facsimilies of title pages and several portraits of John Ray.
THERE is none to whom botany owes a 1 greater debt than to John Ray , the son
of the blacksmith of Black Notley . Linnæus , the ... If the story may be believed ,
science is indebted to an illness for the botanical researches of our naturalist .
Almost contemporaneous with Morison was a more celebrated scientific worker ,
viz . , John Ray , born in Essex 1628 , died in 1705 . After studying theology he
travelled in England and on the Continent . Afterwards he received a pension ...
( Probably Rosa spinosissima , L . ) The next step in the history introduces us to John Ray . This remarkable man was born at Black Notley , near Braintree , in
Essex , in 1628 , and died at the same place in 1705 . He was educated at
75 S. A. Baldwin, John Ray, Essex Naturalist (Baldwin's Books, 1986). 76 C. E.
Raven, John Ray, Naturalist, His Life and Works (Cambridge University Press,
1942). 77 J. Ray, Historia Plantarum (Londini, 1686–1704). 78 Mayr, Biological ...
Author: John Wright
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Latin names – frequently unpronounceable, all too often wrong and always a tiny puzzle to unravel – have been annoying the layman since they first became formalised as scientific terms in the eighteenth century. Why on earth has the entirely land-loving Eastern Mole been named Scalopus aquaticus, or the Oxford Ragwort been called Senecio squalidus – 'dirty old man'? What were naturalists thinking when they called a beetle Agra katewinsletae, a genus of fish Batman, and a Trilobite Han solo? Why is zoology replete with names such as Chloris chloris chloris (the greenfinch), and Gorilla gorilla gorilla (a species of, well gorilla)? The Naming of the Shrew will unveil these mysteries, exploring the history, celebrating their poetic nature and revealing how naturalists sometimes get things so terribly wrong. With wonderfully witty style and captivating narrative, this book will make you see Latin names in a whole new light.
Author: Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' SocietyPublish On: 1894
In the year 1673 John Ray published an account of a journey through the Low
Countries , which he made in the company of his friends Francis Willughby , the
ornithologist , Philip Skipton , and Nathanael Bacon ; * chiefly , he tells us , with
My friend Mr John Ray the naturalist writes to me from his home in Black Notley.
He tells me that Mr Evelyn countenances my observa. tion that elms grow no
further north than Stamford. My observation supports Mr. Evelyn's view that elms
Author: Ruth Scurr
Publisher: Random House
Category: Biography & Autobiography
SHORTLISTED FOR THE 2015 COSTA BIOGRAPHY AWARD This is the autobiography that John Aubrey never wrote. You may not know his name. Aubrey was a modest man, a gentleman-scholar who cared far more for the preservation of history than for his own legacy. But he was a passionate collector, an early archaeologist and the inventor of modern biography. With all the wit, charm and originality that characterises her subject, Ruth Scurr has seamlessly stitched together John Aubrey’s own words to tell his life story and a captivating history of seventeenth-century England unlike any other. 'A game-changer in the world of biography' Mary Beard 'Ingenious' Hilary Mantel 'Irresistible' Philip Pullman
It was not in 1555, when the term 'natural history' entered the English language,
or in 1686 when John Ray published ... 2 Charles E. Raven, English Naturalists
from Neckam to Ray (Cambridge, 1947); Charles E. Raven, John Ray Naturalist.
Author: T. C. Smout
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
This volume, newly available in paperback, brings together the best of T. C. Smout's recent articles and contributions to books and journals on the topic of environmental history and offers them as a collection of 'explorations'. The author's interests are multi-faceted and, though often focussed on post-1600 Scotland, by no means restricted to that area.
As to the great debt that naturalists owe to John Ray there can be no question . It
has been acknowledged in all ages . In his lifetime his contemporary Plukenet
extolled his great Historia Plantarum as “ the best medium to reach Heaven ,
Author: John Ray
"This book ... is the outcome of a rediscovery in the Bodleian library of a number of letters of John Ray ... which form a necessary supplement to the volume of The correspondence," edited by Edwin Lankester, 1848.
Author: David Elliston AllenPublish On: 1994-11-06
1470-1670 (2nd edn, Cambridge, 1953) and Canon C. E. Raven's English Naturalists from Ncfltam to Ray (Cambridge, 1947). Raven's greatest work, his
majestic biography of John Ray (2nd edn, Cambridge, 1950) — without any
doubt the ...
Author: David Elliston Allen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
At once a major resource for historians of science and an excellent introduction to natural history for the general reader, David Allen's The Naturalist in Britain established a precedent for investigating natural history as a social phenomenon. Here the author traces the evolution of natural history from the seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries, from the "herbalizings" of apprentice apothecaries to the establishment of national reserves and international societies to the emergence of natural history as an organized discipline. Along the way he describes the role of scientific ideas, popular fashion, religious motivations, literary influences, the increase of leisure time and disposable income, and the tendency of like-minded persons to form clubs. His comprehensive and entertaining discussion creates a vibrant portrait of a scientific movement inextricably woven into a particular culture.