Charles Raven's biography of the seventeenth-century English naturalist John Ray is one of the great works in the history of science.
Author: Charles E. Raven
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Charles Raven's biography of the seventeenth-century English naturalist John Ray is one of the great works in the history of science. The author's command of Latin (the language in which all Ray's biological works were written) and his enthusiasm for natural history enabled him to interpret superbly to the modern reader John Ray's remarkable scientific work and to rescue Ray's reputation from undeserved neglect. Raven reveals the unique influence Ray had on the development of modern science and in particular explains sympathetically the key role of Ray's last, most popular and most influential work, The Wisdom of God, which was the forerunner of the great 'Darwinian' controversies between science and religion in the nineteenth century.
Features a brief biography of the English naturalist John Ray (1627-1705), presented by the Museum of Paleontology at the University of California at Berkeley. Discusses his theories concerning theology and nature.
Providing not only a word-for word transcription of the Book of Games, this volume also contains a host of interpretative material to complement the original data.
Author: David Cram
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Francis Willughby's Book of Games, published here for the first time, is a remarkable work and an invaluable resource for anyone with an interest in early modern social history. Dating from the 1660s, it was left unfinished when the writer died in 1672 at the age of 36. Nevertheless, Willughby's manuscript, even in its unpolished form is a goldmine of detail providing a snapshot of mid seventeenth century life, language and culture. The manuscript itself lists a wide variety of sports, games and pastimes, including football, hurling, card games, tennis and children's games. As well as providing rules and a description of the various games (often with accompanying sketches to explain particular points) there are numerous fascinating snippets of related information (such as the care of fighting cocks), that bring the subject to life, whilst the section on children's games is particularly poignant. Besides the intrinsic interest of the subject matter, the fact that Willughby embarked on the project from a scientific perspective adds to the value of the book. Willughby had been admitted to the Royal Society in 1661 and for a number of years prior to that had been collaborating with the naturalist John Ray. It is clear that Willughby's Book of Games was highly influenced by his scientific pursuits and was an extension of his natural history work, utilising the same skills of systematic observation, description and classification. Providing not only a word-for word transcription of the Book of Games, this volume also contains a host of interpretative material to complement the original data. As well as a biography of Willughby and a detailed description of his manuscript, a substantial glossary of games and obsolete terms is provided, together with a bibliography of Willughby's literary remains and more general reference works. Taken together, this publication provides an unparalleled resource for scholars of early modern England.
Preface TH HE publication of Canon Raven's John Ray , Naturalist by the
Cambridge University Press in 1942 must have opened the eyes of many
besides myself to the extraordinary qualities and endearing character of that
remarkable man .
Author: Geoffrey Keynes
Category: Natural history
Entries contain physical description of the work, including a detailed description of illustrations, and a list of holding libraries. Contains facsimilies of title pages and several portraits of John Ray.
John Ray, naturalist; his life and works. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1942. ———. 'New Light on John Ray'. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of ...
Author: Tim Birkhead
Francis Willughby transformed the study of natural history in the mid-1600s. Using previously unexplored archives and new discoveries we show that Willughby was a polymath, a true virtuoso, who made original contributions to many different fields of endeavor.
BIOGRAPHICAL WORKS CONSULTED Arber, Agnes, 'A seventeenth century naturalist, John Ray', Isis, 34: 319–24. Derham [William], Memorials of John Ray, ...
Author: John Considine
Category: Literary Criticism
Three major developments in English lexicography took place during the seventeenth century: the emergence of the first free standing monolingual English dictionaries; the making of new kinds of English lexicons that investigated dialect or etymology or that keyed English to invented 'philosophical' languages; and the massive expansion of bilingual lexicography, which not only placed English alongside the European vernaculars but also handled the languages of the new world. The essays in this volume discuss not only the internal history of lexicography but also its wider relationships with culture and society.
JOHN RAY , THE NATURALIST . In the parish of Bromfield , in north - west
Cumberland is a house called Gill House . It is so called because the little stream
known as Langrigg Beck which runs past it flows in a ravine , or gill , just at that
Both were enthusiastic botanists as schoolboys ( John Ray's mentor was the local herb - woman ) . Both went to Cambridge – Turner to Pembroke , Ray to ...
Author: Patrick Armstrong
Publisher: Gracewing Publishing
Since the time of William Turner (c 1508-1568) the figure of the parson-naturalist has been conspicuous int he English Church and in English science. Clergy have made a formidable contribution to natural history in England. Gilbert White (1720-1793), the author of The Natural History of Selborne, is perhaps the best known of this distinguished company, but other notables include John Ray (1627-1705) with whom, it has been said, "the adventure of modern science begins." The brightness of the reputation of these individuals should not blind us to that great host of other luminaries who have made English natural history what it is today. There have been botanists and ornithologists, geologists and entomologists; clerical naturalists have included specialists on mollusks, sponges, fish, orchids, seaweeds and lichens.
See also Charles E. Raven, John Ray, Naturalist: His Life and Works (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1942), 353. 4. John Ray to Tancred Robinson, ...
Author: Alexander Wragge-Morley
Category: Knowledge, Theory of
"The scientists affiliated with the early Royal Society of London have long been regarded as forerunners of modern empiricism, rejecting the symbolic and moral goals of Renaissance natural history in favor of plainly representing the world as it really was. Alexander Wragge-Morley challenges this interpretation by arguing that key figures such as John Ray, Robert Boyle, Nehemiah Grew, Robert Hooke, and Thomas Willis saw the study of nature as an aesthetic project. In fact, they practiced a science that depended on harnessing the embodied pleasures and pains that arise from sensory experience. Aesthetic Science reveals how judgments of taste and pleasures played a central role in the formation of consensus in scientific communities and the emergence of what we now understand as scientific objectivity"--