John Ray

John Ray

Charles Raven's biography of the seventeenth-century English naturalist John Ray is one of the great works in the history of science.

Author: Charles E. Raven

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521310830

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 950

Charles Raven's biography of the seventeenth-century English naturalist John Ray is one of the great works in the history of science. The author's command of Latin (the language in which all Ray's biological works were written) and his enthusiasm for natural history enabled him to interpret superbly to the modern reader John Ray's remarkable scientific work and to rescue Ray's reputation from undeserved neglect. Raven reveals the unique influence Ray had on the development of modern science and in particular explains sympathetically the key role of Ray's last, most popular and most influential work, The Wisdom of God, which was the forerunner of the great 'Darwinian' controversies between science and religion in the nineteenth century.
Categories: Science

Memorials of John Ray

Memorials of John Ray

NOT E. [ The following notice of a recent visit to the tomb of John Ray , at Black
Notley , will not perhaps be without interest to the readers of this volume . “
PILGRIMAGE TO THE TOMB OF JOHN RAY , THE NATURALIST , AT BLACK
NOTLEY .

Author: William Derham

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112009704609

Category: Naturalists

Page: 220

View: 776

Categories: Naturalists

John Ray 1627 1705 Essex Naturalist

John Ray  1627 1705   Essex Naturalist

The Growth of Biological Thought . MORTON , A . G . 1981 . History of Botanical
Science . MIAL , L . C . 1912 . The Early Naturalists . Their lives and Work .
OLIVER , F . W . 1913 . Makers of British Botany . PATTISSON , J . H . 1847 . John
Ray .

Author: Stuart A. Baldwin

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105020371394

Category: Botanists

Page: 80

View: 681

Categories: Botanists

John Ray s Cambridge Catalogue 1660

John Ray s Cambridge Catalogue  1660

This book includes a complete translation from the Latin of the work together with the rare appendices to the Catalogue, published in 1663 and 1685, translated for the first time.

Author: John Ray

Publisher:

ISBN: 0903874431

Category: Nature

Page: 612

View: 331

John Ray is considered the outstanding British natural historian of the 17th century. His first publication, A catalogue of plants growing around Cambridge (1660) is famous as the first British County Flora. It is a complex work, not only a botanical catalogue but also has “for the benefit of beginners” indexes of English names and of places (with lists of the rarer species of 12 areas in the county) together with chapters on the meanings of plant names and of botanical terms (hitherto untranslated). Ray’s abilities as an all-round naturalist are apparent from the numerous observations and digressions in the text. This book includes a complete translation from the Latin of the work together with the rare appendices to the Catalogue, published in 1663 and 1685, translated for the first time. The editorial commentary on the text is included in nearly 2000 footnotes which outline problems of translation, discuss the identity of some of Ray’s more problematic species, identify his cited and some of his uncited sources and detail the treatment in his later works of some of the plant variants (such as colour forms) that he regarded as species in 1660. The translation is preceded by introductory chapters which use unpublished manuscripts and recently published studies to present a new account of Ray’s time in the University of Cambridge and the possible roles of his collaborators. The work’s structure and sources are analysed, biographical portraits of the botanists cited by Ray provided together with a discussion of the problems of equating his names to modern taxa. The book ends with a vocabulary of the epithets in Ray’s Latin plant names, a gazetteer and a bibliography. As Professor Oliver Rackham comments in his foreword, other editions and commentaries on the ‘Cambridge Catalogue’ exist “but none does justice to its complexity, its discursiveness, its allusiveness, the circumstances of its writing, its vast bibliography or Ray’s other works associated with it as appendices or supplements”. Ewen and Lewis’ 1975 translation was limited to the text considered relevant to a ‘modern reader’ and excluded, for example, the chapters on technical terms and on etymology preventing a full assessment of Ray’s work. The authors both live in Cambridge and are Honorary Members of the Botanical Society of the British Isles and graduates of the University of Cambridge. Philip Oswald has a degree in Classics and Theology and Chris Preston a doctorate in Botany, thus combining John Ray’s principal interests.
Categories: Nature

The Correspondence of John Ray

The Correspondence of John Ray

Consisting of Selections from the Philosophical Letters Published by Dr. Derham,
and Original Letters of John Ray, in the ... stated his concurrence in all that had
been said respecting the great merit of Ray as a naturalist , and the excellence of
 ...

Author: John Ray

Publisher:

ISBN: BSB:BSB10076298

Category:

Page: 502

View: 424

Categories:

Essex Naturalist

Essex Naturalist

Boulger's paper on The Domestic Life of John Ray at Black Notley and Mr. E. A.
Fitch's on “ John Ray as an Entomologist " in the same volume ) . A halt was
made at “ Dewlands , " Ray's home for the twenty years preceding his death ,
where ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112110992291

Category: Natural history

Page:

View: 220

Categories: Natural history

The English Parson naturalist

The English Parson naturalist

John Ray : pioneer plant taxonomist There are similarities between the lives of
William Turner and John Ray who lived a century later ( 1627 – 1705 ) ( see Plate
1 ) . Both had relatively humble origins . Turner was the son of a tanner from ...

Author: Patrick Armstrong

Publisher: Gracewing Publishing

ISBN: 0852445164

Category: Clergy

Page: 198

View: 952

Since the time of William Turner (c 1508-1568) the figure of the parson-naturalist has been conspicuous int he English Church and in English science. Clergy have made a formidable contribution to natural history in England. Gilbert White (1720-1793), the author of The Natural History of Selborne, is perhaps the best known of this distinguished company, but other notables include John Ray (1627-1705) with whom, it has been said, "the adventure of modern science begins." The brightness of the reputation of these individuals should not blind us to that great host of other luminaries who have made English natural history what it is today. There have been botanists and ornithologists, geologists and entomologists; clerical naturalists have included specialists on mollusks, sponges, fish, orchids, seaweeds and lichens.
Categories: Clergy

Virtuoso by Nature The Scientific Worlds of Francis Willughby FRS 1635 1672

Virtuoso by Nature  The Scientific Worlds of Francis Willughby FRS  1635 1672

Raven, Charles E. John Ray, naturalist; his life and works. 2nd ed. Cambridge:
Cambridge ... Ray, John. 'An Account of the Dissection of a Porpess, ... having
therein observ'd some things omitted by Rondeletius'. Philosophical Transactions
6 ...

Author: Tim Birkhead

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004285323

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 265

Francis Willughby transformed the study of natural history in the mid-1600s. Using previously unexplored archives and new discoveries we show that Willughby was a polymath, a true virtuoso, who made original contributions to many different fields of endeavor.
Categories: Science

John Ray

John Ray

T Preface H E publication of Canon Raven ' s John Ray , Naturalist by the
Cambridge University Press in 1942 must I have opened the eyes of many
besides myself to the extraordinary qualities and endearing character of that
remarkable man ...

Author: Geoffrey Keynes

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015004739572

Category: Natural history

Page: 163

View: 644

Entries contain physical description of the work, including a detailed description of illustrations, and a list of holding libraries. Contains facsimilies of title pages and several portraits of John Ray.
Categories: Natural history

Bygone Essex

Bygone Essex

THERE is none to whom botany owes a 1 greater debt than to John Ray , the son
of the blacksmith of Black Notley . Linnæus , the ... If the story may be believed ,
science is indebted to an illness for the botanical researches of our naturalist .

Author: William Andrews

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044081188856

Category: Essex (England)

Page: 249

View: 608

Categories: Essex (England)

The Victorian Naturalist

The Victorian Naturalist

Almost contemporaneous with Morison was a more celebrated scientific worker ,
viz . , John Ray , born in Essex 1628 , died in 1705 . After studying theology he
travelled in England and on the Continent . Afterwards he received a pension ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89013857891

Category:

Page:

View: 278

Categories:

The Midland Naturalist

The Midland Naturalist

( Probably Rosa spinosissima , L . ) The next step in the history introduces us to
John Ray . This remarkable man was born at Black Notley , near Braintree , in
Essex , in 1628 , and died at the same place in 1705 . He was educated at
Braintree ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015065400429

Category: Natural history

Page:

View: 943

Categories: Natural history

The Naming of the Shrew

The Naming of the Shrew

75 S. A. Baldwin, John Ray, Essex Naturalist (Baldwin's Books, 1986). 76 C. E.
Raven, John Ray, Naturalist, His Life and Works (Cambridge University Press,
1942). 77 J. Ray, Historia Plantarum (Londini, 1686–1704). 78 Mayr, Biological ...

Author: John Wright

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781408820353

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 303

View: 811

Latin names – frequently unpronounceable, all too often wrong and always a tiny puzzle to unravel – have been annoying the layman since they first became formalised as scientific terms in the eighteenth century. Why on earth has the entirely land-loving Eastern Mole been named Scalopus aquaticus, or the Oxford Ragwort been called Senecio squalidus – 'dirty old man'? What were naturalists thinking when they called a beetle Agra katewinsletae, a genus of fish Batman, and a Trilobite Han solo? Why is zoology replete with names such as Chloris chloris chloris (the greenfinch), and Gorilla gorilla gorilla (a species of, well gorilla)? The Naming of the Shrew will unveil these mysteries, exploring the history, celebrating their poetic nature and revealing how naturalists sometimes get things so terribly wrong. With wonderfully witty style and captivating narrative, this book will make you see Latin names in a whole new light.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists Society

Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists  Society

In the year 1673 John Ray published an account of a journey through the Low
Countries , which he made in the company of his friends Francis Willughby , the
ornithologist , Philip Skipton , and Nathanael Bacon ; * chiefly , he tells us , with
the ...

Author: Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044106271778

Category: Natural history

Page:

View: 674

Categories: Natural history

John Aubrey

John Aubrey

My friend Mr John Ray the naturalist writes to me from his home in Black Notley.
He tells me that Mr Evelyn countenances my observa. tion that elms grow no
further north than Stamford. My observation supports Mr. Evelyn's view that elms
 ...

Author: Ruth Scurr

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781448190874

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 544

View: 913

SHORTLISTED FOR THE 2015 COSTA BIOGRAPHY AWARD This is the autobiography that John Aubrey never wrote. You may not know his name. Aubrey was a modest man, a gentleman-scholar who cared far more for the preservation of history than for his own legacy. But he was a passionate collector, an early archaeologist and the inventor of modern biography. With all the wit, charm and originality that characterises her subject, Ruth Scurr has seamlessly stitched together John Aubrey’s own words to tell his life story and a captivating history of seventeenth-century England unlike any other. 'A game-changer in the world of biography' Mary Beard 'Ingenious' Hilary Mantel 'Irresistible' Philip Pullman
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

English Naturalists from Neckam to Ray

English Naturalists from Neckam to Ray

Demonstrates how changing attitudes to the natural world influenced scientific thought between the medieval period and the eighteenth century.

Author: Charles E. Raven

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108016346

Category: Nature

Page: 394

View: 231

Demonstrates how changing attitudes to the natural world influenced scientific thought between the medieval period and the eighteenth century.
Categories: Nature

Exploring Environmental History Selected Essays

Exploring Environmental History  Selected Essays

It was not in 1555, when the term 'natural history' entered the English language,
or in 1686 when John Ray published ... 2 Charles E. Raven, English Naturalists
from Neckam to Ray (Cambridge, 1947); Charles E. Raven, John Ray Naturalist.

Author: T. C. Smout

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748635146

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 583

This volume, newly available in paperback, brings together the best of T. C. Smout's recent articles and contributions to books and journals on the topic of environmental history and offers them as a collection of 'explorations'. The author's interests are multi-faceted and, though often focussed on post-1600 Scotland, by no means restricted to that area.
Categories: History

Further Correspondence of John Ray

Further Correspondence of John Ray

As to the great debt that naturalists owe to John Ray there can be no question . It
has been acknowledged in all ages . In his lifetime his contemporary Plukenet
extolled his great Historia Plantarum as “ the best medium to reach Heaven ,
better ...

Author: John Ray

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015031083598

Category: Naturalists

Page: 332

View: 532

"This book ... is the outcome of a rediscovery in the Bodleian library of a number of letters of John Ray ... which form a necessary supplement to the volume of The correspondence," edited by Edwin Lankester, 1848.
Categories: Naturalists

The Naturalist in Britain

The Naturalist in Britain

1470-1670 (2nd edn, Cambridge, 1953) and Canon C. E. Raven's English
Naturalists from Ncfltam to Ray (Cambridge, 1947). Raven's greatest work, his
majestic biography of John Ray (2nd edn, Cambridge, 1950) — without any
doubt the ...

Author: David Elliston Allen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691036322

Category: Nature

Page: 270

View: 357

At once a major resource for historians of science and an excellent introduction to natural history for the general reader, David Allen's The Naturalist in Britain established a precedent for investigating natural history as a social phenomenon. Here the author traces the evolution of natural history from the seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries, from the "herbalizings" of apprentice apothecaries to the establishment of national reserves and international societies to the emergence of natural history as an organized discipline. Along the way he describes the role of scientific ideas, popular fashion, religious motivations, literary influences, the increase of leisure time and disposable income, and the tendency of like-minded persons to form clubs. His comprehensive and entertaining discussion creates a vibrant portrait of a scientific movement inextricably woven into a particular culture.
Categories: Nature