Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill

Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill

Ward postulated a skill-based explanation, misaggregation (improperly combining data), and a knowledge—based one, ... We found that their decision-making skills were correlated with plausible precursors (e.g. home environments that ...

Author: Mandeep K. Dhami

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521767811

Category: Psychology

Page: 329

View: 794

Identifies how human judgment and decision making may evolve, develop and be learned or trained.
Categories: Psychology

Judgment and Decision Making at Work

Judgment and Decision Making at Work

Decision-making. Skill. and. Style. Reeshad. S.Dalaland. MargaretE.Brooks. In a knowledge-based economy, we propose that ... 379) As you read this sentence, employees are making decisions and judgments that have the potential to affect ...

Author: Scott Highhouse

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135021948

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 396

Employees are constantly making decisions and judgments that have the potential to affect themselves, their families, their work organizations, and on some occasion even the broader societies in which they live. A few examples include: deciding which job applicant to hire, setting a production goal, judging one’s level of job satisfaction, deciding to steal from the cash register, agreeing to help organize the company’s holiday party, forecasting corporate tax rates two years later, deciding to report a coworker for sexual harassment, and predicting the level of risk inherent in a new business venture. In other words, a great many topics of interest to organizational researchers ultimately reduce to decisions made by employees. Yet, numerous entreaties notwithstanding, industrial and organizational psychologists typically have not incorporated a judgment and decision-making perspective in their research. The current book begins to remedy the situation by facilitating cross-pollination between the disciplines of organizational psychology and decision-making. The book describes both laboratory and more “naturalistic” field research on judgment and decision-making, and applies it to core topics of interest to industrial and organizational psychologists: performance appraisal, employee selection, individual differences, goals, leadership, teams, and stress, among others. The book also suggests ways in which industrial and organizational psychology research can benefit the discipline of judgment and decision-making. The authors of the chapters in this book conduct research at the intersection of organizational psychology and decision-making, and consequently are uniquely positioned to bridging the divide between the two disciplines.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents

Additionally the growth in regret'based decision making was associated with a decrease in idiosyncratic and unjustified ... The avail' ability of more effective and valid (i.e., rational) grounds for decision making may be the basis for ...

Author: Janis E. Jacobs

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135633523

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 379

View: 591

In recent years, newspaper articles, television specials, and other media events have focused on the numerous hard decisions faced by today's youth, often pointing to teen pregnancy, drug use, and delinquency as evidence of faulty judgment. Over the past 10 years, many groups - including parents, educators, policymakers, and researchers - have become concerned about the decision-making abilities of children and adolescents, asking why they make risky choices, how they can be taught to be better decision makers, and what types of age-related changes occur in decision making. This book serves as a starting point for those interested in considering new ways of thinking about the development of these issues. The purpose is to bring together the voices of several authors who are conducting cutting-edge research and developing new theoretical perspectives related to the development of judgment and decision making. The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents is divided into three parts: Part I presents three distinctive developmental models that offer different explanations of "what develops" and the relative importance of different cognitive components and experiential components that may be important for developing judgment and decision making skills. Part II emphasizes the emotional, cultural, and social aspects of decision making--three topics that have been influential in the adult literature on judgment and decision making but are just beginning to be explored in the developmental area. Part III provides three examples of research that applies developmental and decision making models to practical research questions. This book is intended for the professional market or for graduate courses on decision making or cognitive or social development.
Categories: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision Making

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision Making

We hope to ignite a similar way of thinking in studying the development of judgment and decision-making in this volume. ... longitudinal studies that more powerfully investigate the development, change, and stability of decision skills, ...

Author: Maggie E. Toplak

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317265320

Category: Psychology

Page: 229

View: 120

Children face an overwhelming amount of information and a range of different choices every day, and so there has never been a more important time to understand how children learn to make judgments and decisions in our modern world. Individual Differences in Judgment and Decision-Making presents cutting-edge developmental research to advance our knowledge and understanding of how these competencies emerge. Focusing on the role of individual differences, the text provides a complementary theoretical approach to understanding the development of judgment and decision-making skills, and how and why these competencies vary within and between different periods of development. Sampling a diverse set of developmental paradigms and measures, as well as considering typical and atypically developing samples, this volume provokes thinking about how we can support our children and youth to help them make better choices. Drawing on the expertise of a range of international contributors, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of thinking and reasoning from both cognitive and developmental psychology backgrounds.
Categories: Psychology

Outdoor Leadership

Outdoor Leadership

Developing the ability to see the big picture and recognize patterns is integral to decision making and judgment. ... Avid chess players often describe how good players need the ability to make good decisions with the added pressure of ...

Author: Bruce Martin

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9781492585794

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 400

View: 586

Outdoor Leadership, Second Edition, is the definitive text for developing student leadership in outdoor and adventure settings throughout the world. Crafted by an author team internationally recognized for their research, teaching, and experience in outdoor and adventure leadership, this new edition provides students with the foundational knowledge they need to develop as competent professionals in the field. Grounded in Eight Core Competencies Through Outdoor Leadership, Second Edition, students are introduced to eight core competencies that the authors consider essential to outdoor leadership: 1. Foundational knowledge 2. Self-awareness and professional conduct 3. Decision making and judgment 4. Teaching and facilitation 5. Environmental stewardship 6. Program management 7. Safety and risk management 8. Technical ability This unique approach to outdoor and adventure leadership will help students meet current professional standards in the field as they prepare for careers in education and recreation. The students move step by step through the materials and assignments, gaining and demonstrating leadership competencies, which they will document through a portfolio of their course experiences. The development of these portfolios is a highly practical and valuable takeaway for students looking to get a leg up as they ready themselves for their careers. New to the Text This latest edition of Outdoor Leadership offers new features, material, and resources, including: • The expertise and perspectives of new author Marni Goldenberg • A new chapter on program assessment • A new chapter on developing cultural and social justice competencies as an outdoor leader • A redistribution of the content on values and ethics (formerly a single chapter) across multiple chapters • An increased emphasis on international perspectives • A stronger focus on outdoor leadership in the area of ecotourism • Revisions to address critical issues in the evolving field of outdoor and adventure leadership • New ancillaries, including an instructor guide (which includes learning and portfolio activities for each chapter, as well as other new learning experiences), a test package, and a presentation package Emphasizing Both Theory and Practice While primarily directed at novice outdoor leaders, , is useful for more experienced outdoor leaders as well, including administrative and supervisory personnel in outdoor leadership organizations. The authors have created a balance between theory and practice as they explore the eight core competencies by doing the following: • Introducing students to a wide variety of theories and concepts integral to outdoor leadership • Using chapter-opening vignettes to illustrate the theories and concepts addressed in the chapter • Acquainting readers with numerous organizations and agencies in which outdoor leaders work • Offering a series of learning activities and professional development exercises to transform the theoretical into the practical Preparing Students for Successful Careers The result is a highly useful resource that grounds students in the theories, concepts, and competencies that they need in order to be successful leaders in outdoor and adventure settings. This competency-based approach will help aspiring outdoor leaders plan safe, enjoyable, and ecologically responsible expeditions; acquire and showcase their leadership abilities, culminating in a professional portfolio; and develop the knowledge and expertise they need to be effective leaders.
Categories: Sports & Recreation

Emerging Perspectives on Judgment and Decision Research

Emerging Perspectives on Judgment and Decision Research

8 Integrating Themes from Cognitive and Social Cognitive Development into the Study of Judgment and Decision Making Beth A. Haines and Colleen Moore ABSTRACT This chapter examines the development of judgment and decision - making skills ...

Author: Sandra L. Schneider

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052152718X

Category: Psychology

Page: 740

View: 304

Table of contents
Categories: Psychology

Judgment and Decision Making

Judgment and Decision Making

It then examines some common limitations in people's ability to process arguments, such as failing to properly distinguish between theory and ... Chapter 9 concerns the topic of confidence and optimism in judgment and decision making.

Author: David Hardman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405123983

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 313

Judgment and Decision Making is a refreshingly accessible text that explores the wide variety of ways people make judgments. An accessible examination of the wide variety of ways people make judgments Features up-to-date theoretical coverage, including perspectives from evolutionary psychology and neuroscience Covers dynamic decision making, everyday decision making, individual differences, group decision making, and the nature of mind and brain in relation to judgment and decision making Illustrates key concepts with boxed case studies and cartoons
Categories: Psychology

Future Skills

Future Skills

The 20 Skills and Competencies Everyone Needs to Succeed in a Digital World Bernard Marr ... These factors complicate our ability to make good decisions— while also making judgment and decision- making skills more important than ever.

Author: Bernard Marr

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119870418

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 905

The Brand NEW Book from Bernard Marr, bestselling author behind Business Trends in Practice - Winner of Business Book of the Year 2022. Future-proof yourself and develop critical skills for the digital future The working world has changed dramatically in the last twenty years and it’s going to continue to transform at an even faster pace. How can the average professional stay afloat in an ocean of constant change and technological revolution? In Future Skills: The 20 Skills and Competencies Everyone Needs to Succeed in a Digital World bestselling author and futurist Bernard Marr delivers an engaging and insightful discussion of how you can prepare yourself for the digital future of work. You’ll learn which skills will be in the highest demand, why they’ll command a premium price, and how to develop them. You’ll also find: Strategies for improving human-centered skills, like teamwork and collaboration Straightforward explanations of digital skills, like data literacy and cyber-threat awareness Ways to make yourself an indispensable component of future firms, and practical tips for continuous improvement A can’t-miss book for every working professional seeking not just to survive – but to thrive – in the coming years, Future Skills belongs in the libraries of company leaders, managers, human resources professionals, educators, and anyone else with an interest in the future of work and how humanity fits within it.
Categories: Business & Economics

Problem Solving Decision Making and Professional Judgment

Problem Solving  Decision Making  and Professional Judgment

But this requires that people have the judgment and decision-making skills that the additional effort will mobilize.3 While incentives may stimulate the search for additional information, they have little or no effect in mitigating most ...

Author: Paul Brest

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195366327

Category: Law

Page: 696

View: 188

In Problem Solving, Decision Making, and Professional Judgment, Paul Brest and Linda Hamilton Krieger have written a systematic guide to creative problem solving that prepares students to exercise effective judgment and decision making skills in the complex social environments in which they will work. The book represents a major milestone in the education of lawyers and policymakers, Developed by two leaders in the field, this first book of its type includes material drawn from statistics, decision science, social and cognitive psychology, the "judgment and decision making" (JDM) literature, and behavioral economics. It combines quantitative approaches to empirical analysis and decision making (statistics and decision science) with the psychological literature illustrating the systematic errors of the intuitive decision maker. The book can stand alone as a text or serve as a supplement to a core law or public policy curriculum. Problem Solving, Decision Making, and Professional Judgment: A Guide for Lawyers and Policymakers prepares students and professionals to be creative problem solvers, wise counselors, and effective decision makers. The authors' ultimate goals are to help readers "get it right" in their roles as professionals and citizens, and to arm them against common sources of judgment error.
Categories: Law

Developing Informed Intuition for Decision Making

Developing Informed Intuition for Decision Making

(2017) have argued for the informed, intuitive decision maker who ought to possess analytic skills, ... Chang and Tetlock (2016) stress that high-quality feedback is key to developing intuition in judgment and decision-making (cf.

Author: Jay Liebowitz

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000023657

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 204

View: 653

This book examines how to develop the main traits that are necessary to become an “informed intuitant”. Case studies and examples of successful “informed intuitants” are a major component of the book. “Intuitant” is someone who has the intuitive awareness to be successful. “Informed intuitant” indicates that the individual/decision maker not only applies his/her intuition but also verifies it through using data-driven approaches (such as data analytics). Some of this work resulted from research examining how well do executives trust their intuition.
Categories: Business & Economics