Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin

Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin

The book has a common theme, namely the adjustment of labor markets to exogenous shocks, particularly those externally induced. The unifying focus in on workers whose specific skills in an industry or firm render them relatively immobile.

Author: Peter Chinloy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UCSD:31822002970929

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 498

Peter T. Chinloy and Ernst W. Stromsdorfer I. Background to Adjustments in Labor Markets The book examines the process of adjustment in labor markets across countries arising from external shocks and shifts in international competi tiveness. The examination of specific countries and their data permits a comparison of alternative institutions for compensating and redeploying labor. Four countries are involved, whose labor markets are both competi tive and complementary: Canada, Japan, Mexico, and the United States. Both public labor market institutions, such as direct government com~ pensation of displaced workers and the effect of unemployment insurance, and private market arrangements, such as em loyer-employee agreements on layoffs, the work contract, and severance pay, are considered. Compara tive examination across countries of labor market and related insitutions is thus possible. The book has a common theme, namely the adjustment of labor markets to exogenous shocks, particularly those externally induced. The unifying focus in on workers whose specific skills in an industry or firm render them relatively immobile.
Categories: Business & Economics

Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin

Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin

Until the supply of labor adjusts to the changes in the marginal revenue product of labor in the various sectors, ... Consequently, employment and output fall and, with a fixed labor force, unemployment rises following a shift in the ...

Author: Peter Chinloy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400932517

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 270

View: 410

Peter T. Chinloy and Ernst W. Stromsdorfer I. Background to Adjustments in Labor Markets The book examines the process of adjustment in labor markets across countries arising from external shocks and shifts in international competi tiveness. The examination of specific countries and their data permits a comparison of alternative institutions for compensating and redeploying labor. Four countries are involved, whose labor markets are both competi tive and complementary: Canada, Japan, Mexico, and the United States. Both public labor market institutions, such as direct government com~ pensation of displaced workers and the effect of unemployment insurance, and private market arrangements, such as em loyer-employee agreements on layoffs, the work contract, and severance pay, are considered. Compara tive examination across countries of labor market and related insitutions is thus possible. The book has a common theme, namely the adjustment of labor markets to exogenous shocks, particularly those externally induced. The unifying focus in on workers whose specific skills in an industry or firm render them relatively immobile.
Categories: Business & Economics

Employment Security and Labor Market Flexibility

Employment Security and Labor Market Flexibility

The Search for Labour Market Flexibility — The European Economics in Transition , Oxford . Chinloy , Peter T. , and Ernst Stromsdorfer eds . ( 1987 ) . Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin , Boston . Dore , Ronald ( 1986 ) .

Author: Kazuyoshi Kōshiro

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 0814320791

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 180

View: 361

Comparison of wage flexibility as well as numerical and functional flexibility among these countries were examined by both qualitative and quantitative analyses. The labor market cannot be treated in the same way as other markets because it deals directly with human beings who are less likely to obey the immutable laws of the market mechanism. Nevertheless, Kazutoshi Koshiro asserts that it is still important to build a framework on which to understand and assess the role of labor flexibility in the competitive process, and it is with this framework in mind that these chapters have been assembled into one volume
Categories: Business & Economics

Pacific Basin Industries in Distress

Pacific Basin Industries in Distress

Rather it is a reflection of the government's view that the time is right to give a positive boost to the ongoing process of upgrading technology and spreading the base of industrial structure . Labor Market Adjustment .

Author: Hugh Patrick

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231513828

Category: Political Science

Page: 482

View: 382

Pacific Basin Industries in Distress
Categories: Political Science

Immigration Trade and the Labor Market

Immigration  Trade  and the Labor Market

The Impact of International Trade Shocks on Wage Adjustments in Canada. In Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin, ed. P. Chinloy and E. Stromsdorfer, 61-78. Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff. Dickens, William T., with Laura Tyson and John ...

Author: John M. Abowd

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226000961

Category: Political Science

Page: 442

View: 273

Are immigrants squeezing Americans out of the work force? Or is competition wth foreign products imported by the United States an even greater danger to those employed in some industries? How do wages and unions fare in foreign-owned firms? And are the media's claims about the number of illegal immigrants misleading? Prompted by the growing internationalization of the U.S. labor market since the 1970s, contributors to Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market provide an innovative and comprehensive analysis of the labor market impact of the international movements of people, goods, and capital. Their provocative findings are brought into perspective by studies of two other major immigrant-recipient countries, Canada and Australia. The differing experiences of each nation stress the degree to which labor market institutions and economic policies can condition the effect of immigration and trade on economic outcomes Contributors trace the flow of immigrants by comparing the labor market and migration behavior of individual immigrants, explore the effects of immigration on wages and employment by comparing the composition of the work force in local labor markets, and analyze the impact of trade on labor markets in different industries. A unique data set was developed especially for this study—ranging from an effort to link exports/imports with wages and employment in manufacturing industries, to a survey of illegal Mexican immigrants in the San Diego area—which will prove enormously valuable for future research.
Categories: Political Science

Paying for Productivity

Paying for Productivity

First , many of the so - called unique features of Japanese labor markets became widespread only after the mid - 1950s.3 Cultural and ... eds . , Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin ( Boston : Kluwer - Nijhoff , 1987 ) . pp .

Author: Alan S. Blinder

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815717121

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 967

Will higher pay provide an incentive for better work? Can productivity be increased by changing the way workers are compensated? In response to the urgent need to improve productivity performance in American industry, leading economists examine alternative compensation schemes to assess their efficiency in raising productivity. Over the years a number of suggestions have been made for improving labor productivity by changing the manner in which laborers are compensated for their efforts. The ideas presented and analyzed in this volume have all been put into practice, in modified form or on a small scale, in the United States or elsewhere. Some are new; others quite old. David I. Levine and Laura D'Andrea Tyson consider the effects of employee participation in decisionmaking on firm performance, and Martin L. Weitzman and Douglas L. Kruse discuss the implications of profit sharing and related forms of pay for group performance. Michael A. Conte and Jan Svejnar analyze employee stock ownership plans in the United States and other forms of worker ownership in Europe; Masanore Hashimoto uses a transaction-cost perspective to assess Japanese employment and wage systems. Daniel J. B. Mitchell, David Lewin, and Edward E. Lawler III give an overall analysis of traditional and alternative pay systems, their history, development, and curent use, and recommend further experimentation with alternative compensation plans to ensure more adaptability on the part of U.S. firms. Blinder provides an overview of the findings and conclusions.
Categories: Business & Economics

Pay at Risk

Pay at Risk

Presented at the conference, “Institutions, Markets and Economic Performance: Deregulation and its Consequences. ... In Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin, Peter T. Chinloy and Ernst W. Stromsdorfer, eds.

Author: John A. Turner

Publisher: W.E. Upjohn Institute

ISBN: 9780880992220

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 211

View: 600

Categories: Business & Economics

Agricultural Wage Growth and Rural Labour Market Adjustment

Agricultural Wage Growth and Rural Labour Market Adjustment

Markets and Famines, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987. R. TYERS. P. PHILLIPS AND P. DRYSDALE. Projecting Matrices of International Trade Flows: The Case of Australian and Pacific Basin Trade", Journal of Economics and International ...

Author: S. K. Jayasuriya

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822006451595

Category: Agricultural laborers

Page: 56

View: 770

Categories: Agricultural laborers

Dynamic Human Resource Systems

Dynamic Human Resource Systems

Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin. Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff:33-60. Hashimoto, M. and Raisian, J. (1987b): “Aspects of Labor Market Flexibility in Japan and the United States.” Revision of Paper presented at the International ...

Author: James P. Begin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110813159

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 397

View: 562

The goal of this work was to use these cross-national comparisons to better understand how human resource policies operate to affect firm performance, not as individual practices, but as bundles of interacting practices that have positive effects on both productivity and the quality of life of workers.
Categories: Business & Economics

Economic Competition Restructuring and Worker Dislocation

Economic Competition  Restructuring  and Worker Dislocation

Bloom , H. Estimating the Long - Run Effects of Job Training Using Longitudinal Earnings Data . Cambridge , MA : John F. Kennedy ... Chinloy , P.T. and E. W. Stromsdorfer ( Editors ) Labor Market Adjustments in the Pacific Basin .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000042425110

Category: Economic stabilization

Page: 156

View: 452

Categories: Economic stabilization