Language Evolution and Developmental Impairments

Language Evolution and Developmental Impairments

I argue in this work that further progress of research on developmental language impairments can only be achieved by making use of new insights about the evolution of language, and therefore I aim to cover the combined field of ...

Author: Arild Lian

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137587466

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 306

View: 535

This book gives an account of developmental language impairment from the perspective of language evolution. Components of language acquisition and specific language impairments can be mapped to stages in the evolutionary trajectory of language. Lian argues that the learning of procedural skills by early ancestors has served as pre-adaptation of grammar. The evolutionary perspective gives rise to a re-evaluation of developmental impairment with respect to diagnostic terminology and methods of treatment. Chapters within cover topics such as dyslexia, the cultural mediation of language evolution and the cross-modality of language. Turn-taking in marmoset monkeys is considered as a pre-adaptation to dialogue in humans, and the role of infant-caregiver interactions is discussed. Language Evolution and Developmental Impairments will be of interest to linguists, psychologists and neurobiologists interested in the intersection of these subjects, as well as scholars of language acquisition and language impairment.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences MITECS

The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences  MITECS

The differential diagnosis of developmental language impairments is based on behavioral evaluations that include ... Language Evolution See EVOLUTION OF LANGUAGE ; LANGUAGE VARIATION AND CHANGE Language Impairment , Developmental It has ...

Author: Robert A. Wilson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262731444

Category: Psychology

Page: 1096

View: 191

Since the 1970s the cognitive sciences have offered multidisciplinary ways of understanding the mind and cognition. The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (MITECS) is a landmark, comprehensive reference work that represents the methodological and theoretical diversity of this changing field. At the core of the encyclopedia are 471 concise entries, from Acquisition and Adaptationism to Wundt and X-bar Theory. Each article, written by a leading researcher in the field, provides an accessible introduction to an important concept in the cognitive sciences, as well as references or further readings. Six extended essays, which collectively serve as a roadmap to the articles, provide overviews of each of six major areas of cognitive science: Philosophy; Psychology; Neurosciences; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. For both students and researchers, MITECS will be an indispensable guide to the current state of the cognitive sciences.
Categories: Psychology

Current Issues in Developmental Disorders

Current Issues in Developmental Disorders

Nevertheless, developmental language disorders, which are the focus of Hellal and Lorch's chapter, were actually being ... Broca's pioneering work on aphasia) and in language acquisition as a means of shedding light on the evolution of ...

Author: Chloe Marshall

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781848720848

Category: PSYCHOLOGY

Page: 221

View: 713

Cognitive development in children is a highly complex process which, while remarkably resilient, can be disrupted in a variety of ways. This volume focuses on two types of neurodevelopmental disorder: syndromic conditions such as fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome and velocardiofacial syndrome; and non-syndromic conditions including dyslexia, specific language impairment, autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. This book provides a state-of-the-art review of current research and covers key topics across the full range of developmental disorders. Topics covered include: diagnosis and comorbidity genetics longitudinal studies computational models distinguishing disorder from disadvantage language and culture the modern beginnings of research into developmental disorders The book also looks at how the study of developmental disorders has contributed to our understanding of typical development, and themes emerge that are common across chapters, including intervention and education, and the neurobiological bases of developmental disorders. The result is a fascinating and thought-provoking volume that will be indispensable to advanced students, researchers and practitioners in the fields of developmental psychology, neuropsychology, speech and language therapy, and developmental disorders.
Categories: PSYCHOLOGY

Understanding Language and Literacy Development

Understanding Language and Literacy Development

Communication Sciences and Disorders: From Science to Clinical Practice. nantly Spanish-speaking, and Spanish– ... and S. Goldin-Meadows (eds), The Nature and Functions of Gesture in Chilgesture can tell us about language evolution?

Author: Xiao-lei Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118885901

Category: Education

Page: 480

View: 974

Understanding Language and Literacy Development: Diverse Learners in the Classroom offers effective supporting strategies to address the cultural and linguistic diversity of students in contemporary classrooms. Discusses learners with different linguistic abilities—infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence—by suggesting effective ways to reach them based on their strengths and needs Emphasizes language and literacy supporting strategies in a variety of everyday classroom settings Includes activities and questions to motivate readers to think and develop their own perspectives on language and literacy development Considers a variety of different language acquisition experiences, including monolingual, multilingual, and language impairment Discusses different types of literacies, including digital and hypertext Connects language and literacy development to identity and motivation to contextualize learning styles for pre-service teachers Supported by a companion website that includes additional resources such as PowerPoint presentations by chapter and a summary of relevant information from the Common Core K–12 English Language Arts Standards
Categories: Education

Language Evolution

Language Evolution

More specifically, finding that a robust link exists between developmental disorders and evolutionary history, they argue that this link 'allows language disorders to be used as real windows onto the evolution of the neuronal substrate ...

Author: Rudolf Botha

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107135130

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 318

View: 315

Addresses the question: how can we unravel the evolution of language, given that there is no direct evidence about it?
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Brain Lateralization and Developmental Disorders

Brain Lateralization and Developmental Disorders

Regarding the phylogenetic development, the widely supported view today is that limb preferences represent a common ... Regarding the evolution of language lateralization, there are two major views: one is that lateralization of ...

Author: Ivanka V. Asenova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351376020

Category: Psychology

Page: 180

View: 660

Brain Lateralization and Developmental Disorders provides a comprehensive review of key findings and speculations from previous research on atypical cerebral lateralization in the most common neurodevelopmental disorders: stuttering, dyslexia, autism and intellectual disability. Emphasis is placed on recent studies, as well as descriptions of the author’s personal research which will provide a promising new direction for future research on these issues. In this text, Asenova presents four separate studies aiming to examine hemispheric asymmetries in neurodevelopmental disorders. These include the subtypes of developmental stuttering, the subtypes of developmental dyslexia, mild, non-syndromic intellectual disability with comorbid speech and language deficits and autism spectrum disorder with comorbid severe language impairment. The use of uniform research methods, including dichotic verbal perception tasks and lateral preference performance tests, has led to findings that suggest that this new approach could be a key factor in overcoming the ambiguity of findings from previous studies. By focusing on the discussion of key issues concerning the role of atypical laterality in the genesis of neurodevelopmental psychopathology in both past research and Asenova’s own studies, Brain Lateralization and Developmental Disorders is a valuable reading for students and researchers in neurodevelopmental psychopathology, as well as in developmental neuropsychology and developmental neuroscience.
Categories: Psychology

Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language

Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language

The study of developmental disorders is well placed to provide important new clues on clarifying the problem of language evolution, but has been hampered by a lack of consensus on the aims and interpretation of the research project.

Author: Brigitte Stemmer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080564913

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 512

View: 167

In the last ten years the neuroscience of language has matured as a field. Ten years ago, neuroimaging was just being explored for neurolinguistic questions, whereas today it constitutes a routine component. At the same time there have been significant developments in linguistic and psychological theory that speak to the neuroscience of language. This book consolidates those advances into a single reference. The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language provides a comprehensive overview of this field. Divided into five sections, section one discusses methods and techniques including clinical assessment approaches, methods of mapping the human brain, and a theoretical framework for interpreting the multiple levels of neural organization that contribute to language comprehension. Section two discusses the impact imaging techniques (PET, fMRI, ERPs, electrical stimulation of language cortex, TMS) have made to language research. Section three discusses experimental approaches to the field, including disorders at different language levels in reading as well as writing and number processing. Additionally, chapters here present computational models, discuss the role of mirror systems for language, and cover brain lateralization with respect to language. Part four focuses on language in special populations, in various disease processes, and in developmental disorders. The book ends with a listing of resources in the neuroscience of language and a glossary of items and concepts to help the novice become acquainted with the field. Editors Stemmer & Whitaker prepared this book to reflect recent developments in neurolinguistics, moving the book squarely into the cognitive neuroscience of language and capturing the developments in the field over the past 7 years. History section focuses on topics that play a current role in neurolinguistics research, aphasia syndromes, and lesion analysis Includes section on neuroimaging to reflect the dramatic changes in methodology over the past decade Experimental and clinical section reflects recent developments in the field
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders Diagnosis Development and Brain Mechanisms

Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders  Diagnosis  Development  and Brain Mechanisms

A comparative study of infantile autism and specific developmental receptive language disorder: I. The children. ... In A. Meltzoff & W. Prinz (Eds.), The imitative mind: Development, evolution, and brain basis. (pp. 163–182).

Author: Fred R. Volkmar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118107027

Category: Psychology

Page: 672

View: 915

The newest edition of the most comprehensive handbook on autism and related disorders Since the original edition was first published more than a quarter of a century ago, The Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Volume 1: Diagnosis, Development, and Brain Mechanisms, has been the most influential reference work in the field of autism and related conditions. The new, updated Fourth Edition takes into account the changes in the disorders' definitions in the DSM-V and ICD-10 that may have profound implications for diagnosis and, by extension, access to services. Along with providing practical clinical advice--including the role of psychopharmacology in treatment—the handbook codifies the ever-expanding current body of research throughout both volumes , offering a wealth of information on the epidemiology of autism and the genetic, environmental, biochemical, social, and neuropathological aspects of the disorder. Volume 1 includes: Information on outcomes in adults with autism spectrum disorders A range of issues and interventions important from infancy, though adolescence and beyond for individuals with autism spectrum disorders Current information about play development, including skills, object play, and interventions Coverage of the state of genetic, biochemical, and neuropathological autism research Chapters on psychopharmacology and medical care in autism and related conditions The new edition includes the relevant updates to help readers stay abreast of the state of this rapidly evolving field and gives them a guide to separate the wheat from the chaff as information about autism proliferates.
Categories: Psychology

Handbook of Educational Psychology

Handbook of Educational Psychology

Relations among maternal, child, and demographic factors and the persistence of preschool language impairment. ... The evolution of human speech: Its anatomical and neural bases. ... Language evolution and human development.

Author: Lyn Corno

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317420569

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 567

The third edition of the Handbook of Educational Psychology is sponsored by Division 15 of the American Psychological Association. In this volume, thirty chapters address new developments in theory and research methods while honoring the legacy of the field’s past. A diverse group of recognized scholars within and outside the U.S. provide integrative reviews and critical syntheses of developments in the substantive areas of psychological inquiry in education, functional processes for learning, learner readiness and development, building knowledge and subject matter expertise, and the learning and task environment. New chapters in this edition cover topics such as learning sciences research, latent variable models, data analytics, neuropsychology, relations between emotion, motivation, and volition (EMOVO), scientific literacy, sociocultural perspectives on learning, dialogic instruction, and networked learning. Expanded treatment has been given to relevant individual differences, underlying processes, and new research on subject matter acquisition. The Handbook of Educational Psychology, Third Edition, provides an indispensable reference volume for scholars in education and the learning sciences, broadly conceived, as well as for teacher educators, practicing teachers, policy makers and the academic libraries serving these audiences. It is also appropriate for graduate level courses in educational psychology, human learning and motivation, the learning sciences, and psychological research methods in education and psychology.
Categories: Education

Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

1227), “developmental disorders are particularly well placed to yield insight into evolution of language by providing insight into both halves of the equation: that which is unique to language, and that which is not.

Author: Derek Bickerton

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262013567

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 471

View: 818

Interdisciplinary perspectives on the evolutionary and biological roots of syntax, describing current research on syntax in fields ranging from linguistics to neurology. Syntax is arguably the most human-specific aspect of language. Despite the proto-linguistic capacities of some animals, syntax appears to be the last major evolutionary transition in humans that has some genetic basis. Yet what are the elements to a scenario that can explain such a transition? In this book, experts from linguistics, neurology and neurobiology, cognitive psychology, ecology and evolutionary biology, and computer modeling address this question. Unlike most previous work on the evolution of language, Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax follows through on a growing consensus among researchers that language can be profitably separated into a number of related and interacting but largely autonomous functions, each of which may have a distinguishable evolutionary history and neurological base. The contributors argue that syntax is such a function.The book describes the current state of research on syntax in different fields, with special emphasis on areas in which the findings of particular disciplines might shed light on problems faced by other disciplines. It defines areas where consensus has been established with regard to the nature, infrastructure, and evolution of the syntax of natural languages; summarizes and evaluates contrasting approaches in areas that remain controversial; and suggests lines for future research to resolve at least some of these disputed issues. Contributors Andrea Baronchelli, Derek Bickerton, Dorothy V. M. Bishop, Denis Bouchard, Robert Boyd, Jens Brauer, Ted Briscoe, David Caplan, Nick Chater, Morten H. Christiansen, Terrence W.Deacon, Francesco d'Errico, Anna Fedor, Julia Fischer, Angela D. Friederici, Tom Givón, Thomas Griffiths, Balázs Gulyás, Peter Hagoort, Austin Hilliard, James R. Hurford, Péter Ittzés, Gerhard Jäger, Herbert Jäger, Edith Kaan, Simon Kirby, Natalia L. Komarova, Tatjana Nazir, Frederick Newmeyer, Kazuo Okanoya, Csaba Plèh, Peter J. Richerson, Luigi Rizzi, Wolf Singer, Mark Steedman, Luc Steels, Szabolcs Számadó, Eörs Szathmáry, Maggie Tallerman, Jochen Triesch, Stephanie Ann White
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines