Besides giving a detailed chronological description of the events, the book tries to find answers to these questions.
Author: Norbert Számvéber
Publisher: Peko Publishing
In the last phase of the Second World War the Sixth Panzer Army was the last army available to the German military leadership which was more or less intact and was capable of launching a major offensive. After it had been withdrawn from the Western front in the aftermath of the failed Ardennes counter offensive, it was replenished with men and gears as fully as was possible in the given circumstances, and as a result it almost regained its 1944 autumn strength. It would not have been a surprise if it had been deployed on German territory against the Allied troops advancing to Rhine, or in Silesia or in the Baltics or even if it had been sent as a reinforcement to the Army Group Vistula to defend the distant approaches to Berlin against the advancing Soviet army - reinforcement and fresh troops capable of launching counter offensives were desperately needed everywhere. But it happened otherwise: the Sixth Army was deployed in Hungary and participated in the Operation Spring Awakening, launched in the western part of the country on 6th of March, 1945. This was the last German "big offensive" in the course of the Second World War. Several questions come to mind about the operation. What were the goals originally set to be achieved by this seemingly pointless attack? What role was assigned to the once formidable German Panzer Corps? Is it true that the Soviet command used the same defense directives as had been used during the battle of Kursk in 1943 because they had proved to be viable then? What types of tanks and armored vehicles fight in West Hungary and in what numbers? How did the American made M4A2 tanks manned by Soviet crews fare against the much heavier German Panther and Tiger B tanks on the Hungarian soil? What were the losses on both sides in tanks and armored vehicles? To what extent can be the prompt and powerful response of the Soviet side - the offensive towards Vienna - evaluated as being successful? How did the Germans, the Soviets, the Hungarians and the Bulgarians use their tanks and armored vehicles in this operation? Besides giving a detailed chronological description of the events, the book tries to find answers to these questions. The facts extracted from the operational documents of the fighting sides have been supplemented with excerpts from diaries and memoirs, and even the maps have been drawn on the basis of the original ones. The author has explored some new archival sources kept in Russian archives and also incorporated some published Russian materials into his research that was neglected up until now by other researchers, along with some newly published German memoirs - all this has made possible to create a narrative of the events related to us by the author in hitherto unprecedented detail.
The book's authoritative text is supported by photographs and color battle maps. This is a very important new study that throws much-needed light on armored warfare on the Eastern Front during the final months of the war.
Author: Nortbert Számvéber
Publisher: Helion and Company
Days of Battle describes a hitherto neglected part of the military history of Hungary during World War II. Dr Norbert Számvéber the presents detailed accounts of four important clashes of German-Hungarian and Soviet armor north of the river Danube, in the southern territory of the historical Upper Hungary (part of Hungary between 1938 and 1945, at the present time now part of Slovakia) in three separate studies. The first is an account of the battle between the Ipoly and Garam rivers during the second half of December 1944, in which the élite Hungarian Division "Szent László" saw action for the first time. The second study is about the fierce tank battle of Komárom, fought between the 6-22 January 1945. This was an integral part of the Battle for Budapest, parallel in time with Operation "Konrad". The third part of the book describes the combat during the German Operation "Südwind" in February 1945 and the Soviet attack launched in the direction of Bratislava in March 1945. The author, chief of Hungary's military archives, has based his research firmly on files and documentation from German, Hungarian and Soviet sources. The book's authoritative text is supported by photographs and color battle maps. This is a very important new study that throws much-needed light on armored warfare on the Eastern Front during the final months of the war.
When Szálasi came to power as the Germans ' very last resort , the Red Army
was already deep in Hungary , winning a crucial tank battle some one hundred
miles east of the Hungarian capital . Early in The Siege of Budapest , Ungváry ...
In March the last great panzer battle took place, although not in Poland or
Germany, but Hungary. In midJanuary the 4th SS Panzerkorps had narrowly
failed to relieve the besieged garrison trapped in the Hungarian capital,
Author: Mike Syron
Publisher: Hachette UK
For many people the very image of Blitzkrieg is of massed columns of tanks sweeping through Europe, smashing all resistance and leaving a trail of devastation in their wake. Indeed, it was the Panzers' achievements in battle that were largely responsible for Germany's early run of success in the Second World War and, once the tide of war began to turn against the Reich, the Panzers subsequently became the backbone of its defence. The dramatic story of Hitler's tank divisions is brought to life in this authoritative narrative. Panzerkrieg vividly describes the evolution, exploits and eventual destruction of this superlative fighting force in immensely readable fashion. Particularly accessible to the general reader who wants to know more about Germany's Second World War tank forces, the authors dispense with technical jargon and pedantic detail to give a comprehensive overview of all aspects of the subject, both human and technical. The book gives particular emphasis to the men who fought in and led the Panzer divisions: great generals like Guderian, Rommel and Manstein, tank masters like Wittmann and Bake, and inspired commanders like Balck and Bayerlein. The whole vast canvas of the war emerges from this narrative, as it follows the titanic struggles which ranged between the bocage country of France, the desert wastes of North Africa, and the limitless steppes of Russia. The evolution of German fighting vehicles and tactics is fully charted, and the many myths, fallacies and misconceptions that have grown up around the Panzerwaffe are exploded. Extensive research, reference to the memoirs of the leading participants, and original new conclusions all contribute to a comprehensive account that critically examines the achievements, failures, and ultimate legacy of the Panzer divisions. Features INCLUDE: The secret pre-war birth and development of the Panzerwaffe The lightning campaigns in Poland and France The four bloody years of the Russian campaign, the greatest clash of arms the world has ever seen The exploits of Rommel and his Africa Corps Hitler's increasingly disastrous influence on the Panzerwaffe Disputes between the Panzer officers and their High Command Portraits of the Panzerwaffe's leaders Detailed analysis of the great tank battles such as Kursk and the Battle of the Bulge, with clear maps Comparative rank and organizational charts Information on the technical evolution of Germany's armoured fighting vehicles, including the development of the mighty Tigers and Panthers Unique sections on uniforms, crew functions and how German tanks were built Rare coverage of how the Panzer leaders fared after the war The legacy of the Panzers
Waffen-SS Panzer Battles in the West, 1944-1945 Tim Ripley. CHAPTER 16 ...
This time their Führer wanted his panzer élite to turn back the Soviet spearheads
that had overrun Hungary and were threatening the Third Reich ' s last oilfields .
Author: Tim Ripley
Publisher: Spellmount, Limited Publishers
This miltary history gives the reader an account of the battles fought by the panzer divisions of the Waffen-SS, amongst one of the finest units in Germany. The author takes us from D-day to Arnhem, and through to the Battle of the Bulge.
This edition is lavishly illustrated with over a hundred rare photographs of destroyed or disabled German armor taken shortly after the battle by a Soviet inspection team, besides other photographs and specially commissioned color maps.
Author: Aleksei Isaev
In March 1945 the German Wehrmacht undertook its final attempt to change the course of the war by launching a counteroffensive in the area of Lake Balaton, Hungary. Here, the best panzer forces of the Third Reich and the elite of the Panzerwaffe were assembled - the panzer divisions SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler, Das Reich, Totenkopf, Wiking and others, staffed by ardent believers in Nazism and armed with the most up-to-date combat equipment, including up to 900 tanks and self-propelled guns. At the time, this was considered a secondary axis for the Red Army, and thus the troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front had to stop the German counteroffensive with their own forces and could not count upon reinforcements from the Stavka Reserve, which were needed for the decisive storming of Berlin. Relying upon their combat skill and rich combat experience, the Soviet troops carried out this task with honor, stopping the tidal wave of German armor and inflicting a decisive defeat and enormous, irreplaceable losses upon the enemy. The defeat of the Sixth SS Panzer Army became a genuine catastrophe for Germany, and Balaton became the tomb of the Panzerwaffe. In this book, penned by two leading Russian military historians, this major defeat suffered by the Wehrmacht has been described and analyzed for the first time using data from both Soviet and German archives. It focuses not only on Operation Spring Awakening, but also describes the preceding Konrad offensives conducted by the Germans in the effort to come to the aid of the encircled and desperate German and fascist Hungarian defenders of Budapest. This edition is lavishly illustrated with over a hundred rare photographs of destroyed or disabled German armor taken shortly after the battle by a Soviet inspection team, besides other photographs and specially commissioned color maps.
Kämpfe um Ungarn / Okt. 1944 - März 1945 The battle of Hungary Oct 44 —
March 1945 Von Mitte Sept. 44 bis Juni ... From the middle of September 1944
until June 1945 Lt Gen Eberhard THUNERT commanded the 1st Panzer Div . ...
Rgt . 113 ( Kgr . BRADEL ) zusammen mit dem Pz.Rgt . 1 , den Pionieren und
Aufklärern , unterstützt durch das Pz.A.R. 73 die Hauptlast dieser schweren
The last mentioned commander of the 12th Panzer Regiment was responsible for
destroying 250 tanks in two months of fighting . In his last tank battle he was
seriously wounded when his last Panzer was destroyed and was captured (
Bender , Taylor , 119 , V . 3 ) . But as ... Hungary. ,. south. of. Lake. Balaton. and.
the. Budapest. area. ,. and with the little equipment they had , fought well . The
Author: Karl H. Theile
Publisher: University Press of Amer
This is a comprehensive description and analysis of the 38 Combat-SS Divisions. The author was granted unparalleled access to all SS personnel files housed in the Document Center in Berlin, as well as interviews with veterans who served in these units. The result of this painstaking research is the most definitive work on the Combat-SS to be published in English. The author seeks to present facts that will correct the mythology and propaganda surrounding the 38 Combat-SS divisions since 1945. Contents: Setting the Stage; The Political-Military Heritage; The Formative Years; Unreadiness; Command, Strategy, Operations, Tactics, and Training; A New Elite Formation: The Birth of the Combat-SS; The Start of Armageddon to the Goetterdaemmerung: The W-SS; Atrocities During WW II: Fact or Fiction? The Military Trials and Justice; Appendix; Bibliography.
Using documents from German, American, and Hungarian archives, and previously unpublished photographs, the author describes Hitler's obsession with the Hungarian oilfields near Nagykanisza and how it influenced his military and political ...
Author: Perry Pierik
Publisher: Aspekt B V Uitgeverij
Category: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Using documents from German, American, and Hungarian archives, and previously unpublished photographs, the author describes Hitler's obsession with the Hungarian oilfields near Nagykanisza and how it influenced his military and political actions. He also discusses the tragic extradition of the Hungarian Jews by SS-commander Eichmann.
SS - Panzer Division " Leibstandarte " by Ralf Tieman , Schiffer Publishing Ltd. ,
Atglen , Pa . , 1998 , 298 pp . , $ 29.95 . ... Panzer Regiment , including command
of the 7th Company during its formation and again during the Battle of Kursk . ...
An example is the final offensive in Hungary and withdrawal into Austria in 1945
At last withdrawn to Tarnopol and then to Germany to rest and refit in May 1944 ,
the 6th Panzer was reorganized as a ... Later , the now burned - out division was
sent to Hungary , where it fought in the battles around Budapest , in the Lake ...
Author: Samuel W. Mitcham
Publisher: Stackpole Books
Hitler's tank divisions were some of his most feared troops and most lethal weapons during World War II. From success to failure, in victory and defeat, each division played a role in Hitler's campaign against the Allies. This is the first guide to chronicle the history of each division from its inception to its destruction. With painstaking research and attention to detail, Mitcham describes the formation and organization of each, then discusses its overall combat history. He also includes a career sketch of every panzer divisional commander. Includes a comprehensive index of individuals, units, battles, and campaigns.
Soviet Army Communiqué on the Transdanubian Battles of the End of March ,
Beginning of April 1945 24th MARCH 1945 The ... They committed to battle
several hundred tanks , assault guns , troop carrying panzer vehicles , great
numbers of ...
German ultimatum to Hungary because of her reluctance to put Hungarian troops
under German command . 24 . Guderian orders ... Tank battle near Debrecen .
Three Soviet corps ... Final destruction of the Ardennes salient . 5 . Malinovsky ' s
Author: Eddy Bauer
Category: World War, 1939-1945
You now have the opportunity to visit or revisit the Second World War through the Marshall Cavendish Illustrated Encyclopedia of World War II. This lavishly presented, clearly written, judicious work brings the war alive through thousands of full color photographs and is made even more interesting due to the emphasis put on those aspects of greatest concern to Americans. - Foreword.
Author: Samuel W. Mitcham Jr.Publish On: 2007-01-23
Details the massive battles on the Eastern Front from the summer of 1944 until the fall of Budapest in early 1945 The last place a German soldier wanted to be in 1944 was the Russian front.
Author: Samuel W. Mitcham Jr.
Publisher: Stackpole Books
Details the massive battles on the Eastern Front from the summer of 1944 until the fall of Budapest in early 1945 The last place a German soldier wanted to be in 1944 was the Russian front. That summer, Stalin hurled more than 6 million men, 9,000 tanks, 16,000 aircraft, and 12,800 guns and rocket launchers against German forces.
Chapter Nine Unreliable Allies The crews sat with their tank engines idling ; they
had just moved up to their fighting positions east of the Romanian town of Arad .
One of ... This was the last independent action by the Hungarian Army during the
Second World War and one of the very few ... Although Arad fell on 13 September
the Hungarians were soon engaged in a violent six - day battle with the turncoat ...
Author: Anthony Tucker-Jones
Category: Military weapons
The prowess of the German panzers is the stuff of legend, but it is not generally known that Hitler stole thousands of British, Czech, French, Italian, Polish, and Soviet tanks and armored fighting vehicles to feed his war machine. At its height, more than 25 percent of the German tank fleet was of foreign origin. In this meticulously research investigation, Anthony Tucker-Jones tells this hitherto unrecorded story, describing how captured fighting vehicles were reused by the German military throughout World War II.
Wohler commanded the last major German counteroffensive of the war, code-
named FRUENLINGSERwACHEN (AwAKENING SPRING). ... Soon after this
failure, Wohler was forced to retreat from Hungary into Austria, prompting Hitler to
relieve him from command on 7 April 1945. In 1948, Wohler ... Mellenthin, F. W. Panzer Battles: A Study of the Employment of Armor in the Second World War.
Each unit as it advanced was to disarm all troops of the Hungarian Army , Air
Force and Danube Flotilla found on its ... A . Two Battle Groups to be supplied by
G . H . Q . Süd - Ost : 1 . Group Süd : Battle Group A : Grenadier Regiment 92 (
motorised ) . 4th Regiment “ Brandenburg . " SS . Police Regiment 5 . Panzer ABT
... against Germany ' s the Muncheberg Panzer and the 18th and 25th Panzergrenadier wavering Axis satellite , Hungary ... last 31 assault guns
produced on the Alkett assembly lines at Spandau , before that too Right : The last panzer battle is ...
Author: Niall Barr
Publisher: White Lion Publishing
Category: Armored vehicles
The photographs show the panzers at every stage of their development, from the first experimental units in the 1930s through to the final, futile defence of the Reich. The text provides a detailed history of the development of the concept of armoured blitzkrieg and the equipment used by panzer units, with analysis of the relevant campaigns.
His plan for the final battles must by then have been completely drawn up .
Should he modify it in ... transferred the Sixth Panzer Army to Hungary and
embarked upon an offensive presumably with the object of retaking Budapest .
Why , at the ...