Learning and the Development of Cognition Psychology Revivals

Learning and the Development of Cognition  Psychology Revivals

Regulatory mechanisms play an essential part bothin cognitive development andin organic life, sincethey participate intwo processes fundamental to all living activity, which also constitute the two poles of learning: the preservation of ...

Author: Barbel Inhelder

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317673873

Category: Psychology

Page: 308

View: 519

How do children learn and how are new modes of thought developed? These questions have for years been of paramount interest to psychologists and others concerned with the cognitive development of the child. In this major work, originally published in 1974 and reporting on over ten years’ research of the Geneva School, the authors carried the pioneering investigations of Jean Piaget to a new and remarkable level. As Piaget said in his foreword to the book: ‘The novelty of the findings, the clarity of the theoretical interpretation, and the sometimes even excessive caution of the conclusions enable the reader to separate clearly the experimental results from the authors’ theoretical tenets.’ The authors’ learning experiments with children were designed to examine the processes that lead to the acquisition of certain key concepts, such as conservation of matter and length. Detailed study of the progress of each individual subject revealed a number of features characteristic of situations that create conflicts in the child’s mind and certain regularities in the way these conflicts are resolved. Such data threw new light on the dynamics of the development of cognitive structures as well as on basic mechanisms of learning at the time.
Categories: Psychology

Cognitive Styles in Infancy and Early Childhood Psychology Revivals

Cognitive Styles in Infancy and Early Childhood  Psychology Revivals

(a) Nelson, K. Concept, word, and sentence: Interrelations in acquisition and development. ... Odom, R. D., McIntyre, C. W., & Neale, G. S. The influence of cognitive style on perceptual learning, Child Development, 1971, 42, 883-891.

Author: Nathan Kogan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134455652

Category: Psychology

Page: 146

View: 422

Originally published in 1976, here is a comprehensive account of the role of cognitive styles in early childhood. The author considers the possible precursors of these styles in infancy, and offers a new classification scheme that helps to clarify the relation of cognitive styles to ability and intelligence. In separate chapters, field independence–dependence, reflection–impulsivity, breadth of categorization, and styles of conceptualization are examined, along with a chapter on the interrelationships between these styles. The final chapter integrates and critically summarizes the significance of cognitive styles during the early years of life. Throughout the volume the author attempts to link cognitive styles with other theoretical constructs (for example, unilinear versus multilinear models of development, Inhelder and Piaget’s studies of classification stages), and finally, the author advances a set of seven conclusions to reflect the contemporary state of knowledge in regard to the character and function of cognitive styles during the early years of life. This volume provides information about the beginnings of cognitive styles in infancy and the course of their development in preschool years. Research is examined both from the viewpoint of developmental change and individual differences among children. The role of sex differences in cognitive styles is thoroughly examined, and, contrary to earlier claims of ‘no difference’, the author convincingly demonstrates that females manifest clear-cut superiority across a wide band of cognitive functions during the pre-school years.
Categories: Psychology

Piaget Today Psychology Revivals

Piaget Today  Psychology Revivals

In P. H. Mussen (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology, Vol. 3: F. H. Flavell & E. M. Markman (Eds), Cognitive development. New York: Wiley. Gholson, B. (1980). The cognitive-developmental basis of human learning: Studies in hypothesis ...

Author: Barbel Inhelder

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134594818

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 136

Originally published in 1987, the contributors bring their different orientations to the study of child development and genetic epistemology to show the continuing value of Piaget's theory and its fruitfulness in providing insights which permit the advancement of science. This volume contains the proceedings of the VIIth Advanced Course of the "Fondation Archives Jean Piaget", held at the University of Geneva in 1985. The lectures and discussions included in this volume will help the reader to understand Piaget in the context of twentieth-century science and philosophy and to consider the present and future of the theory, as it was seen at the time of original publication.
Categories: Psychology

Textbook of Psychology Psychology Revivals

Textbook of Psychology  Psychology Revivals

Studies of Mind and Brain: Neural Principles of Learning, Perception, Development, Cognition and Motor Control. Boston, MA: D. Reidel. An ambitious book that outlines a mathematical theory of brain function consistent with the ...

Author: D.O. Hebb

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317819745

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 202

Donald Hebb was one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century and the first version of this textbook was written in 1958. This 4th edition, co-authored with Donderi, was originally published in 1987 and the object of the book was to introduce the student to the scientific study of the human mind and behaviour. The authors’ concern was with scientific psychology and fundamental principles. They felt this understanding was the best preparation to following future developments in psychological knowledge and to understand the changes in how that knowledge was applied. Although psychology has developed in many directions since its publication, much of the information in this book is still relevant today.
Categories: Psychology

Rational Emotive Therapy Psychology Revivals

Rational Emotive Therapy  Psychology Revivals

Beck«s (1967, 1976) earlier work appeared to emphasise important early learning experiences in the development of cognitive schemas which leave a person vulnerable to emotional disorders. Howeverin his more recentwork, more emphasisis ...

Author: Windy Dryden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317649748

Category: Psychology

Page: 158

View: 702

Rational-emotive therapy was developed over a number of years from the work of Albert Ellis, who set up the Institute of Rational-Emotive Therapy in New York. As a form of therapy it integrates some of the features of both the behaviour therapies and the more traditional psychotherapies, although its closest links are with cognitive behaviour therapy. Originally published in 1984, this was the first book by a British author on this subject and it brings together all the author’s previous work in this area. Its unique character is that it presents both the fundamentals, based on the work of Ellis, and innovations, developed in part by the author, extending this work. The book therefore combines theory and practice and will be of interest to those in counselling, clinical psychology, psychiatry and social work, as well as those in nursing and occupational therapy.
Categories: Psychology

Learning and the Development of Cognition Psychology Revivals

Learning and the Development of Cognition  Psychology Revivals

In this major work, originally published in 1974 and reporting on over ten years' research of the Geneva School, the authors carried the pioneering investigations of Jean Piaget to a new and remarkable level.

Author: Barbel Inhelder

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1848724497

Category: Psychology

Page: 308

View: 719

How do children learn and how are new modes of thought developed? These questions have for years been of paramount interest to psychologists and others concerned with the cognitive development of the child. In this major work, originally published in 1974 and reporting on over ten years' research of the Geneva School, the authors carried the pioneering investigations of Jean Piaget to a new and remarkable level. As Piaget said in his foreword to the book: 'The novelty of the findings, the clarity of the theoretical interpretation, and the sometimes even excessive caution of the conclusions enable the reader to separate clearly the experimental results from the authors' theoretical tenets.' The authors' learning experiments with children were designed to examine the processes that lead to the acquisition of certain key concepts, such as conservation of matter and length. Detailed study of the progress of each individual subject revealed a number of features characteristic of situations that create conflicts in the child's mind and certain regularities in the way these conflicts are resolved. Such data threw new light on the dynamics of the development of cognitive structures as well as on basic mechanisms of learning at the time.
Categories: Psychology

Radical Approaches to Social Skills Training Psychology Revivals

Radical Approaches to Social Skills Training  Psychology Revivals

We can now tackle the associated developmental question in a true Vigotskyanfashion. Learning is theprivatization of features of publiccollective episodes of mutual engagement, andindividual cognitive processes are just as Plato thought ...

Author: Peter Trower

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317932505

Category: Psychology

Page: 354

View: 764

Originally published in 1984, one of the few facts that emerged clearly in the beleaguered field of psychology and mental health at the time was the extent of poor social skills in psychiatric patients, the mentally handicapped and problem adolescents. As a result, during the 1970s, social skills training – espoused as a form of behaviour therapy – seemed to offer great promise, based on the notion that social skills, like any other skills, are learnt and can be taught if lacking. However, in evaluating social skills training, many investigators found that skills did not endure and generalise. This book attempts a major re-assessment of social skills training. It examines the underlying paradigms, which are shown to be fundamentally behaviourist. Such paradigms, it is argued, severely constrain the aims and method of current types of training. Thus the book develops what is termed an ‘agency’ approach, based on man as a social agent who actively constructs his own experiences and generates his own goal-directed behaviour on the basis of those constructs. This new model is developed in both theoretical and practical ways in the main body of the book and should, even today, be of great interest to all those involved with social skills training.
Categories: Psychology

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Language Psychology Revivals

The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Language  Psychology Revivals

Baddeley, A. D. (1981) The concept of working memory: A view of its current state and probable future development. Cognition, 10, 17¥23. Baddeley, A. D. (1983) Working ... Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behaviour, 14, 575¥589.

Author: Max Coltheart

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317859963

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 446

Damage to the brain can impair language in many different ways, severely harming some linguistic functions whilst sparing others. To achieve some understanding of the apparently bewildering diversity of language disorders, it is necessary to interpret impaired linguistic performance by relating it to a model of normal linguistic performance. Originally published in 1987, this book describes the application of such models of normal language processing to the interpretation of a wide variety of linguistic disorders. It deals with both the production and the comprehension of language, with language at both the sentence and the single-word level, with written as well as with spoken language and with acquired as well as with developmental disorders.
Categories: Psychology

Culture and Early Interactions Psychology Revivals

Culture and Early Interactions  Psychology Revivals

Prepared under Grant H-8256, Dept, of Health, Education ... Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1968, 9, 31-37. ... Cognitive development in infants of different age levels and from different environmental backgrounds.

Author: Tiffany M. Field

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317658092

Category: Psychology

Page: 266

View: 639

In the late 1960s, after a period of intense acceleration of the pace of research on human infancy, a number of investigators – some anthropologists, some psychologists, some psychiatrists and paediatricians, and even a few ethologists – developed the conviction that certain contributions to the understanding of infancy would come from, and perhaps only come from, cross-cultural and cross-population studies. This book, originally published in 1981, represents part of the first fruit of that conviction, and its impressive range of chapters justifies not only the belief itself but also the several rationales behind it.
Categories: Psychology

The Psychology of Control and Aging Psychology Revivals

The Psychology of Control and Aging  Psychology Revivals

controlstrategies. Child Development, 54, 226–254. Mischel, W. (1973). Toward a cognitive sociallearning reconceptualization of personality. Psychological Review,80, 252–283. Mischel, W. (1974). Processes in delay of gratification.

Author: Margret M. Baltes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317642459

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 197

Originally published in 1986, the central topic of this book is the analysis and application of control-related beliefs and behaviours for theory and practice in the psychology of aging. The volume was written for two specific interrelated purposes aimed at cross-fertilization between the psychology of control and the field of gerontology. The first purpose was to summarise available research and theory on the psychology of control for researchers and professionals interested in gerontology at the time. The second was to enrich the field of the psychology of control.
Categories: Psychology