To increase this book's accessibility, a minimum of mathematical knowledge is assumed.
Author: D H Maling
A classic text and reference work for students, academics and professionals approaching cartometry from a wide range of backgrounds - geography, cartography, forestry and stereology. The author hasd transcended these subject boundaries to produce a definitive and coherent guide to the theory and technique of measuring distance and areas on maps. To increase this book's accessibility, a minimum of mathematical knowledge is assumed.
To better understand and improve your systems, you must measure and map their essential characteristics.
Author: Jerry L. Harbour
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Business & Economics
To better understand and improve your systems, you must measure and map their essential characteristics. Yet, because your systems and their associated processes occur over varying spatial and temporal scales, you will need various types of maps and metrics depending on the level of detail and understanding required.During nearly four decades of ex
13 Map Sense What measurement units would you use to map parts of the
neighborhood ? Visual thinking is at the heart of mapmaking . In this mapping
activity , children have to choose sensible measurement units to use for each
item they ...
Advocates of a ' strategy mapping ' approach to performance measurement
propose formulating performance measurement systems around a diverse set of
financial and non-financial performance measures that are linked to firm-specific
Author: Kenneth Merchant
Category: Business & Economics
What part does customer and employee satisfaction play in overall business success? Management Accountants developing business models must consider this question, especially if they are taking the popular "balanced scorecard" or "strategy mapping" approaches to performance measurement. When doing so, stating cause-and-effect relationships between measurable factors like satisfaction and profitability is common practice. However, few companies test their own hypotheses. If the links are incorrect, these models can actually guide the firm down a path to failure. This report reveals the findings of state-of-the-art interventionist research on a major US homebuilder. The core claims of this company’s business model were positive effects in the future due to improvements in customer and employee satisfaction. Tests were made on the validity of these claims to discover how much we can rely on these factors to improve performance. This report also examines how effective various measurement alternatives are through analysis of data compiled by different consulting companies. The results reveal that the links between satisfaction and performance is less strong and more complex than the company had assumed: these measures cannot be relied upon to guarantee increased performance. Managers must have a sophisticated understanding of performance measurement systems and to test their strategy maps empirically, rather than relying on their intuitions. This report demonstrates how you can achieve both. * State-of-the-art interventionist research: new method in which researchers interact with the subject of the research, monitoring the effects of their input * Helps managers protect their businesses from bad business models through sophisticated understanding of likely causes of success * Shows managers how to analyse data in balanced scorecards and strategy maps to draw reliable conclusions to make the best decisions for their business
Author: George Engelhard Jr.Publish On: 2013-05-07
introduces ideal-type measurement scales as conceptualized by Louis Guttman.
... This view of measurement as the construction of a variable map echoes the
ideal-type views of measurement in the physical sciences, as represented by ...
Author: George Engelhard Jr.
This introductory text describes the principles of invariant measurement, how invariant measurement can be achieved with Rasch models, and how to use invariant measurement to solve measurement problems in the social, behavioral, and health sciences. Rasch models are used throughout but a comparison of Rasch models to other item response theory (IRT) models is also provided. Written with students in mind, the manuscript was class tested to help maximize accessibility. Chapters open with an introduction and close with a summary and discussion. Numerous examples and exercises demonstrate the main issues addressed in each chapter. Key terms are defined when first introduced and in an end-of-text glossary. All of the book’s analyses were conducted with the Facets program. The data sets used in the book, sample syntax files for running the Facets program, Excel files for creating item and person response functions, links to related websites, and other material are available at www.GeorgeEngelhard.com. Highlights include: A strong philosophical and methodological approach to measurement in the human sciences Demonstrations of how measurement problems can be addressed using invariant measurement Practical illustrations of how to create and evaluate scales using invariant measurement A history of measurement based on test-score and scaling traditions Previously unpublished work in analyzing rating data, the detection and measurement of rater errors, and the evaluation of rater accuracy A review of estimation methods, model-data fit, indices used to evaluate the quality of rater-mediated assessments, rater error and bias, and rater accuracy. Intended as a supplementary text for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses on measurement or test theory, item response theory, scaling theory, psychometrics, advanced measurement techniques, research methods, or evaluation research taught in education, psychology, and the social and health sciences, the book also appeals to practitioners and researchers in these fields who develop or use scales and instruments. Only a basic mathematical level is required including a basic course in statistic.
Rethinking the Way We Measure and Drive Organizational Success Dean Spitzer
. 12 “strategy maps.” A strategy map is a visual representation of the
organization's strategy, which provides a discipline for linking objectives in the
Author: Dean Spitzer
Category: Business & Economics
It's no secret that you can't improve your organization's performance without measuring it. In fact, every function, unit, process, and the organization as a whole, is built and run according to the parameters and expectations of its measurement system. So you'd better make sure you're doing it right. All too often, performance measurement creates dysfunction, whether among individuals, teams, or across entire divisions and companies. Most traditional measurement systems actually encourage unhealthy competition for personal gain, creating internal conflict and breeding distrust of performance measurement. Transforming Performance Measurement presents a breakthrough approach that will not only significantly reduce those dysfunctions, but also promote alignment with business strategy, maximize cross-enterprise integration, and help everyone to work collaboratively to drive value throughout your organization. Performance improvement thought leader Dean Spitzer explains why performance measurement should be less about calculations and analysis and more about the crucial social factors that determine how well the measurements get used. His ""socialization of measurement"" process focuses on learning and improvement from measurement, and on the importance of asking such questions as: How well do our measures reflect our business model? How successfully are they driving our strategy? What should we be measuring and not measuring? Are the right people having the right measurement discussions? Performance measurement is a dynamic process that calls for an awareness of the balance necessary between seemingly disparate ideas: the technical and the social aspects of performance measurement. For example, you need technology to manage the flood of data, but you must make sure that it supports the people who will be making decisions and taking action crucial to your organization's success. This book shows you how to design that technical-social balance into your measurement system. While it is urgent to start taking action now, transforming your organization's performance measurement system will take time. Transforming Performance Measurement gives you assessment tools to gauge where you are now and a roadmap for moving, with little or no disruption, to a more "transformational" and mature measurement system. The book also provides 34 TMAPs, Transformational Measurement Action Plans, which suggest both well-accepted and "emergent" measures (in areas such as marketing, human resources, customer service, knowledge management, productivity, information technology, research and development, costing, and more) that you can use right away. In the end, you get what you measure. If you measure the wrong things, you will take your company farther and farther away from its mission and strategic goals. Transforming Performance Measurement tells you not only what to measure, but how to do it -- and in what context -- to make a truly transformational difference in your enterprise.
Use what you have learned about scale drawing to make a detailed map of your
room. Here are some guidelines to help you in the mapmaking process. 1. Using
a standard or metric measure, carefully measure the length and width of your ...
approach to interpreting the results of measurement analyses, and also that he
had made significant contributions to that approach, including enhancements
and adaptations such as kidmaps, fit maps, maps for polytomous items, etc.
Author: Mark Wilson
In this tribute to Benjamin Wright, former students and colleagues recall the foundational contributions he made to the theory and practice of measurement in a career spanning over five decades. Wright is recognized as the foremost proponent of the psychometric approach of Georg Rasch, a Danish mathematician, whose ideas continue to provoke controversy. Wright’s colleagues and students, and students of their students, are leaders in educational research and practice around the world. This volume relates the extent of Wright’s influence far beyond education and psychology, where his work in measurement began, into health care and the social sciences at large. The editors and contributors—all leading measurement scholars—trace the development of themes in Wright’s work, identifying the roots of today’s formative assessment methods, the integration of quantitative and qualitative data, and the contrast between scientific and statistical methods. These previously unpublished papers reflect on Wright’s lifelong passion for making measurement both more scientific and more meaningful. They recount how Wright’s insight, energy, and gregarious nature led him to produce multiple innovations in computing, estimation methods, model development, fit assessment, and reliability theory, stimulating practical applications in dozens of fields, serving on over 120 dissertation committees, and founding several professional societies. The volume includes three reprinted articles by Wright that provide insights into his early engagement with Rasch’s ideas. Psychological and Social Measurement will be welcomed by the broad international measurement community of professionals and researchers working in such diverse fields as education, psychology, health sciences, management, and metrology. Scientists working in any field involving measurement science and technology will appreciate an inside look at this seminal figure and a new perspective on the expanding conversation across the sciences about measurement and the communication of meaningful, transparent information.
a corresponding error of ±5MPa when measuring to a depth of 1mm in a typical
mild steel. ... of biaxial loads (generating elastic strains over the biaxial plane as
complete as possible) are applied and the various MAPS parameters measured.
Author: Gary S. Schajer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
"This comprehensive collection of practical residual stress measurement techniques is written by world-renowned experts in their respective fields. It provides the reader with the information needed to understand key concepts and to make informed technical decisions. Fully illustrated throughout, each chapter is written by invited specialists and presents chapters on hole-drilling and ring-coring, deep hole drilling, slitting, contour method measurements, X-ray/synchrotron/neutron diffraction, ultrasonics, Barkhausen noise and optical measurement techniques"--
Regional or Group MAPs MAP services are staff-intensive for NBS when each
participant is served separately. ... The Measurement Assurance Committee of
the National Conference of Standards Laboratories (NCSL) has been active in ...
CHAPTER 9 Objectives before Measures The previous chapters have been
dealing with the structure of strategy maps and the identification of the objectives
in those maps . The emphasis has been on objectives , rather than measures .
Author: Phil Jones
Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Business & Economics
For anyone involved in strategy and performance, Strategy Mapping for Learning Organizations is a detailed guide to developing, rolling out and managing strategy. It incorporates the latest strategic thinking on strategy maps and modern balanced scorecards. Illustrated by examples from both commercial and not for profit organizations, it explains the underlying thinking and techniques that help organizations to manage with greater flexibility and agility. Applying even the basic techniques in this book will move your balanced scorecard from an operational tool, to one of strategy and change. More advanced organizations can use this book to learn from their strategy, become more agile, and so succeed, even amidst uncertainty and change.
Photogrammetric systems for geologists . scale photographs and minimum
instrument capa - priate photography ; or the geologic objective or tolbility that
will provide the desired geologic measure - erances of measurement may be
modified to ...
Author: Richard Godfrey Ray
Category: Aerial photographs
The use of aerial photographs to obtain qualitative and quantitative geologic information, and instrument procedures employed in compiling geologic data from aerial photographs.
The following sections give different methods for finding the thickness of beds
that are uniform in dip between the top and base along the line of the measurement . The map - angle method ( Sect . 2 . 6 . 1 ) applies to maps on a
Author: Richard H. Groshong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This is a handbook of practical techniques for making the best possible interpretation of geological structures at the map scale and for extracting the maximum amount of information from surface and subsurface maps. Quantitative methods are emphasized throughout and analytical solutions are given. Interpretation strategies are defined for GIS or CAD users, yet are simple enough to be done by hand. This book will help users produce better geological maps, judge the quality of existing maps, and locate and fix mapping errors.
MAPS AND ( NO ) SIMULATIONS ETIENNE FOREST High Energy Accelerator
Research Organization 1 - 1 Ogo , Tsukuba , Ibaraki , Japan 305 - 0801 As the
title suggests , I examine the role of maps in accelerator theory , conveniently ...
Author: S. I. Kurokawa
Publisher: World Scientific
This volume comprises the proceedings of the 8th Joint School on accelerator physics. On this occasion, the US, CERN, Japan and Russia Particle Accelerator Schools collaborated to present the topic "Beam Measurements." The aim was to provide an introduction to the principles of beam dynamics and measurements in circular particle accelerators. This was achieved by a series of lectures under the heading of "single-particle dynamics," "beam measurements" and then "multi-particle dynamics," along with practical courses on feedback and data processing, maps and simulation, diagnostic and microwave measurements. The resulting proceedings represent a unique summary of the currently available knowledge on beam measurements applied to circular particle accelerators.
(2010 NOV9) University of Queensland: Integrating field data with high spatial
resolution multispectral satellite imagery for calibration and validation of coral
reef benthic community maps “Our ability to map coral reef environments using ...
Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology. The editors have built Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Don't squander your most valuable resource! Collectively, your workers are your company's most important and most valuable asset. To make the most of this asset, nothing beats quantitative performance and investment measurement. Learning and Development is an 80 billion-dollar industry, and every valuable employee represents a sizable investment on the part of your company. To keep your business moving forward, effective management of human capital is crucial. It generates plenty of data, and deep analysis of this data helps you provide feedback and make adjustments to capitalize on the combined knowledge, skills, and creativity of your workers. Developing Human Capital: Using Analytics to Plan and Optimize Your Learning and Development Investments provides a guidebook for collecting, organizing, and analyzing the data surrounding human capital so you can make the most of your employees' potential. Use predictive analysis to optimize human capital investments Learn effective study design and alignment Get the tools you need for measurement, surveys, and analysis Decide what to measure and how to measure it Outline your company's current and future analytics technology needs Map data sources, and overcome barriers to data collection Authors Gene Pease, Bonnie Beresford, and Lew Walker provide case studies in which major companies applied human capital analytics to guide people decisions, and expand upon the role of analytics in Learning and Development. Developing Human Capital: Using Analytics to Plan and Optimize Your Learning and Development Investments is an essential guide to 21st century human resources and management practices, and can keep you from squandering your company's most valuable resource.
a map that had a scale of 1:10,000, we would multiply 10 (distance) by 10,000 (
scale). Thus, the actual distance in the real worldwouldbe100,000 cm. Measuring
distance along map features that are not straight is a little more difficult.
Author: Michael Pidwirny
Publisher: Our Planet Earth Publishing
Chapter 2: Maps, GIS and Remote Sensing of the eBook Understanding Physical Geography. This eBook was written for students taking introductory Physical Geography taught at a college or university. For the chapters currently available on Google Play presentation slides (Powerpoint and Keynote format) and multiple choice test banks are available for Professors using my eBook in the classroom. Please contact me via email at [email protected] if you would like to have access to these resources. The various chapters of the Google Play version of Understanding Physical Geography are FREE for individual use in a non-classroom environment. This has been done to support life long learning. However, the content of Understanding Physical Geography is NOT FREE for use in college and university courses in countries that have a per capita GDP over $25,000 (US dollars) per year where more than three chapters are being used in the teaching of a course. More specifically, for university and college instructors using this work in such wealthier countries, in a credit-based course where a tuition fee is accessed, students should be instructed to purchase the paid version of this content on Google Play which is organized as one of six Parts (organized chapters). The cost of these Parts works out to only $0.99 per chapter in USA dollars, a very small fee for my work. When the entire textbook (30 chapters) is finished its cost will be only $29.70 in USA dollars. This is far less expensive than similar textbooks from major academic publishing companies whose eBook are around $60.00 to $90.00. Further, revenue generated from the sale of this academic textbook will provide “the carrot” to entice me to continue working hard creating new and updated content. Thanks in advance to instructors and students who abide by these conditions. IMPORTANT - This Google Play version is best viewed with a computer using Google Chrome, Firefox or Apple Safari browsers.
Corrosion potential, resistivity of concrete and steel corrosion rate Figures 2, 3
and 4 show the corrosion potential maps, the resistivity maps and the mean measured corrosion rates at different heights for three faces of some of the
Measurement for Measurement's Sake 39 each of which has a say in what
performance means, success maps may be more appropriate.11 Irrespective of
which type of causal map you choose, it will allow you to see organizational ...
Author: Dina Gray
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
A clearer, more accurate performance management strategy Over the past two decades, performance measurement has profoundly changed societies, organizations and the way we live and work. We can now access incredible quantities of data, display, review and report complex information in real time, and monitor employees and processes in detail. But have all these investments in collecting, analysing and reporting data helped companies, governments and people perform better? Measurement Madness is an engaging read, full of anecdotes so peculiar you'll hardly believe them. Each one highlights a performance measurement initiative that went wrong, explains why and – most importantly – shows you how to avoid making the same mistake yourself. The dangers of poorly designed performance measurement are numerous, and even the best how-to guides don't explain how to avoid them. Measurement Madness fills in the gap, showing how to ensure you’re measuring the right things, rewarding the behaviours that deserve rewarding, and interpreting results in a way that will improve things rather than complicate them. This book will help you to recognize, correct and even avoid common performance measurement problems, including: Measuring for the sake of measuring Assuming that measurement is an instant fix for performance issues Comparing sets of data that have nothing in common and hoping to learn something Using targets and rewards to promote certain behaviours, and achieving exactly the opposite ones. Reading Measurement Madness will enable you to design a simple, effective performance measurement system, which will have the intended result of creating value in your organization.
Summary of Mapping Lessons (continued) Map scale and measures: Last week's measurements are 13 Scale and presented. Can we tell where each group measured to based ' measurement on the numbers? Children are given the
Author: Barbara M. Brizuela
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Just like representations in everyday life, this book shows that representations are ubiquitous to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics—the STEM disciplines.“Show Me What You Know” showcases research on representations across a range of STEM disciplines and ages—from children as young as 2 years of age to professional mathematicians. The text highlights the importance of paying close attention to learners’ interpretations and productions of different representations as a source of evidence for what learners understand, and another way for learners to “show us what they know.” The text is organized around four themes: appropriation of representations, making meaning, highlighting, and representations as scaffold and supports. Book Features: Focus on representations in specific STEM disciplines. An examination of how students across different ages engage with, produce, and use representations. Section reflections that serve to broaden our thinking about representations. Graphs, charts, and examples of students’ drawings. Contributors include David W. Carraher, Tina Grotzer, David Hammer, Richard Lehrer, Eduardo Martí, Ricardo Nemirovsky, Tracy Noble, Juan Ignacio Pozo, Leona Schauble, Analúcia D. Schliemann, Judah L. Schwartz, and Beth Warren. Bárbara M. Brizuela is an associate professor in the Department of Education at Tufts University. She is the author of Mathematical Development in Young Children: Exploring Notations. Brian E. Gravel is a lecturer and director of Elementary Education at Tufts University. “We are provided not only with valuable source material for future theoretical development, but with profound encouragement for teachers and researchers to pay close attention to representations as they are generated and interpreted by students.” —From the Foreword by Gerald A. Goldin