Medical Nihilism

Medical Nihilism

Another quote from Osler illustrates the principle of gentle medicine: “One of the first duties of the physician is to educate the masses not to take medicine.” Given the arguments for medical nihilism, treatment should be less ...

Author: Jacob Stegenga

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198747048

Category: MEDICAL

Page: 226

View: 304

"Medical nihilism is the view that we should have little confidence in the effectiveness of medical interventions. This book argues that medical nihilism is a compelling view of modern medicine. If we consider the frequency of failed medical interventions, the extent of misleading evidence in medical research, the thin theoretical basis of many interventions, and the malleability of empirical methods in medicine, and if we employ our best inductive framework, then our confidence in the effectiveness of medical interventions ought to be low" --
Categories: MEDICAL

Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of Medicine

The fact that medicine itself has produced a string of distinguished nihilists suggests that we ought to take Medical Nihilism seriously, because it suggests that people in the know detect something wrong.

Author: Alex Broadbent

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190612153

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 842

Philosophy of Medicine asks two central questions about medicine: what is it, and what should we think of it? Philosophy of medicine itself has evolved in response to developments in the philosophy of science, especially with regard to epistemology, positioning it to make contributions that are medically useful. This book locates these developments within a larger framework, suggesting that much philosophical thinking about medicine contributes to answering one or both of these two guiding questions. Taking stock of philosophy of medicine's present place in the landscape and its potential to illuminate a wide range of areas, from public health to policy, Alex Broadbent introduces various key topics in the philosophy of medicine. The first part of the book argues for a novel view of the nature of medicine, arguing that medicine should be understood as an inquiry into the nature and causes of health and disease. Medicine excels at achieving understanding, but not at translating this understanding into cure, a frustration that has dogged the history of medicine and continues to the present day. The second part of the book explores how we ought to consider medicine. Contemporary responses, such as evidence-based medicine and medical nihilism, tend to respond by fixing high standards of evidence. Broadbent rejects these approaches in favor of Medical Cosmopolitanism, or a rejection of epistemic relativism and pluralism about medicine that encourages conversations between medical traditions. From this standpoint, Broadbent opens the way to embracing alternative medicine. An accessible and user-friendly guide, Philosophy of Medicine puts these different debates into perspective and identifies areas that demand further exploration.
Categories: Philosophy

Para States and Medical Science

Para States and Medical Science

Lachenal's analysis of “extractive, privatized, and internationalized” Cameroonian virus research draws attention to a symptomatic, if not obvious, trait of contemporary science: “medical nihilism,” reflected in “noninterventionist ...

Author: Paul Wenzel Geissler

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822376279

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 949

In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional. Contributors. Uli Beisel, Didier Fassin, P. Wenzel Geissler, Rene Gerrets, Ann Kelly, Guillaume Lachenal, John Manton, Lotte Meinert, Vinh-Kim Nguyen, Branwyn Poleykett, Susan Reynolds Whyte
Categories: Medical

The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine

The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine

Stegenga (forthcoming), for example, argues that medical nihilism is a compelling thesis for much of recent medicine. Medical nihilism is motivated, in part, by noting problems with the sociopolitical nexus in which medical research ...

Author: James A. Marcum

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781474233026

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 397

A definitive and authoritative guide to a vibrant and growing discipline in current philosophy, The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine presents an overview of the issues facing contemporary philosophy of medicine, the research methods required to understand them and a trajectory for the discipline's future. Written by world leaders in the discipline, this companion addresses the ontological, epistemic, and methodological challenges facing philosophers of medicine today, from the debate between evidence-based and person-centered medicine, medical humanism, and gender medicine, to traditional issues such as disease, health, and clinical reasoning and decision-making. Practical and forward-looking, it also includes a detailed guide to research sources, a glossary of key terms, and an annotated bibliography, as well as an introductory survey of research methods and discussion of new research directions emerging in response to the rapid changes in modern medicine. “Philosophy needs medicine', Hillel Braude argues, 'to become more relevant'. By showing how modern medicine provides philosophers with a rich source of material for investigating issues facing contemporary society, The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine introduces the opportunities medicine offers philosophers together with the resources and skills required to contribute to contemporary debates and discussions.
Categories: Philosophy

Cleveland Medical Gazette

Cleveland Medical Gazette

Medical Nihilism in Ohio . - A medical practice bill , described as “ a moderate one , ” that has been formulated under the combined advice of the physicians , the homeopaths and the eclectics , of Ohio , was lately defeated in the Ohio ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HC311D

Category: Medicine

Page:

View: 163

Categories: Medicine

Medical Philosophy

Medical Philosophy

To reject this triangle is to perpetrate medical nihilism. Social constructivism is one end of the medical nihilism spectrum. It holds that diseases and recoveries, far from being natural processes, are social ones.

Author: Mario Bunge

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789814508964

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 694

This is the first book that analyzes and systematizes all the general ideas of medicine, in particular the philosophical ones, which are usually tacit. Instead of focusing on one or two points — typically disease and clinical trial — this book examines all the salient aspects of biomedical research and practice: the nature of disease; the logic of diagnosis; the discovery and design of drugs; the design of lab and clinical trials; the crafting of therapies and design of protocols; the moral duties and rights of physicians and patients; the distinctive features of scientific medicine and of medical quackery; the unique combination of basic and translational research; the place of physicians and nurses in society; the task of medical sociology; and the need for universal medical coverage. Health care workers, medicine buffs, and philosophers will find this thought-provoking book highly useful in their line of work and research.
Categories: Medical

Care and Cure

Care and Cure

Is medical nihilism a compelling thesis? One puzzling question that arises is this: If medicine has been so bad at achieving its goals of curing diseases and caring for patients, how has it managed to maintain such prestige over the ...

Author: Jacob Stegenga

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226595177

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 361

The philosophy of medicine has become a vibrant and complex intellectual landscape, and Care and Cure is the first extended attempt to map it. In pursuing the interdependent aims of caring and curing, medicine relies on concepts, theories, inferences, and policies that are often complicated and controversial. Bringing much-needed clarity to the interplay of these diverse problems, Jacob Stegenga describes the core philosophical controversies underlying medicine in this unrivaled introduction to the field. The fourteen chapters in Care and Cure present and discuss conceptual, metaphysical, epistemological, and political questions that arise in medicine, buttressed with lively illustrative examples ranging from debates over the true nature of disease to the effectiveness of medical interventions and homeopathy. Poised to be the standard sourcebook for anyone seeking a comprehensive overview of the canonical concepts, current state, and cutting edge of this vital field, this concise introduction will be an indispensable resource for students and scholars of medicine and philosophy.
Categories: Medical

Biomedicine Examined

Biomedicine Examined

There was a tendency for a nihilism about medicine to emerge in which they focused only on the problems the patient identified. ... “Medical nihilism” refers to the students' assessment that medicine had little effective role to play in ...

Author: M. Lock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400927254

Category: Social Science

Page: 558

View: 261

The culture of contemporary medicine is the object of investigation in this book; the meanings and values implicit in biomedical knowledge and practice and the social processes through which they are produced are examined through the use of specific case studies. The essays provide examples of how various facets of 20th century medicine, including edu cation, research, the creation of medical knowledge, the development and application of technology, and day to day medical practice, are per vaded by a value system characteristic of an industrial-capitalistic view of the world in which the idea that science represents an objective and value free body of knowledge is dominant. The authors of the essays are sociologists and anthropologists (in almost equal numbers); also included are papers by a social historian and by three physicians all of whom have steeped themselves in the social sci ences and humanities. This co-operative endeavor, which has necessi tated the breaking down of disciplinary barriers to some extent, is per haps indicative of a larger movement in the social sciences, one in which there is a searching for a middle ground between grand theory and attempts at universal explanations on the one hand, and the context-spe cific empiricism and relativistic accounts characteristic of many historical and anthropological analyses on the other.
Categories: Social Science

Transactions of the Iowa State Medical Society

Transactions of the Iowa State Medical Society

SCHOOLER , ( Des Moines ) : Mr. President , —The doctor evidently has the true idea of the purpose of a paper to be presented to a medical society , namely : to elicit discussion . The days , however , for Nihilism in medicine ...

Author: Iowa State Medical Society

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HC4JHL

Category: Medicine

Page:

View: 610

Categories: Medicine

The Medical Age

The Medical Age

THE LIMITATIONS OF MEDICINE , a Doubtless those of our readers whose experience as medical practitioners dates back ... are accustomed to hear , of the inefficacy of medication , and the boasts of medical nihilism , is mere flippancy .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B215936

Category: Medicine

Page:

View: 379

Categories: Medicine