Merchants Market and Monarchy

Merchants  Market and Monarchy

1.1.1 Merchants: Status and Role The status of merchants in early modern China (mainly Ming merchants) is the core throughout this book. According to the Oxford Dictionary of English, the word 'status' can have three meanings: social ...

Author: Tengda Hua

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030771898

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 932

This book explores the vital role of merchants within early modern China. Unlike European merchants, their Sino-colleagues have long been regarded as certain social pariahs after pre-Qin period, despite the fortune they made. The key mission of this monograph is to investigate whether the standing of merchants in the Ming Empire has been improved compared with their predecessors. Generally, their status is reflected in state-merchant relationship and their role in the market, which can be found in miscellaneous economic activities such as market monopoly, commercial taxation, international trade, and consumption. This book aims to be of relevance to students and researchers interested in early modern history, eastern commerce, Ming merchants, and contemporary global affairs.
Categories: Business & Economics

Merchants Market and Monarchy

Merchants  Market and Monarchy

This book explores the vital role of merchants within early modern China.

Author: Tengda Hua

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 3030771881

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 287

View: 746

This book explores the vital role of merchants within early modern China. Unlike European merchants, their Sino-colleagues have long been regarded as certain social pariahs after pre-Qin period, despite the fortune they made. The key mission of this monograph is to investigate whether the standing of merchants in the Ming Empire has been improved compared with their predecessors. Generally, their status is reflected in state-merchant relationship and their role in the market, which can be found in miscellaneous economic activities such as market monopoly, commercial taxation, international trade, and consumption. This book aims to be of relevance to students and researchers interested in early modern history, eastern commerce, Ming merchants, and contemporary global affairs.
Categories: Business & Economics

Merchants and Revolution

Merchants and Revolution

market . They had the option of attempting to exploit that market more intensively by imposing a policy of ... And it had a good and sufficient rationale in the complementary needs of the larger overseas merchants and the monarchy .

Author: Robert Brenner

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 1859843336

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 734

View: 793

In this major reinterpretation of the activities of London's merchant community during the early Stuart period, Robert Brenner explains the factors behind the opening of long-distance commerce to the south and east, describes the growing power of the great City merchants, and pro-files the new colonial traders, who became the chief architects of the Common-wealth's dynamic commercial policy.
Categories: Business & Economics

South Flows the Pearl

South Flows the Pearl

Further exemptions were permitted for import-export merchants of good standing for the entry of their assistants and to ... market gardeners, carpenters and others supported Sun Yat-sen (孫逸仙) who wanted to overthrow the monarchy.

Author: Mavis Gock Yen

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 9781743327234

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 403

View: 524

South Flows the Pearl is a fascinating journey through the history of Chinese Australia. Taking the reader from Shanghai and the Pearl River Delta to Sydney, Perth, Cairns, Darwin, Bendigo and beyond, it explores the struggles and successes of Chinese people in Australia since the 1850s, as told in their own words. This unique book was written by an insider. Mavis Yen was born in Perth in 1916, the daughter of a Chinese father and an Australian mother. She lived in both countries and understood what it meant to navigate two worlds, to live through war and revolution, and to experience racial discrimination. In the 1980s she began interviewing elderly Chinese Australians, recording hours of conversations. Her intimate understanding of their languages and life experiences encouraged them to share their stories. Published here for the first time, they will change how you think about Australian history. “This is a book that offers a new way to be Australian in this country, and casts Chinese Australians as the protagonists in their own stories... When people agree to tell their stories, they speak to the future. Whether or not we listen is up to us.” — Dr Sophie Loy-Wilson, University of Sydney
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Royal Capitalism

Royal Capitalism

driven by the forces of the market, merchants, and free commerce. In his projection of the four stages of social development—hunting, pasturage, agriculture, and commerce—monarchy has a central role only in the first three.

Author: Puangchon Unchanam

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780299326005

Category: Capitalism

Page: 336

View: 227

"Classical theorists once predicted that monarchy must eventually give way to capitalism. But is monarchy really dead--an archaic institution from the feudal past? In Royal Capitalism: The Monarchy, Wealth, and Social Classes in Thailand, Puangchon Unchanam examines one particularly successful monarchy: that of Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej or Rama IX, whose seven-decade reign not only survived but thrived amid the country's transition to industrial capitalism. Indeed, the Thai crown's active role in national politics, the market economy, and popular culture has made it not only the dominant institution in the kingdom, but also the wealthiest monarchy in the world today. Tracing Rama IX's reign (1946-2016), Puangchon shows how the Thai crown was transformed into a 'bourgeois monarchy,' distinctive in several key ways. Rather than representing only royal and religious values, the monarchy rebranded itself by embracing the traditional middle-class ethic of hard work, frugality, and self-sufficiency. Rather than only relying upon coercion, the crown sought political legitimacy. And rather than simply controlling national assets, the crown became the country's major broker, connecting business elites, patronizing their industries, and partnering with giant corporations. Thanks to these distinctive features that it has recently embodied, the Thai monarchy enjoys hegemonic status in the capitalist state, preeminent status in the market, and popular support from the urban bourgeoisie"
Categories: Capitalism

Government Debts and Financial Markets in Europe

Government Debts and Financial Markets in Europe

... located for ease of business.35 It is clear that the increased number of juros would not have been possible without a developed financial market which permitted transactions with the reigning monarch's agents and other merchants.

Author: Fausto Piola Caselli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317314233

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 456

Contains essays by historians of economic and financial history. It illuminates the relationships between government indebtedness and the development of financial markets in Europe from the late Middle Ages to the late twentieth century.
Categories: History

A History of the Western Art Market

A History of the Western Art Market

The latter had to face not only this obstacle but also the monarchy which simultaneously conferred upon it both its ... that is the societies of the merchant cities of Italy, Holland and even Germany, with their precocious wealth; ...

Author: Titia Hulst

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520290631

Category: Art

Page: 432

View: 812

Art in a commercial world -- Artists and collectors in the market for art -- The Italian City-States -- Antwerp -- Amsterdam -- Germany and Spain -- London -- Paris -- Art consumption in industrial America -- New York -- The global art market
Categories: Art

States Versus Markets

States Versus Markets

and then one another in the Wars of the Roses (1455–1485), ultimately strengthening the monarchy's relative power. ... Critically, most overseas merchants opted to side with Parliament (and thus the nobility) from 1625 forward (Brenner, ...

Author: Herman Mark Schwartz

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350311794

Category: Political Science

Page: 381

View: 456

Now in its fourth edition, this highly regarded and critically acclaimed textbook offers an authoritative introduction to international political economy. It is unique in offering an accessible, broad introduction to the development of the global economy from its inception to today's complex relationship between states and markets in the midst of economic crises. Herman Mark Schwartz deftly shows that globalization is not a novel phenomenon but a recurrent process whereby markets have, since the 16th century, periodically redistributed economic activity. It links the production of goods and services in one region to the markets for those goods, and shows how this can lead to conflicts among states that try to create, enhance or subdue the markets. Taking into account the continued rise of China, and the recent shift towards populism in the West, this book has been extensively rewritten and updated throughout. This is a thought-provoking text which will encourage upper level undergraduate and postgraduate students to think analytically about the inevitability of a global market influencing a state's policies and geo-economic position and to locate their own thinking within the IPE tradition. New to this Edition: - Thoroughly updated to cover all major developments in global political economy since the financial crisis - Timelines in most chapters show key events in the evolution of the global economy - Offers a particularly clear account, now with chapter summaries, updated examples and a glossary of key terms
Categories: Political Science

The Seventh Great Oriental Monarchy

The Seventh Great Oriental Monarchy

While their own merchants remained quietly at home , the foreign merchants would have had the trouble and expense of bringing their commodities to market a distance of sixty miles from the Persian frontier and of above ...

Author: George Rawlinson

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B246012

Category: Iran

Page:

View: 754

Categories: Iran

An Economic History of the United States

An Economic History of the United States

The resulting western European merchant-monarch alliances varied in their mix of relative power between merchants and ... principal markets for their merchants' trade; western Europe in general was the most important market.2 Nor were ...

Author: Frederick S. Weaver

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442255203

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 214

The economy of the United States is constantly evolving in response to wars, technological innovations, cultural revolutions, and political maneuverings. Tracing the economic machine of the United States from its first experiments in the colonies to the post–Great Recession era of today, Frederick S. Weaver creates a dynamic narrative of this country’s progression through times of feast and times of famine. Weaver explores diverse areas of the market beyond the financial sector, examining historical fluctuations in distribution of income, how the ebb and flow of specific industries have influenced the shape of the market, and, ultimately, how the economy of the United States has made America the nation we know today. An Economic History of the United States is a thoughtful and accessible introduction to the subject of American economic history, suitable for undergraduate courses in U.S. political and economic history.
Categories: Business & Economics