Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants

Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants

Progress in Biotechnology Volume 1 Volume 2 Volume 3 Volume 4 Volume 5 Volume 6 Volume 7 Volume 8 Volume 9 Volume 10 Volume 11 Volume 12 Volume 13 Volume 14 Volume 15 Volume 16 Volume 17 Volume 18 New Approaches to Research on Cereal ...

Author: Noriyuki Morohoshi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080536751

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 855

At present, plants and agricultural sciences are playing a leading role in providing solutions to problems created by an ever growing world population. Through plant biotechnology scientists are seeking ways to improve crop functions that rapidly promote food production. Agricultural science is being used to experiment with producing plants tolerant to environmental stresses such as drought, salinity and coldness. Of the plant species, woody plants are producing the most abundant biomass resources, playing important roles in the suppression of carbon dioxide increase and supplying huge energy and resources to human beings in the biosphere. These Proceedings discuss the recent results of fundamental and applied research for global resource and energy, biomass production and environmental problems from the aspect of woody science. Topics include: - Formation of the vascular bundle - Biosynthesis of cellulose - Lignin biosynthesis and transgenic woody plants - Cell and tissue culture, and transformation in gymnosperms - Micropropagation of woody plants
Categories: Science

Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering

Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants, Vol.18, 171– 176. ISBN 10-0-444-50958-5 Croteau, R.; Kutchan, T. M. & Lewis, NG. (2000) Natural products. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants, 1250–1318. ISBN 0943088372 Davison, B. H.; ...

Author: Hugo Barrera-Saldaña

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789533077901

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 733

Leading scientists from different countries around the world contributed valuable essays on the basic applications and safety, as well as the ethical and moral considerations, of the powerful genetic engineering tools now available for modifying the molecules, pathways, and phenotypes of species of agricultural, industrial and even medical importance. After three decades of perfecting such tools, we now see a refined technology, surprisingly unexpected applications, and matured guidelines to avoid unintentional damage to our and other species, as well as the environment, while trying to contribute to solve the biological, medical and technical challenges of society and industry. Chapters on thermo-stabilization of luciferase, engineering of the phenylpropanoid pathway in a species of high demand for the paper industry, more efficient regeneration of transgenic soybean, viral resistant plants, and a novel approach for rapidly screening properties of newly discovered animal growth hormones, illustrate the state-of-the-art science and technology of genetic engineering, but also serve to raise public awareness of the pros and cons that this young scientific discipline has to offer to mankind.
Categories: Science

Molecular Anatomy of Cellular Systems

Molecular Anatomy of Cellular Systems

Progress in Biotechnology Volume 1 Volume 2 Volume 3 Volume 4 Volume 5 Volume 6 Volume 7 Volume 8 Volume 9 Volume 10 ... Editors) Food Biotechnology (Bielecki et al., Editors) Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants (Morohoshi and Komamine, ...

Author: I. Endo

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080536743

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 954

In this book, the progress during the last ten years is reviewed and future plans outlined to realize and establish the concept of design in the biological sciences. Design is a leading concept as well as the principal motivation for the creation of artificial systems. A successful design generally requires that the structures and functions of the elements that constitute the system as well as the principles that determine how the elements cooperate together to create function be fully understood. These requirements have not been satisfied within the fields of biotechnology and medicine. Compared to the recent emergence of artificial systems, living organisms acquired their present day structures and functions through evolution over three to four billion years. Despite the fact that the design of living organisms is recorded in the DNA sequence, our understanding of the structures and functions of the elements that constitute living organisms is very limited. To fulfill the requirements, the following approaches were initiated under a ten-year project entitled "Biodesign Research". Firstly, we tried to isolate and characterize the functional elements that constitute the organelles of various organisms. Secondly, we tried to reconstitute systems that reproduce biological functions in vitro from individual elements in order to understand how the elements cooperate together to yield a function. Thirdly, we attempted to resolve biological structures at various resolutions ranging from the atomic to the cellular level to further our knowledge about the fundamental principles that various functions at the molecular level and to design artificial systems.
Categories: Science

Plant Breeding Reviews

Plant Breeding Reviews

Kjellsson, G., V. Simonsen, and K. Ammann [eds]. 1994. Methods for risk assessment 01' transgenic plants. Vol. 2. ... Natural hybridization between oilseed rape and a wild relative: hybrids among seeds from woody B. compeslris.

Author: Jules Janick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470650141

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 307

Plant Breeding Reviews is an ongoing series presenting state-of-the art review articles on research in plant genetics, especially the breeding of commercially important crops. Articles perform the valuable function of collecting, comparing, and contrasting the primary journal literature in order to form an overview of the topic. This detailed analysis bridges the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of plant scientists.
Categories: Science

Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Progress in Biotechnology Volume 1 Volume 2 Volume 3 Volume 4 Volume 5 Volume 6 Volume 7 Volume 8 Volume 9 Volume 10 ... Editors) Food Biotechnology (Bielecki et al., Editors) Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants (Morohoshi and Komamine, ...

Author: L. Viikari

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080528171

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 478

This book covers both basic and applied sciences in a rather specified area of pulp and paper manufacture. The basic science of lignocellulose enzymology and plant genetics is covered also in many other contexts, whereas the application of biotechnology in process and product development is thoroughly reviewed. All the latest advances as well as new ideas of the research field are covered. This book will serve as an updated and compact information package of biotechnical aspects and the most recent advances of the pulp and paper industry sector.
Categories: Science

Molecular Biology of Woody Plants

Molecular Biology of Woody Plants

Volume 1 S.M. Jain, S.C. Minocha. Section II. Molecular Genetics 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Tissue culture of woody plants and its relevance to molecular biology – R. Minocha and S.M. Jain Variation in woody plants: molecular ...

Author: S.M. Jain

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401723114

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 524

View: 212

This two-volume book gives a broad coverage of various aspects of plant molecular biology relevant to the improvement of woody plants. The authors provide background information on genetic engineering and molecular marker techniques, and specific examples of species in which sufficient progress has been made.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Trends in High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology

Trends in High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology

Progress in Biotechnology Volume 1 Volume 2 Volume 3 Volume 4 Volume 5 Volume 6 Volume 7 Volume 8 Volume 9 Volume 10 ... Editors) Food Biotechnology (Bielecki et al., Editors) Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants (Morohoshi and Komamine, ...

Author: R. Hayashi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080543227

Category: Science

Page: 668

View: 159

A world wide interest in the various aspects of high pressure in the field of biological science led to the First International Conference on High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology in Kyoto, Japan. High pressure bioscience encompasses the fields of food sciences, pharmacy and medical fields and some high pressure techniques are used in the production of industrial products. Moreover, high pressure is a valuable tool for the study of natural macromolecules including biomembranes which are composed, primarily, of lipid and protein. Many intermediate processes in the pressure-induced protein unfolding have been discovered, as a result. This book covers the entire range of current high pressure bioscience and its possible applications.
Categories: Science

Biotechnology Organizations in Action

Biotechnology Organizations in Action

Progress in Biotechnology Volume 1 Volume 2 Volume 3 Volume 4 Volume 5 Volume 6 Volume 7 Volume 8 Volume 9 Volume 10 ... Editors) Food Biotechnology (Bielecki et al., Editors) Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants (Morohoshi and Komamine, ...

Author: J. Norus

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080528163

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 190

This volume analyzes the dynamics and interactive processes among the players (individuals, institutions, and organizations/firms) that have constituted and legitimized the development of the biotechnology industries. The unit of analysis is small entrepreneurial firms developing biotechnological products and processes. What types of strategies are small entrepreneurs pursuing in order to create markets for their new products and processes, and how have specific strategies emerged? The primary interest is the network process through which the technological field and the development of institutions and routines evolve and co-evolve. The theoretical contribution of the book is its focus on the development of the concept of networks. From being regarded as a relative static concept the book transforms the concept into a dynamic concept of networking. The dynamic view on the creation and development of new technologies through network formations is linked to the concept of strategy that is used throughout the book. Hence the strategies are developed along with the creation of technological knowledge, and it is hoped that the diffusion of this specific knowledge will bring new actors into the technological arena or community. This book will be useful to the academic community, those studying the formation of networks, strategic management, organizational behavior, and management of technology, as well as business observers with a specific interest in the evolution of the biotechnology industry.
Categories: Science

Somatic Embryogenesis in Ornamentals and Its Applications

Somatic Embryogenesis in Ornamentals and Its Applications

Plant Cell Rep 18:37–43 Hay EI, Charest PJ (1999) Somatic embryo germination and desiccation tolerance in conifers. In: Jain SM, Gupta PK, Newton RJ (eds) Somatic ... In: Morohoshi N, Komamine A (eds) Molecular breeding of woody plants.

Author: Abdul Mujib

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9788132226833

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 168

Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is a unique process by means of which a vegetative/somatic plant cell transforms into an embryo. This in vitro embryogeny has immense fundamental and practical applications. The SE process is complex and is controlled by a variety of external and internal triggers. This book compiles the latest advances in embryogenesis research on ornamentals and discusses the importance of embryogenic cultures/tissues in raising transgenic crops. The technique of cryopreservation in the protection of ornamental genetic resources is discussed using embryogenic culture/embryo as the tissue of choice, and the respective roles of the genotype, plant growth regulator, environment and other regulating factors in embryogenesis are discussed. The book also focuses on comparative biochemical and physiological differences during the acquisition and development of embryos. The importance of plant proteome and functional genomics as a source of markers is highlighted, and special attention is paid to genes / gene homologues (SERC) in characterizing embryogenesis. Lastly, the book examines the involvement of auxin polar transport and other molecular networks regulating gene expression.
Categories: Science

Sandalwood Silviculture Conservation and Applications

Sandalwood  Silviculture  Conservation and Applications

Springer, Cham Myburg AA, Hussey SG, Wang JP, Street NR, Mizrachi E (2019) Systems and synthetic biology of forest trees: a bioengineering paradigm for woody biomass feedstock. Front Plant Sci 10 (775):1–8 Nadeem MA, Nawaz MA, ...

Author: Thammineni Pullaiah

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811607806

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 864

This book collects comprehensive information on taxonomy, morphology, distribution, wood anatomy, wood properties and uses. It also discusses silvicultural aspects, agroforestry, pests and diseases, biotechnology, molecular studies, biosynthesis of oil, conservation, trade and commerce of Sandal wood. Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) is considered as one of the world's most valuable commercial timber and is known globally for its heartwood and oil. The book brings together systematic representation of information with illustrations, thus an all-inclusive reference and field guide for foresters, botanists, researchers, farmers, traders and environmentalists.
Categories: Technology & Engineering