Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age

Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age

He recounts a ship burial involving Viking funerary rites. This innovative interdisciplinary volume explores the wider cultural and political contexts behind the unique testimony of Ibn Fadlan.

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ISBN: 1784539333

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Viking Age Trade

Viking Age Trade

Jankowiak, M. (2021 forthcoming), 'The Volga Bulgar imitative coinage', in J. Shepard and L. Treadwell (eds), Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age: Diplomacy and Islam in the World of Ibn Fadlan, London. Jankowiak, M. (forthcoming) ...

Author: Jacek Gruszczyński

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351866156

Category: History

Page: 474

View: 814

That there was an influx of silver dirhams from the Muslim world into eastern and northern Europe in the ninth and tenth centuries is well known, as is the fact that the largest concentration of hoards is on the Baltic island of Gotland. Recent discoveries have shown that dirhams were reaching the British Isles, too. What brought the dirhams to northern Europe in such large numbers? The fur trade has been proposed as one driver for transactions, but the slave trade offers another – complementary – explanation. This volume does not offer a comprehensive delineation of the hoard finds, or a full answer to the question of what brought the silver north. But it highlights the trade in slaves as driving exchanges on a trans-continental scale. By their very nature, the nexuses were complex, mutable and unclear even to contemporaries, and they have eluded modern scholarship. Contributions to this volume shed light on processes and key places: the mints of Central Asia; the chronology of the inflows of dirhams to Rus and northern Europe; the reasons why silver was deposited in the ground and why so much ended up on Gotland; the functioning of networks – perhaps comparable to the twenty-first-century drug trade; slave-trading in the British Isles; and the stimulus and additional networks that the Vikings brought into play. This combination of general surveys, presentations of fresh evidence and regional case studies sets Gotland and the early medieval slave trade in a firmer framework than has been available before.
Categories: History

The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Archaeology

The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Archaeology

“Spillings: The Largest Viking Age Silver Hoard in the World,” in A.M. Pettersson (ed.) ... Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age: Diplomacy and Islam in the world of Ibn Fadlan (London: I.B. Tauris). Skaare, K. 1976.

Author: Bethany Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199987887

Category: Social Science

Page: 1024

View: 739

Born from the fields of Islamic art and architectural history, the archaeological study of the Islamic societies is a relatively young discipline. With its roots in the colonial periods of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, its rapid development since the 1980s warrants a reevaluation of where the field stands today. This Handbook represents for the first time a survey of Islamic archaeology on a global scale, describing its disciplinary development and offering candid critiques of the state of the field today in the Central Islamic Lands, the Islamic West, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asia. The international contributors to the volume address such themes as the timing and process of Islamization, the problems of periodization and regionalism in material culture, cities and countryside, cultural hybridity, cultural and religious diversity, natural resource management, international trade in the later historical periods, and migration. Critical assessments of the ways in which archaeologists today engage with Islamic cultural heritage and local communities closes the volume, highlighting the ethical issues related to studying living cultures and religions. Richly illustrated, with extensive citations, it is the reference work on the debates that drive the field today.
Categories: Social Science

The Vikings Reimagined

The Vikings Reimagined

Price, Neil. “De första vikingarna?” Populär Arkeologi 2 (2017): 10–15. Price, Neil. “Vikings on the Volga? Ibn Fadlan and the Rituals of the Rūssiyah.” In Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age: Diplomacy and Islam in the world of ...

Author: Tom Birkett

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501513886

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 457

The Vikings Reimagined explores the changing perception of Norse and Viking cultures across different cultural forms, and the complex legacy of the Vikings in the present day. Bringing together experts in literature, history and heritage engagement, this highly interdisciplinary collection aims to reconsider the impact of the discipline of Old Norse Viking Studies outside the academy and to broaden our understanding of the ways in which the material and textual remains of the Viking Age are given new meanings in the present. The diverse collection draws attention to the many roles that the Vikings play across contemporary culture: from the importance of Viking tourism, to the role of Norse sub-cultures in the formation of local and international identities. Together these collected essays challenge the academy to rethink its engagement with popular reiterations of the Vikings and to reassess the position afforded to ‘reception’ within the discipline.
Categories: History

The Children of Ash and Elm

The Children of Ash and Elm

A History of the Vikings Neil Price. 2012). For the story stones, ... The Viking Age: Ireland and the West (Four Courts, Dublin, 2010: 441–449). The chamber grave ritual has been discussed ... Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age: ...

Author: Neil Price

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780241283998

Category: History

Page: 412

View: 789

A TIMES BOOK OF THE YEAR 'As brilliant a history of the Vikings as one could possibly hope to read' Tom Holland The 'Viking Age' is traditionally held to begin in June 793 when Scandinavian raiders attacked the monastery of Lindisfarne in Northumbria, and to end in September 1066, when King Harald Hardrada of Norway died leading the charge against the English line at the Battle of Stamford Bridge. This book, the most wide-ranging and comprehensive assessment of the current state of our knowledge, takes a refreshingly different view. It shows that the Viking expansion began generations before the Lindisfarne raid, and traces Scandinavian history back centuries further to see how these people came to be who they were. The narrative ranges across the whole of the Viking diaspora, from Vinland on the eastern American seaboard to Constantinople and Uzbekistan, with contacts as far away as China. Based on the latest archaeology, it explores the complex origins of the Viking phenomenon and traces the seismic shifts in Scandinavian society that resulted from an economy geared to maritime war. Some of its most striking discoveries include the central role of slavery in Viking life and trade, and the previously unsuspected pirate communities and family migrations that were part of the Viking 'armies' - not least in England. Especially, Neil Price takes us inside the Norse mind and spirit-world, and across their borders of identity and gender, to reveal startlingly different Vikings to the barbarian marauders of stereotype. He cuts through centuries of received wisdom to try to see the Vikings as they saw themselves - descendants of the first human couple, the Children of Ash and Elm. Healso reminds us of the simultaneous familiarity and strangeness of the past, of how much we cannot know, alongside the discoveries that change the landscape of our understanding. This is an eye-opening and surprisingly moving book.
Categories: History

Mission to the Volga

Mission to the Volga

Readers should look out for the publication of Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age, edited by Jonathan Shepherd and Luke Treadwell, proceedings of the important Oxford 2016 conference “Ibn Faḍlān and the Great Unwashed.

Author: Ahmad Ibn Fadlan

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479829750

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 108

View: 270

Earliest surviving instance of sustained first-person travel narrative in Arabic. A pioneering text of peerless historical and literary value. In its pages, we move north on a diplomatic mission from Baghdad to the upper reaches of the Volga River in what is now central Russia. In this colorful documentary from the tenth century, the enigmatic Ibn Fadlan relates his experiences as part of an embassy sent by Caliph al-Muqtadir to deliver political and religious instruction to the recently-converted King of the Bulghars. During eleven months of grueling travel, Ibn Fadlan records the marvels he witnesses on his journey, including an aurora borealis and the white nights of the North. Crucially, he offers a description of the Viking Rus, including their customs, clothing, body painting, and a striking account of a ship funeral. Together, these anecdotes illuminate a vibrant world of diversity during the heyday of the Abbasid Empire, narrated with as much curiosity and zeal as they were perceived by its observant beholder.
Categories: Literary Collections

The Archaeology of Slavery in Early Medieval Northern Europe

The Archaeology of Slavery in Early Medieval Northern Europe

Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age: Diplomacy and Islam in the World of Ibn Fadlan. London: I.B. Tauris. Sikorski, D. A. (2012). Początki Kościoła w Polsce. Wybrane problemy. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Poznańskiego Towarzystwa Przyjaciół ...

Author: Felix Biermann

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030732912

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 233

This volume is the first comprehensive study of the material imprint of slavery in early medieval Europe. While written sources attest to the ubiquity of slavery and slave trade in early medieval British Isles, Scandinavia and Slavic lands, it is still difficult to find material traces of this reality, other than the hundreds of thousands of Islamic coins paid in exchange for the northern European slaves. This volume offers the first structured reflection on how to bridge this gap. It reviews the types of material evidence that can be associated with the institution of slavery and the slave trade in early medieval northern Europe, from individual objects (such as e.g. shackles) to more comprehensive landscape approaches. The book is divided into four sections. The first presents the analytical tools developed in Africa and prehistoric Europe to identify and describe social phenomena associated with slavery and the slave trade. The following three section review the three main cultural zones of early medieval northern Europe: the British Isles, Scandinavia, and Slavic central Europe. The contributions offer methodological reflections on the concept of the archaeology of slavery. They emphasize that the material record, by its nature, admits multiple interpretations. More broadly, this book comes at a time when the history of slavery is being integrated into academic syllabi in most western countries. The collection of studies contributes to a more nuanced perspective on this important and controversial topic. This volume appeals to multiple audiences interested in comparative and global studies of slavery, and will constitute the point of reference for future debates.
Categories: Social Science

The Viking Age

The Viking Age

MUSLIM. DIPLOMAT. MEETS. RŪS. MERCHANTS. ON. THEVOLGA. RIVER. The Vikings appear in many Islamic sources. ... that of Ibn Fadlān, a member of an embassy sent by the caliph of Baghdad to the king of the Bulgars on the Volga River in 921.

Author: Angus A. Somerville

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781487570477

Category: History

Page: 550

View: 360

Who were the Vikings, and do they deserve their unsavoury reputation? Through over 100 primary source documents, this fascinating collection weighs the cultural importance and lasting influence of the Vikings.
Categories: History

Christendom

Christendom

(2018), Muslims on the Volga in the Viking Age: Diplomacy and Islam in the World of Ibn Fadlan (London). Sijpesteijn, P. M. (2013), Shaping A Muslim State: The World of a Mid-Eighth-Century Egyptian Official (Oxford). Silano, G. (trans.) ...

Author: Peter Heather

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780241215920

Category: History

Page: 556

View: 317

In the fourth century AD, a new faith exploded out of Palestine. Overwhelming the paganism of Rome, and converting the Emperor Constantine in the process, it resoundingly defeated a host of other rivals. Almost a thousand years later, all of Europe was controlled by Christian rulers, and the religion, ingrained within culture and society, exercised a monolithic hold over its population. But, as Peter Heather shows in this compelling history, there was nothing inevitable about Christendom's rise to Europe-wide dominance. In exploring how the Christian religion became such a defining feature of the European landscape, and how a small sect of isolated congregations was transformed into a mass movement centrally directed from Rome, Heather shows how Christendom constantly battled against both so-called 'heresies' and other forms of belief. From the crisis that followed the collapse of the Roman Empire, which left the religion teetering on the edge of extinction, to the astonishing revolution in which the Papacy emerged as the head of a vast international corporation, Heather traces Christendom's chameleon-like capacity for self-reinvention and willingness to mobilize well-directed force. Christendom's achievement was not, or not only, to define official Christianity, but - from its scholars and its lawyers, to its provincial officials and missionaries in far-flung corners of the continent - to transform it into an institution that wielded effective religious authority across nearly all of the disparate peoples of medieval Europe. This is its extraordinary story.
Categories: History

Vikings of the Steppe

Vikings of the Steppe

main trading partners of the Rus' along the Volga River were Turkic groups and probably also Muslim mer ants who had to ... Abbasid coins dominate Viking Age silver hoards found in Russia, the Baltics and Scandinavia for the period ...

Author: Csete Katona

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000685176

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 415

This book explores the relationship between Vikings, Rus’ and nomadic (mostly Turkic) steppe dwellers during the course of the Viking Age (c. 750–1050) in a geographical area stretching from Eastern Scandinavia through the Kievan Rus’, Byzantium, the Islamic world to the Western Eurasian steppes. The primary focus is the steppe influence on the development of Scandinavian-Rus’ culture. It illustrates the effects of Turkic (nomadic) cultures on the evolving Scandinavian-Rus’ communities in their military technology and tactics, as well as in everyday customs, ritual traditions and religious perceptions, whilst paying attention to the politico-commercial necessities and possible communication channels tying these two cultures, normally considered to be distinct, together. The arguments are supported by a multi-disciplinary analysis of diverse historical and archaeological materials occasionally supplemented with linguistic evidence. The result is a comprehensive evaluation of the relations of the Scandinavians active in the ‘East’ with Turkic groups, and brings (the so far neglected) steppes into Viking studies in general. The book will fill a serious scholarly gap in the field of Viking studies and will be read by both academics and students interested in the archaeological and historical sources concerned with the traditions of the ‘Eastern Vikings’.
Categories: History