Natural Strategies for Cancer Patients

Natural Strategies for Cancer Patients

THE BEST WAYS TO FIGHT CANCER AND HEAL YOUR BODY NATURALLY This revised, updated edition of Russell L. Blaylock’s revolutionary guide offers the latest cutting-edge information on how and why cancer develops, why conventional treatments ...

Author: Russell L. Blaylock

Publisher: Citadel Press

ISBN: 9780806539232

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 384

View: 939

THE BEST WAYS TO FIGHT CANCER AND HEAL YOUR BODY NATURALLY This revised, updated edition of Russell L. Blaylock’s revolutionary guide offers the latest cutting-edge information on how and why cancer develops, why conventional treatments fail, and the critical role inflammation plays in all stages of this deadly disease. Using the latest medical discoveries and most authoritative research, Blaylock reveals why essential natural compounds—vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals—can halt the spread of cancer. With the right combination of diet and nutrition, patients can develop their built-in immune mechanisms to stop the growth of cancer cells and protect their bodies from the debilitating, sometimes lethal effects of chemotherapy. In this new edition, you’ll discover: *The remarkable role plant extracts play in killing and controlling cancer cells, reducing the side effects of treatment, and relieving treatment-related depression, anxiety, and stress *The vitamins, fruits, and over-the-counter special plant extracts that protect the heart and brain against toxic effects of chemotherapy *The powerful mushroom extract that stimulates anti-cancer immune cells selectively *Which commonly used cooking oils can battle cancer and those that stimulate cancer growth and spread *The truth about glutamine/glutamate and cancer *Natural compounds that protect cells, tissues, and organs from radiation damage and improve energy Plus: Why cancer becomes resistant to some therapies • How a ketogenic diet starves cancer cells • How to protect the heart against cardiac toxicity • How Vitamin C promotes the beneficial effects of chemotherapy • How to transform cancer stem cells back into regular stem cells • How flavonoids protect healthy cells • Cancer’s link to diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease . . . and much more!
Categories: Health & Fitness

Dr Blaylock s Prescriptions for Natural Health

Dr  Blaylock s Prescriptions for Natural Health

In this book you will discover the key diet and lifestyle factors you must embrace to achieve peak health and wellness—right now and in the years to come.

Author: Russell L. Blaylock

Publisher: Humanix Books

ISBN: 9781630060251

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 404

View: 933

HEALTH SECRETS THAT CAN SAVE YOUR LIFE Do you find your medical conditions don’t get better and prescription drugs don’t live up to expectations? No matter how you feel right now, Dr. Blaylock’s Prescriptions for Natural Health will give you the lifeline you need. In this book you will discover the key diet and lifestyle factors you must embrace to achieve peak health and wellness—right now and in the years to come. Dr. Blaylock reveals: • Specific supplement recommendations for nearly any health issue you could face • How to fight back against the diseases of aging with a simple anti-inflammatory diet • Why you must avoid specific substances in your food that can damage your brain, heart, lungs, and other organs— especially if you are over 50 • How you can drink your daily veggies without messy juicing • Safe and effective natural remedies for a full range of conditions including cancer, brain and heart disorders, diabetes, digestive illness, skin problems, pain, and prostate concerns Natural health encompasses two equally important aspects: specific remedies for what currently ails you, and the diet and lifestyle factors that enable your body to avoid disease and premature aging. This book is designed to help you address both points. A health condition, whether temporary or chronic, is a warning sign from your body that things aren’t working the way they’re supposed to, and that changes need to be made. With Dr. Blaylock’s help, you will learn how to heal 70 health conditions, and identify and correct the underlying dietary and lifestyle habits that cause and perpetuate them. The book discusses diagnosis and treatment of dozens of medical conditions plaguing men and women: cancer, skin problems, brain and heart diseases, prostate disorders, diabetes, and many more. In addition, Dr. Blaylock reveals how to relieve common troubles such as pain, ringing in the ears, constipation and other digestive issues, vision problems, mood disorders, and other ailments. You will also see how natural products are superior to many pharmaceutical drugs, and learn more about the exciting new field of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Unfortunately, mainstream medicine does not encourage or support optimal health. If you truly want to maintain a healthy body far into the future, read and follow Dr. Blaylock’s advice today.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Cancer Survival Strategies

Cancer Survival Strategies

This book will give you hope and is based on clinical experience and scientific references that you can check for yourself. We hope it motivates and inspires you to be a fighter for your health.

Author: Sandra Cabot MD

Publisher: SCB International

ISBN: 9781936609994

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 902

Cancer is the most complex and unpredictable disease that afflicts humanity. In this groundbreaking book, Dr Sandra Cabot shows you how to harness your natural energy to improve your chances of cancer survival. Discover a survival plan which strengthens your body’s innate defense and fighting mechanisms. Dr Sandra Cabot’s book uses an integrative approach, incorporating well-researched strategies from traditional medicine, nutritional medicine and cutting-edge technologies. This book will give you hope and is based on clinical experience and scientific references that you can check for yourself. We hope it motivates and inspires you to be a fighter for your health. Reviews Learn how to: -Make better treatment decisions and be more confident with your own research -Reduce damage from chemotherapy and radiation -Repair and detoxify your cells -Improve your immune system -Extend your life span
Categories: Health & Fitness

Natural Cancer Science The Evidence for Diets Herbs Superfoods and Other Natural Strategies that Fight Cancer

Natural Cancer Science  The Evidence for Diets  Herbs  Superfoods  and Other Natural Strategies that Fight Cancer

The book also extensively covers the causes of cancer, and supplemental and lifestyle strategies that have been shown by the research to boost the body's ability to fight and protect itself against cancer. This is not anecdotal opinion.

Author: Case Adams

Publisher: Logical Books

ISBN: 193625154X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 432

View: 507

Every body has cancer. Yet nature has the means to eliminate cancer cells and even inhibit tumors if we give it the chance. The author details the latest scientific evidence showing the diets that help prevent cancer, the foods and superfoods that deter cancer growth, and the herbal medicines and their constituents that inhibit cancer. The book also extensively covers the causes of cancer, and supplemental and lifestyle strategies that have been shown by the research to boost the body's ability to fight and protect itself against cancer. This is not anecdotal opinion. The author documents the latest science from distinguished cancer researchers from hospitals and medical schools around the world with over two thousand studies.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Chris Beat Cancer

Chris Beat Cancer

In Chris Beat Cancer, Wark describes his healing journey, exposes the corruption and ineffectiveness of the medical and cancer industries, and shares the strategies that he and many others have used to heal cancer.

Author: Chris Wark

Publisher: Hay House

ISBN: 9781401956134

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 312

View: 447

"Colon cancer survivor who opted against chemotherapy and radiation provides the toxin-free diet, lifestyle, and therapy guidelines he used to help himself heal. Two days before Christmas and at 26 years old, Chris Wark was diagnosed with stage 3 colon cancer. He had surgery to remove a golf ball-sized tumor and a third of his colon. But after surgery, instead of the traditional chemotherapy, Wark decided to radically change his diet and lifestyle in order to promote health and healing in his body. In Chris Beat Cancer, Wark describes his healing journey, exposes the corruption and ineffectiveness of the medical and cancer industries, and shares the strategies that he and many others have used to heal cancer. These strategies include adopting the Beat Cancer Mindset; radical diet and lifestyle changes; and mental, emotional, and spiritual healing, as well as advanced integrative therapies. Dually packed with an emotional punch and extensive healing solutions, Chris Beat Cancer will inspire and guide you on your own journey toward wellness"--
Categories: Health & Fitness

The Breast Cancer Patient s Survival Guide Amazing Medical Strategies for Winning

The Breast Cancer Patient s Survival Guide  Amazing Medical Strategies for Winning

I've even written a textbook on Preventive Medicine (my Program120 book) and 11 other books (yes, and some have been bestsellers on Amazon) but I wrote this book FOR YOU and FOR YOUR DOCTORS -- all these studies are peer reviewed, solid and ...

Author: Danny Purser

Publisher: DP Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Health & Fitness

Page:

View: 616

A Natural Guide to Treatment of Cancer, Breast Cancer, Cancer and Nutrition, Beating Cancer and Fighting Cancer. Want to Live? Want to Beat That Cancer? Do Everything Possible to Win? See Your Kids & Grandkids Grow Up? Walk Away ALIVE? There are WELL DOCUMENTED, PEER REVIEWED Studies That Show You Free or Nearly Free Things You Can DO That REALLY IMPROVE YOUR CHANCES! I'm a #1 Bestselling (in Amazon Health) author and spent 5 years writing this little book for my wife and her family -- so far, except for her, they ALL have gotten BREAST CANCER and they all died. It's horrible. And they're NOT BRCA gene positive. She's the lone survivor still standing (she was the youngest out of 5 women) and I really wish to keep her that way. So let me share what I found with you -- it's written from my heart, it's everything I could come up with after 30 years of practicing medicine. And I wrote this for you -- you women with breast cancer -- trying to survive, scared to death. I want to level the playing field for you...AND I FOUND IT'S AMAZING WHAT ALL YOU CAN DO TO SURVIVE! I believe, with all my heart, that if you do everything that studies suggest you should do, you can increase your odds of survival, odds of WINNING, odds of killing the beast of BREAST CANCER, MANY-FOLD. First I tell you how to REALLY predict your odds of getting breast cancer -- you have to know this. Then I tell you EVERYTHING documented in the peer-reviewed medical literature that can help you prevent breast cancer. 30+ STEPS! WOW! Then I give you the meat -- for those of you with breast cancer (I am soo sorry) -- on EVERYTHING you can do to improve your odds of surviving, of going into COMPLETE REMISSION (WINNING!!!). PLUS I give you lists to make it easy to follow. Have ACTIVE Cancer? Doctors say your Chances are LOW? Scared to DEATH? I show you what kind & how FASTING prior to your CHEMO can increase your odds of COMPLETE REMISSION plus reduce your chemo side effects. For Early Stage (or ANY Stage) Cancers I show you how to DRAMATICALLY reduce your chance for METASTASES -- a CRITICAL THING! Cancer cells have roughly 8X the metabolic needs of regular cells -- I show you research to use this against those bad cells! Did you know there's a cheap easy-to-take medication that any doctor can prescribe that INCREASES your chance of COMPLETE REMISSION by 50% or more? I show you a great (but all natural) prescription medicine you can get to increase your odds for COMPLETE REMISSION by 5 FOLD!! (Plus get rid of miserable symptoms caused by some of the therapies you're going through)! What’s a Stage 4 Breast Cancer Diagnosis Chance of Survival? 15% UGH! But do what the literature actually suggests? How high can you go? Whether you have a Stage 1 or Stage 4 BREAST CANCER, you are in for a FIGHT for YOUR LIFE, and you need to do EVERYTHING your doctor tells you to do -- from CHEMO to SURGERY. But what if I can show you how to do what your doctor says but to do it a little differently, to tweak things a little to massively improve your odds of winning against this beast? And really-- does your doctor know everything? I don't. And I've been practicing medicine for 30 years. I've even written a textbook on Preventive Medicine (my Program120 book) and 11 other books (yes, and some have been bestsellers on Amazon) but I wrote this book FOR YOU and FOR YOUR DOCTORS -- all these studies are peer reviewed, solid and major trials -- nothing small. Your surgeons and doctors just don't have the time to look all of this up and to sit and chat with you for hours about all of this. So I put it into a book (and an online course too you can view but that's for another time and place) -- I've thrown it out there -- and I do not take this lightly or I could be sued into oblivion.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Natural Medicine for Prostate Problems

Natural Medicine for Prostate Problems

INTRODUCTION Each year in the United States, 200,000 men are diagnosed
with prostate cancer, and nearly 40,000 succumb to the disease. But for every
cancer that's diagnosed, there are five times more cases of benign prostate
enlargement and inflammation. ... Specific nutrients, herbs, diet therapies, and
other natural strategies can optimize your cancer-fighting ability and safeguard
you against the ...

Author: Ron Falcone

Publisher: Dell Publishing Company

ISBN: 0440225248

Category: Medical

Page: 188

View: 396

A handbook for men on preventing prostate cancer suggests a wide variety of complementary natural remedies, from herbal remedies to cancer-fighting foods, includes a detoxifying program, information on the effect of sex on the prostate, and more. Original.
Categories: Medical

The Complete Nutrition Guide to Menopause

The Complete Nutrition Guide to Menopause

From relieving hot flashes and mood swings to alleviating insomnia and forgetfulness to managing your weight and reducing the risk of osteoporosis, heart disease, and breast cancer, Leslie explains how to manage your symptoms by making ...

Author: Leslie Beck

Publisher:

ISBN: 0143056980

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 756

From relieving hot flashes and mood swings to alleviating insomnia and forgetfulness to managing your weight and reducing the risk of osteoporosis, heart disease, and breast cancer, Leslie explains how to manage your symptoms by making smart changes to your diet, adding the right vitamins, minerals, and herbal remedies to your daily routine.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Ovarian Cyst Treatment

Ovarian Cyst Treatment

While cyst treatment almost always requires some combination of Western techniques, it is equally important to actively support the body and mind during and after treatment. These are mainly natural strategies.

Author: Steven Vasilev

Publisher: Doctor Book Publishing

ISBN: 1942065272

Category:

Page:

View: 640

Categories:

A New Strategy for the War On Cancer

A New Strategy for the War On Cancer

Patients must insist on it and the general public must support it. The objective of A New Strategy for the War On Cancer is to reveal a new approach to the public and to invoke a paradigm shift toward its adoption.

Author: Terry Thompson

Publisher: Morgan James Publishing

ISBN: 9781600379673

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 294

View: 754

The traditional strategy of exclusive conventional cancer treatment has not worked. Integrative oncology that prescribes tested natural, non-pharmaceutical therapies to enhance the effectiveness and reduce the side effects of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery is the answer. Major medical school cancer centers are researching and practicing this new state-of-the-art strategy, but it is not being accepted by main stream oncology. It must become acceptable and accessible to all cancer victims if cancer is to ever be defeated. Patients must insist on it and the general public must support it. The objective of A New Strategy for the War on Cancer is to reveal the new strategy to the public and to invoke a paradigm shift toward its adoption.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Building Cancer Resistance

Building Cancer Resistance

Natural Remedies for Better Living David Hazard ... Cancer is an aggressive
disease , resistant to treatment . We can benefit ... In fact , the strategies known to
the practitioners of natural medicine do complement traditional medical practices
.

Author: David Hazard

Publisher: Harvest House Pub

ISBN: 0736904808

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 123

View: 684

Busy people look for quick and simple solutions to everyday problems. Their health is no exception. This series of four books offers smart, concise, and natural ways to fight stress, depression, cancer, and headaches. Full of commonsense suggestions coupled with the latest in natural remedies, these books equip the reader in the fight for good health.Deftly woven into his sound advice, David Hazard offers a unique Christian perspective as he addresses the importance of good spiritual health in maintaining physical wellness.Simple ways to boost your immune system's resistance to cancer.
Categories: Health & Fitness

A Cancer Battle Plan

A Cancer Battle Plan

She has been without cancer for nearly seven years now. A Cancer Battle Plan takes readers through Anne Frahm's journey of reclaiming her body and her health.

Author: Anne E. Frahm

Publisher: TarcherPerigee

ISBN: 087477893X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 174

View: 447

A recovered cancer patient relates her struggle with the disease, outlines the nutritional program that helped her regain her health, and offers encouragement to patients
Categories: Health & Fitness

Natural Literacy

Natural Literacy

R. Kerbel , “ Antiangiogenic Therapy : A Universal Chemosentization Strategy for
Cancer ? ... and W. S. Melvin , “ Thiamine Supplementation to Cancer Patients : A
Double Edged Sword , ” Anticancer Research 18 ( 1998 ) : 595–602 . 22.

Author: Doug Dix

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076002732845

Category: Education

Page: 151

View: 715

Harold Shapiro, the former president of Princeton, ventured to say that theology had been divorced from the liberal. Professor Doug Dix's book is about arranging a remarriage. His analysis suggests the divorce goes deeper than Shapiro may have realized. Love has been divorced from learning because money has replaced truth as the object of affection. Now students learn to earn. Natural Literacy strives to motivate students and faculty to instead learn to love. What do we truly want to know? Doug Dix proposes that readers discover authentic answers by repairing their motives and returning to their natural roots. His perspective is innovative and certain to be controversial.
Categories: Education

Oncology

Oncology

whelms the immune system ; alternatively , the antigen burden of the tumor might
render the patient anergic to the tumor ... can al : Strategies for cancer therapy
using cer patients is favorably influenced by a natural carcinoembryonic antigen
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:L0090368945

Category: Oncology

Page:

View: 572

Categories: Oncology

Naturally Occurring Small Molecules For Disease And Cancer Treatment Therapeutic Benefits In Combination Therapy

Naturally Occurring Small Molecules For Disease And Cancer Treatment  Therapeutic Benefits In Combination Therapy

The book provides an overview of the significant discoveries and pioneering contributions of herbal medicines in combination with other drugs; the author's evaluation of the combination therapy in cancer treatment; and a recent discovery of ...

Author: Ho John Wing Shing

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814525640

Category: Medical

Page: 172

View: 226

Western drugs and target medicines for disease treatment come with undesirable side effects that have limited their use in patients for an extended period of time. It is warranted to develop a treatment strategy with alternative medicines to reduce toxicity relating to drugs, in particular, cancer drugs. Thus, a combination therapy with herbal medicines provides a more effective treatment method for hard-to-treat diseases. The recent breakthroughs in naturally occurring small molecules from herbal medicines have provided experimental evidence and are clinically significant in treatment strategies.This unique volume presents the recent developments in the field of herbal medicines for the treatment of diseases and cancer. Recent progress on small molecules isolated from herbal medicines that exhibit therapeutic benefits in humans is highlighted. The book provides an overview of the significant discoveries and pioneering contributions of herbal medicines in combination with other drugs; the author's evaluation of the combination therapy in cancer treatment; and a recent discovery of crocodile tissue extract with pharmacological properties.
Categories: Medical

The Clinician s Handbook of Natural Healing

The Clinician s Handbook of Natural Healing

natural antioxidants may be effective chemoprevention agents against
neoplasias of the lung , breast , urinary bladder , and colon ... M . Cornic , et al . , “
Retinoids and Differentiation Treatment : A Strategy for Treatment in Cancer , ”
Anticancer ...

Author: Gary Null

Publisher: Kensington Publishing Corporation

ISBN: PSU:000033726533

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 870

View: 644

From a prestigious nutritionist comes a thoroughly researched exploration into how various nutrients affect medical conditions and proves that alternative medicine can prevent and treat such major diseases as AIDS, cancer, heart disease, and more.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Defeating Cancer with Nutrition

Defeating Cancer with Nutrition

This simple strategy eventually lead to the death of these self-duplicating cells. With this book you will be able to explore the healing power of food and how you can use your food as medicine.

Author: Catherine Anderson

Publisher:

ISBN: 9798688677065

Category:

Page: 76

View: 988

Are you looking for a powerful, all-natural way of fueling the fight against cancer? With the continually increased mortality rate of cancer patient, scientific researcher has gone into serious work to find the exact cure of cancer but some hypothesis has proven to be ineffective. These scientific researcher aimed at curing the disease but they came to understand how cancer cell develop, grow and live. They discovered that the most effective strategy to cure this disease is to impede the growth of cancer cell that is to restrict the cells of the nutrient that fuel their growth and activities. In their research they found out that the strategy to starve cancer cells is through engaging sound diet. This simple strategy eventually lead to the death of these self-duplicating cells. With this book you will be able to explore the healing power of food and how you can use your food as medicine. In this guide, you will discover: Easy recipe for your daily meals which Starve Cancer Cells Strategies to adding special nutrient to your meal How to make amazing smoothies in less than 5 minutes How to add essential nutrient to your meal The dos and don'ts of effective cancer-fighting smoothie Simple nourishment strategies to add in your daily diet Proven strategies to live strong, healthy and fit during your treatment process. Strategies for coping successfully with all possible side effects of your treatment process. And many more This book is a game-changer for reducing, managing and coping with cancer treatment process as well as preventing the reoccurrence of the diseases. Equipping yourself with the right diet is the secrets of the few people that lives and survive cancer successfully. If some people are living successfully with cancer, so you can. Without further ado... Scroll up now and click the BUY NOW button to get this little book with a large difference.
Categories:

Beating Cancer with Diet

Beating Cancer with Diet

What are you waiting for? Scroll up and click the BUY NOW button to get this book instantly!

Author: Dr Boston K Josh

Publisher:

ISBN: 9798688686500

Category:

Page: 76

View: 592

Are you troubled by the debilitating side effect of your treatment process? For most people who have being diagnosed of cancer, the negative side effect of their drug of their treatment process makes them overwhelmed, scared and uncomfortable. These side effect differs from one person to another. In some people it may appear mild while it may also affect other people harshly, however whether mild or harsh you can still position yourself to live freely during these trying days. Some of the popular side effect people experience are: Appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, dry mouth, Sore mouth or throat, changes in food taste, early satiety, nausea and fatigue. This negative side effect suffice as a result of the alterations in the body cell caused by the drugs, chemotherapy and radiations during your treatment process but you don't need to worry about all that because in this book you will discover an all-natural diet strategy that will starve cancer cells and reduce the side effect of your treatment process. In this complete guide, you will discover: Stress-free recipe for your daily meals which Starve Cancer Cells Strategies to adding special nutrient to your meal How to make amazing smoothies in less than 5 minutes How to add essential nutrient to your meal The dos and don'ts of effective cancer-fighting smoothie Simple nourishment strategies to add in your daily diet Proven strategies to live strong, healthy and fit during your treatment process. Strategies for coping successfully with all possible side effects of your treatment process. And lots more The true real cause of high mortality rate of cancer patient is fear and ignorance, but the right diet during this period will enable you experience the healing and energizing power of food. Don't be among the many people who are dying of fear and ignorance but join the few individuals who are living healthy and free by taking the right step and empowering your body with all that it need to fight cancer. What are you waiting for? Scroll up and click the BUY NOW button to get this book instantly!
Categories:

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer

What you need is a guide to cut through the overwhelming jungle of information. This guide provides life-changing advice in the most critical and overlooked areas in cancer treatment and recovery.

Author: Russell C Richards

Publisher:

ISBN: 9798651941759

Category:

Page: 100

View: 360

Cancer patients often are not passive. Instead, they choose different strategies to maintain and restore their health. They also leverage a variety of approaches to cope better with their struggle. Cancer touches more lives than you may think. According to the world health organization, one out of three women alive today, and one out of two men, will face a cancer diagnosis in their lifetime. A cancer diagnosis always causes fear. All of us have seen relatives and friends destroyed by conventional cancer treatment. Now, thanks to books like this one and the internet, you can quickly learn what you need to know. You can heal the cancer using natural, non-toxic substances that work. What you need is a guide to cut through the overwhelming jungle of information. This guide provides life-changing advice in the most critical and overlooked areas in cancer treatment and recovery. He has personally developed a revolutionary medical treatment that will change the way we treat cancer - forever.
Categories:

Cancer Policy Pharmaceutical Safety

Cancer Policy  Pharmaceutical Safety

In this volume, outstanding and original chapters provide an overview and synthesis of the latest thoughts and findings relating to drug safety in the cancer domain.

Author: June M. McKoy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319438962

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 699

Cancer Policy: Pharmaceutical Safety provides invaluable information on the interesting and compelling field of cancer drug safety. Identifying and understanding high-priority policy issues and key pharmacovigilance strategies is of paramount importance. In this volume, outstanding and original chapters provide an overview and synthesis of the latest thoughts and findings relating to drug safety in the cancer domain. Topics include natural language processing and pharmacovigilance of alternative cancer pharmaceuticals. The information presented in this volume will improve understanding of emerging strategies to identify adverse drug reactions and drug-drug interactions within the cancer setting and will highlight policies that have been instituted to improve cancer patient safety. In summary, Cancer Policy: Pharmaceutical Safety explores many of the important areas of pharmacovigilance research in oncology.
Categories: Medical