Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections

Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections

This is mainly due to the appearance of antibiotic-resistant strains, inefficient diagnostic methods and poor sexual education.

Author: María-Teresa Pérez-Gracia

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783036507903

Category: Medical

Page: 102

View: 456

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the obligate human pathogen“Neisseria gonorrhoeae”. This Gram-negative diplococcus is highly infective due to its virulence factors: pili, Por proteins, Opa proteins, Rmp proteins, lipooligosaccharides and IgA protease. Despite existing guidelines for its treatment, the incidence of the disease follows an increasing trend worldwide. This is mainly due to the appearance of antibiotic-resistant strains, inefficient diagnostic methods and poor sexual education. Without an effective vaccine available, the key priorities for the control of the disease include sexual education, contact notification, epidemiological surveillance, diagnosis and effective antibiotic treatment. This Special Issue focuses on some of these important issuesm such as the molecular mechanisms of the disease, diagnostic tests and different treatment strategies used to combat gonorrhea.
Categories: Medical

Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections

Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections

This is mainly due to the appearance of antibiotic-resistant strains, inefficient diagnostic methods and poor sexual education.

Author: María-Teresa Pérez-Gracia

Publisher:

ISBN: 3036507914

Category:

Page: 102

View: 832

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the obligate human pathogen“Neisseria gonorrhoeae”. This Gram-negative diplococcus is highly infective due to its virulence factors: pili, Por proteins, Opa proteins, Rmp proteins, lipooligosaccharides and IgA protease. Despite existing guidelines for its treatment, the incidence of the disease follows an increasing trend worldwide. This is mainly due to the appearance of antibiotic-resistant strains, inefficient diagnostic methods and poor sexual education. Without an effective vaccine available, the key priorities for the control of the disease include sexual education, contact notification, epidemiological surveillance, diagnosis and effective antibiotic treatment. This Special Issue focuses on some of these important issuesm such as the molecular mechanisms of the disease, diagnostic tests and different treatment strategies used to combat gonorrhea.
Categories:

Immunity to Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Immunity to Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Rarely, infection with N. gonorrhoeae disseminates leading to septic arthritis and skin manifestations. Antibiotic resistance in N. gonorrhoeae strains is on the rise worldwide and effective treatment options have become limited.

Author: Michael W. Russell

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889639618

Category: Medical

Page:

View: 472

Categories: Medical

Gonococcal pili

Gonococcal pili

Author: Janet Nadine Robertson

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1117220951

Category:

Page:

View: 180

Categories:

Case Studies in Infectious Disease Neisseria Gonorrhoea

Case Studies in Infectious Disease  Neisseria Gonorrhoea

Case Studies in Infectious Disease: Neisseria gonorrhoeae presents the natural history of this infection from point of entry of the pathogen through pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment.

Author: Peter Lydyard

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9781136986345

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 514

Case Studies in Infectious Disease: Neisseria gonorrhoeae presents the natural history of this infection from point of entry of the pathogen through pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. A set of core questions explores the nature, causation, host response, manifestations, and management of this infectious process. This case also includes summary bullet points, questions and answers, and references.
Categories: Medical

Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance

Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance

Prevention, early diagnosis, and effective treatment are essential for the control and elimination of Neisseria gonorrhoeae as a public health problem.

Author: Pan American Pan American Health Organization

Publisher: Pan American Health Organization

ISBN: 9275122377

Category:

Page: 38

View: 988

Prevention, early diagnosis, and effective treatment are essential for the control and elimination of Neisseria gonorrhoeae as a public health problem. Currently, in Latin America and the Caribbean, treatment for gonorrhea infection is largely empiric and based on clinical diagnosis. In the Americas, the high burden of new N. gonorrhoeae infections (estimated at 11 million new cases a year), the complexity of the disease epidemiology, and in many countries the limited resources, make it difficult to fully understand the burden of disease and the burden of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in N. gonorrhoeae. PAHO has developed this document to facilitate the navigation of available guidance and recommendations for N. gonorrhoeae AMR surveillance by public health and health care professionals, at the national and subnational levels, involved in designing, implementing, and/or strengthening AMR surveillance of N. gonorrhoeae and overall surveillance of sexually transmitted infections. This document aims to consolidate guidance on AMR surveillance for N. gonorrhoeae from documents published by WHO and PAHO, and strives to assemble relevant information in a summarized manner to help countries in strengthening and/or developing AMR surveillance systems for N. gonorrhoeae.
Categories:

Screening Tests to Detect Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections 2002

Screening Tests to Detect Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections     2002

"Since publication of CDC's 1993 guidelines (CDC. Recommendations for the prevention and management of Chlamydia trachomatis infections, 1993. MMWR 1993;42[No.

Author: Robert E. Johnson

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:496283524

Category: Gonorrhea

Page: 40

View: 788

"Since publication of CDC's 1993 guidelines (CDC. Recommendations for the prevention and management of Chlamydia trachomatis infections, 1993. MMWR 1993;42[No. RR-12]:1--39), nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) have been introduced as critical new tools to diagnose and treat C. trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections. NAATs for C. trachomatis are substantially more sensitive than previous tests. When using a NAAT, any sacrifice in performance when urine is substituted for a traditional swab specimen is limited, thus reducing dependence on invasive procedures and expanding the venues where specimens can be obtained. NAATs can also detect both C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae organisms in the same specimen. However, NAATs are usually more expensive than previous tests, making test performance from an economic perspective a key consideration. This report updates the 1993 guidelines for selecting laboratory tests for C. trachomatis with an emphasis on screening men and women in the United States. (In this report, screening refers to testing persons in the absence of symptoms or signs indicating C. trachomatis or N. gonorrhoeae infection.) In addition, these guidelines consider tests from an economic perspective and expand the previous guidelines to address detection of N. gonorrhoeae as well as C. trachomatis infections. Because of the increased cost of NAATs, certain laboratories are modifying manufacturers' procedures to improve test sensitivity without incurring the full cost associated with screening with a NAAT. Such approaches addressed in these guidelines are pooling of specimens before testing with a NAAT and additional testing of specimens whose non-NAAT test result is within a gray zone. This report also addresses the need for additional testing after a positive screening test to improve the specificity of a final diagnosis. To prepare these guidelines, CDC staff identified pertinent concerns, compiled the related literature published during 1990 or later, prepared tables of evidence, and drafted recommendations. Consultants, selected for their expertise or disciplinary and organizational affiliations, reviewed the draft recommendations. These final guidelines are the recommendations of CDC staff who considered contributions from scientific consultants. These guidelines are intended for laboratorians, clinicians, and managers who must choose among the multiple available tests, establish standard operating procedures for collecting and processing specimens, interpret test results for laboratory reporting, and counsel and treat patients. " - p. 1
Categories: Gonorrhea

Immunobiology of Neisseria Gonorrhoeae

Immunobiology of Neisseria Gonorrhoeae

93 role in serotype specificity, 121 Outer membrane components in serum-sensitive and -resistant N. gonorrhoeae. 139 Outer membrane protein of N. gonorrhoeae association with disseminated gonococcal infection.

Author: George F. Brooks

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015000878366

Category: Gonorrhea

Page: 400

View: 225

Categories: Gonorrhea

The Risk of Women in Manitoba Acquiring Pelvic Inflammatory Disease from One Or More Episodes of Genital Chlamydia Trachomatis Or Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections microform

The Risk of Women in Manitoba Acquiring Pelvic Inflammatory Disease from One Or More Episodes of Genital Chlamydia Trachomatis Or Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections  microform

Descriptive statistics and frequency distributions were completed for each variable to become familiar with the data. Since this is a cohort study, incidence rates and measures of association, such as the relative risk, were completed.

Author: Dawn L. (Dawn Lynn) Wuskynyk

Publisher: Library and Archives Canada = Bibliothèque et Archives Canada

ISBN: 0612972356

Category:

Page: 242

View: 504

The association between being infected with the sexually transmitted infections (STIs), Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae and developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is supported in the literature. Research also demonstrates an association between repeat infections with chlamydia or gonorrhea and acquiring PID. While there is some information from Canada on this topic, the majority of the research is from the United States and abroad. Additionally, there are few studies that have been able to examine the risk of acquiring PID utilizing a prospective study design. The purpose of this study is to identify the risk of women in Manitoba acquiring PID from one or more episodes of genital chlamydia or gonorrhea. The length of time following a genital chlamydial or gonococcal infection where PID develops is explored. Obtaining information on the risks of acquiring PID, among women in Manitoba with genital chlamydia or gonorrhea, has important policy implications such as early detection and screening of STIs, treatment procedures, partner notification and contact tracing. A surveillance system framework was used to guide the study. The data were acquired by linking administrative databases from Cadham Provincial Laboratory and Manitoba Health. Three cohorts of women were chosen, based on their history of testing positive or negative for STIs. Quantitative data analysis was completed through the use of the Statistical Analysis Software (SAS) program. Descriptive statistics and frequency distributions were completed for each variable to become familiar with the data. Since this is a cohort study, incidence rates and measures of association, such as the relative risk, were completed. Tests of statistical significance were also calculated. Study findings indicate that l5 - 24 year old women, in Manitoba with documented infections of genital...
Categories:

The Risk of Women in Manitoba Acquiring Pelvic Inflammatory Disease from One Or More Episodes of Genital Chlamydia Trachomatis Or Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections

The Risk of Women in Manitoba Acquiring Pelvic Inflammatory Disease from One Or More Episodes of Genital Chlamydia Trachomatis Or Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections

Descriptive statistics and frequency distributions were completed for each variable to become familiar with the data. Since this is a cohort study, incidence rates and measures of association, such as the relative risk, were completed.

Author: Dawn L. Wuskynyk

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:855299735

Category:

Page: 242

View: 743

The association between being infected with the sexually transmitted infections (STIs), Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae and developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is supported in the literature. Research also demonstrates an association between repeat infections with chlamydia or gonorrhea and acquiring PID. While there is some information from Canada on this topic, the majority of the research is from the United States and abroad. Additionally, there are few studies that have been able to examine the risk of acquiring PID utilizing a prospective study design. The purpose of this study is to identify the risk of women in Manitoba acquiring PID from one or more episodes of genital chlamydia or gonorrhea. The length of time following a genital chlamydial or gonococcal infection where PID develops is explored. Obtaining information on the risks of acquiring PID, among women in Manitoba with genital chlamydia or gonorrhea, has important policy implications such as early detection and screening of STIs, treatment procedures, partner notification and contact tracing. A surveillance system framework was used to guide the study. The data were acquired by linking administrative databases from Cadham Provincial Laboratory and Manitoba Health. Three cohorts of women were chosen, based on their history of testing positive or negative for STIs. Quantitative data analysis was completed through the use of the Statistical Analysis Software (SAS) program. Descriptive statistics and frequency distributions were completed for each variable to become familiar with the data. Since this is a cohort study, incidence rates and measures of association, such as the relative risk, were completed. Tests of statistical significance were also calculated. Study findings indicate that l5 - 24 year old women, in Manitoba with documented infections of genital...
Categories: