Neurotechnology

Neurotechnology

The potential and limitations of neuroimaging technology in determining patient prognoses Tissue implantation technology as a way of engendering personalized medicine Neuroprostheses: restoration of functions of the disabled vs. enhancement ...

Author: James Giordano

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439825860

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 596

New technologies that allow us to investigate mechanisms and functions of the brain have shown considerable promise in treating brain disease and injury. These emerging technologies also provide a means to assess and manipulate human consciousness, cognitions, emotions, and behaviors, bringing with them the potential to transform society. Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential, and Problems explores the technical, moral, legal, and sociopolitical issues that arise in and from today’s applications of neuroscience and technology and discusses their implications for the future. Some of the issues raised in this thought-provoking volume include: Neurotechnology in education: an enablement, a treatment, or an enhancement? The potential and limitations of neuroimaging technology in determining patient prognoses Tissue implantation technology as a way of engendering personalized medicine Neuroprostheses: restoration of functions of the disabled vs. enhancement to transhuman capabilities Deep brain stimulation and its use in restoring, preserving, or changing patients’ personal identity The benefit and risk of cognitive performance tools Cyborg technology and its potential to change our vision of humanity Methodologies for reducing the risk of neurotechnology’s impact on ethical, legal, and social issues With contributions from an international group of experts working on the cutting edge of neurotechnology, this volume lays the groundwork to appreciate the ethical, legal, and social aspects of the science in ways that keep pace with this rapidly progressing field.
Categories: Science

Neurotechnology

Neurotechnology

Premises, Potential, and Problems James Giordano. Series. Preface. Advances. in. Neurotechnology: Ethical,. Legal,. and. Social. Issues. Neuroscience and neurotechnology have progressed through a reciprocal relationship of tasks and ...

Author: James Giordano

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439826287

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 645

New technologies that allow us to investigate mechanisms and functions of the brain have shown considerable promise in treating brain disease and injury. These emerging technologies also provide a means to assess and manipulate human consciousness, cognitions, emotions, and behaviors, bringing with them the potential to transform society. Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential, and Problems explores the technical, moral, legal, and sociopolitical issues that arise in and from today’s applications of neuroscience and technology and discusses their implications for the future. Some of the issues raised in this thought-provoking volume include: Neurotechnology in education: an enablement, a treatment, or an enhancement? The potential and limitations of neuroimaging technology in determining patient prognoses Tissue implantation technology as a way of engendering personalized medicine Neuroprostheses: restoration of functions of the disabled vs. enhancement to transhuman capabilities Deep brain stimulation and its use in restoring, preserving, or changing patients’ personal identity The benefit and risk of cognitive performance tools Cyborg technology and its potential to change our vision of humanity Methodologies for reducing the risk of neurotechnology’s impact on ethical, legal, and social issues With contributions from an international group of experts working on the cutting edge of neurotechnology, this volume lays the groundwork to appreciate the ethical, legal, and social aspects of the science in ways that keep pace with this rapidly progressing field.
Categories: Science

Technological Innovations in Sensing and Detection of Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Threats and Ecological Terrorism

Technological Innovations in Sensing and Detection of Chemical  Biological  Radiological  Nuclear Threats and Ecological Terrorism

In Giordano J (ed.) Advances in Neurotechnology: premises, potential and problems. (Vol. 1, Advances in neurotechnology: ethical, legal and social issues series, Giordano J, Series Editor). CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2012.

Author: Ashok Vaseashta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400724877

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 372

This book arises from the NATO Advanced Study Institute “Technological Innovations in Detection and Sensing of CBRN Agents and Ecological Terrorism” held in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova in June 2010. It comprises a variety of invited contributions by highly experienced educators, scientists, and industrialists, and is structured to cover important aspects of the field that include developments in chemical-biological, and radiation sensing, synthesis and processing of sensors, and applications of sensors in detecting/monitoring contaminants introduced/dispersed inadvertently or intentionally in air, water, and food supplies. The book emphasizes nanomaterials and nanotechnology based sensing and also includes a section on sensing and detection technologies that can be applied to information security. Finally, it examines regional, national, and international policies and ethics related to nanomaterials and sensing. It will be of considerable interest and value to those already pursuing or considering careers in the field of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology based sensing, In general, it serves as a valuable source of information for those interested in how nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are advancing the field of sensing, detection, and remediation, policy makers, and commanders in the field.
Categories: Science

Viruses Hardware and Software Trojans

Viruses  Hardware and Software Trojans

Advances in Neurotechnology Research and Applications: Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential, and Problems (CRC Press, ... Neuroethical Concerns (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2014) J. Giordano, R. Wurzman, Neurotechnologies as weapons in ...

Author: Anatoly Belous

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030472184

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 822

View: 987

This book provides readers with a valuable reference on cyber weapons and, in particular, viruses, software and hardware Trojans. The authors discuss in detail the most dangerous computer viruses, software Trojans and spyware, models of computer Trojans affecting computers, methods of implementation and mechanisms of their interaction with an attacker — a hacker, an intruder or an intelligence agent. Coverage includes Trojans in electronic equipment such as telecommunication systems, computers, mobile communication systems, cars and even consumer electronics. The evolutionary path of development of hardware Trojans from "cabinets", "crates" and "boxes" to the microcircuits (IC) is also discussed. Readers will benefit from the detailed review of the major known types of hardware Trojans in chips, principles of their design, mechanisms of their functioning, methods of their introduction, means of camouflaging and detecting, as well as methods of protection and counteraction.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Early Childhood and Neuroscience Links to Development and Learning

Early Childhood and Neuroscience   Links to Development and Learning

Neurotechnology in education: Intervening, enabling, or enhancing? In J. Giordano (Ed.), Nearotechnology: Premises, potential and problems (A volume in the advances of neurotechnology: Ethical, legal, and social issues series).

Author: Leslie Haley Wasserman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400766716

Category: Education

Page: 220

View: 945

Information from neuroscience is growing and being properly used, and misused wich makes it imperative that educators receive accurate and practical information. This book provides the accurate and practical information educators (pre-service and in-service) and caregivers serving children birth through age 8 need to know. This volume takes a practical and cautionary stance. It reminds educators to consider the ethical implications of neuroscience when it is applied to education, reviews current findings from neuroscience and reveals the dangers of oversimplification and inappropriate extensions of neuroscience into curricula. It brings together a group of authors with varied expertise writing on an array of inter-related educational topics that will help educators use neuroscience to understand and address the cognitive, emotional, social, and behavioral needs of all young children, including those with exceptionalities. They believe neuroscience can be insightful and useful to educators if applied ethically and with care. The book offers strategies educators and caregivers can use to affect children today and the adults they can become.
Categories: Education

Future Trends and New Approaches in Defeating the Terrorism Threat

Future Trends and New Approaches in Defeating the Terrorism Threat

For some of the new threat agents, as described above, COTS do not exist, requiring the use of advanced materials. ... and Use(s),” in Advances in Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential and Problems (James Giordano, CRC Press, 2012).

Author: IOS Press

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614992721

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 344

The threat of terrorism has become an ever present preoccupation, necessitating the constant review and updating of defensive strategies to counter it from national governments and policymakers. This book presents selected articles based on some of the lectures delivered at the NATO Centre of Excellence – Defence against Terrorism (COE – DAT) Advanced Training Course (ATC) Future Trends and New Approaches in Defeating the Terrorism Threat, held in Algiers, Algeria, in October 2011. Subjects covered by these articles include an overview of terrorism; respecting human rights in the countering of terrorism; suicide terrorism; terrorism involving weapons of mass destruction; bioterrorism; terrorism, media and public information; strategic communications in the defence against terrorism; the challenges posed by non-state armed groups; and sources of instability. This collection of articles will be of interest to all those involved in countering the threat of terrorism worldwide.
Categories: Political Science

Ethical Reasoning in Big Data

Ethical Reasoning in Big Data

Shaneyfelt, W., & Peercy, D. E. (2012). A surety engineerting framework asnd process to address ethical legal and social issues for neurotechnology. In J. Giordano (Ed.), Neurotechnology: Premises, potential, and problems (pp.

Author: Jeff Collmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319284224

Category: Computers

Page: 192

View: 503

This book springs from a multidisciplinary, multi-organizational, and multi-sector conversation about the privacy and ethical implications of research in human affairs using big data. The need to cultivate and enlist the public’s trust in the abilities of particular scientists and scientific institutions constitutes one of this book’s major themes. The advent of the Internet, the mass digitization of research information, and social media brought about, among many other things, the ability to harvest – sometimes implicitly – a wealth of human genomic, biological, behavioral, economic, political, and social data for the purposes of scientific research as well as commerce, government affairs, and social interaction. What type of ethical dilemmas did such changes generate? How should scientists collect, manipulate, and disseminate this information? The effects of this revolution and its ethical implications are wide-ranging. This book includes the opinions of myriad investigators, practitioners, and stakeholders in big data on human beings who also routinely reflect on the privacy and ethical issues of this phenomenon. Dedicated to the practice of ethical reasoning and reflection in action, the book offers a range of observations, lessons learned, reasoning tools, and suggestions for institutional practice to promote responsible big data research on human affairs. It caters to a broad audience of educators, researchers, and practitioners. Educators can use the volume in courses related to big data handling and processing. Researchers can use it for designing new methods of collecting, processing, and disseminating big data, whether in raw form or as analysis results. Lastly, practitioners can use it to steer future tools or procedures for handling big data. As this topic represents an area of great interest that still remains largely undeveloped, this book is sure to attract significant interest by filling an obvious gap in currently available literature.
Categories: Computers

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense: Practical Considerations, Neuroethical Concerns is the second volume in the Advances in Neurotechnology series.

Author: James Giordano

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482228335

Category: Medical

Page: 315

View: 579

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense: Practical Considerations, Neuroethical Concerns is the second volume in the Advances in Neurotechnology series. It specifically addresses the neuroethical, legal, and social issues arising from the use of neurotechnology in national security and defense agendas and applications. Of particular concern are the use of various neurotechnologies in military and intelligence operations training, acquisition of neurobiological and cognitive data for intelligence and security, military medical operations, warfighter performance augmentation, and weaponization of neuroscience and neurotechnology. The contributors discuss the neuroethical questions and problems that these applications generate as well as potential solutions that may be required and developed. The book examines how developments in neurotechnology in national security and defense agendas are impacted by and affect ethical values and constructs, legal considerations, and overall conduct of the social sphere. Presenting an integrative perspective, leading international experts lay the scientific groundwork and establish the premises necessary to appreciate the ethical aspects of neurotechnology in national security and defense. It is not a question of "if" neurotechnology will be used in such ways, but when, how, and to what extent. Therefore, it is imperative to foster a deeper understanding of neurotechnology, the problems and debates arising from its use in national security and defense, and how such issues can and should be addressed. In doing so, we can guide and govern the use of these innovative neurotechnologies in ways that uphold ethical accountability.
Categories: Medical

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense

... such uses certainly foster neuroethico-legal and social issues—a number of which are addressed in the first volume of this series, Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential and Problems (Giordano 2012b). Yet, issues such as (biomedical) ...

Author: James Giordano

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482228342

Category: Medical

Page: 315

View: 526

Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense: Practical Considerations, Neuroethical Concerns is the second volume in the Advances in Neurotechnology series. It specifically addresses the neuroethical, legal, and social issues arising from the use of neurotechnology in national security and defense agendas and applications. Of particular concern are the use of various neurotechnologies in military and intelligence operations training, acquisition of neurobiological and cognitive data for intelligence and security, military medical operations, warfighter performance augmentation, and weaponization of neuroscience and neurotechnology. The contributors discuss the neuroethical questions and problems that these applications generate as well as potential solutions that may be required and developed. The book examines how developments in neurotechnology in national security and defense agendas are impacted by and affect ethical values and constructs, legal considerations, and overall conduct of the social sphere. Presenting an integrative perspective, leading international experts lay the scientific groundwork and establish the premises necessary to appreciate the ethical aspects of neurotechnology in national security and defense. It is not a question of "if" neurotechnology will be used in such ways, but when, how, and to what extent. Therefore, it is imperative to foster a deeper understanding of neurotechnology, the problems and debates arising from its use in national security and defense, and how such issues can and should be addressed. In doing so, we can guide and govern the use of these innovative neurotechnologies in ways that uphold ethical accountability.
Categories: Medical

Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement

Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential and Problems. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2012:1–14. ... Giordano J. A preparatory approach to assessing developments in neurotechnology. AMA J Ethics. 2006;17(1):56–61. Rossi PJ, Okun M, ...

Author: Fabrice Jotterand

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199396818

Category: Neurosciences

Page: 384

View: 386

There is a growing literature in neuroethics dealing with cognitive neuro-enhancement for healthy adults. However, discussions on this topic tend to focus on abstract theoretical positions while concrete policy proposals and detailed models are scarce. Furthermore, discussions appear to rely solely on data from the US or UK, while international perspectives are mostly non-existent. This volume fills this gap and addresses issues on cognitive enhancement comprehensively in three important ways: 1) it examines the conceptual implications stemming from competing points of view about the nature and goals of enhancement; 2) it addresses the ethical, social, and legal implications of neuroenhancement from an international and global perspective including contributions from scholars in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America; and 3) it discusses and analyzes concrete legal issues and policy options tailored to specific contexts.
Categories: Neurosciences