Oral Tradition and the Gospels

Oral Tradition and the Gospels

Although Lord is aware of the two-source theory of Gospel origins, he offers instead a reconstruction of each Gospel as a performance of a fluid oral text. The Gospels as such are part of a long heritage of life biographies, ...

Author: Barry Henaut

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781850754077

Category: Religion

Page: 337

View: 265

The problem of oral tradition is well known, for without some theory of this medium no history of Jesus would be possible. This study examines Mark 4.1-34 in the light of three distinctive models of orality: Rudolf Bultmann's form-critical method, B. Gerhardsson's 'Memory and Manuscript' theory and the recent contribution of W. Kelber. The form-critically separate units in the test (allegory, parables and aphorisms) are examined on the basis of their attestation in various documents (Mark, Q, Thomas) to determine whether independent versions of these sayings can be identified and what they tell us about the oral phase and Jesus. This analysis suggests that the criteria for authenticity of 'distinctiveness' and 'multiple attestation' need to be re-examined in light of the folkloric understanding of orality.
Categories: Religion

Oral Tradition and the New Testament

Oral Tradition and the New Testament

The third classification, Voices from the Past, refers to “those oral poetic traditions that time has eclipsed and which we can now consult only in textual form” (Foley 2002:46).54 Written texts that preserve once-oral traditions may ...

Author: Rafael Rodriguez

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567442543

Category: Religion

Page: 128

View: 133

The last three decades have seen an explosion of biblical scholarship on the presence and consequences of the oral expression of tradition among Jesus' followers, especially in the earliest decades of the Common Era. There is a wealth of scholarship focused on 'orality'. This scholarship is, however, abstract and technical almost by definition, and to date no introductory discussion exists that can introduce a new generation of biblical students to the issues being discussed at higher levels of scholarship. Rafael Rodriguez address this gap. Rodriguez adopts a fourfold structure to cover the topic, beginning with basic essentials for further discussion of oral-tradition research and definitions of key terms (the 'what'). He then moves on to discuss the key players in this area (the 'who') before examining the methods involved in oral-tradition research among New Testament scholars (the 'how'). Finally Rodriguez provides examples of the ways in which oral-tradition research can bring texts into clearer focus (the 'why'). The result is a comprehensive introduction to this key area in New Testament studies.
Categories: Religion

Oral Tradition and Synoptic Verbal Agreement

Oral Tradition and Synoptic Verbal Agreement

New Testament Studies 40 (1994) 180–95. Haring, Lee. “What Would a True Comparative Literature Look Like?” In Teaching Oral Traditions, edited by John Miles Foley, 34–45. New York: The Modern Language Association, 1998.

Author: TM Derico

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9780227906385

Category: Religion

Page: 378

View: 166

Synoptic pericopae is a reliable indicator of literary borrowing by the Synoptic Evangelists. In Oral Tradition and Synoptic Verbal Agreement, T.M. Derico presents a critical assessment of that claim through a consideration of the most recent empirical evidence concerning the kinds and amounts of verbal agreement that can be produced among independent performances of oral traditions.
Categories: Religion

The Oral Gospel Tradition

The Oral Gospel Tradition

K. E. Bailey, “Informal Controlled Oral Tradition and the Synoptic Gospels,” Asia Iournal of Theology 5 (1991): 34—54; also “Middle Eastern Oral Tradition and the Synoptic Gos— pels,” ExpTim 106 (1995): 363—67. 41.

Author: James D.G. Dunn

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802867827

Category: Religion

Page: 401

View: 699

The traditions about Jesus and his teaching circulated in oral form for many years, continuing to do so for decades following the writing of the New Testament Gospels. James Dunn is one of the major voices urging that more consideration needs to be given to the oral use and transmission of the Jesus tradition as a major factor in giving the Synoptic tradition its enduring character.
Categories: Religion

Oral Tradition and Literary Dependency

Oral Tradition and Literary Dependency

Lord argues that the Synoptic Gospels are " three oral traditional variants of the same narrative and non - narrative materials " .112 His preliminary observations are that The fragmentation [ of sequence ] would seem to indicate that ...

Author: Terence C. Mournet

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 3161484541

Category: Religion

Page: 356

View: 446

Revised thesis (Ph.D.) - University, Durham, UK, 2003.
Categories: Religion

Behind the Gospels

Behind the Gospels

Behind the Gospels fills this gap, offering a general theoretical discussion of oral tradition and the formation of ancient texts and providing a critical survey of the field.

Author: Eric Eve

Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishers

ISBN: 9781451469400

Category: Religion

Page: 226

View: 281

New Testament scholars often talk about oral tradition as a means by which material about Jesus reached the Gospels writers. Despite the recent interest in oral tradition, scholarly advances have not penetrated the mainstream of academic Gospels scholarship, let alone the wider public. Behind the Gospels fills this gap, offering a general theoretical discussion of oral tradition and the formation of ancient texts and providing a critical survey of the field.
Categories: Religion

Jesus and the Oral Gospel Tradition

Jesus and the Oral Gospel Tradition

The third model again is only slightly different; it is that of feedback from written sources into oral tradition. Once more evidence from the Pacific seems to bear out that oral tradition is extremely adaptive and prone to integrate ...

Author: Henry Wansborough

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567040909

Category: Religion

Page: 470

View: 793

A collection of papers from two international symposia by such important scholars as Aune, Dunn, Gerhardsson, Meyer, Rordorf and Talmon. The articles share the conviction that the only way to break the deadlock in the Synoptic problem is to examine the oral tradition about Jesus which lay behind the Gospels, and to continue even beyond them. The book addresses such central issues as the characteristics of oral tradition: oral tradition in Judaism, in the teaching of Jesus (his aphorisms and the narrative meshalim) and in the Gospel narratives; and the relationships of John, Paul and the Didache to oral tradition. This volume should bring onto a new plane the discussion of the all-important oral stage of Gospel tradition.
Categories: Religion

Sociolinguistic Analysis of the New Testament

Sociolinguistic Analysis of the New Testament

in the four Gospels like the temple-clearing incident (Matt. 21:12–17; Mark 11:15–26; Luke 19:45–48; John 2:13–25), for example, should probably be seen as four instances, among other possible instances, of the oral tradition of that ...

Author: Hughson T. Ong

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004499744

Category: Religion

Page: 395

View: 571

This book introduces sociolinguistic criticism to New Testament studies. It utilizes a wide range of sociolinguistic theories, principles, and concepts in treating the language and sociolinguistic contexts of the New Testament, social memory, orality and literacy, and the oral traditions of the Gospels, and various texts and genres in the New Testament.
Categories: Religion

Engaging with C H Dodd on the Gospel of John

Engaging with C H  Dodd on the Gospel of John

The degree of difference of the Fourth Gospel from the other three may undermine the evidence of direct dependence. Nevertheless, the lgase might be accepted if no more persuasive alternative case can e made. The role of oral tradition ...

Author: Tom Thatcher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107289802

Category: Bible

Page: 368

View: 416

Reflects upon and looks beyond the pioneering scholarship of C.H. Dodd, charting a course for future research on John.
Categories: Bible

Jesus Tradition in the Apostolic Fathers

Jesus Tradition in the Apostolic Fathers

53 ( 8.1-2 ) .52 In other cases he finds the evidence for dependence on oral tradition as convincing as that for dependence on the Gospels ( e.g. , Ign . Poly . 2.1-2 ; Ign . Smyrn . 1.1 ; Poly . Phil . 7.2 ; Did . 9.5 ; Barn .

Author: Stephen E. Young

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 3161510100

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 672

This dissertation reevaluates the tradition of Jesus' sayings in the Apostolic Fathers in light of the growing recognition of the impact of orality upon early Christianity and its writings. At the beginning of the last century it was common to hold that the Apostolic Fathers made wide use of the canonical Gospels. While a number of studies have since called this view into question, many of them simply replace the theory of dependence upon canonical Gospels with one of dependence upon other written sources. No full-scale study of Jesus tradition in the Apostolic Fathers has been published which takes into account the last four decades of new research into oral tradition in the wake of the pioneering work of Milman Parry and Albert Lord. Based on this new research, the present dissertation advances the thesis that an oral-traditional source best explains the form and content of the explicit appeals to Jesus tradition in the Apostolic Fathers that predate 2 Clement. In the course of the discussion, attention is drawn to the ways in which the Jesus tradition in the Apostolic Fathers informs our understanding of the use of oral tradition in Christian antiquity.
Categories: Religion